France at a Glance and One Page Summary



France Chief of State

President Emmanuel MACRON

France Head of Government

Prime Minister Edouard PHILIPPE

France Government Type

semi-presidential republic

France Capital


France Legislature

bicameral Parliament or Parlement consists of the Senate or Senat (348 seats) and National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (577 seats)

France Judiciary

Court of Cassation or Cour de Cassation (court president, 6 divisional presiding judges, 120 trial judges, and 70 deputy judges organized into 6 divisions) Constitutional Council

France Ambassador to US

Ambassador (vacant)

France US Ambassador

Ambassador Majie D. McCOURT


France Area

Total: 643,801 sq km, 551,500 sq km (metropolitan France)

Land: 640,427 sq km, 549,970 sq km (metropolitan France)

Water: 3,374 sq km, 1,530 sq km (metropolitan France)

France Climate

metropolitan France: generally cool winters and mild summers, but mild winters and hot summers along the Mediterranean

France Natural Resources

coal, iron ore, bauxite, zinc uranium, antimony, arsenic, potash, feldspar, fluorspar, gypsum, timber, arable land, fish


France Economic Overview

diversified modern market economy with government presence in several strategic sectors; maintains social equality by law and by tax and spending policies; most-visited nation on earth

France GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

$2.856 trillion (2017 est.)

France GDP per capita (Purchasing Power Parity)

$44,100 (2017 est.)

France Exports

$549.9 billion (2017 est.)

partners: Germany 14.8%, Spain 7.7%, Italy 7.5%, US 7.2%, Belgium 7%, UK 6.7% (2017)

France Imports

$601.7 billion (2017 est.)

partners: Germany 18.5%, Belgium10.2%, Netherlands 8.3%, Italy 7.9%, Spain 7.1%, UK 5.3%, US 5.2%, China 5.1% (2017)


France Population

49.3 million (July 2018 est.)

France Population Growth

0.73% (2018 est.)

France Ethnicity

Celtic and Latin with Teutonic, Slavic, North African, Indochinese, Basque minorities

France Language

French (official) 100%, declining regional dialects and languages (Provencal, Breton, Alsatian, Corsican, Catalan, Basque, Flemish, Occitan, Picard)

France Religion

Christian (overwhelmingly Roman Catholic) 63-66%,

Muslim 7-9%, Buddhist 0.5-0.75%, Jewish 0.5-0.75%, other 0.5-1.0%, none 23-28% (2015 est.)

France Urbanization

urban population: 80.4% of total population (2018)

rate of urbanization: 0.72% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Data for Educational Purpose Only.


The World Factbook 2016-17. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016.

Other Pages Relating to Country France:

France at a Glance and One Page Summary

France Background and Introduction

France Geography

France People and Society

France Government

France Economy

France Energy Resources

France Communications System

France Transportation System

France Military and Security System

France Transnational Issues

France Capital Flag and Currency

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