LOYOLA COLLEGE (AUTONOMOUS), CHENNAI – 600 034
B.Com. DEGREE EXAMINATION – COMMERCE
FOURTH SEMESTER – APRIL 2012
CO 4502/CO 4500 – COMPANY ACCOUNTS
Date : 21-04-2012 Dept. No. Max. : 100 Marks
Time : 1:00 – 4:00
PART – A
Answer ALL Questions: (10 x 2 =20 marks)
- State the need for underwriting of shares.
- Distinguish between ‘Ex-interest’ and ‘cum-interest’ price.
- Under what headings will you classify the following items while preparing the Balance sheet of a company :
- Preliminary expenses
- Bills payable
- Provision for tax
- Outstanding debenture interest
- Explain the term capital reduction.
- What is Normal Rate of Return?
- 50,000 shares of Rs.10 each are issued at a premium of 10%, the full amount of shares will be paid in one lump sum.
- Sadan Ltd. issued 20,000 equity shares of Rs.10 each at par. The issue was underwritten for maximum remuneration permissible by law. The public applied for and received 16,000 shares. Calculate the commission payable to the underwriter.
- Forex Ltd. issued 2000,12% debentures of Rs. 100 each at a discount of 5% , repayable at a premium of 10% . Give the appropriate journal entry.
- Calculate managerial remuneration, assuming there are two whole time directors, a part time director and manager from the details given below :
Net profit before provision for income tax and managerial remuneration but after depreciation Rs.8,70,410.
Depreciation provided in the books Rs.3,10,000 and allowable depreciation is Rs.2,60,000.
- 5,000 equity shares of Rs.10 each are reduced to fully paid shares of Rs.6 each. Show the effect of the above in the books of the company.
Answer any FIVE Questions: (5 x 8 =40 marks)
- Explain the different kinds of ‘Alteration of share capital’ which do not require approval of court of law.
- What is ‘Statement of affairs’? How is it prepared?
- Describe the method of dealing with ‘unmarked applications’ in relation to an underwriting contract.
- Axe Ltd. issued 40,000 shares of Rs.10 each at a premium of Rs.2 per share. The shares were payable as follows : Rs.2 on application, Rs.5 on allotment (including premium)and Rs.5 on first and final call. All the shares were applied for and allotted. All moneys were received with the exception of the first and final call on 1,000 shares which were forfeited. 400 of these were reissued as fully paid at Rs.8 per share. Give the necessary journal entries.
- Irone Ltd was incorporated on July 31, 2010 to purchase the business of Rode Ltd. as on April1,2010. The books of accounts disclosed the following on March31,2011.
- Sales for the year Rs.32,10,400 (1st April1 –31st July ,2010 Rs.8,02,600, 1st August to 31st March 24,07,800)
- Gross profit for the year Rs.4,12,800, managing director’s salary Rs.12,000, preliminary expenses written off Rs.18,000, company secretary’s salary 58,000.
- Bab debts written off Rs.14,890. (prior to 31st July Rs.4,020 and after Rs.10,870)
- Depreciation on machinery Rs.25,200, general expenses Rs.51,000, Advertising Rs.7,400, Interest on debentures Rs.20,000.
You are required to prepare a statement showing the Pre-incorporation and Post-incorporation profits.
- The Balance sheet of Skey Ltd.as on 31st2010 is as follows :
Liabilities Rs. Assets Rs.
15,000 equity shares of
Rs.100 each fully paid 15,00,000 Land& Buildings 6,60,000
Profit and loss account 3,09,000 Plant & Machinery 2,85,000
Sundry creditors 2,31,000 Stock 10,50,000
Bank overdraft 60,000 Sundry Debtors 4,65,000
Provision for taxation 1,35,000
Dividend equalization fund 2,25,000
The net profit of the company after deducting all working charges and providing for depreciation and taxation were as under :
2006 – Rs.2,25,000 ; 2007 – Rs.2,88,000; 2008 – Rs.2,70,000; 2009 – Rs.3,00,000; 2010 – Rs.2,85,000
On 31st December 2010, land and buildings were valued at Rs.7,50,000 and Plant and machinery at Rs.4,50,000.
10% is considered as the reasonable return on capital.
Calculate the value of the company’s shares after taking into account the revised values on fixed assets and goodwill based on four years purchase of the annual super profits.
- The financial position of Axe Ltd. on 1st April 2010 and 31st March 2011 was as follows :
Liabilities 1.4.2010(Rs.) 31.3.2011(Rs.)
Current liabilities 72,000 82,000
Loan from associate company – 40,000
Loan from bank 60,000 50,000
Capital and Reserves 2,96,000 2,98,000
Assets 1.4.2010 31.3.2011
Cash 8,000 7,200
Debtors 70,000 76,800
Stock 50,000 44,000
Land 40,000 60,000
Building 1,00,000 1,10,000
Machinery 2,14,000 2,44,000
Provision for depreciation (54,000) (72,000)
During the year Rs.52,000 was paid as dividends . Prepare Cash Flow Statement as per
- The Balance sheet of Yee Ltd. as on 31st2010 disclosed the following information :
15% Debentures Rs.8,00,000
Debenture Sinking Fund 3,40,000
Debenture Sinking fund investment represented by Rs.80,000 own Debentures purchased at 98 and the remaining amount by Rs.2,80,000 4% stock.
On the above date , directors redeemed all the debentures . For this purpose, they realized 4% stock at par. They utilized Rs.1,20,000 for redemption out of current year’s profits. You are required to give journal entries.
PART – C
Answer any TWO Questions: (2 x 20 =40 marks)
- Bigge Ltd. has a nominal capital of Rs.6,00,000 divided into shares of Rs.10 each. The following Trial Balance is extracted from the books of the company as on 31st December 2010.
Calls in arrear 7,500 6% Debentures 3,00,000
Premises (Rs.60,000 added Profit and loss account 14,500
On 1.7.2010) 3,60,000 Creditors 50,000
Machinery 3,00,000 General reserve 25,000
Interim dividend paid 7,500 Share capital (called up) 4,60,000
Purchases 1,85,000 Bills payable 38,000
Preliminary expenses 5,000 Sales 4,15,000
Freight 13,100 Provision for bad debts 3,500
Director’s fees 5,740
Bad debts 2,110
4% government securities 60,000
Stock (1.1.2010) 75,000
Sundry Debtors 87,000
General expenses 16,900
Debenture interest 9,000
Prepare final accounts for the year ending 31st December 2010 in the prescribed form, after taking into account the following adjustments :
- Depreciate machinery by 10% and furniture by 5%
- Write off half of the preliminary expenses
- Wages include Rs.10,000 paid for the construction of a compound wall to the premises and no adjustment was made.
- Provide 5% for bad debt on sundry debtors
- Transfer Rs.10,000 to general reserve.
- Provide for income tax Rs.25,000
- Stock on 31st December was Rs.1,01,000.
- Neo Company was formed on 1st January 2010 with an authorized capital of Rs.7,00,000 divided into 50,000 equity shares of Rs.10 each and 2,000 preference shares of Rs.100 each to acquire the business of Wilson as a going concern. The Balance sheet of Wilson at 31st December 2010 is given below :
Liabilities Rs. Assets Rs.
Sundry creditors 7,500 Cash at bank 3,800
A’s Loan account 15,500 Sundry debtors 9,700
Wilson’s capital 1,57,000 Stock 36,000
Plant and machinery 70,000
Land and Buildings 57,000
The purchase consideration was to be discharged by the issue of 15,000 equity shares of
Rs.10 each, 500 preference shares of Rs.100 each and Rs.20,000 in cash. Neo Co. also
agreed to discharge the sundry creditors but declined to accept A’s loan. All the assets of
the old company were taken over at their balance sheet values except stock which was
valued at Rs.40,000. A provision of 5% was also created against sundry debtors.
To provide necessary working capital and to pay the purchase consideration the
remaining equity shares were issued at a premium of 10% and all cash was duly received.
The preliminary expenses amounting to Rs.15,000 were paid by the company
immediately after the issue.
Show the opening entries in the books of the Neo Company Ltd. and also the opening
- King Ltd. went into voluntary liquidation on 31st December 2010 when their Balance sheet read as follows :
Liabilities Rs. Assets Rs.
Issued and subscribed capital : Land and Buildings 7,50,000
15,000 10% cumulative preference Plant and machinery 18,75,000
Shares of Rs.100 each fully paid 15,00,000 Patents 3,00,000
7,500 equity shares of Rs.100 Stock 4,02,500
Each,, Rs.75 paid 5,62,500 Sundry Debtors 8,25,000
22,500 equity shares of Rs.100 Cash at bank 2,25,000
Each, Rs.60 paid 13,50,000 Profit and loss account 8,53,750
15% debenture secured by a
Floating charge 7,50,000
Interest outstanding on debentures 1,12,500
Preference dividends were in arrears for 2 years and the creditors included preferential
creditors of Rs.38,000.
The assets were realized as follows :
Land and buildings Rs.9,00,000, Plant and machinery Rs.15,00,000, Patents
Rs.2,25,000, Stock Rs.4,50,000, Sundry debtors Rs.6,00,000.
The expenses of liquidation amounted to Rs.27,250.
The liquidator is entitled to a commission of 3% on assets realized except cash.
Assuming the final payments including those on debentures were made on 30th June
2010, Show the liquidator’s final statement of accounts.