Iran People and Society

IRAN

Iran Population:

83,024,745 (July 2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 17

Iran Nationality:

noun: Iranian(s)

adjective: Iranian

Iran Ethnic groups:

Persian, Azeri, Kurd, Lur, Baloch, Arab, Turkmen and Turkic tribes

Iran Languages:

Persian (official), Azeri Turkic and Turkic dialects, Kurdish, Gilaki and Mazandarani, Luri, Balochi, Arabic

Iran Religions:

Muslim (official) 99.4% (Shia 90-95%, Sunni 5-10%), other (includes Zoroastrian, Jewish, and Christian) 0.3%, unspecified 0.4% (2011 est.)

Iran Age structure:

0-14 years: 24.23% (male 10,291,493 /female 9,823,838)

15-24 years: 14.05% (male 5,973,320 /female 5,689,501)

25-54 years: 48.86% (male 20,698,748 /female 19,863,223)

55-64 years: 7.39% (male 3,022,134 /female 3,113,443)

65 years and over: 5.48% (male 2,111,390 /female 2,437,655) (2018 est.)

population pyramid:

Iran Dependency ratios:

total dependency ratio: 40.2 (2015 est.)

youth dependency ratio: 33.1 (2015 est.)

elderly dependency ratio: 7.1 (2015 est.)

potential support ratio: 14.2 (2015 est.)

Iran Median age:

total: 30.8 years

male: 30.5 years

female: 31 years (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 114

Iran Population growth rate:

1.19% (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 92

Iran Birth rate:

17.4 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 102

Iran Death rate:

5.3 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 186

Iran Net migration rate:

-0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 108

Iran Population distribution:

population is concentrated in the north, northwest, and west, reflecting the position of the Zagros and Elburz Mountains; the vast dry areas in the center and eastern parts of the country, around the deserts of the Dasht-e Kavir and Dasht-e Lut, have a much lower population density

Iran Urbanization:

urban population: 74.9% of total population (2018)

rate of urbanization: 1.71% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Iran Major urban areas – population:

8.896 million TEHRAN (capital), 3.097 million Mashhad, 2.041 million Esfahan, 1.605 million Shiraz, 1.585 million Karaj, 1.582 million Tabriz (2018)

Iran Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female

total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2018 est.)

Iran Maternal mortality rate:

25 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 123

Iran Infant mortality rate:

total: 15.5 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 16.6 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 14.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 98

Iran Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 74.2 years

male: 72.8 years

female: 75.6 years (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 127

Iran Total fertility rate:

1.96 children born/woman (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 124

Iran Contraceptive prevalence rate:

77.4% (2010/11)

Iran Health expenditures:

6.9% of GDP (2014)

country comparison to the world: 84

Iran Physicians density:

1.14 physicians/1,000 population (2015)

Iran Hospital bed density:

0.2 beds/1,000 population (2014)

Iran Drinking water source:

improved:

urban: 97.7% of population

rural: 92.1% of population

total: 96.2% of population

unimproved:

urban: 2.3% of population

rural: 7.9% of population

total: 3.8% of population (2015 est.)

Iran Sanitation facility access:

improved:

urban: 92.8% of population (2015 est.)

rural: 82.3% of population (2015 est.)

total: 90% of population (2015 est.)

unimproved:

urban: 7.2% of population (2015 est.)

rural: 17.7% of population (2015 est.)

total: 10% of population (2015 est.)

Iran HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate:

0.1% (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 112

Iran HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS:

60,000 (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 56

Iran HIV/AIDS – deaths:

3,500 (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 37

Iran Major infectious diseases:

degree of risk: intermediate (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea (2016)

vectorborne diseases: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (2016)

Iran Obesity – adult prevalence rate:

25.8% (2016)

country comparison to the world: 47

Iran Children under the age of 5 years underweight:

4.1% (2011)

country comparison to the world: 88

Iran Education expenditures:

3.8% of GDP (2017)

country comparison to the world: 119

Iran Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write (2016 est.)

total population: 85.5%

male: 90.4%

female: 80.8% (2016 est.)

Iran School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):

total: 15 years

male: 15 years

female: 15 years (2015)

Iran Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:

total: 28.4%

male: 24.2%

female: 43.7% (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 39


Data for Educational Purpose Only.

Source: 

The World Factbook 2016-17. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html


Other Pages Relating to Country Iran:

Iran at a Glance and One Page Summary

Iran Background and Introduction

Iran Geography

Iran People and Society

Iran Government

Iran Economy

Iran Energy Resources

Iran Communications System

Iran Transportation System

Iran Military and Security System

Iran Transnational Issues

Iran Capital Flag and Currency

Go to All Country Index


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