LOYOLA COLLEGE (AUTONOMOUS), CHENNAI – 600 034
DEGREE EXAMINATION –BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
SECOND SEMESTER – APRIL 2007
BU 2500 – FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING
Date & Time: 20/04/2007 / 1:00 – 4:00 Dept. No. Max. : 100 Marks
PART – A
Answer ALL the questions: (10 x 2 = 20 marks)
- List out any two causes for Depreciation.
- Write short notes on:
- a) Short sales b) Standing turnover
- What is meant by General ledger?
- What is ‘Royalty’?
- Pass necessary adjustment entries for the following adjustments:
- a) Insurance unexpired is Rs. 5,000
- b) The proprietor has withdrawn goods worth Rs. 3,000 from stock.
- What should be the basis of allocation for the following expenses under Departmental Accounts?
- a) Carriage inward b) Maintenance of premises.
- From the following particulars, calculate closing branch debtor’s balance:
Branch Debtors (1.1.2005) Rs. 6,300
Credit sales Rs. 39,000
Cash received from debtors Rs. 41,200
- Sonu purchased a typewriter on hire-purchase system. As per terms, he is required to pay Rs. 800 down, Rs. 400 at the end of the first year Rs. 300 at the end of the second year and Rs. 700 at the end of the third year. Interest is charged at 5% p.a. Calculate the total cash price of the typewriter and the amount of interest payable on each instalment.
- Compute short workings recovered from the following particulars assuming short workings are recoupable in the following two years:
Royalty: Rs. 5 per ton
Dead rent: Rs. 45,000 p.a.
Output: 2000 – 10,000 tonnes, 2001 – 16,000 tonnes, 2002 – 20,000 tonnes.
- From the following information ascertain opening stock (i.e., on 1.1.2004)
Purchases made during year 2004 2,50,000
Sales made during year 2004 3,25,000
Stock on 31.12.2004 60,000
Rate of gross profit on cost 25%
PART – B
Answer any FIVE questions: (5 x 8 = 40 marks)
- Distinguish between Hire purchase system and Instalment purchase system.
- What is single entry? What are its salient features?
- From the following balances as at 31st Dec. 2005 of a trader, prepare a Trading and
Profit & loss A/c for the year 2005 and a Balance Sheet as on that date.
Salaries 5,500 Creditors 9,500
Rent 1,300 Sales 32,000
Cash 1,000 Capital 30,000
Debtors 40,000 Loans 10,000
Trade expenses 600
Bank balances 5,600
(i) The closing stock amounted to Rs. 9,000. (ii) One month’s salary is outstanding
(iii) One month’s rent has been paid in advance, (iv) Provide 5% for doubtful debts.
- Amol started business on 1-1- 1990 and he purchased a machine for Rs. 70,000. He purchased further machinery on 1st August 1991 costing Rs. 15,000 and on 30th September 1994 costing Rs. 20,000. He adopted a policy of charging 15% p.a. depreciation under Diminishing Balance Method.
On 1-1-1994 it was decided to change the method and rate of depreciation to 10% on straight line basis with retrospective effect from 1-1-90. The accounts are closed every year on 31st December. Calculate the differences in depreciation to be adjusted in the machinery account on 1-1-1994 and show the ledger account for the years 1990 to 1994.
- A fire occurred in the business premises of Ranjit on 19.7.89. From the following particulars ascertain the loss of stock and prepare a claim for insurance.
Stock on 1.1.88 36,720
Stock on 31.12.88 32,400
Sales for 1988 2,16,000
Purchases for 1988 1,46,400
Purchases from 1.1.89 to 19.7.89 1,76,400
Sales from 1.1.89 to 19.7.89 1,80,000
The stocks were always valued at 90% of cost. The stock saved from fire was worth Rs.21,600. The amount of the policy was Rs.75,600 and included an average clause.
- The proprietor of a large retail store wished to ascertain approximately the net profit of the X, Y, and Y departments separately for the three months ended 31st March 1996. It if found impracticable actually to take stock on the date, but an adequate system of departmental accounting is in use, and the normal rates of gross profit for the three departments concerned are respectively 40%, 30% and 20% in turnover before charging the direct expenses. The indirect expenses are charged in proportion to departmental turnover.
The following are the figures for the departments:
X Y Z
Rs. Rs. Rs.
Opening stock (1-1-96) 10,000 14,000 7,000
Purchases 12,000 13,500 9,700
Sales 20,000 18,000 16,000
Direct expenses 2,000 1,500 700
The total indirect expenses for the period (including those relating to other departments) were Rs. 5,400 on the total turnover of Rs. 1,08,000.
Prepare a statement showing the approximate net profit, making a stock reserve of 10% for each department on the estimated value on 31-3-96.
- From the following detail, prepare the purchase ledger adjustment A/c in General ledger and General ledger Adjustment A/c in purchase ledger for the year 2005.
Purchase Ledger balance on 1.1.2005 (Cr) 1,20,000
Purchase Ledger balance on 1.1.2005 (Dr) 10,000
Purchases from creditors 1,80,000
Bills payable accepted 40,000
Cash paid to creditors 1,00,000
Cheques paid to creditors 30,000
Cheques dishonoured 1,000
Goods returned to creditors 10,000
Discount allowed by creditors 2,000
Interest on suppliers accounts due 1,000
Bills payable dishonoured 4,000
- On 1.1.1982, Sona Collieries Ltd., leased a piece of land agreeing to pay a minimum rent of Rs. 2,000 in the first year, Rs. 4,000 in the second year and thereafter Rs. 6,000 per annum, merging into a royalty of 40 paise per tonne, with power to recoup short workings over the first three years only.
The figures of annual output for the four years to 31st December 1985 were 1,000, 10,000, 18,000 and 20,000 tonnes respectively. Prepare the analytical table, and also the Shortworkings A/c and Landlord’s A/c in the books Sona.
PART – C
Answer any TWO questions: (2 x 20 = 40 marks)
- Mohan commenced business on 1.1.2005 with a capital of Rs. 25,000. He immediately bought furniture for Rs. 4,000. During the year, he borrowed Rs. 5,000 from his wife and introduced a further capital of Rs. 3,000. He has withdrawn Rs. 600 at the end of each month for family expenses. From the following particulars obtained from his books, you are required to prepare Trading and P& L A/c and Balance Sheet on 31.12.2005.
Sales (including cash sales of Rs. 30,000) 1,00,000
Purchases (including cash purchases of Rs. 10,000) 75,000
Discount allowed 800
Bad debt written off 1,500
Trade expenses 1,200
Mohan has used goods worth Rs. 1,300 for private purposes and paid Rs. 500 to his son which is not recorded anywhere. On 31.12.2005, his debtors were worth Rs. 21,000 creditors Rs. 15,000 and stock in trade Rs. 10,000. Furniture to be depreciated at 10% p.a.
- A head office invoices goods to its branch at cost plus 25%. Branch remits all cash received to the head office and all expense are met by the H.O. From the following particulars of the branch, prepare Branch Stock A/c, Branch Debtors A/c and Branch
P & L A/c.
Stock on 1.1.2004 16,000 Total amount deposited
(invoice price) in the H.O. A/c 1,27,000
Returned of goods to H.O 5,000
Stock on 31.12.2004 17,000 (invoice price)
Debtors on 1.1.2004 12,000 Salaries paid 6,000
Debtors on 31.12.2004 14,000 Rent paid 4,000
Cash sales 60,000 Discount allowed to customers 2,000
Bad debts written off 1,000 Spoilage 2,000
- On 1.1.90 National Transport Company purchased from Metro Motors five trucks costing Rs. 40,000 each on the hire purchase system. It was agreed that Rs. 50,000 should be paid immediately and the balance in three installments of Rs. 60,000 each at the end of each year. The Metro charges interest @ 10% p.a. The buyer depreciates trucks at 20% p.a. on the diminishing balance method. The buyer paid cash down and two installments but failed to pay the last installment.
Consequently, the Metro Motors repossessed three trucks leaving two trucks with the buyer and adjusting the value of 3 trucks against the amount due. The trucks repossessed were valued on the basis of 30% depreciation p.a. on the written down value. The trucks repossessed were sold by Metro Motors for Rs. 60,000 after necessary repairs amounting to Rs. 10,000. Open the necessary ledger accounts in the books of both the parties.