Afghanistan Geography


Afghanistan Geography :

Afghanistan Location:

Southern Asia, north and west of Pakistan, east of Iran

Afghanistan Geographic coordinates:

33 00 N, 65 00 E

Afghanistan Map references:


Afghanistan Area:

total: 652,230 sq km

land: 652,230 sq km

water: 0 sq km

Afghanistan country comparison to the world: 

Area – comparative:

almost six times the size of Virginia; slightly smaller than Texas

Afghanistan Area comparison map:
Afghanistan Land boundaries:
total: 5,987 km
border countries (6): China 91 km, Iran 921 km, Pakistan 2670 km, Tajikistan 1357 km, Turkmenistan 804 km, Uzbekistan 144 km
Afghanistan Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
Afghanistan Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)
Afghanistan Climate:
arid to semiarid; cold winters and hot summers
Afghanistan Terrain:
mostly rugged mountains; plains in north and southwest
Afghanistan Elevation:
mean elevation: 1,884 m
lowest point: Amu Darya 258 m
highest point: Noshak 7,492 m
Afghanistan Natural resources:
natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromite, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stones, arable land
Afghanistan Land use:
agricultural land: 58.1% (2016 est.)
arable land: 11.8% (2016) / permanent crops: 0.3% (2016) / permanent pasture: 46% (2016)
forest: 2.07% (2016 est.)
other: 39% (2016)
Afghanistan Irrigated land:
32,080 sq km (2012)
Afghanistan Population distribution:
populations tend to cluster in the foothills and periphery of the rugged Hindu Kush range; smaller groups are found in many of the country’s interior valleys; in general, the east is more densely settled, while the south is sparsely populated
Afghanistan Natural hazards:
damaging earthquakes occur in Hindu Kush mountains; flooding; droughts
Afghanistan Environment – current issues:
limited natural freshwater resources; inadequate supplies of potable water; soil degradation; overgrazing; deforestation (much of the remaining forests are being cut down for fuel and building materials); desertification; air and water pollution in overcrowded urban areas
Afghanistan Environment – international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation
Afghanistan Geography – note:
landlocked; the Hindu Kush mountains that run northeast to southwest divide the northern provinces from the rest of the country; the highest peaks are in the northern Vakhan (Wakhan Corridor)

Data for Educational Purpose Only.


The World Factbook 2016-17. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016.

Other Pages Relating to Country Afghanistan:

Afghanistan at a Glance and One Page Summary

Afghanistan Background and Introduction

Afghanistan Geography

Afghanistan People and Society

Afghanistan Government

Afghanistan Economy

Afghanistan Energy Resources

Afghanistan Communications System

Afghanistan Transportation System

Afghanistan Military and Security System

Afghanistan Transnational Issues

Afghanistan Capital Flag and Currency


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Akrotiri People and Society


Akrotiri  Population:

approximately 15,500 on the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia including 9,700 Cypriots and 5,800 Service and UK-based contract personnel and dependents (2011)

Akrotiri  Languages:

English, Greek

Akrotiri HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate:


Data for Educational Purpose Only.


The World Factbook 2016-17. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016.

Other Pages Relating to Country Akrotiri:

Akrotiri at a Glance and One Page Summary

Akrotiri Background and Introduction

Akrotiri Geography

Akrotiri People and Society

Akrotiri Government

Akrotiri Economy

Akrotiri Energy Resources

Akrotiri Communications System

Akrotiri Transportation System

Akrotiri Military and Security System

Akrotiri Transnational Issues

Akrotiri Capital Flag and Currency


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