IGNOU B.Ed. 2018 Question Paper
Directions (Q. Nos. 1-10): Read the following passage carefully and choose the best answer out of the four choices given after each question that follows. Among the most important themes in the Disney movie ‘The Little Mermaid’ are those of questioning conventional thinking and pursuing a dream. Not only is Ariel the little me maid, demonstrating original thought (something that many seem to think she is lacking) but she is rebelling against her speciesist father. When Ariel expresses her love for the human prince, King Trident is furious. When Ariel points out angrily that he does not understand her, or even know the man whom she loves, Trident retorts “know him? I don’t need to know him! He’s a human!” In a very real way, Disney is encouraging children to question preconceived ideas that we may have against a certain group. Disney also teaches children to pursue what they love. We see that Ariel’s love for Prince Eric is more important than all else. In turning to the sea witch, Ursula, for help, Ariel makes a mistake but no true hero or heroine is flawless. Ariel puts herself, her family and all merfolk in danger, but we see that with the help of her prince, she is able to put everything to right. At the end of the film, when Ursula has forced King Trident to sacrifice his kingdom for his daughter’s soul, the sea witch uses out of the water, gigantic and terrifying, wearing the king’s crown and holding his magic trident. She laughs evilly and declares that she is the ruler of all mermen and women. “So much for true love!” She screams victoriously. Eric, however, succeeds in piloting the prow of his ship straight through her Belly, vanquishing her. The moral here is that while we all make mistakes, what is truly important is how we right the wrongs we may do to others.
1. Why does the author use parentheses around the comment “Something that many seem to think she is lacking”?
(A) to indicate a side comment to the reader
(B) to indicate that it is unimportant
(C) to indicate a humorous tone
(D) to indicate a shift in meaning
2. Ariel’s father is called a ‘speciesist’ because he:
(A) does not understand Eric
(B) opposes Ariel’s love based only on Eric being human
(C) is furious
(D) is rebelling against preconceived notions
3. Which of the following fictional plot line would best illustrate the assertion “Disney is encouraging children to question preconceived ideas that we may have against a certain group”?
(A) A movie about the development of the television
(B) A movie that details the honours of war
(C) A movie about a girl who overcomes her fear of snakes
(D) A movie that documents the travels of a rock band
4. When Ursula says “So much for true love”, what does it imply?
(A) She is specialist
(B) She was hurt in a previous love affair
(C) Marriage was unacceptable to her
(D) She is mocking true love
5. In the sentence “Eric, however, succeeds in piloting the prow of his ship straight through her Belly, vanquishing her”, what does ‘vanquishing’ mean?
6. The author’s attitude towards ‘The Little Mermaid’ is primarily one of:
7. The author’s main point in the passage is:
(A) Ariel should not have been allowed to marry Eric
(B) ‘The Little Mermaid’ (film) teaches children to follow their hearts
(C) Disney movies teach that love is stronger than hate
(D) Only Prince Eric truly understood Ariel
8. ‘Prow’ of a ship is at the:
9. What was the mistake committed by Ariel?
(A) Loving Eric
(B) Rebelling against her father
(C) Taking Ursula’s help
(D) Killing Ursula with the help of Eric
10. In the sentence “……. the sea witch rises out of the water, gigantic and terrifying, ……”, ‘terrifying’ is:
(A) a gerund
(B) a participate
(C) an adjective
(D) an adverb
Section-II : Logical and Analytical Reasoning
Directions (Q. Nos. 11-14): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions that follow.
There are six members in a family—A, B, C, D, E and F. There are two married couples in the family. B is a businessman and father of E. F is the grandfather of C and is a property dealer. D is grandmother of E and is a housewife. C is the daughter of A. There are one businessman, one property dealer, one lady lecturer, one housewife and two students in the family.
11. What is the profession of A?
12. Who is sister of E?
13. Which of the following are two married couples?
(A) AC and DF
(B) AB and EF
(C) AB and AC
(D) AB and DF
14. Which of the following is definitely a group of male members?
Directions (Qs. No. 15-18) : In the following questions a series is being given. Select from the alternatives the correct term of fill in the missing term.
15. 10, 40, ____?____, 1920, 19200
16. 0, 7, 26, 63, ___?__, 215
17. 13, 21, 31, 43, 57, 73, ___?___.
18. 4, 5, 8, 9, 10, 27, 16, 17, 64, 25, 26, ___?__
19. Find the missing number.
20. If EDUCATION is coded as DCTBZSHNM, how will PROMOTION be coded?
21. If REGISTRATION is coded as 723489719465, then GENERATOR will be coded is:
22. Which one is different from the other three in some respect?
Directions (Q. Nos. 23-26) : Read the paragraph and answer the questions that follow:
Ira, Vara, Shweta, Pushpa, and Saroj are five friends, Each one of them has six balls. Vara gives 3 balls to Pushpa who gives four balls to Saroj. Saroj gives five balls to Shweta who in turn gives four balls to Vara. Vara gives three balls each to Ira and Pushpa.
23. How many balls does Vara have?
24. How many balls does Saroj have?
25. Who has the minimum number of balls?
26. Who has the maximum number of balls?
Directions (Q. Nos. 27-30) : Read the paragraph and answer the questions that follow.
A and B play Volleyball and Football. B and D play Tennis, A and C play Hockey and Tennis. C, D and E play Cricket.
27. Who plays Volleyball, Football, Tennis and Hockey?
28. Who plays only Cricket?
29. Who plays Hockey and Cricket?
30. Who plays Tennis and Cricket?
Section-III : Educational and General Awareness
31. The recommendations of Shanta Kumar Committee are related to:
(A) Restructuring of Food Corporation of India (FCI)
(B) Restructuring of Security Exchange Board of India (SEBI)
(C) Restructuring of Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC)
(D) None of the above
32. The book ‘at the Close of the Play’ is an autobiography of:
(A) Gary Kirsten
(B) Yuvraj Singh
(C) Rahul Dravid
(D) Ricky Ponting
33. Which of the following is the largest gulf in the world?
(A) Gulf of Aden
(B) Gulf of Guinea
(C) Persian Gulf
(D) Gulf of Mexico
34. Who was the author of the Book “The Indian War of Independence, 1857”?
(A) Sir Syed Ahmed Khan
(B) V.D. Savarkar
(C) S.R. Sharma
(D) R.C. Majumdar
35. World Yoga Day is celebrated every year on:
(A) 20th June
(B) 21st June
(C) 22nd June
(D) 23rd June
36. Who abolished the use of Persian as court language and ordered the use of vernacular language?
(A) William Bentinck
(C) Warren Hastings
(D) John Shore
37. Abdul Kalam Island is located in:
(A) Tamil Nadu
(B) Andhra Pradesh
(C) West Bengal
38. In the context of Indian history, the principle of ‘Dyarhy’ refers to:
(A) Division of the Central legislature into two houses.
(B) Introduction of double Government i.e., Central and State Government
(C) Having two sets of rulers; one in London other in Delhi
(D) Division of the subjects delegated to the provinces into two categories
39. Which one of the following countries topped the World Happiness Report, 2017 published by United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network?
40. According to Swachh Survekshan 2017, which city is declared as Cleanest City in India?
41. Which of the following universities celebrated its Centenary Year in 2017?
(A) Allahabad University
(B) Patna University
(C) Banaras Hindu University
(D) Aligarh Muslim University
42. Vidhyanjali Scheme was an initiative of:
(A) Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports
(B) Ministry of Science and Technology
(C) Ministry of Labour and Employment
(D) Ministry of Human Resource Development
43. The first country to implement G.S.T. was:
44. The objective of Butler Committee of 1927 was to:
(A) Defend the Jurisdiction of the Central and Provincial Governments
(B) Define the powers of the secretary of State for India
(C) Impose censorship on national press
(D) Investigate and clarify the relationship between the paramount power and the princess of princely states
45. Right to Education Act was enacted in the year:
46. The statement “Tamsoma Jyotigamya” was originally mentioned in:
47. Who built the Khajuraho Temples?
(A) Vijayanagar Kings
(B) Bahmani Kings
(C) Chandel Kings
(D) Gupta Kings
48. Hockey India League started in the year:
49. With reference to the economic history of Medieval India, the term ‘Araghatta’ refers to:
(A) Bonded labour
(B) Land grants made to military officers
(C) Waterwheel used in the irrigation of land
(D) Waterland converted to cultivated land
50. The Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) Scheme was launched in the year:
51. Mahila Samakhya is a programme which focuses on:
(A) Women education
(B) Issues of adolescent girls
(C) Women empowerment
(D) Health issues of rural women
52. Who originally commissioned Sanchi Stupa?
(A) Emperor Ashoka
(B) Chandragupta Maurya
53. SWAYAM PRABHA channel was launched by MHRD during:
54. The norms and regulations of NCTE for two year B.Ed. programme were notified in the year:
55. Who is awarded Sahitya Academy Prize in Hindi for the year 2016?
(A) Prabha Verma
(B) Geeta Upadhyay
(C) Nasira Sharma
(D) Swaraj Bir
Section-IV : Teaching-Learning and The School
56. The purpose of formative assessment is to:
(A) check learner’s performance graph
(B) grade student’s learning outcome
(C) accelerate student’s learning performance
(D) provide feedback to teacher effectiveness
57. Why is teacher training necessary?
(A) Helps in acquiring teaching skills
(B) In understanding methods of school organization
(C) Upgrading knowledge of content
(D) All the above
58. Drama is suitable for teaching:
(D) All the above
59. The greatest satisfaction in teaching is:
(A) Feeling of love for children
(B) A sense of service to mankind
(C) A secured monetary gain
(D) A sense of contribution to learner’s all-round development
60. Human personality is the result of:
(A) Upbringing at home
(B) Interaction between heredity and environment
(C) Only environment
(D) Only heredity
61. Which of the following is an objective type question?
(A) Short answer question
(B) Open ended question
(C) True and False
(D) Essay type question
62. Who is regarded as a first teacher of a child?
(B) Class teacher
63. A teacher who is not able to draw the attention of her students should:
(A) resign from the post
(B) find fault in her learners
(C) start dictating
(D) evaluate her teaching method and improve it
64. Blackboard can be included in which group/category of teaching aid?
(A) Audio aid
(B) Visual aid
(C) Audio-Visual aid
(D) None of these
65. 10+2+3 system of education was recommended by:
(A) Mudaliar Commission
(B) National Policy of Education (1986)
(C) Kothari Commission
(D) Radhakrishanan Commission
66. For maintaining an effective discipline in the class, the teacher should:
(A) allow students to do what they like
(B) deal with the students strictly
(C) involve the students in interesting activities
(D) deal with them politely and firmly
67. Informal education is:
(A) Just schooling
(C) Time bound
68. Mental Health is:
(A) Symptoms of maladjustment
(B) Harmonious functioning of the total personality
(C) Terrible excitement
(D) Throwing up temper tantrums
69. Which of the following is mainly concerned with the software aspect of technology?
(B) TV set
70. The psychological barrier in communication is:
(B) wrong perception
(C) ambiguous words
(D) previous knowledge
71. Full form of CABE is:
(A) Central Administration Board of Education
(B) Central Allied Board of Education
(C) Central Advisory Board of Education
(D) Central Administrative Board of Education
72. Which of the following is not a co-curricular activity?
(A) organizing a quiz
(B) participating in a cultural programme organized in the school
(C) reading a Journal in the school library
(D) deputing a student for drama competition
73. Evaluation ascertains:
(A) how far the learning objectives have been achieved
(B) the weakness of instructional procedures
(C) reinforcement and feedback
(D) all of the above
74. Work experience in education means:
(A) to inculcate in students right attitude towards work
(B) to participate in productive work for living
(C) to bridge the gap between school life and
(D) all of the above
75. If a child is not taking interest in the classroom, the teacher must:
(A) give more home assignment
(B) report to parents
(C) use teaching aids
(D) involve students in teaching-learning through interactive activities
76. Maximum participation of students is possible in teaching through:
(A) Lecture method
(B) Textbook method
(C) Discussion method
(D) Audio-Video aids
77. A good textbook does not have the criteria of:
(A) learner friendly
(B) logical sequencing of content
(C) high cost
(D) interactive language
78. Slow learners in the class should be:
(C) treated sympathetically
(D) given easy assignment
79. The worst type of classroom management style is:
80. What is best suited source to acquire knowledge systematically?
(A) from authority
(B) by personal experiences
(C) through scientific method
(D) by expert opinion
Section-V: (i) Science
81. Positive ions are formed from neutral atoms by the loss of:
(B) nuclear charge
82. Which of the following statements is TRUE? Elements in the first column of the Periodic Table
(A) are called alkali metals
(B) are inert gases
(C) have metallic lusture
(D) are radioactive in nature
83. Which one of the following properties would a solution have if it is an acid?
(A) Solution turns litmus blue.
(B) Solution feels slippery.
(C) Solution has a hydrogen ion concentration of 10−13 M.
(D) Solution is a very good conductor of electricity.
84. Which of the electronic configurations given below would you expect for a noble gas?
(A) 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2
(B) 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s1
(C) 1s2 2s22p6
(D) 1s2 2s2 2p5
85. How many atoms are contained in a mole of sulphuric acid, H2SO4?
(A) 7 × 6.02 × 1023 atoms/mole
(B) 5 × 6.02 × 1023 atoms/mole
(C) 3 × 6.02 × 1023 atoms/mole
(D) 8 × 6.02 × 1023 atoms/mole
86. What is the power of a convex lens whose focal length is 50 cm?
(A) −2 D
(B) −0.5 D
(C) +2 D
(D) +0.5 D
87. Which of the colours of visible light has minimum wave length?
88. In a metallic conductor, electric current is due to the movement of:
89. An electric charge in uniform motion produces:
(A) an electric field only
(B) a magnetic field only
(C) both electric and magnetic fields
(D) no such field at all
90. The radiations emitted by a hot furnace are:
91. Normal blood pressure range (mm Hg) is:
92. Gastric digestion takes place efficiently in:
(A) acidic medium
(B) alkaline medium
(C) neutral medium
(D) highly alkaline medium
93. A doctor advised a person to take an injection of insulin because:
(A) his blood pressure was low
(B) his heart was beating slowly
(C) he was suffering from goitre
(D) his sugar level in blood was high
94. Which of the following is a plant hormone?
95. If a tall plant is crossed with a dwarf plant, what is this type of cross called?
96. What is the name of the discipline dealing with the study of inheritance?
97. Which of the following constitutes a food chain?
(A) Grass, wheat and mango
(B) Grass, goat and human
(C) Goat, cow and elephant
(D) Grass, fish and goat
98. The depletion of ozone shield is due to:
(B) Oxides of nitrogen
(D) All of these
99. Which of the following fuel is a fossil fuel?
(C) Coal and Petroleum
(D) Nuclear fuel
100. The main aim of conservation and preservation of the environment is to:
(A) Preserve the plants
(B) Preserve the animals
(C) Preserve the fuels
(D) Preserve the biodiversity
Section-V : (ii) Mathematics
101. The mean of first n natural numbers is:
102. The fifth decile is the same as:
(D) Geometric Mean
103. For a positively skewed curve, which of the following is true?
(A) Mean > Median
(B) Median > Mean
(C) Mean = Median
(D) Mode > Mean
104. The 25th percentile coincides with:
(B) First Quartile
(D) Third Quartile
105. If each side of a rectangle is increased by 20%, its area would increase by:
106. If the radius of circle is increased by 50%, the area of the circle would increase by:
107. Anil and Ankur can do a piece of work in 12j days, Ankur and Harish in 15 days. Harish and Anil in 20 days. How much time will Anil alone take to finish the work?
(A) 25 days
(B) 35 days
(C) 30 days
(D) 40 days
108. Which fraction is the largest?
109. Which fraction is the smallest?
110. What is 5 per cent of 10 per cent of 5?
111. A train moves at the speed of 180 km per hour. The speed of the train per second is:
(A) 180 m
(B) 120 m
(C) 90 m
(D) 50 m
112. A man sells an article for Rs 20 and earns a profit of 20%. What is the cost price?
(A) Rs 16
(B) Rs 16.66
(C) Rs 15
(D) Rs 15.87
113. A student’s score was wrongly entered as 83 instead of 63 which led to increase in average by ½. The number of students in the class is:
114. A fruit vender buys oranges at 4 oranges for Rs 3 for sells them at 3 oranges for Rs 4. The profit per cent is about:
115. A man’s speed along the current is 15 km/hr and the speed of the current is 1.5 km/hr. Man’s speed against the current is:
(A) 12.0 km/hr
(B) 16.5 km/hr
(C) 13.5 km/hr
(D) 15.5 km/hr
116. Two numbers are in the ratio 2 : 3. If their LCM is 48, then the sum of numbers is:
117. What is the greatest possible length which can be used to measure exactly the rods of 8 m, 4 m 20 cm and 12 m 20 cm length?
(A) 10 cm
(B) 15 cm
(C) 20 cm
(D) 25 cm
118. What per cent of a day is the time of 4 hours?
119. A student obtained 125 marks but failed by 40 marks. If minimum pass marks are 33%, then t he maximum marks for the exam is:
120. A man’s salary was decreased by 50% and then increased by 50%. The net change is:
(A) 25% increase
(B) 33% increase
(C) 25% decrease
(D) 33% decrease
Section-V : (iii) Social Science
121. The Sikh Khalsa was founded by:
(A) Guru Teg Bahadur
(B) Guru Nanak
(C) Guru Gobind Singh
(D) Guru Hargobind
122. Relies of Buddha are preserved in a:
123. Which was the first metal used by man?
124. Who among the following attended all the three Round Table Conferences?
(A) Madan Mohan Malviya
(B) Annie Besant
(C) Mahatma Gandhi
(D) B. R. Ambedkar
125. Tulsidas was a contemporary of:
126. The study of heavenly bodies is known as:
127. A star which appears blue is:
(A) Cooler than the moon
(B) Hotter than the sun
(C) As hot as the sun
(D) Cooler than the sun
128. A sudden fall in the barometric reading indicates:
(C) Fine weather
(D) Extreme cold
129. Lunar eclipse is caused when the:
(A) Moon comes between the Sun and the Earth
(B) Earth comes between the Sun and the Moon
(C) Sun comes between the Earth and Moon
(D) None of the above
130. Which of the following is the largest river in the world?
131. Who among the following was the constitutional adviser to the Constituent Assembly of India?
(A) Dr. B. N. Rau
(B) Dr. B. R. Ambedkar
(C) K. M. Munshi
(D) M. C. Setalvad
132. The Annual Financial Statement is caused to be laid before both Houses of Parliament by the:
(D) Finance Minister
133. Which is the highest and final judicial tribunal in respect of the Constitutional of India?
(C) Supreme Court
(D) Union Cabinet
134. Which of the following rights was described by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar as The Heart and Soul of the Constitution?
(A) Right of Freedom of Religion
(B) Right to Property
(C) Right to Equality
(D) Right to Constitutional Remedies
135. Which of the following is not a source of revenue to the village panchayats?
(A) Property Tax
(B) House Tax
(C) Land Tax
(D) Vehicles Tax
136. Who is called the Father of Economics?
(A) Max Muller
(B) Karl Marx
(C) Adam Smith
(D) None of these
137. Green Revolution is associated with _____.
(B) Science & Technology
(C) Milk Production
138. GDR means:
(A) Gross Domestic Ratio
(B) Global Depository Receipt
(C) Global Development Range
(D) Geographically Developed Regions
139. What is Laissez-faire?
(A) Mixed Economy
(B) Controlled Economy
(C) Non-interference of Government in economic affairs
(D) None of the above
140. The Right to Information Act was enacted in the year:
Section-V : (iv) English
Directions (Q. Nos. 141-145): Choose the word that is nearest in meaning to the underlined word.
141. The annual meeting of Philosophy Professors was a gathering of the most erudite.
142. Sarika was so ingenuous that her parents feared that she would be exploited.
143. Most of the Snakes are
144. The burglar tried to placate the barking dog.
145. In traditional families, the young venerate their elders.
Directions (Q. Nos. 146-150): In each of the following group of words, only one of them is correctly spelt. Select the one with the correct spelling.
Directions (Q. Nos. 151-154) : Choose the word that is opposite in meaning to the underlined word.
151. Particle physics is an esoteric field of knowledge.
152. The life of mayflies seems
153. The principal was uncompromising on the issue of discipline.
154. The store cashier was so lethargic that he always had a long queue in front of him.
Directions (Q. Nos. 155 and 156) : Select the word in each group that does not belong to it.
Directions (Q. Nos. 157-160) : Pick out the most appropriate word from the given alternatives to fill in the blank to complete the sentence.
157. After Amar betrayed his teammates by giving away their plan to the opposition, they called him_____.
(A) a sycophant
(B) a traitor
(C) an imbecile
(D) an expert
158. Although Mary receives _____from critics for her unconventional acting style, she never considers, changing to please them.
159. Friends often seek Deepika’s _____ as she is known for her ability to listen carefully and offer unbiased advice.
160. Behavioural theory is _______ in nature as it focuses on observation and direct study of actions.
Section-V : (v) Hindi
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