Ireland Geography


Ireland Location:

Western Europe, occupying five-sixths of the island of Ireland in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Great Britain

Ireland Geographic coordinates:

53 00 N, 8 00 W

Ireland Map references:


Ireland Area:

total: 70,273 sq km

land: 68,883 sq km

water: 1,390 sq km

country comparison to the world: 121

Ireland Area – comparative:

slightly larger than West Virginia

Area comparison map:

Ireland Land boundaries:

total: 490 km

border countries (1): UK 490 km

Ireland Coastline:

1,448 km

Ireland Maritime claims:

territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm

Ireland Climate:

temperate maritime; modified by North Atlantic Current; mild winters, cool summers; consistently humid; overcast about half the time

Ireland Terrain:

mostly flat to rolling interior plain surrounded by rugged hills and low mountains; sea cliffs on west coast

Ireland Elevation:

mean elevation: 118 m

lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

highest point: Carrauntoohil 1,041 m

Ireland Natural resources:

natural gas, peat, copper, lead, zinc, silver, barite, gypsum, limestone, dolomite

Ireland Land use:

agricultural land: 66.1% (2011 est.)

arable land: 15.4% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 0% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 50.7% (2011 est.)

forest: 10.9% (2011 est.)

other: 23% (2011 est.)

Ireland Irrigated land:

0 sq km (2012)

Ireland Population distribution:

population distribution is weighted to the eastern side of the island, with the largest concentration being in and around Dublin; populations in the west are small due to mountainous land, poorer soil, lack of good transport routes, and fewer job opportunities

Ireland Natural hazards:

rare extreme weather events

Ireland Environment – current issues:

water pollution, especially of lakes, from agricultural runoff; acid rain kills plants, destroys soil fertility, and contributes to deforestation

Ireland Environment – international agreements:

party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Marine Life Conservation

Ireland Geography – note:

strategic location on major air and sea routes between North America and northern Europe; over 40% of the population resides within 100 km of Dublin

Data for Educational Purpose Only.


The World Factbook 2016-17. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016.

Other Pages Relating to Country Ireland:

Ireland at a Glance and One Page Summary

Ireland Background and Introduction

Ireland Geography

Ireland People and Society

Ireland Government

Ireland Economy

Ireland Energy Resources

Ireland Communications System

Ireland Transportation System

Ireland Military and Security System

Ireland Transnational Issues

Ireland Capital Flag and Currency

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