Iraq People and Society


Iraq Population:

40,194,216 (July 2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 36

Iraq Nationality:

noun: Iraqi(s)

adjective: Iraqi

Iraq Ethnic groups:

Arab 75-80%, Kurdish 15-20%, other 5% (includes Turkmen, Yezidi, Shabak, Kaka’i, Bedouin, Romani, Assyrian, Circassian, Sabaean-Mandaean, Persian)

note: data is a 1987 government estimate; no more recent reliable numbers are available

Iraq Languages:

Arabic (official), Kurdish (official), Turkmen (a Turkish dialect), Syriac (Neo-Aramaic), and Armenian are official in areas where native speakers of these languages constitute a majority of the population

Iraq Religions:

Muslim (official) 95-98% (Shia 64-69%, Sunni 29-34%), Christian 1% (includes Catholic, Orthodox, Protestant, Assyrian Church of the East), other 1-4% (2015 est.)

note: while there has been voluntary relocation of many Christian families to northern Iraq, the overall Christian population has decreased at least 50% and perhaps as high as 90% since the fall of the SADDAM Husayn regime in 2003, according to US Embassy estimates, with many fleeing to Syria, Jordan, and Lebanon

Iraq Age structure:

0-14 years: 39.01% (male 8,005,327 /female 7,674,802)

15-24 years: 19.42% (male 3,976,085 /female 3,829,086)

25-54 years: 33.97% (male 6,900,984 /female 6,752,797)

55-64 years: 4.05% (male 788,602 /female 839,291)

65 years and over: 3.55% (male 632,753 /female 794,489) (2018 est.)

population pyramid:

Iraq Dependency ratios:

total dependency ratio: 77.7 (2015 est.)

youth dependency ratio: 72.3 (2015 est.)

elderly dependency ratio: 5.5 (2015 est.)

potential support ratio: 18.3 (2015 est.)

Iraq Median age:

total: 20.2 years

male: 20 years

female: 20.5 years (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 189

Iraq Population growth rate:

2.5% (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 22

Iraq Birth rate:

30 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 37

Iraq Death rate:

3.8 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 212

Iraq Net migration rate:

-1.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 144

Iraq Population distribution:

population is concentrated in the north, center, and eastern parts of the country, with many of the larger urban agglomerations found along extensive parts of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers; much of the western and southern areas are either lightly populated or uninhabited

Iraq Urbanization:

urban population: 70.5% of total population (2018)

rate of urbanization: 3.06% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Iraq Major urban areas – population:

6.643 million BAGHDAD (capital), 1.527 million Mosul, 1.299 million Basra, 981,000 Kirkuk, 821,000 Erbil, 820,000 Najaf (2018)

Iraq Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female

total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2018 est.)

Iraq Maternal mortality rate:

50 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 96

Iraq Infant mortality rate:

total: 37.5 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 40.6 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 34.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 47

Iraq Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 74.9 years

male: 72.6 years

female: 77.2 years (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 117

Iraq Total fertility rate:

3.94 children born/woman (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 36

Iraq Contraceptive prevalence rate:

52.8% (2018)

Iraq Health expenditures:

5.5% of GDP (2014)

country comparison to the world: 127

Iraq Physicians density:

0.82 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors – such as demographic issues and the burden of disease – there is . . . more Hospital bed density field listing

1.4 beds/1,000 population (2014)

Drinking water source:


urban: 93.8% of population

rural: 70.1% of population

total: 86.6% of population


urban: 6.2% of population

rural: 29.9% of population

total: 13.4% of population (2015 est.)

Iraq Sanitation facility access:


urban: 86.4% of population (2015 est.)

rural: 83.8% of population (2015 est.)

total: 85.6% of population (2015 est.)


urban: 13.6% of population (2015 est.)

rural: 16.2% of population (2015 est.)

total: 14.4% of population (2015 est.)

Iraq HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate:


Iraq HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS:


Iraq HIV/AIDS – deaths:


Iraq Major infectious diseases:

degree of risk: intermediate (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

Iraq Obesity – adult prevalence rate:

30.4% (2016)

country comparison to the world: 23

Iraq Children under the age of 5 years underweight:

7.2% (2011)

country comparison to the world: 72

Iraq Education expenditures:


Iraq Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write (2015 est.)

total population: 79.7%

male: 85.7%

female: 73.7% (2015 est.)

Iraq Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:

total: 25.6%

male: 22%

female: 63.3% (2017)

country comparison to the world: 47

Data for Educational Purpose Only.


The World Factbook 2016-17. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016.

Other Pages Relating to Country Iraq:

Iraq at a Glance and One Page Summary

Iraq Background and Introduction

Iraq Geography

Iraq People and Society

Iraq Government

Iraq Economy

Iraq Energy Resources

Iraq Communications System

Iraq Transportation System

Iraq Military and Security System

Iraq Transnational Issues

Iraq Capital Flag and Currency


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