France People and Society


France Population:

67,364,357 (July 2018 est.)

note: the above figure is for metropolitan France and five overseas regions; the metropolitan France population is 62,814,233

country comparison to the world: 21

France Nationality:

noun: Frenchman(men), Frenchwoman(women)

adjective: French

France Ethnic groups:

Celtic and Latin with Teutonic, Slavic, North African, Indochinese, Basque minorities

note: overseas departments: black, white, mulatto, East Indian, Chinese, Amerindian

France Languages:

French (official) 100%, declining regional dialects and languages (Provencal, Breton, Alsatian, Corsican, Catalan, Basque, Flemish, Occitan, Picard)

note: overseas departments: French, Creole patois, Mahorian (a Swahili dialect)

France Religions:

Christian (overwhelmingly Roman Catholic) 63-66%, Muslim 7-9%, Buddhist 0.5-0.75%, Jewish 0.5-0.75%, other 0.5-1.0%, none 23-28% (2015 est.)

note: France maintains a tradition of secularism and has not officially collected data on religious affiliation since the 1872 national census, which complicates assessments of France’s religious composition; an 1872 law prohibiting state authorities from collecting data on individuals’ ethnicity or religious beliefs was reaffirmed by a 1978 law emphasizing the prohibition of the collection or exploitation of personal data revealing an individual’s race, ethnicity, or political, philosophical, or religious opinions; a 1905 law codified France’s separation of church and state

France Age structure:

0-14 years: 18.48% (male 6,366,789 /female 6,082,729)

15-24 years: 11.8% (male 4,065,780 /female 3,884,488)

25-54 years: 37.48% (male 12,731,825 /female 12,515,501)

55-64 years: 12.42% (male 4,035,073 /female 4,331,751)

65 years and over: 19.82% (male 5,781,410 /female 7,569,011) (2018 est.)

population pyramid:

France Dependency ratios:

total dependency ratio: 59.2 (2015 est.)

youth dependency ratio: 29.1 (2015 est.)

elderly dependency ratio: 30.2 (2015 est.)

potential support ratio: 3.3 (2015 est.)

France Median age:

total: 41.5 years

male: 39.7 years

female: 43.2 years (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 40

France Population growth rate:

0.37% (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 166

France Birth rate:

12.1 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 162

France Death rate:

9.4 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 51

France Net migration rate:

1.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 60

France Population distribution:

much of the population is concentrated in the north and southeast; although there are many urban agglomerations throughout the country, Paris is by far the largest city, with Lyon ranked a distant second

France Urbanization:

urban population: 80.4% of total population (2018)

rate of urbanization: 0.72% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

France Major urban areas – population:

10.901 million PARIS (capital), 1.69 million Lyon, 1.599 million Marseille-Aix-en-Provence, 1.054 million Lille, 997,000 Toulouse, 945,000 Bordeaux (2018)

France Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female

total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2018 est.)

France Mother’s mean age at first birth:

28.1 years (2010 est.)

France Maternal mortality rate:

8 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 157

France Infant mortality rate:

total: 3.2 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 3.5 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 2.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 209

France Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 82 years

male: 78.9 years

female: 85.3 years (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 19

France Total fertility rate:

2.06 children born/woman (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 106

France Contraceptive prevalence rate:

78.4% (2010/11)

France Health expenditures:

11.5% of GDP (2014)

country comparison to the world: 8

France Physicians density:

3.23 physicians/1,000 population (2016)

France Hospital bed density:

6.5 beds/1,000 population (2013)

France Drinking water source:


urban: 100% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 100% of population


urban: 0% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0% of population (2015 est.)

France Sanitation facility access:


urban: 98.6% of population (2015 est.)

rural: 98.9% of population (2015 est.)

total: 98.7% of population (2015 est.)


urban: 1.4% of population (2015 est.)

rural: 1.1% of population (2015 est.)

total: 1.3% of population (2015 est.)

France HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate:

0.5% (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 66

France HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS:

200,000 (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 29

France HIV/AIDS – deaths:

<500 (2017 est.)

France Obesity – adult prevalence rate:

21.6% (2016)

country comparison to the world: 87

France Education expenditures:

5.5% of GDP (2015)

country comparison to the world: 43

France School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):

total: 15 years

male: 15 years

female: 16 years (2016)

France Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:

total: 22.3%

male: 23.1%

female: 21.3% (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 60

Data for Educational Purpose Only.


The World Factbook 2016-17. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016.

Other Pages Relating to Country France:

France at a Glance and One Page Summary

France Background and Introduction

France Geography

France People and Society

France Government

France Economy

France Energy Resources

France Communications System

France Transportation System

France Military and Security System

France Transnational Issues

France Capital Flag and Currency

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