The Formation of the Muslim League (1906) in Indian History:
All India Muslim League was founded under the Leadership of Aga Khan to divert the Muslims from the National Political Movement. On December 30th Nawab Salimulla Khan of Dhaka became its first President.
Muhammed Iqbal, who presided over the Allahabad session of the League in 1930 gave the idea of Separate Muslim State in North West India. Hence Iqbal is known as the father of the idea of Pakistan. But the name ‘Pakistan’ was framed by Rahmat Ali.
Mohammed Ali Jinnah gave his famous Two Nation Theory in March 1940, at the Lahore session of the Muslim League.
Sarojini Naidu called Jinnah the Prophet of Hindu- Muslim Unity.
Later Jinhah became the first Governor General of Pakistan. He is also known as the father of Pakistan.
Rammohan Roy (1772 – 1883) and Brahmo Samaj in Indian History:
Raja Ram Mohan Roy is known as the father of Modern India, ‘Herald of New Age’, ‘Bridge between Past and Future. ‘First Modern Man in India’ Father of Indian Renaissance, Pathfinder of his Century etc.
Believed in monotheism and opposed idol worship.
Established the ‘Atmiya Sabha’ in Calcutta in 1815 inorder to propagate monotheism and to fight against the evil customs and practices in Hinduism.
He got legitimisation to his views from Upanishads.
In 1821 he started a paper called Samvat Kaumudi.
In 1822 he started Mirat-ul-Akbar, which was the first journal in Persian.
In the same year Rammohan and Dwarakanath Tagore jointly started a newspaper called Bangadatta.
In 1825 he started the Vedanta College at Calcutta.
In 1828, August he founded the BrahmaSabha Later in 1845 the name Brahmasamaj was given to it by Devendranath Tagore.
Against the Brahmasabha orthodox Hindus lead by Raja Radhakant Deb started Dharmasabha.
In 1829 December 4 Sati was abolished by governor general William Bentinck.
In 1831 he went to England to argue the case of Akbar II before the Board of Control.
The Mughal Emperor Akbarshah II gave Ram Mohan the title ‘Raja’.
After the death of Raja Ram Mohan Roy Brahmasamaj was divided into several sects.
Adi Brahmasamaj lead by Devendra Nath Tagore and Bharatiya Brahmasamaj led by Keshav Chandra Sen were started in 1866.
Sadharana Brahma Samaj was started by Anandmohan Bose in 1878.
Devendra Nath Tagore was the founder of Tatvabodhinisabha in Calcutta in 1839.
Keshav Chandrasen started a paper called Indian Mirror in 1861.
Brahmasamaj reached outside Bengal under Keshav Chandra Sen.
Keshav Chandra Sen was the first Indian who attempted to reform the society on an all India basis.
Surendra Nath Banerjee was the first Indian to took up his political activity on an all India basis.
‘Precepts to Jesus’ is a book written by Rajaram Mohan Roy.
Thuhafath ul – muvahiddin or Gift to Monotheists is also a work of Raja Ram Mohan Roy