LOYOLA COLLEGE (AUTONOMOUS), CHENNAI – 600 034
B.B.A. DEGREE EXAMINATION – BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

FIFTH SEMESTER – November 2008
BU 5501 – COST & MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING
Date : 151108 Dept. No. Max. : 100 Marks
Time : 9:00 – 12:00
PART A
Answer ALL questions (2 x 10 = 20)
 What is ABC Analysis?
 Explain the treatment of idle time in Cost Accounting.
 Distinguish between BIN card and Stores Ledger.
 Explain Debt Equity Ratio.
 Distinguish between Bread even Point and Margin of Safety.
 What is Working Capital?
 Annual usage 6000 units. Cost per unit Rs.20. Cost of placing and receiving one order is Rs.60. annual carrying cost Rs.2 per unit. Calculate Economic Order quantity.
 Normal piece rate is Rs.2 per unit. Standard time allowed for 25 units is 1 hour. A produced 150 and B produced 250 units in 8 hours. Calculate their wages under Taylors Differential Piece rate.
 Sales 1000 units at Rs.10 each. Variable cost Rs.6 per unit. Fixed cost Rs.8000. Calculate Break even point and sales to earn a profit of Rs.10000.
 Credit sales Rs.80000. Debtors on 31.12.1993 Rs.10000. Calculate debtors collection period.
PART B
Answer FIVE questions selecting at least TWO questions from each section. ( 5 x 8 = 40)
SECTION 1
 What is labor turnover? What are its causes? Explain any 2 methods for computing labor cost.
 The accounts of XY Ltd for the year ending 31.12.2007 showed the following:
Material used Rs.1,00,000; Direct wages Rs.80,000; Works overheads Rs.16,000; Office overheads Rs.9,800. Prepare a Cost Sheet from the above.
In 2008 the company is asked to quote for a job for which material required is Rs.500 and direct wages Rs.300. profit required is 20% on cost. Works overheads are recovered as a percentage of wages and Office overheads as a percentage of Works cost.
Compute the price to be quoted for the job.
 From the following particulars calculate the earning of a worker under (1) straight piece rate (2) Taylors differential piece rate (3) Halsey plan (4) Rowan plan.
No. of working hours per week = 48; wages per hour Rs.3.75; Normal time per piece 20 minutes; rate per piece Rs.1.50; normal output for the week 120 pieces; actual output for the week 150 pieces. Differential piece rate 80% of piece rate when output is below standard and 120% when above standard.
 Compute machine rate from the following data:
Cost of machine Rs.13,500
Life of machine 10 years
Scrap value at end of 10 years Rs.1,980
Working hours per annum 1800
Insurance per annum Rs.45
Consumable stores p.a. Rs.75
Rent for the dept per annum Rs.975
Foreman’s salary p.a. Rs.7,500
Lighting for dept. p.a. Rs.360
Repairs for entire life Rs.1440
The machine uses 10 units of power per hour at 10 paise per unit. The machine occupies 1/5^{th} of the area of the department and the foreman devotes 1/5^{th} of his time for this machine. The machine uses two light points out of a total of 12 for lighting the department.
SECTION 2
 State the merits and limitations of Ratio Analysis.
 Prepare an Income statement from the following and calculate
 Gross profit ratio (b) net profit ratio (c) interest coverage ratio (d) operating profit ratio.
Sales Rs.8,00,000
Administration expenses Rs.40,000
Selling expenses Rs.80,000
Interest paid Rs.30,000
Cost of goods sold Rs.4,00,000
Income tax provision Rs.30,000
 From the following data calculate:
 Break even sales in rupees and units
 Selling price if break even sales is to be reduced to 6,600 units
 Profit if sales are Rs.8 lakhs.
 Margin of safety if profit is Rs.60,000.
Selling price Rs.20 per unit; variable cost Rs.14 per unit; Fixed cost Rs.79,200.
 The Balance Sheet of ABC Ltd on 31/12/2004 and 31/12/2005 are as follows:
2004 2005 2004 2005
Equity Capital (Rs.10)100,000 200,000 Machinery 120,000 260,000
P/L A/c 30,000 50,000 Furniture 30,000 40,000
12% Debenture 50,000 150,000 Stock 50,000 40,000
10% ICICI bank loan 50,000 Debtors 30,000 60,000
Creditors 20,000 25,000 Cash 10,000 5,000
Tax provision 40,000 60,000 Bank 50,000 80,000
290,000 485,000 290,000 485,000
(a) Machinery worth Rs.50,000 were purchased and paid for by the issue of equity shares.
(b) Depreciation provided on machinery Rs.30000 and on furniture Rs.5000.
(c) During the year 2005, Income tax Rs.50,000 and interim dividend Rs.8,000 were paid.
Prepare Fund Flow statement.
PART C
Answer Two questions (choosing 1 from each section) Marks : 2 x 20 : 40
SECTION 1
19.M.Ltd, has 3 production depts.. A, B and C and 2 service dept., X and Y. following particulars are available for the month of March 2005.
Rent Rs. 30000, Building Tax Rs. 15000, Electricity Rs.2400, Indirect wages Rs.12000, Power Rs. 6000, Depreciation on machinery Rs. 40000, Canteen expenses Rs. 30000, Welfare expenses Rs. 20000. The following further details are available:
Total A B C X Y
Floor space(Sq mts.) 5000 1000 1250 1500 1000 250
Light points (nos) 240 40 60 80 40 20
Direct wages (Rs.) 40000 12000 8000 12000 6000 2000
HP of machines (nos.) 150 60 30 50 10 –
Cost of machines (Rs.) 200000 48000 65000 80000 4000 4000
Working hours – 2335 1510 1525 – –
The expenses of the service dept. are to be allocated to the production depts.. as follows:
A B C X Y
X 40% 30% 20% – 10%
Y 30% 20% 40% 10% –
Calculate the overhead absorption rate per hour for each of the three production depts.
What should be the price to be quoted for a job which would require Rs. 2000 material, Rs.1500 in wages and the job is handled by the three production depts. as follows:
Dept A. 6 hrs., Dept.B 10 hrs and Dept C. 4 hrs. A profit of 25% on total cost is expected.
20.The following transactions took place in the month of December 2007 in respect of material X:
Dec.1 purchased 200 units at Rs.2 per unit.
10^{th} purchased 300 units at Rs.2.4 per units
15^{th} issued 250 units
18^{th} purchased 250 units at Rs.2.6 per unit
20^{th} purchased 150 units at Rs.2.5 per unit
24^{th} issued 200 units
28^{th} purchased 100 units at Rs.2.70 per unit
30^{th} issued 250 units
Prepare the Stores Ledger, pricing the issues under (a) Weighted Average Method (b) FIFO method
SECTION 2
 From the following data prepare the Balance Sheet
Current ratio 1.75
Liquid ratio 1.25
Stock turnover ratio 9
Gross profit ratio 25%
Debt collection period 1.5 months
Reserves and surplus to share capital 20%
Fixed assets turnover (cost of sales) 1.2
Long term debt to share capital 60%
Fixed assets to net worth 1.25
Sales for the year Rs.12 lakhs
 The Balance Sheet of XYZ Co. as on 31/12/2005 and 31/12/2006 are given below:
2005 2006 2005 2006
(Rs.) (Rs.) (Rs.) (Rs.)
Equity capital (Rs.10) 1,00,000 1,50,000 Fixed assets 2,00,000 3,50,000
P/L a/c 40,000 80,000 Investments 40,000 60,000
General Reserve 30,000 50,000 Stock 60,000 50,000
12% Debentures 1,00,000 2,00,000 Debtors 50,000 70,000
Creditors 80,000 50,000 Cash 20,000 30,000
Tax provision 80,000 1,00,000 Bank 60,000 70,000
——— ——— ——— ———
4,30,000 6,30,000 4,30,000 6,30,000
Income statement for the year ended 31/12/2006
Rs.
Sales 20,00,000
Less: Cost of goods sold 15,00,000
Gross Profit 5,00,000
Less: Adm. & selling expenses 2,50,000
Depreciation 46,000
Loss on sale of fixed assets 10,000
Interest 24,000 3,30,000
Profit before tax 1,70,000
Less: Provision for tax 70,000
Profit after tax 1,00,000
Less: Interim Dividend 40,000
Transfer to Reserve 20,000 60,000
Retained earnings 40,000
During the year 2006, a machine whose book value is Rs.40,000 was sold for Rs.30,000/
Prepare Cash Flow statement as per AS3.
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