# Loyola College B.Sc. Physics April 2012 Thermodynamics Question Paper PDF Download

LOYOLA COLLEGE (AUTONOMOUS), CHENNAI – 600 034

B.Sc. DEGREE EXAMINATION – PHYSICS

THIRD SEMESTER – APRIL 2012

# PH 3505/PH 3503 – THERMODYNAMICS

Date : 26-04-2012              Dept. No.                                        Max. : 100 Marks

Time : 9:00 – 12:00

PART – A

1. Define Brownian Motion.
2. Give the unit of thermal conductivity.
3. Write down the equations of state for an ideal gas when it undergoes a

1. Define super fluidity.
2. Given of an ideal gas is 2R, where R is the gas constant, determine the adiabatic

exponent  .

1. State the 2nd law of thermodynamics.
2. Write down the Gibbs – Helmholtz equation.
3. Define phase transition. Give an example.
4. Define microstates and macrostates.
5. Classify the following particles according to the statistics they obey:
6. i) electrons        ii) photons    iii) protons and        iv) helium-4.

PART – B

1. Obtain an expression for the coefficient of thermal conductivity of a gas, on the basis of

kinetic theory of gases.

1. Describe Linde’s process for the liquefaction of air.
2. a) Write the first law of thermodynamics. What does it signify?  (2+5.5)
3. b) One mole of oxygen, initially at 17°C, is adiabatically compressed so that its pressure

becomes 10 times the initial value. Find its final temperature and the work done.

1. Obtain the Maxwell’s thermodynamic relations.
2. a) Define thermodynamic probability. (2+5.5)
3. b) Obtain an expression for the solar constant in terms of the Sun’s

temperature, its radius, the mean Sun-Earth distance etc.

PART – C

1. Discuss Langevin’s theory of Brownian motion.
2. a) Discuss Clement-Desormes method to determine the ratio of specific heats.
3. b) Describe the properties of He I and He II.                                                           (8+4.5)
4. a) Define reversible and irreversible processes.
5. b) Obtain the Clausius inequality.                                                                                     (4+8.5)
6. Explain Joule-Kelvin effect. Obtain an expression for the Joule-Kelvin coefficient.

Discuss the significance of the various terms in it.

1. Obtain the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution for an ideal gas.

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