National Institute of Fashion & Technology (NIFT) UNDER GRADUATE 2022 Question Paper With Answer Key

NIFT (Under Graduate)

National Institute of Fashion and Technology

Solver Paper 2022

Directions (Q. Nos. 1-3) Below each of the following words (in capital letters) four words are given. Pick out the word that is nearest in meaning to the words given in the capital letters.


(a)  Bounteous

(b)  Preemptive

(c)  Albion

(d)  Perfidous

Answer: (d)


(a)  Colossal

(b)  Laconic

(c)  Succinct

(d)  None of these

Answer: (a)


(a)  Plucky

(b)  Tremulous

(c)  Spunky

(d)  Gallant

Answer: (b)

Directions (Q. Nos. 4 and 5) Choose the alternative that best expresses the meaning of the expression in bold.

4. Fall flat

(a)  To fail to stand

(b)  To fail to maintain

(c)  To fail to produce intended effect

(d)  To fail to realise

Answer: (c)

5. She tried to slip out but was caught immediately.

(a)  Steal

(b)  Leave quietly

(c)  Go quickly

(d)  Slight quickly

Answer: (b)

Directions (Q. Nos. 6-8) Out of the options given, find out the most similar in meaning for the given word.

6. Rostrum

(a)  Dais

(b)  Mould

(c)  Decompose

(d)  Revolve

Answer: (a)

7. Homespun

(a)  Nominal

(b)  Titular

(c)  uniform

(d)  unrefined

Answer: (d)

8. Fester

(a)  Feast

(b)  Carnival

(c)  Decay

(d)  Jollity

Answer: (c)

Directions (Q. Nos. 9 and 10) Fill in the blank with the appropriate option.

9. I know all about that film because I ______ it twice.

(a)  saw

(b)  seen

(c)  had seen

(d)  have seen

Answer: (d)

10. It started to rain while we ____ tennis.

(a)  are playing

(b)  were playing

(c)  had played

(d)  have been playing

Answer: (b)

11. Give the synonym of Angst

(a)  Dread

(b)  Ban

(c)  Authorize

(d)  Calm

Answer: (a)

12. Give the synonym of ‘perseverance’

(a)  Determination

(b)  Negative

(c)  Clear

(d)  Regressive

Answer: (a)

13. Give the synonym of ‘retrograde’.

(a)  Positive

(b)  Downhill

(c)  Seemly

(d)  Disreputable

Answer: (b)

14. Antonym of ‘abrasive’ is

(a)  Begin

(b)  Care

(c)  Kind

(d)  Bear

Answer: (c)

15. Antonym of ‘pandemonium’ is

(a)  Silence

(b)  Nuisance

(c)  Emerge

(d)  Educate

Answer: (a)

16. Choose the alternative that best expresses the meaning of the expression in bold.

They got on well with each other the moment they met.

(a)  Had a friendly relationship

(b)  Held an agreement

(c)  Had a misunderstanding

(d)  Fell in love

Answer: (a)

17. Antonym of ‘reluctance’ is

(a)  Remove

(b)  Polite

(c)  Willingness

(d)  Rapid

Answer: (c)

18. Give the synonym of ‘intransigent’

(a)  Outdated

(b)  Anxiety

(c)  Unbending

(d)  Compliant

Answer: (c)

19. Give the synonym of ‘rebut’

(a)  Confirm

(b)  Disprove

(c)  Intentional

(d)  Conscious

Answer: (b)

Directions (Q. Nos. 20-21) Choose the alternative that best expresses the meaning of the underlined expression.

20. Sachin has had a good innings in cricket.

(a)  Fine experience

(b)  Ultimate success

(c)  Long and successful spell

(d)  Victorious win

Answer: (c)

21. He left the town under a cloud.

(a)  Of his one accord

(b)  With a heavy heart

(c)  When it was raining

(d)  In disgrace

Answer: (d)

22. The world’s highest plateau is

(a)  Bolivian 

(b)  Tibetan

(c)  Deccan

(d)  Canadian

Answer: (b)

23. Choose the right word to complete the sentence. Thirty kilometres … a big distance.

(a)  is

(b)  are

(c)  was

(d)  were

Answer: (a)

24. Choose the correct word opposite in meaning to the word ‘hesitancy’

(a)  Gird

(b)  Certainty

(c)  Stout

(d)  Band

Answer: (b)

25. Give the antonym of ‘innocuous’.

(a)  Marred

(b)  Immortal

(c)  Harmful

(d)  Pious

Answer: (c)

26. Antonym of ‘fragility’ is

(a)  Robustness

(b)  Raise

(c)  Relax

(d)  Peace

Answer: (a)

27. The abbreviation BRICS stands for

(a)  Brazil-Russia-India-China-South Africa

(b)  Britain-Russia-India-China-South Africa

(c)  Brazil-Russia-India-China-South Korea

(d)  Bangladesh-Russia-India-China-South Africa

Answer: (a)

28. Parakram Diwas is observed to celebrate the birth anniversary of

(a)  Atal Bihari Vajpayee

(b)  A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

(c)  Subhash Chandra Bose

(d)  Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Answer: (c)

29. In the study of pollution, SPM refers to

(a)  Suspended Particulate Matter

(b)  Solid Particulate Matter

(c)  Sulphur Particulate Matter

(d)  Sulphur Phosphorus Matter

Answer: (a)

30. Where is CSIR-Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute situated?

(a)  Nagpur   

(b)  Lucknow

(c)  New Delhi

(d)  Kolkata

Answer: (d)

31. Hollywood is located in

(a)  London

(b)  Paris

(c)  California

(d)  Florida

Answer: (c)

32. Insert the missing letter.

(a)  O

(b)  N

(c)  M

(d)  Q

Answer: (c)

33. Which of the following won “Oscar Award 2020 for best film?

(a)  Gully Boy

(b)  Parasite

(c)  Joker

(d)  Avenger

Answer: (b)

34. The capital of Somalia is

(a)  Ankara

(b)  Juba

(c)  Mogadishu

(d)  Ulan Bator

Answer: (c)

35. Finland is known as

(a)  Land of Midnight Sun

(b)  Land of Golden Fleece

(c)  Land of Thunderbolt

(d)  Land of Thousand Lakes

Answer: (d)

36. In banking system the abbreviation SWIFT stands for

(a)  Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Transformation

(b)  Society for World Interbank Financial Telecommunications

(c)  Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunications

(d)  Society of World Interbank Financial Telecommunications

Answer: (c)

37. NASA refers to

(a)  National Aeronautics and Space Administration

(b)  National Airborne and Space Agency

(c)  Northern Airborne and Space Agency

(d)  North Atlantic Space Agency

Answer: (a)

38. There are five persons A, B, C, D and E in a row. B is to the right of C and A is to the left of D and right of B, C is to the right of E. Who is in the middle?

(a)  B

(b)  C

(c)  D

(d)  E

Answer: (a)

39. How many times do the hands of a clock make a right angle with each other during 24 h?

(a)  22

(b)  24

(c)  44

(d)  48

Answer: (c)

40. Find the odd one among the following:

(a)  Success-Failure

(b)  Gain-Profit

(c)  Spend-Earn

(d)  Win-Lose

Answer: (b)

41. Insert the missing number.

(a)  20

(b)  16

(c)  4

(d)  3

Answer: (d)

42. Which country won the Cricket World Cup in 1983?

(a)  India

(b)  Pakistan

(c)  West Indies

(d)  England

Answer: (a)

43. The author of the book “Home in the World” is

(a)  Amartya Sen

(b)  Amitav Ghosh

(c)  Kaushik Basu

(d)  Ruskin Bond

Answer: (a)

44. Who was the captain of Indian Women’s Hockey team for Tokyo Olympics 2020?

(a)  Lalremsiami

(b)  Savita Punia

(c)  Rani Rampal

(d)  Deep Grace Ekka

Answer: (c)

45. What is the rank of India in the Global Peace Index (GPI) 2021?

(a)  130

(b)  132

(c)  134

(d)  135

Answer: (d)

46. What is the time of the mirror image of a clock when the original time is 8 min past 12?

(a)  11 : 52

(b)  10 : 54

(c)  11 : 25

(d)  6 : 52

Answer: (a)

47. At what angle the hands of a clock are inclined at 15 minute past 6?


(b)  90°

(c)  95°

(d)  97°

Answer: (a)

48. R and K are good in Football and Cricket. S and R are good in Football and Golf. G and K are good in Volleyball and Cricket. S, G and M are good in Tennis and Golf. Who is good in Football, Volleyball and Cricket?

(a)  G

(b)  R

(c)  K

(d)  S

Answer: (c)

49. There are six persons A, B, C, D, E and F in a circle. C is facing to D. D is to the right of B and left of E. E is to the left of A. F is to the right of C. If A exchanges his position with F and B with D, then who is to the left of A?

(a)  B

(b)  C

(c)  A

(d)  F

Answer: (b)

50. Find the missing term


(a)  PSE

(b)  PTE

(c)  OTE

(d)  OSE

Answer: (c)

51. Find the missing term


(a)  WXV

(b)  XWV

(c)  XWU

(d)  XWZ

Answer: (b)

52. Find the missing number.

4, 5, 8, 13, 20, ?

(a)  29

(b)  27

(c)  28

(d)  30

Answer: (a)

53. ‘Pitch’ is related to ‘Cricket’, in same way ‘Court’ is related to

(a)  Tennis

(b)  Race

(c)  Boeing

(d)  Football

Answer: (a)

54. Select the correct combination of mathematical signs to replace * signs and to balance the following equations.

16 * 6 * 25 * 36 * 2 = −116

(a)  −, ×, + ÷

(b)  +, −, ×, ÷

(c)  +, ×, ÷, −

(d)  −, ÷, +, ×

Answer: (a)

55. Which two signs should be interchanged in the following equation to make it correct?

28 – 32 ÷ 2 + 286 × 26 = −25

(a)  + and −

(b)  × and +

(c)  ÷ and ×

(d)  + and ÷

Answer: (c)

56. It takes 3 days for Mr. X to go from place A to place B. On the first day he travelled 30% of the entire distance, on the second day 60% of the remaining distance. After the first two days it remains for Mr. X to travel by 5 km less than the distance he covered during the first day. What is the distance between A and B?

(a)  200 km

(b)  150 km

(c)  250 km

(d)  300 km

Answer: (c)

57. Salim saves 14% of his salary while Manjur saves 22%. If both get the same salary and Manjur saves Rs 1540, then the savings and salary of Salim are

(a)  Rs 980, Rs 5000

(b)  Rs 980, Rs 6000

(c)  Rs 980, Rs 7000

(d)  Rs 980, Rs 8000

Answer: (c)

58. Due to fall in rate of interest from 12% to 10.5% per annum simple interest a money lender’s income diminishes by Rs 900. Find the capital.

(a)  Rs 40000

(b)  Rs 45000

(c)  Rs 55000

(d)  Rs 60000

Answer: (d)

59. A seller offers a TV for Rs 27000 cash down or Rs 3000 cash down and 18 equal monthly installment of Rs 1500 each. Find the simple interest charged.

Answer: (a)

60. Find two numbers such that the mean proportional between them is 6 and the third proportional to them is 48.

(a)  (3, 12)

(b)  (4, 9)

(c)  (2, 18)

(d)  (3, 18)

Answer: (a)

61. What is the last digit of the product of 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18 and 19?

(a)  0

(b)  1

(c)  9

(d)  5

Answer: (a)

62. 200 men are employed in a job to complete it by 35 days. After 15 days, it is seen that only 2/7th portion of the job has been finished. The number of men to be further employed to complete the job within the stipulated time is

(a)  50

(b)  175

(c)  375

(d)  75

Answer: (b)

63. Two-fifth of X’s money is equal to Y’s, and seven-ninth of Y’s money is equal to Z’s; in all they have Rs 770. How much X has?

(a)  Rs 140

(b)  Rs 180

(c)  Rs 320

(d)  Rs 450

Answer: (d)

64. Two bottles contain mixture of milk and water in the ratio of 5 : 1 and the other in the ratio 9 : 1. In what proportion the quantities from the two should be mixed together, so that the mixture thus formed may contain milk and water in the ratio of 8 : 1?

(a)  1 : 5

(b)  5 : 1

(c)  1 : 8

(d)  2 : 5

Answer: (a)

65. At 12:00 noon X starts to walk at 6 km an hour and at 1 : 30 pm. Y follows on horseback at 8 km an hour. When will Y overtake X?

(a)  4 : 30 pm

(b)  5 : 00 pm

(c)  5 : 30 pm

(d)  6 : 00 pm

Answer: (d)

66. Two numbers are in the ratio 5 : 6. If 20 is added to each of them, the ratio becomes 7 : 8. The numbers are

(a)  55, 66

(b)  50, 60

(c)  40, 48

(d)  25, 30

Answer: (b)

67. A person took a loan of Rs 10000 at X% simple interest and after 5 yr he pays a total of Rs 14250. Then X is

(a)  6.5

(b)  7.5

(c)  8

(d)  8.5

Answer: (d)

68. A rope 198 cm long was cut into two parts so that one part turned out to be 20% longer than the other part. The lengths are

(a)  100 cm, 98 cm

(b)  120 cm, 78 cm

(c)  108 cm, 90 cm

(d)  101 cm, 97 cm

Answer: (c)

69. If  then which one in true?

Answer: (a)

70. If x : y = 3 : 2, find the value of 

(a)  5 : 8

(b)  8 : 5

(c)  3 : 5

(d)  5 : 3

Answer: (b)

71. Find the value of 

(a)  a – b + c

(b)  a + b + c

(c)  −a + b – c

(d)  a – b – c

Answer: (c)

72. Simplify –[–{–(y + z – x)}] + {(x + z – y)}].

(a)  2x + 2y

(b)  2x – 2y

(c)  2x – 2z

(d)  2x – 2y – 2z

Answer: (b)

73. Find the value of 84 – 7[–11x – 4{–17x

(a)  12x

(b)  21x

(c)  x

(d)  –12x

Answer: (b)

74. Find the fourth proportional to 6, 9, 20.

(a)  25

(b)  30

(c)  60

(d)  40

Answer: (b)

75. The sum of speed with which a motor ship goes with stream and against the stream of a river is equal to 30km/h. The speed of the motor ship in stagnant water is

(a)  15 km/h

(b)  18 km/h

(c)  12 km/h

(d)  30 km/h

Answer: (a)

Directions (Q. Nos. 76-81) Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below.

Though he makes Biblical references throughout ‘The Raven,’ Poe does not allude to the Bible because he is religious. Rather, he does this because he wishes to invoke the Bible’s dramatic and philosophical weight.

For instance, in line 89 the narrator asks the raven, “is there-is there balm in Gilead?” In ancient Arabia, the balm of Gilead was a salve produced from the tree Commiphora gileadenesis. The balm was used to treat the dry, scratchy skin common in Arabia’s desert climate. (The substance currently marketed as “balm of Gilead.” A compound made from the gum of the North American balsam poplar tree, is unlikely to be the subject of Poe’s reference.) The balm is more famous, however, because of its mention in the book of Jeremiah, a reference that readers during Poe’s time would have easily recognized.

As God punishes Jeremiah’s people for their  years of sin and disobedience, Jeremiah utters the phrase “ is there no balm in Gilead?” The meaning of Jeremiah’s question is not literally “is there an ointment that can heal our skin,” but something more philosophical: “Is there anything we can do to relieve the suffering of God’s punishment?” This philosophical question about the nature of relief from suffering is the one Poe invokes in “The Raven.” The narrator is suffering greatly from the loss of his lover Lenore, and this suffering seems hopeless until the mysterious raven appears.

The narrator interprets the raven as an omen of Lenore’s future return, but Poe’s reference to the balm of Gilead signals to the reader that the narrator’s hope is futile. Just as Jeremiah’s people had no hope of evading God’s power on punishment, so does the narrator have no hope of reuniting with his lost Lenore. Furthermore, by comparing the profound suffering depicted in the book of Jeremiah to the narrator’s pining for Lenore, Poe emphasises just how delusional the narrator really is.

76. The author most likely places the sentence “The substance currently marketed as ‘balm of Gilead,’ a compound made from the gum of the North American balsam poplar tree, is unlikely to be the subject of Poe’s reference” in parentheses because it represents a

(a)  the main idea of the passage

(b)  a direct quotation from another source

(c)  a departure from the main idea

(d)  a controversial statement

Answer: (c)

77. In the passage, the word ‘salve’ is a synonym of

(a)  ointment

(b)  solvent

(c)  salvation

(d)  None of the above

Answer: (a)

78. As used near the end of the passage, which is the best synonym for ‘futile’?

(a)  inaccessible

(b)  pointless

(c)  immature

(d)  reckless

Answer: (b)

79. Based on information in the passage, it can be inferred that the author would most likely characterize Poe’s attitude towards suffering in ‘The Raven’ as

(a)  religious

(b)  disrespectful

(c)  delusional

(d)  philosophical

Answer: (d)

80. The author argues that Poe mentions the balm of Gilead in order to

(a)  demonstrate his own religious convictions

(b)  describe how dry, itchy skin was treated in Arabia’s desert climate

(c)  emphasize the delusional nature of the narrator

(d)  argue that the narrator’s suffering is universal

Answer: (c)

81. Based on information in the passage, it can be inferred that

(a)  readers during Poe’s time were more likely to have read the Bible than today’s readers

(b)  the book of Jeremiah contains the most profound depiction of suffering in the Bible

(c)  ravens are often interpreted as an omen foreshadowing a lover’s return

(d)  the narrator will eventually be reunited with his lost love, Lenore

Answer: (a)

Directions. (Q. Nos. 82-91) Read the following passage and answer the questions carefully.

In one of the most rousing pamphlets of all time, Thomas Paine expounded on the need for American independence. It was ‘Common Sense,’ Paine alleged, forging his place in the pantheon of America’s founders alongside such luminaries as Jefferson, Washington, and Adams. However unlike those three men, Paine did not enjoy celebrity at the time of his death. Instead of being lionized, Paine was vilified by the very same individuals who once passed his pamphlet around as the gospel truth. But it was not ‘Common Sense’ that got him excommunicated from the American canon; rather, it was his final work, The Age of Reason.

To understand The Age of Reason, one needs to understand the context. After the Revolutionary War, Paine returned to his native England before his controversial, proFrench Revolution leanings made him increasingly unpopular. Paine immigrated to France, where he was so revered that he helped draft two separate French constitutions.

However, the French Revolution was a far more violent and turbulent conflict than was the American Revolution, with dozens of leaders jockeying for power and killing each other to get it. Paine ended up in prison during one fluctuation of power but turned this vicissitude into an opportunity. It was while he was in prison that Paine wrote The Age of Reason, his religious text.

The Age of Reason is not an inherently atheistic text, though that is how it was interpreted. Rather, the text espouses the same religious ideals that defined the Enlightenment, especially those ideals of the French Revolution, with its disestablishment of the Catholic Church as a national institution. Paine returned to America in 1802 and quickly fell out of favor in the new nation.

Americans saw The Age of Reason as expressly anti-Christian, even though the actual philosophy of the text is closer to the deism practiced by Thomas Jefferson and other Founding Fathers.

But America of 1802 was very different from the America of the Revolution, as the Second Great Awakening was just rising. In this new, devoutly Protestant nation, men like Paine were not welcome, nor would have men like Jefferson been, if Jefferson had not adapted to the times and modified his public statements on religion. Jefferson, unlike Paine, had the good sense-politically speaking-to not publish his religious beliefs. Thus Jefferson, unlike Paine, was able to publicly, at least, keep up with the times. Paine, on the other hand, was ostracized and denied the corridors of political power he had once helped make possible.

Ultimately, Paine was punished for being an anachronism in a world that passed him by In 1809, Paine died in New York, largely forgotten and certainly not celebrated. And today, while Americans commemorate ‘Common Sense’, most schoolchildren known nothing of the man who wrote it.

82. In paragraph 1 the author makes use of words most commonly associated with which of the following?

(a)  history

(b)  patriotism

(c)  politics

(d)  religion

Answer: (d)

83. Based on its use in paragraph 1, it can be inferred that which of the following would be an example of a ‘pantheon’?

(a)  a canon of important works of literature

(b)  a collection of the best baseball players of all time

(c)  a ranking of American presidents

(d)  a history of the most important era in American politics

Answer: (b)

84. This passage is best described as a(n)

(a)  defense of Thomas Paine’s lifework and time in France

(b)  celebration of American patriots

(c)  historic analysis of the end of the Enlightenment

(d)  analysis of Thomas Paine’s work in historical context

Answer: (d)

85. According to the passage, which of the following provides an accurate order of the places Paine lived during his lifetime?

(a)  America, England, France, America, England

(b)  England, America, France, America, England

(c)  England, America, England, France, America

(d)  America, England, France, America

Answer: (c)

86. As used in paragraph 2, the word ‘vicissitude’ most nearly means

(a)  opportunity

(b)  change

(c)  of violence

(d)  philosophy

Answer: (b)

87. Based on the description given in paragraph 2, as compared to the French Revolution, the American Revolution was

(a)  relatively stable

(b)  completely peaceful

(c)  inherently simple

(d)  largely unimportant

Answer: (a)

88. Which of the following, if added to the passage, would be least likely to strengthen the author’s argument?

(a)  description of Paine’s beliefs

(b)  excerpts from The Age of Reason

(c)  a brief explanation of the beliefs of the Second Great Awakening

(d)  a history of the French Revolution

Answer: (d)

89. Which of the following best describes the function of paragraph 2?

(a)  It provides the context for Paine’s writings.

(b)  It describes the content of The Age of Reason.

(c)  It explains Paine’s unpopularity in America.

(d)  It introduces the author’s main argument.

Answer: (a)

90. Which of the following summarizes the author’s principal explanation for Paine’s unpopularity at the time of his death?

(a)  He had betrayed the ideals of his own and his adopted countries.

(b)  He was explicitly atheistic at a time of religious fervor.

(c)  He was the relic of an earlier era of religious thought.

(d)  He was associated with the equally unpopular Thomas Jefferson.

Answer: (c)

91. As used in the final paragraph, the word anachronism most nearly means something

(a)  disdainful and deservedly criticized

(b)  vilified and demonized by the masses

(c)  that incites religious passion and zeal

(d)  belonging to a different time period

Answer: (d)

Directions (Q. Nos. 92-100) Read the following passage and answer the questions carefully.

Ever hear that John F. Kennedy was assassinated by someone other than Lee Harvey Oswald? Or how about the fact that the United States government has been harboring extraterrestrials and their advanced technology at Area 51?Or-my favorite for its sheer lunacy-that the moon landing was staged in Hollywood? You might laugh at these theories, or like millions of Americans, you might believe them wholeheartedly. Regardless of their veracity, they exist and proliferate each day, and the Internet has only helped to promulgate them.

So where do they come from? Well, in a literal sense, they come from people asking questions and seeking answers. But in a more figurative sense, they come from the experience of not knowing, the great void created by a dearth of certainty. There are several questions about the Kennedy assassination, enough so that several government panels (most notably the Warren Commission) have investigated it; there have been several thousands of reports of UFO encounters (no to mention an equally absurd number of television shows about aliens); and there are aspects of the moon landing that seem too good to be true. But none of these questions necessarily hint at something nefarious or sinister. Rather, they demonstrate that these events are all too real. Nothing in life is certain, and nothing completely adds up. Sure, we’d all prefer major historic events to have the certainty of a sunrise, but there’s the rub: most of us do not really know why the sun rises or even, with certainty, that it will rise tomorrow. But a sane person does not question the sunrise, though that same person will wonder about the trajectory of a bullet in Dallas.

None of this is to say that one should not ask questions. Rather, one should ask questions of everything! We should know who shot JFK, whether there are aliens, and whether the Illuminati control everything. Yet, this is impossible. We can no more know these things than we can know who specifically invented the wheel. So, rather than making up theories to explain away the lacuna of acts, we should simply accept the fact that we will never know absolutely everything about anything. Continue asking questions, but don’t make up ridiculous answers for them. Because the ultimate problem with conspiracy theories is that they don’t answer any questions; they merely explain away gaps of knowledge with pseudoscience.

Put differently, no one is really sure why cats, purr, but that doesn’t mean that cats do not purr. There does not need to be a why for every what.

92. Based on its use in paragraph 1, it can be inferred that ‘veracity’ belongs to which of the following word groups?

(a)  ridiculousness, preposterousness, absurdity

(b)  artifice, bias, prejudice

(c)  fallacy, misconception, delusion

(d)  authenticity, genuineness, truth

Answer: (d)

93. As used in paragraph 2, the word ‘nefarious’ most nearly means

(a)  indifferent

(b)  secret

(c)  evil

(d)  vague

Answer: (c)

94. In this passage, the author makes use of which of the following literary devices?

(a)  Rhetorical question, characterized by a question posed for effect rather than one that expects a reply

(b)  Satire, characterized by the use of ridicule to expose a vice, weakness, or flaw

(c)  Repetition, characterized by repeating the same phrase multiple times for emphasis in order to produce a grander effect

(d)  Paradox, characterized by the use of contradictory concepts or ideas that, when placed together, bear a deep significance or possible truth

Answer: (a)

95. The main purpose of this passage is to

(a)  provide information about the history of conspiracy theories in the twentieth century

(b)  argue that conspiracy theories are harmful to those who ask questions

(c)  refute the notion that conspiracy theories have no benefit in answering unknowable questions

(d)  argue that conspiracy theories arise from normal questions

Answer: (d)

96. Which of the following pieces of information, if added to the passage, would most strengthen the author’s argument?

(a)  proof that Lee Harvey Oswald did not assassinate John F. Kennedy

(b)  examples of ancient theories explaining the sunrise and interactions with aliens

(c)  a survey suggesting that very few Americans actually believe in conspiracy theories

(d)  examples of gaps in certainly about the Kennedy assassination, aliens, and the moon landing

Answer: (d)

97. As used in paragraph 3, ‘lacuna’ most nearly means

(a)  a body of water

(b)  a gap

(c)  an abundance

(d)  a fallacy

Answer: (b)

98. Which of the following best describes the function of the third paragraph in the context of the rest of the passage?

(a)  It redirects the passage and furthers the author’s main argument.

(b)  It refutes the argument made earlier in the passage and provides a new one.

(c)  It introduces several hypothetical conspiracies for the purpose of providing evidence for an earlier point.

(d)  It states the author’s main thesis and restates the evidence the author uses to make his or her argument.

Answer: (a)

99. In the final paragraph, the author most likely uses the example of why cats purr to suggest that some things

(a)  are unknowable

(b)  should simply be accepted as fact

(c)  are scientific truths

(d)  are better left to conspiracy theorists

Answer: (b)

100. Which of the following is not mentioned in the passage as a possible conspiracy theory?

(a)  The moon landing was staged.

(b)  The government has hidden aliens for years.

(c)  Kennedy was not assassinated by a lone gunman.

(d)  The wheel was not invented by one person.

Answer: (d)

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