Iraq at a Glance and One Page Summary



Iraq Chief of State

President Barham SALIH

Iraq Head of Government

Prime Minister Adil ABD AL-MAHDI

Iraq Government Type

federal parliamentary republic

Iraq Capital


Iraq Legislature

unicameral Council of Representatives or Majlis an-Nuwwab al-Iraqiyy (329 seats)

Iraq Judiciary

Federal Supreme Court or FSC (consists of 9 judges); Court of Cassation (consists of a court president, 5 vice-presidents, and at least 24 judges)

Iraq Ambassador to US

Ambassador Farid YASIN

Iraq US Ambassador

Ambassador Douglas A. SILLIMAN


Iraq Area,

Total: 438,317 sq km

Land: 437,367 sq km

Water: 950 sq km

Iraq Climate

mostly desert; mild to cool winters with dry, hot, cloudless summers; northern mountainous regions along Iranian and Turkish borders experience cold winters with occasionally heavy snows that melt in early spring, sometimes causing extensive flooding in central and southern Iraq

Iraq Natural Resources

petroleum, natural gas, phosphates, sulfur


Iraq Economic Overview

Iraq’s growth slowed in 2017 compared to the previous two years as domestic consumption and investment fell because of civil violence, corruption, and a sluggish oil market

Iraq GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

$649.3 billion (2017 est.)

Iraq GDP per capita (Purchasing Power Parity)

$16,700 (2017 est.)

Iraq Exports

$61.4 billion (2017 est.)

partners: India 21.2%, China 20.2%, US 15.8%, South Korea 9.4%, Greece 5.3%, Netherlands 4.8%, Italy 4.7% (2017)

Iraq Imports

$39.47 billion (2017 est.)

partners: Turkey 27.8%, China 25.7%, South Korea 4.7%, Russia 4.3% (2017)


Iraq Population

40.2 million (July 2018 est.)

Iraq Population Growth

2.5% (2018 est.)

Iraq Ethnicity

Arab 75-80%, Kurdish

15-20%, other 5%

note: most recent available data is a 1987 Iraqi government estimate

Iraq Language

Arabic (official), Kurdish (official), Turkmen (a Turkish dialect), Syriac (Neo-Aramaic), and Armenian official in areas where native speakers of these languages constitute a majority of the population

Iraq Religion

Muslim (official) 95-98% (Shia 64-69%, Sunni 29-34%), Christian 1%, other 1-4% (2015 est.)

note: the Christian population may have dropped by as much as 50% since the fall of the SADDAM Husayn regime in 2003, with many fleeing to Syria, Jordan, and Lebanon

Iraq Urbanization

urban population: 70.5% of total population (2018)

rate of urbanization: 3.06% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Iraq Literacy

79.7% (2015 est.)

Data for Educational Purpose Only.


The World Factbook 2016-17. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016.

Other Pages Relating to Country Iraq:

Iraq at a Glance and One Page Summary

Iraq Background and Introduction

Iraq Geography

Iraq People and Society

Iraq Government

Iraq Economy

Iraq Energy Resources

Iraq Communications System

Iraq Transportation System

Iraq Military and Security System

Iraq Transnational Issues

Iraq Capital Flag and Currency


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