GATE Exam 2020 Architecture and Planning (AR) Question Paper With Answer Key


AR-Architecture and Planning

GA-General Aptitude

Q1 – Q5 carry one mark each.

1. Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award was conferred _____Mary Kom, a six-time world champion in boxing, recently in a ceremony _____ the Rashtrapati Bhawan (the President’s official residence) in New Delhi.

(A)  with, at

(B)  on, in

(C)  on, at

(D)  to, at

Answer: (C)

2. Despite a string of a poor performances, the changes of K. L. Rahul’s selection in the team are ______.

(A)  slim

(B)  bright

(C)  obvious

(D)  uncertain

Answer: (B)

3. Select the word that fits the analogy:

Cover : Uncover :: Associate : _______

(A)  Unassociate

(B)  Inassociate

(C)  Missassociate

(D)  Dissociate

Answer: (D)

4. Hig by floods, he kharif (summer sown) crops in various parts of the county have been affected. Officials believe that the loss in production of the kharif crops can be recovered in the output of the rabi (winter sown) crops so that the country can achieve its food-grain production target of 291 million tons in the crop year 2019-20 (July-June). They are hopeful that good rains in July-August will help the soil retain moisture for a longer period, helping winter sown crops such as wheat and pulses during the November-February period.

Which of the following statements can be inferred from the given passage?

(A)  Officials declared that the food-grain production target will be met due to good rains.

(B)  Officials want the food-grain production target to be met by the November-February period.

(C)  Officials feel that the food-grain production target cannot be met due to floods.

(D)  Officials hope that the food-grain production target will be met due to a good rabi produce.

Answer: (D)

5. The difference between the sum of the first 2n natural numbers and the sum of the first n odd natural numbers is ______.

(A)  n2 – n

(B)  n2 + n

(C)  2n2 – n

(D)  2n2 + n

Answer: (B)

Q6 – Q10 carry two marks each.

6. Repo rate is the at which Reserve Bank of India (RBI) lends commercial banks, and reverse repo rate is the rate at which RBI borrows money from commercial banks.

Which of the following statements can be inferred from the above passage?

(A)  Decrease in repo rate will increase cost of borrowing and decrease lending by commercial banks.

(B)  Increase in repo rate will decrease cost of borrowing and increase lending by commercial banks.

(C)  Increase in repo rate will decrease cost of borrowing and decrease lending by commercial banks.

(D)  Decrease in repo rate will decrease cost of borrowing and increase lending by commercial banks.

Answer: (D)

7. P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, and W are seated around a circular table.

(I) S is seated opposite to W.

(II) U is seated at the second place to the right of R.

(III) T is seated at the third place to the left of R.

(IV) V is a neighbor of S.

Which of the following must be true?

(A)  P is a neighbor of R.

(B)  Q is a neighbor of R.

(C)  P is not seated opposite to Q.

(D)  R is the left neighbor of S.

Answer: (C)

8. The distance between Delhi and Agra is 233 km. A car P started travelling from Delhi to Agra and another car Q started from Agra to Delhi along the same road 1 hour after the car P started. The two cars crossed each other 75 minutes after the car Q started. Both cars were travelling at constant speed. The speed of car P was 10 km/hr more than the speed of car Q. How many kilometers the car Q had travelled when the cars crossed each other?

(A)  66.6

(B)  75.2

(C)  88.2

(D)  116.5

Answer: (B)

9. For a matrix M = [mij], i. j= 1, 2, 3, 4, the diagonal elements are all zero and mij = −mij. The minimum number of elements required to fully specify the matrix is_______.

(A)  0

(B)  6

(C)  12

(D)  16

Answer: (B)

10. The profit shares of two companies P and Q are shown in the figure. If the two companies have invested a fixed and equal amount every year, then the ratio of the total revenue of company P to the total revenue of company Q, during 2013-2018 is ______.

(A)  15 : 17

(B)  16 : 17

(C)  17 : 15

(D)  17 : 16

Answer: (B)

AR: Architecture and Planning

Q1 – Q25 carry one mark each

1. In the architectural style of ancient North Indian Temples, the term ‘Adhisthana’ refers to

(A)  Pinnacle

(B)  Base Platform

(C)  Vestibule

(D)  Transept

Answer: (B)

2. Who among the following architects has NOT won the Pritzker Architecture Prize till 2019>

(A)  Arata Isozaki

(B)  I. M. Pei

(C)  B. V. Doshi

(D)  Moshe Safdie

Answer: (A OR D)

3. The stone used in the construction of Kailasa temple at Ellora is

(A)  Limestone

(B)  Marble

(C)  Sandstone

(D)  Basalt

Answer: (D)

4. Four vertical lines having same thickness appear to be of the same height in perspective as shown in the figure. Which line actually has the maximum height?

(A)  1

(B)  2

(C)  3

(D)  4

Answer: (B)

5. As per URDPFI Guidelines 2015, Government of India, choose the correct hierarchy of plans higher to lower order.

(A)  Perspective plan, Development plan, Regional plan, Zonal plan

(B)  Perspective plan, Regional plan, Development  plan, Zonal plan

(C)  Regional plan, Perspective plan, Development plan, Zonal plan

(D)  Zonal plan, Development plan, Regional plan, Perspective plan

Answer: (B)

6. Which of the following shapes can be used as an interlocking paver block without adding any other shape?

(A)  1

(B)  2

(C)  3

(D)  4

Answer: (C)

7. In India, the Constitution (Seventy Fourth Amendment) Act, 1992, delegates powers to institutions forming the third tier of government, which are

(A)  Municipal Corporation, Municipality and Nagar Panchayat

(B)  Development Authority, Municipal Corporation and Municipality

(C)  Improvement Trust, Nagar Panchayat and Panchayat

(D)  Development Authority, Improvement Trust and Panchayat

Answer: (A)

8. As on 2018, ‘Right to Property’ in India is a

(A)  Fundamental Right

(B)  Secondary Right

(C)  Constitutional Right

(D)  Tertiary Right

Answer: (C)

9. ‘Tendon’ is primarily used

(A)  as a compression member

(B)  to pre-stress concrete

(C)  as roof sheathing

(D)  to prepare a tender document

Answer: (B)

10. Emergency preparedness for risk reduction does NOT include

(A)  rescue

(B)  relief distribution

(C)  rehabilitation

(D)  revision of code

Answer: (D)

11. If Beam : Column :: Transom : X,

which of the following options can replace ‘X’ ?

(A)  Balustrade

(B)  Sill

(C)  Mullion

(D)  Ceiling

Answer: (C)

12. The correct chronological order of the given architectural movements is

(A)  Romanesque; Roman; Baroque; Gothic; Renaissance

(B)  Romanesque; Roman; Renaissance; Gothic; Baroque

(C)  Roman; Romanesque; Gothic; Renaissance; Baroque

(D)  Roman; Romanesque; Gothic; Baroque; Renaissance

Answer: (C)

13. The decay of sound in a large room is indicated in the following figure. The spike within the dashed zone denotes

(A)  Flutter echo

(B)  Perfect sound diffusion

(C)  Echo

(D)  Early reflection

Answer: (C)

14. For the same thickness of material layers, relative position of insulation in the wall sections 1 and 2 shown below will have an impact on

(A)  Thermal Time Constant

(B)  Thermal Conductivity

(C)  Thermal Resistivity

(D)  Thermal Transmittance

Answer: (A)

15. The solar altitude angle on April 16 at 7 : 00 AM in Kochi is 16°. The same solar altitude angle will occur at the same time in the same year at the same location on

(A)  July 21

(B)  August 27

(C)  September 23

(D)  October 21

Answer: (B)

16. In a perspective drawing, the picture Plane is in between the Object and the Observer. If the Observer comes closer straight towards the Picture Plane, without changing the distance between Object and Picture Plane, the perspective image will be

(A)  Bigger than the previous image

(B)  Smaller than the previous image

(C)  Will remain the same as previous image

(D)  Will become the mirror  image of the previous

Answer: (B)

17. Shyam-Rai temple of Bishnupur in West Bengal, is an example of

(A)  Nava-ratna terracotta temple

(B)  Stone carved Nagara type temple

(C)  Pancha-ratna type terracotta temple

(D)  Stone carved Dravidian type temple

Answer: (C)

18. Which one of the following is NOT a land use zone?

(A)  Industrial Zone

(B)  Agriculture Zone

(C)  Heritage Zone

(D)  Commercial Zone

Answer: (C)

19. ‘Formulation of GIS based master plan’ is a sub-scheme of

(A)  Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation

(B)  Smart Cities Mission

(C)  Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission

(D)  Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission

Answer: (A)

20. One hectare is equal to

(A)  4000 m2

(B)  4048 m2

(C)  4840 m2

(D)  10000 m2

Answer: (D)

21. One of the sites added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 2019 is

(A)  Walled City, Ahmedabad

(B)  Walled City, Jaipur

(C)  Chandigarh

(D)  Fatehpur Sikri

Answer: (B)

22. In the given contour map, the angle at ‘A’ (in degrees, rounded off to two decimal places) is ________

Answer: (18.2 to 18.5)

23. A 1.2 m high window is located on a south facing wall. The solar azimuth angle is equal to the wall azimuth angle and the solar altitude angle is 60°. The minimum depth (in metres, rounded off to two decimal places) of overhand required to completely shade the window is_______

(Assume that the overhang is located at the lintel level of the window)

Answer: (0.68 to 0.70)

24. In the given figure, the area of the shaded portion is_________

Answer: (8 to 8)

25. Average density of a highway is 25 vehicles per km. Average volume of the vehicles on the highway is 520 vehicles per hour. The mean speed (in km/hour, rounded off to one decimal place) is _________

Answer: (20.8 to 20.8)

Q26 – Q55 Carry two marks each.

26. Match the terminologies of Munsell colour wheel in Group I with their corresponding descriptions in Group II

(A)  P-2, Q-4, R-5, S-1

(B)  P-4, Q-2, R-5, S-3

(C)  P-4, Q-2, R-3, S-1

(D)  P-2, Q-4, R-1, S-3

Answer: (B)

27. Match the plant forms in Group I with the botanical names in Group II, as per ‘A Handbook of Landscape’, CPWD 2013, Government of India

(A)  P-1, Q-5, R-2, S-3

(B)  P-3, Q-4, R-2, S-1

(C)  P-3, Q-5, R-4, S-1

(D)  P-1, Q-3, R-4, S-5

Answer: (C)

28. Match the images of gardens in Group I with their names in Group II

(A)  P-5, Q-3, R-1, S-4

(B)  P-3, Q-4, R-1, S-2

(C)  P-1, Q-4, R-3, S-2

(D)  P-3, Q-2, R-4, S-5

Answer: (B)

29. Match the Architects in Group I with their projects in Group II

(A)  P-3, Q-4, R-1, S-2

(B)  P-2, Q-5, R-4, S-1

(C)  P-4, Q-3, R-1, S-2

(D)  P-3, Q-4, R-5, S-2

Answer: (A)

30. Match the graphical representations in Group I with corresponding elements in Group II

(A)  P-1, Q-2, R-3, S-5

(B)  P-4, Q-1, R-3, S-2

(C)  P-2, Q-3, R-4, S-5

(D)  P-2, Q-1, R-4, S-5

Answer: (D)

31. Based on the psychrometric chart given below, match the vector in Group I with the respective process in Group II

(A)  P-4, Q-1, R-5, S-2

(B)  P-4, Q-3, R-1, S-5

(C)  P-5, Q-3, R-4, S-1

(D)  P-3, Q-1, R-5, S-2

Answer: (A)

32. Match the software tools in Group I with their primary applications in Group II

(A)  P-2, Q-5, R-4, S-3

(B)  P-4, Q-1, R-2, S-3

(C)  P-4, Q-5, R-1, S-3

(D)  P-2, Q-4, R-5, S-1

Answer: (A)

33. Match the structural form in Group I with their corresponding illustration in Group II

(A)  P-2, Q-4, R-5, S-1

(B)  P-2, Q-4, R-1, S-5

(C)  P-5, Q-4, R-2, S-1

(D)  P-4, Q-1, R-5, S-2

Answer: (A)

34. Match the books in Group I with the corresponding authors in Group II

(A)  P-3, Q-2, R-1, S-4

(B)  P-4, Q-1, R-5, S-3

(C)  P-3, Q-1, R-5, S-4

(D)  P-4, Q-2, R-1, S-3

Answer: (B)

35. Match the name of tactile paving in Group I with their patterns in Group II

(A)  P-4, Q-2, R-3, S-1

(B)  P-3, Q-5, R-4, S-1

(C)  P-3, Q-2, R-4, S-1

(D)  P-2, Q-5, R-1, S-4

Answer: (C)

36. Match the name of architects in Group I with the buildings designed by them in Group II

(A)  P-3, Q-1, R-4, S-2

(B)  P-2, Q-5, R-1, S-3

(C)  P-2, Q-1, R-4, S-5

(D)  P-4, Q-5, R-1, S-3

Answer: (B)

37. Match the terms in Group I with the parameters in Group II

(A)  P-2, Q-5, R-4, S-1

(B)  P-3, Q-2, R-1, S-4

(C)  P-2, Q-3, R-4, S-5

(D)  P-3, Q-4, R-5, S-1

Answer: (A)

38. Match the structural system in Group I with their potential causes of failure in Group II

(A)  P-3, Q-4, R-1, S-2

(B)  P-1, Q-3, R-5, S-2

(C)  P-2, Q-4, R-1, S-3

(D)  P-3, Q-5, R-4, S-1

Answer: (A)

39. Match the brick masonry bond type in Group I with the corresponding illustration in Group II

(A)  P-2, Q-1, R-4, S-5

(B)  P-4, Q-1, R-2, S-3

(C)  P-2, Q-5, R-1, S-3

(D)  P-4, Q-1, R-2, S-5

Answer: (D)

40. Mach the characteristics in Group I with the type of settlements in Group Ii as given in URDPFI Guidelines 2015, Government of India

(A)  P-4, Q-3, R-1, S-5

(B)  P-3, Q-5, R-1, S-4

(C)  P-3, Q-5, R-2, S-4

(D)  P-3, Q-4, R-1, S-2

Answer: (D)

41. A population of 2500 persons requires a minimum area of 3000 m2 for primary schools. For the population in four different sectors given in the table below, the Sector having maximum shortage of school area per person is_______

Answer: (3 to 3)

42. Number of married couples in a household along with number of rooms (for a household) are given in the table. Assuming each married couple needs one separate room, the total number of additional rooms required for them is ________

Answer: (5214 to 5214)

43. In a residential complex , the central play area is to be converted as a detention pond for storm water management. For a 24 hour rainfall event of 100 mm, 100% storm water of central play area and 70% storm water run-off from rest of the complex is to be held at detention pond. Area distribution in the residential complex is given in the table.

Answer: (760 to 760)

44. In the plot shown below, ‘S1’ and ‘S2’ are two non-directional point sources, having a sound intensity level of 95 dB and 60 dB, respectively, at a distance of 1 m from each point source. Considering free field conditions, the effective sound intensity level at the receiver location ‘R’ (in dB, rounded off to two decimal places) is _________

Answer: (75.00 to 79.00)

45. A room measures 5m × 10m × 3m (L×B×H). Consider the following conditions,

Total solar radiation incident on the root surface = 800 W/m2

Outdoor air temperature = 40°C

Outside film coefficient of the root surface = 18 W/m2

The outdoor mean radiant temperature is equal to outdoor air temperature

The minimum reduction required in solar absorptance of the roof (rounded off to two decimal places) to achieve a 20° reduction in sol-air temperature is _______

Answer: (0.43 to 0.47)

46. The activity duration, early start, early finish, late start and late finish of the three activities ‘P’, ‘Q’ and ‘R’ are shown in the following figure. The independent float of activity ‘Q’ is ________

Answer: (1 to 1)

47. A square based regular pyramid has all sides equal to 10 units. Its height (in the same units, rounded off to two decimal places) is ________

Answer: (7.00 to 7.10)

48. A parking area measuring 52m ×67 m is approached through a driveway as shown in the given illustration. The parking is designed at an angle of 30° with the parking by of 2.5m × 5m.

The number of cars that can be parked in the designated parking area considering no car overshoots the length of the parking area is _______

Answer: (9 to 10)

49. Plan and section of an isolated foundation is given below. The volume of concrete up to Ground Level (GL) (in m3, rounded off to two decimal places) is ______

Answer: (3.10 to 3.40)

50. Top floor of a 25 story building is using a flush valve system with a minimum fixture pressure of 1.0 kg/cm2. If static pressure increases by 0.3 kg/cm2 per metre length and friction loss is zero, then height of bottom of the water tank from the top fixture (in metres, rounded off to two decimal places) is ________

Answer: (3.30 to 3.40)

51. In a single phase alternate current circuit, an electric lamp is rated 100 watts. If 220 volts is impressed on it and the power factor is 0.85, the energy (in watt hour, rounded off to one decimal place) delivered in an hour is ______

Answer: (100 to 100)

52. A simply supported RCC beam of cross section 0.4 m ×6 m covers a span of 8 m. It is subjected to a uniformly distributed load of 30 kN/m. If the unit weight of concrete is 24 kN/m3, the tensile stress (in N/mm2, rounded off to two decimal places) at the bottom of the beam at mid-span is_______

Answer: (11.80 to 12.00)

53. A basement wall resists lateral pressure exerted by soil and water. The soil pressure amounts to 4.5 kN/m2 for every metre of depth below Ground Level (GL). The subsoil water level is 1.0 m below GL and hydrostatic pressure of water is 9.8 kN/m2 for every metre of depth below GL. The total lateral pressure (in kN/m2, rounded off to one decimal place) exerted on the wall 2 m below GL is _______

Answer: (14.3 to 18.8)

54. Assuming that the population growth trend given in the table will continue, the population (in persons) for the year 2031 will be_________

Answer: (484315 to 484316)

55. A developer would like to select a residential plot of 3000 m2 for group housing in a city. Different options with varying development controls are given. In every group housing plot, 15% of the Floor Area Ratio (FAR) over and above the maximum permissible FAR has to be utilized for Economically Weaker Section (EWS) units. The maximum built-up area (in m2) available from the options given below is_________

Answer: (10350 to 10350)

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