West Sikkim District of Sikkim at a Glance

About West Sikkim District :

The West Sikkim district is located in South-west corner of the state. It shares its boundary with North District of Sikkim in the North, Darjeeling district of West Bengal in the South, Nepal in the west and south district of Sikkim in the East. The total geographical area of the district is 1166 sq. km. Geyzing (Gyalshing) is the headquarter of the west district. The district has been further divided into two sub-divisions namely, Geyzing and Soreng. West Sikkim is replete with history and religion. This is where the first Chogyal of Sikkim was consecrated at Yuksum in 1642 and this is where some of the holiest and most important monasteries of Sikkim were established, including Dubdi and Sanga Choling, the first monasteries to be built in Sikkim. West Sikkim is beautiful terrain abounding in lakes and waterfalls and also has great trekking routes.

District at a Glance :

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Tourist Places :

West Sikkim is a destination with rich historical heritage and sacred landscape. The Khangchendzonga National Park lies in this area and it is regarded as one of the most important hotspot of biodiversity in India.

The West Sikkim spans varying ecological zones from temperate to alpine and the visitor will be stunned by diverse altitude variation in landscape, flora and fauna offering a range of tourism activities which include trekking,mountaineering,paragliding,villagetourism, birdswatching,pilgrimage tours and local sightseeing.

Pelling :

Around 10 kms from Gyalshing (District Headquarter), Pelling is today emerging as the second biggest tourist destination in the state after Gangtok. Although in itself it is little more than a strip of road lined with hotels, its main USP is the breathtaking view it offers of the Khangchendzonga and surrounding ranges, as well as the easy access it provides to tourist spots in the area.

Yuksam :

33 kms from Pelling, Yuksom, literally meaning the ‘meeting place of three lamas’ is of great historical importance to the Sikkimese. It was here that the first Chogyal was crowned in 1642. The throne made of stones is even today considered sacred as is the footprint of Lhatsun Chenpo, which can be seen close to the throne. 2 km uphill from Yuksum is Dubdi monastery, the oldest in Sikkim. The monastery has now been declared a National Monument and is under the protection of the Archaeological Survey of India Yuksum today is an attractive tourist destination offering various stay options for the visitors including village home stays, where you can stay as part of a local family and imbibe the real Sikkimese way of life. Also available is a trekkers hut plus many lodges.Yuksom is also the gateway to the Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve, the base for some of the most fascinating treks through high mountain region with the route to Dzongri being the most frequented.

Soreng :

A four hour drive from Pelling in west Sikkim takes you to the picturesque village of Soreng. Surrounded by lush green hills, Soreng is located amidst scenic splendour. The area is famous for the wide variety of flowers and birds available here. A trip to Jhandi Danra is highly recommended for nature lovers.

Versey :

Near Hilley, in West Sikkim is the Varsey Rhododendron Sanctuary. Sandwiched between the Singalila National Park in the south and Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve in the north, this small 104-sq-km sanctuary is at an altitude of 10,000 ft and supports a wide variety of bio-diversity. But the main attractions of the sanctuary are the rhododendrons which bloom in April-May coloring the Sanctuary in wild abandon. Hilley is the last motorable point before Varsey. A four-km walk through beautiful pine forests takes you to the Sanctuary. You can stay at the Gurash Kunj Lodge here.

Legship :

Often called the Gateway to West Sikkim, Legship is slowly gaining in popularity. On the left banks of the river Rangit is a Shiva temple known as the Kirateshwar Mahadev Mandir, which has many mythological episodes of the Mahabharata attached to it. The main festival of the temple, Bala Chaturdesi is observed in December each year. Other temples dedicated to Lord Rama and Durga are also found here making it an important pilgrimage destination for Hindus. There is a Dharamshala next to the Shiva temple.

Hee Bermiok :

Journey to Hee Bermiok takes about four and a half hours from Gangtok. One can also reach here from Pelling, the journey taking one and a half hours. The main attractions are mountain biking, nature walk, visit to villages, Sirijonga Yuma Mangheem, Sirijonga Holy Cave at Martam etc. The adventure lovers can enjoy two and a half hour trek to Varsey. Apart from having an annual tourist festival, village home stay facilities are available. These are being further developed and upgraded with the help of INTACH, New Delhi.

Utteray :

Situated in the west district of Sikkim, you can reach Uttarey from Pelling, Gezing or Dentum. On your way you will pass Singsor bridge, said to be the second highest bridge in Asia. The height of Uttarey is about 6600ft. Uttarey is famous for its tranquility and natural beauty. The place provides beautiful view to the Himalayan mountains and is yet relatively less traveled by tourists. This allows a more serene atmosphere to be enjoyed. During winter the mountains around here are covered with snow allowing heavenly views. The Kagju Gumpha (Gumpha is the local for monastery) in Uttarey is a highly revered place of worship for the locals and a good place for sight seeing. The monastery is set amidst dense forests. The wall paintings in the monastery might be of interest to you. The Dentam peak and the river is also visible from the monastery. Other important tourist spots around Uttare include the Mainbus Waterfall and the Chewyabhang Pass. This pass is about 10 km of Uttarey and is the gateway to Nepal.

Tashiding :

Tashiding is a small village on a hilltop near Pelling. The Tashiding monastery belongs to the Nyingmapa order and is highly revered among the people of Sikkim. Build on the top of the hill and looming over the Rathong and Rangit river, the monastery can be seen from far and wide. It is believed that even a slight glimpse of the monastery can cleanse mortals of all sins. The monastery was built during the 17th Century. There are a large number of oranges orchards and cardamoms plantations around Tashiding which can be visited from here.

Sombaria :

Situated at an altitude of 3,700 feet, Sombaria, a small village is full of vegetation of temperate type and is located remotely in the extreme Western Sikkim. Sombaria is close to the Indo-Nepal border and border region of Darjeeling Hills. At a distance of 115 km away from Siliguri and 112 km from the capital city of Sikkim, Gangtok, it is an ideal place for Bird Watching.

Gyalshing :

The headquarters of the West district, Gyalshing, which means the King’s Garden, is believed to have once been the royal gardens attached to the Palace at Rabdentse, Sikkim’s capital till the late 18th century. Today it is a bustling town and the main transit point to various tourist destinations of the region. Close by is Rabdentse as well as Pemayangste, Sikkim’s premier monastery. Opposite Gyalshing bazaar is the longest and believed to be the holiest, Mendang or Holy Wall, constructed by the third king, Chogyal Chador Namgyal. About 10kms away from Pelling or a town before one arrives to Pelling is Gyalshing also known as Gyalshing Bazar, one of the oldest market established approximately about 100 years ago. This establishment was said to have been done under the initiative of the monk body of Pemayangtyse monastery for the shopping comfort of the monks and public residing in the villages around Pemayangtse. Ever since Gyalshing market was established and first few shops were opened monks could do their monastic shopping and villagers could sell their village products like crops, dairy products, vegetables in the market and buy clothing and other house hold needs. Such trends sustains till today and as usual villagers gather every Sunday to do shopping or sell their products in Gyalshing Bazar. Today the market is well equipped with shops of all kind, multipurpose community hall, library, post office, banks, police stations, eating places, lodges, internet centers, taxi terminus and foot ball ground. There is worshipping places for the people of all faith ‘Manilhagang’ where the meditation session for mostly the Buddhist women organized every year during the holy occasion called Saga Dawa that falls in the month of June and Devithan for the Hindus, church and Masjid.

Rinchenpong :

The upcoming tourist spot in the western part of Sikkim, has a magnificent command over the mountain views, sunrise and sunset, flora and fauna, village tourism ,historical sites and heritage of Resum Monastery, rich forests and ample area for short treks. At an altitude of about 5576ft, Rinchenpong is the latest addition to the tourist map of West Sikkim. The place is famous for the beautiful view of the Kanchenjunga range of mountains. Apart from the natural beauty of the surroundings, the place is also quite significant from historical point of view.

Pemayangste :

It is one of the oldest monasteries of the State. It was originally established by Lhatsun Chempo, one of the revered Lamas to have performed the consecration ceremony of the first Chogyal (Monarch) of Sikkim. This ancient monastery belonging to the Nyingma Sect has been considered as one of the premier monasteries in the State. It has been entrusted with the task to perform all religious functions of the erstwhile monarch.

Dentam :

Dentam is a scenic village located 10 km from Varsey in West Sikkim District. It lies at an elevation of around 1,500 m. Dentam commands a constant view of the Kanchenjunga. The entire area is surrounded by forest of rhododendrons. Pemayangtse Monastery (10 km), Ravangla (69 km) and Hilley are nearby interesting destinations to visit. The village is an ideal spot for bird watchers and nature lovers. Trekking and mountaineering are arranged here. Accommodation is available at Pelling and Pemayangtse.

Pemayangste :

It is one of the oldest monasteries of the State. It was originally established by Lhatsun Chempo, one of the revered Lamas to have performed the consecration ceremony of the first Chogyal (Monarch) of Sikkim. This ancient monastery belonging to the Nyingma Sect has been considered as one of the premier monasteries in the State. It has been entrusted with the task to perform all religious functions of the erstwhile monarch

 

Gariaband District of Chhattisgarh at a Glance

About Gariaband District :

The district came into existence from January 1, 2012. The district covers an area of 822.861 square kilometers. The total population is around 5,97,653 according to 2011 census. The district is divided into one subdivision, 5 tehsils and 711 villages. The district headquarters, Rjim is located in the south east of Raipur and the distance is around 90 km. The places of tourist interest in the districts are Rajim, Jtmi, Gtarani waterfall, Bhuteswaranath , Udnti-Sitandi Tiger Reserve Gariaband, and Sikasar reservoir Gariaband.

District at a Glance :

Formation of district 1st January, 2012
Population 597653 (According to census 2011)
Sex Ratio (Gariaband district) 1020
Number of Villages 711
Literacy 68.26%
Borders/Neighbor North – Raipur, Mahasamund, South – Orisa, East – Orisa, West – Dhamtari
Related Division Raipur
District Headquarter Gariaband
Tehsils 05 – Bindranawagarh (Gariaband), Rajim, Chhura, Mainpur, Deobhog
Formation of Tehsils Bindranawagarh – , Rajim – 15/07/1986, Chhura – 18/11/2009, Mainpur – 26/01/2008, Deobhog – 18/08/1988
Number of Blocks 05 (Gariaband, Fingeshwar, Chhura, Mainpur, Deobhog)
Urban bodies 04 (Municipality – Gariaband, Nagar Panchayat – Rajim, Fingeshwar, Chhura)
Number of Gram Panchayat 332
Assembly Seats 02 (Constituency number-54 Rajim, Constituency number-55 Bindranawagarh)
Lok Sabha Seats 01 (Lok Sabha Constituency number-09 Mahasamund)
Most Populated Tehsil Rajim
Most Populated Block Fingeshwar
Most Female Populated Tehsil Fingeshwar
Least Female Populated Tehsil Deobhog
Most Urban Population Tehsil Rajim
Tehsil most literate population Rajim
Most Male-Female Sex Ratio Tehsil Gariaband, 1032
Least Male-Female Sex Ratio Tehsil Rajim, 1005
Lowest urban population tehsil Chhura
Most female literacy rate tehsil Rajim
Lowest female literacy rate tehsil Deobhog
Most male literacy rate tehsil Rajim
Lowest male literacy rate tehsil Deobhog
Forest area 2935.801 Sq.Km.
Forest Gariaband 1951.861 Sq.Km., Area of “Udanti Sita Nadi Tiger Reserve” in district – 953.94 Sq.Km.
Percentage of forest in district 50.41%
Teak Forest(Sagon Van) 0.37%
Saal Forest(Saal Van) 22.66%
Mixed forest 54.51%
Other forest 22.46%

Tourist Places :

Limitless possibilities of tourism in the Gaiaband district. Various natural and delightful places as well as archaeological religious and historic sites are also a center of attraction. Famous religious city Rajim is renowned by the name of “Triveni Sangam”, “Kuleshwar” and “Rajiv Lochan Temple”. Nestled in the lap of nature “Jatmayi Mata Temple” and “Ghatarani” in terms of tourismis is the main center of the district. “Bhuteshwarnath”, “Ramaipot”, “Kachna Dhruwa” and small natural spring exists in the district.

Key Locations – Jatmayi, Ghatarani, Bhathigarh, Bhooteshwarnath, Kandadongar, Tengnahi Dongar, Ramaipot, Sohlipot, Garjayi Mata, Rajiv Lochan Temple, Kuleshwarnath, Kachana Dhurwa.

Rajim Temple.

Rajim Temple – Located in right bank of the Mahanadi river on the north-east of Gariaband, where it joins its tributaries called “Parry” and “Sodhur”. It is connected by road from the district headquarters and regular runs buses on the road. It is 45km far from Raipur district headquarter in the south-east. A small rail line “Raipur-Dhamtari” emanating from the Abhanapur and combines Navapara located on the other side of Rajim. Due to high bridge on the river near Rajim, road contacts has been established for twelve-months.

Jatmayi Temple.

Jatmayi Temple – Located in Gariaband, 85 km from Raipur. “Jatmayi Temple” is dedicated to the “Mata Jatmayi” located between the beautiful sights of a small forest. Temple is beautifully carved out of granite with a huge tower and many small peak/ towers. On top of the main entrance, can see one murals depicting mythological characters.

Ghatarani Temple.

Ghatarani Temple – It is a big waterfall located 25km from Jatmai Temple. In Gatarani Temple Navratri festival is celebrated with much enthusiasm and devotion. Here we sees a decoration especially on festive occasions like Navratri. After the monsoon it is the best time for visit. Beautiful waterfall flows near the temple, which makes this place more attractive The waterfall in full flow to make the destination as a favorite picnic spot for the whole family.Waterfall is the best place to take a dip before entering the temple. The more adventurous can take a hike in the woods. Easily vehicles are available from Raipur to Ghatarani Temple.

Bhooteshwarnath.

Bhooteshwarnath – Marauda village situated at nestled among thick forests 3km away from Gariaband. The world’s largest Shivalinga given by the nature sparkling in the region surrounded by picturesque forests and hills. The news comes where the size of Mahakal and other Shivlings decreses while there’s a Shivling whose size does not shrink but increases every year. This Shivling is produced naturally.Every year on Mahashivratri and Monday of Sawan people (Kawariya) arrives here. This Shivling located in Gariaband district of Chhattisgarh is called here “Bhooteshwarnath”, which also called “Bhakurra”. In Chhattisgarh like “Dwadas Jyotirling” it is recognised as “Ardhnarishwar Shivling”.

The most surprising fact is that the size of the Shivling is continuously increasing every year. Probably because the number of devotees who come here is rising every year.

Sikaser Dam.

Sikaser Dam – Sikaser Dam is located at the distance of 50km from the district headquarter. It is accessible in all seasons. Sikaser Dam was built in year 1977. The length of Sikaser Dam is 1540 meter and maximum height is 9.32 meter. In the Sikaser dam capacity of the 2X35 MW Water Hydropower Plant is installed which is producing electricity as well as irrigation.

Udanti Sitanadi Tiger Reserve.

Udanti Sitanadi Tiger Reserve – The notification of Udanti Sitanadi Tiger Reserve The notification of Udanti Sitanadi Tiger Reserve of Chhattisgarh Government Raipur came into existance letter No./F-8-43/2007/10-2 dated 20/02/2009. Udanti Sitanadi Tiger Reserve efforts for pure breed buffaloes.Presently there is a female buffalo, a female child and 9 male buffaloes. To increase their number the rescue center has been created in approximately 25.00 hectares. Where breeding females buffalo to increase its numbers but now there are more male buffaloes and there is urgent need of female buffalo to save their dynasty.

Therefore a clone female buffalo is being prepared at Karnal, institute in Haryana. Which will be brought as soon as in Udanti Sitanadi Tiger Reserve to increase female buffaloes dynasty.

Gonda District of Uttar Pradesh at a Glance

About Gonda District :

The district lies between 26º 47′ and 27º- 20′ north latitude and 81º 30′ and 82º 46′ east longitude It is head quarter of Devi Patan division which was constituted by praline of Faizabad division District Balrampur makes its boundaries in north. To its west it is bounded by district Bahraich and some part of Srawasti on the east by the district Basti . In the south it is separated from district’s Bara Banki and Faizabad by the river Ghaghara . In shape it is very irregular and seems as Cup widest in North narrowest in south . It has got physical boundaries on two sides Kuon river in the North and as Ghaghar a river in the South. Its length from Jarwal road in the West to Katra (Shivadayal Ganj) is 106 kms and width from kuaon in the north to Paska in the south is 77 kms.

Before the division of district in 1997 it cover’s on area of 7331 sq. km. on 25 May 1997 a new district Balrampur was constituted by separation of its 40% northern parts . Remaining area of the district Gonda is now 4448sq. kms. Owing to the fluvial action Ghaghara frequent changes take place in the area of the district

District at a Glance :

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Tourist Places :

स्वामी नारायण छपिया :
स्वामी नारायण छपिया मन्दिर गोंडा जिला मुख्यालय से 50 कि०मी० पूर्व और स्वामी नारायण छपिया रेलवे स्टेशन से 1.5 कि०मी दक्षिण में स्थित है । यह स्थल हिन्दू संत स्वामी सहजानन्द (घनश्याम पाण्डेय या स्वामी नारायण ) की पावन जन्म भूमि है जिनका जन्म 3 अप्रैल, 1781 (चैत्र शुक्ल 9, वि.संवत 1837) को हुआ था । स्वामी जी ने अनेक मंदिरों का निर्माण कराया, इनके निर्माण के समय वे स्वयं सबके साथ श्रमदान करते थे।धर्म के प्रति इसी प्रकार श्रद्धाभाव जगाते हुए स्वामी जी ने 1830 ई0 में देह छोड़ दी।

तिरर मनोरमा :
गोण्डा शहर के उत्तर से २१ किलोमीटर की दूरी पर यह पवित्र स्थान स्थित है। माना जाता है कि यहाँ पर मुनि उद्दालक का आश्रम स्थित है। इसके अलावा यहीं से मनोरमा नदी की उत्पत्ति हुई थी। साथ ही यहाँ पक्का घाट के साथ प्राचीन सरोवर और मण्दिर स्थित है। प्रत्येक वर्ष कार्तिक पूर्णिमा के अवसर पर यहाँ मेले का आयोजन किया जाता है।

पृथ्वीनाथ मंदिर :
पृथ्वीनाथ मंदिर ,भगवान शिव का बहुत बड़ा मंदिर है जो कि गोंडा से लगभग 12 कि०मी० दूर इटियाथोक ब्लाक में पड़ता है । इस मंदिर का शिवलिंग बहुत ऊँचा है । यहाँ हर साल शिवरात्रि के दिन बहुत ही भव्य मेला लगता है ।

पसका :
जिला मुख्यालय के दक्षिण-पश्चिम से लगभग 45 किलोमीटर की दूरी पर स्थित पसका सरयू नदी के तट पर स्थित है। यह काफी प्राचीन संगम स्नान स्थल है। पशु-योनि से मुक्ति पाने के लिए काफी संख्या में श्रद्धालु सरयू नदी में स्नान करने के लिये यहाँ आते हैं। ऐसा माना जाता है कि भगवान वराह ने इस जगह पर अवतार लिया था।

गोस्वामी तुलसीदास जन्मस्थली :
इसी जनपद के परसपुर ब्लाक के राजापुर नामक गाँव में रामचरितमानस के जैसे महाकाव्य के रचनाकार की जन्मस्थली भी है। सरयू नदी के उत्तर में राजापुर गाँव है जहाँ पर तुलसीदास का जन्म हुआ था। साथ ही साथ सूकरखेत में गोस्वामी जी के गुरु नरहरिदास की मूर्ति एक जीर्ण-शीर्ण मन्दिर में मौजूद है।