UGC NET Exam June-2013 International and Area Studies Paper-2 Question Paper With Answer Key

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Paper – II

Note : This paper contains fifty (50) objective type questions of two (2) marks each. All questions are compulsory.

1. Which one of the following theoretical positions you will associate with the statement that “Economic globalization is an
uneven, hierarchical process, where economic power is increasingly concentrated in leading industrialized countries” ?

(A) Marxism

(B) Realism

(C) Neo-Marxism

(D) Post-structuralism

Answer: (C)

2. From the names given below, identify the Radical Dependency Theorists :

(A) A.G. Frank and J.M. Keynes

(B) Samir Amin and F.H. Cardoso

(C) J.M. Keynes and F.H. Cardoso

(D) A.G. Frank and Samir Amin

Answer: (D)

3. Assertion (A) : Postpositivists are critical of any established truth valid for all.

Reason (R) : The task is to examine the world from a large variety of political, social, cultural, economic, other and gendered perspectives.

Codes :

(A) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).

(B) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).

(C) (A) is true, (R) is false.

(D) (A) is false, (R) is true.

Answer: (B)

4. Match the following thinkers in List – I with their theories in List – II and give the correct with the help of code given below :

Answer: (B)

5. Arrange the following books in the chronological ascending order of their publication :

i. The Strategy of Conflict

ii. Theory of International Politics

iii. The Tragedy of Great Power Politics

iv. A Liberal World Order in Crisis

Codes :

(A) iii iv i ii

(B) iv iii ii i

(C) i ii iv iii

(D) ii i iii iv

Answer: (D)

6. Who described the environmental threats as ‘threats without enemies’ ?

(A) Gwyn Prins

(B) B. Buzan

(C) De Wilde

(D) Simon Dalby

Answer: (A)

7. Assertion (A) : The restrictive immigration policy in many EU States reflects racial and religious prejudices.

Reason (R) : They feared that the absorption of immigrants will dilute their culture and nationalism.

Codes :

(A) (A) is not correct, (R) is correct.

(B) Both (A) and (R) are correct.

(C) (A) is correct but (R) is not correct.

(D) Both (A) and (R) are not correct.

Answer: (B)

8. The new globalizers, according to the terminology of World Bank, refer to countries 

(A) who have best taken advantage of global economic integration.

(B) who made progress towards poverty alleviation.

(C) who are alternatively formulating their own economic rules.

(D) who promoting inclusive growth.

Answer: (A)

9. Assertion (A) : The central focus of International Relations is not evil, but tragedy.

Reason (R) : States often share common interests, but the structure of the situation prevents them from bringing about the mutually desired situation.

Select the correct answer from the code given below :

Codes :

(A) (A) is correct, but (R) is not correct.

(B) (A) is not correct, but (R) is correct.

(C) Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).

(D) Both (A) and (R) are not correct.

Answer: (C)

10. Match the following authors in Table – I with their writings in Table – II, with the help of correct code given below :

Answer: (A)

11. Choose the correct ascending chronological order on the basis of the code given below :

(A) Group 77, SAARC, ASEAN, APEC

(B) ASEAN, Group 77, SAARC, APEC

(C) ASEAN, SAARC, Group 77, APEC

(D) Group 77, ASEAN, SAARC, APEC

Answer: (D)

12. Economic globalization is conceived as having three logics : 

(A) technical, economics and politics

(B) structural, economic and social

(C) technical, structural and procedural

(D) politics, economics and sociology

Answer: (A)

13. The current world economic order displays attributes, such as 

(A) Secular trend

(B) Short-term capital flows

(C) Deepening of market integration

(D) All the above

Answer: (D)

14. Assertion (A) : The nation state has always suffered from a limited capacity to deal with genuinely global problems.

Reason (R) : The tragedy of the commons provides a compelling model of the consequences of this lack of capacity, pointing to
the need for effective and democratic institutions of global governance.

Codes :

(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).

(B) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is the correct explanation of (A).

(C) (A) is true, (R) is false. 

(D) (A) is false, (R) is true.

Answer: (A)

15. Identify the correct code for the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) as given below :

Assertion (A) : In a globalised world, terrorism has crossed national frontiers and has acquired international dimensions.

Reason (R) : Mobility, fire power and interconnectedness through information and communication technologies have enabled
terrorists to strike everywhere and anywhere in the world.

Codes :

(A) Both (A) and (R) are not correct.

(B) Both (A) and (R) are correct, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).

(C) (A) is correct, but (R) is not correct.

(D) (A) is not correct, but (R) is correct.

Answer: (B)

16. Negation of shooting war is called as 

(A) Unconventional war

(B) Sub-national war

(C) Proxy war

(D) Cold war

Answer: (D)

17. Who, among the following, claimed that ‘nuclear weapons provided the glue that had held the Western alliance together’ ?

(A) Henry Kissinger

(B) James Schlesinger

(C) Robert McNamara

(D) George P. Shultz

Answer: (B)

18. Who, among the following, categorised nuclear weapon as ‘Absolute weapon’ in the immediate aftermath of the destruction of  Hiroshima and Nagasaki ?

(A) Bernard Brodie

(B) Herman Kahn

(C) Henry Kissinger

(D) Stephen Waltz

Answer: (A)

19. Match the following from Table – I (Country) and Table – II (Missiles) by using the correct code given below :

Answer: (A)

20. Which one of the following countries is employing the ‘String of Pearls’ strategy against India ?

(A) China

(B) U.S.A.

(C) Japan

(D) Russia

Answer: (A)

21. Arrange the following in chronological order according to their establishment using code given below :



iii. SAARC


Codes :

(A) i iii ii iv

(B) i ii iii iv

(C) ii iii i iv

(D) iii iv i ii

Answer: (C)

22. Match the following books in List – I with the authors in List – II with the code given below :

Answer: (B)

23. Identify the correct code for the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) as given below :

Assertion (A) : India should not contemplate retaliation even if there is another 26/11 or Mumbai – type attack. This is nothing short of Pakistan’s nuclear blackmail. Not different from the irresponsible behaviour one witnesses in North Korea.

Reason (R) : Pakistan believes that it has brought down the threshold of nuclear use to the theatre level by miniaturisation and development of tactical nuclear weapons.

Codes :

(A) Both (A) and (R) are not correct.

(B) Both (A) and (R) are correct, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).

(C) (A) is correct, but (R) is not correct.

(D) (A) is not correct, but (R) is correct.

Answer: (B)

24. ‘One for all, all for one’ signifies one of the following :

(A) Collective Defence

(B) Collective Security

(C) Military Alliance

(D) Regional Economic Grouping

Answer: (B)

25. Which one of the following countries, calls its coastal regions collectively as ‘Golden Coast’ ?

(A) China

(B) Thailand

(C) Malaysia

(D) Vietnam

Answer: (A)

26. Match the Countries in List – I with their Ports in List – II from the code given below :

Answer: (D)

27. The name of the incumbent Secretary General of ASEAN is

(A) Rodolto Severino

(B) Le Luong Minh

(C) Ong Keng Yong

(D) Surin Pitswan

Answer: (C)

28. The first Asian astronaut was from one of the following countries :

(A) India

(B) China

(C) Vietnam

(D) Japan

Answer: (C)

29. Identify the correct code for the following Assertion (A) and Reason (R) :

Assertion (A) : Regional trade agreements enhance the attractiveness of economies to potential foreign investors, in South and Southeast Asia. 

Reason (R) : In an integrated global economy these agreements have become more important when countries are competing as preferred hosts for foreign investors.

Codes :

(A) (A) is not correct, but (R) is correct. 

(B) (A) is correct, but (R) is not the right answer.

(C) Both (A) and (R) are true.

(D) Both (A) and (R) are not true.

Answer: (C)

30. Which one of the outside powers helped Vietnam to invade Cambodia ?

(A) The United States of America

(B) China

(C) The Soviet Union

(D) France

Answer: (C)

31. In which CIS country did the Andijan ethnic clashes take place in 2005 ?

(A) Kazakhstan

(B) Tajikistan

(C) Uzbekistan

(D) Kyrgyzstan

Answer: (C)

32. Identify the correct code for Assertion (A) and Reason (R) as given below :

Assertion (A) : Andropov advocated ‘Taking the fight to the enemy as a foreign policy approach’.

Reason (R) : This was in continuation with the Brezhnev doctrine as part of the Cold War strategy.

Codes :

(A) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).

(B) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is the correct explanation of (A).

(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false. 

(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Answer: (B)

33. Match the names of the Foreign Ministers given in List – I with their countries in List – II with the help of the code given below :

Answer: (A)

34. Arrange the following events in an ascending chronological order with the help of given code :

i. U2 incident

ii. Helsinki Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe.

iii. Nikita Khrushchev ousted from Soviet Leadership

iv. Nuclear Test Ban Treaty signed 

Codes :

(A) ii i iii iv

(B) i iv iii ii

(C) iv ii i iii

(D) iii iv ii i

Answer: (B)

35. Which one of the following connects Red Sea and Persian Gulf ?

(A) Bab-el-Mandeb

(B) Gulf of Akaba

(C) Suez Canal

(D) Galilee Sea

Answer: (A)

36. Arrange the following events in an ascending chronological order with the help of given code :

i. Formation of the PLO

ii. Iran-Iraq War

iii. Baghdad Pact

iv. Islamic Revolution in Iran

Codes :

(A) iv iii ii i

(B) iii i iv ii

(C) ii iii i iv

(D) i ii iii iv

Answer: (B)

37. Match the following Leaders given in List – I with their Countries given in List – II with the help of given code :

Answer: (A)

38. When did Israel occupied West Bank ?

(A) The 1956 War between Israel and Egypt

(B) 1967 Arab-Israel War 

(C) 1983 Israel-Lebanon War

(D) 1973 Arab-Israel War

Answer: (B)

39. Match the following countries (I) with their boundary disputes (II) :

Answer: (C)

40. The United States launched the Global War on Terror after 9/11 firstly against one of the following :

(A) Afghanistan’s Taliban and Al Qaeda

(B) Saddam rule in Iraq

(C) Gaddafi rule in Libya

(D) Asad’s rule in Syria

Answer: (A)

41. Match the following Countries (I) with their Presidents (II) on the basis of code given below :

Answer: (A)

42. The terrorists accountable for Boston bombing on 15 April 2013 originally belong to one of the following :

(A) Bolivia

(B) Chechnya 

(C) Ukraine

(D) Belarus

Answer: (B)

43. Identify the correct code for the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) as given below :

Assertion (A) : In anarchic international milieu, States maintain military capabilities for their own defence. 

Reason (R) : In war time or tension-prone environment, there is clear-cut military advantages gained from having larger armed forces and superior weapon systems or military doctrines.

Codes :

(A) Both (A) and (R) are correct, (R) is correct explanation of (A).

(B) (A) is correct, but (R) is not correct.

(C) (A) is not correct, but (R) is correct.

(D) Both (A) and (R) are false.

Answer: (A)

44. Given below are two statements, one labelled as Assertion (A) and the other labelled as Reason (R). Identify the correct code for them.

Assertion (A) : International law of human rights provides an elaborate structure of rights that cover civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights and other rights.

Reason (R) : It intended to promote an acceptable standard of human life. 

Codes :

(A) (A) is right, but (R) is not the right answer.

(B) (A) and (R) both are correct. 

(C) (A) is not right, but (R) is correct.

(D) (A) and (R) are incorrect.

Answer: (B)

45. The concept of ‘intergenerational equity’ was popularised by Brundtland Commission Report in the following year :

(A) 1992

(B) 1985

(C) 1987

(D) 1996

Answer: (C)

46. Match the following conventions in List – I with years in List – II, with the help of the code given below :

Answer: (B)

47. The UN Secretary General’s Report to the General Assembly in 2010 emphasised on

(A) State Sovereignty

(B) Preventive Diplomacy

(C) Human Security

(D) Humanitarian Intervention

Answer: (C)

48. The changing global context made India’s foreign policy shift from

 (A) Bialignment – Nonalignment – Multialignment

(B) Nonalignment – Regional alignment – Multialignment

(C) Regional alignment – Multialignment – Unilateralism

(D) Nonalignment – Bialignment – Multialignment

Answer: (D)

49. Arrange the following personalities in an ascending chronological order :

i. Mao Ze Dong

ii. Deng Xiao Ping

iii. Hu Jintao

iv. Jiang Zemin

Codes :

(A) i ii iii iv

(B) i ii iv iii

(C) i iii ii iv

(D) iii ii i iv

Answer: (B)

50. Galicia, a province which is striving for its independence, is a part of

 (A) Germany

(B) Italy

(C) France

(D) Spain

Answer: (D)