The name of the district is derived from its headquarters Sirsa. It is said to be one of the oldest places of North India and its ancient name was Sairishaka, which finds mention in Mahabharata, Panini’s Ashatadhayayi and Divyavadan. In Mahabharata, Sairishaka is described as being taken by Nakula in his conquest of the western quarter. It must have been a flourishing city in the 5th century B.C. as it has been mentioned by Panini.
The district lies between 29 14 and 30 0 north latitude and 74 29 and 75 18 east longitudes, forming the extreme west corner of Haryana. It is bounded by the districts of Faridkot and Bathinda of Punjab in the north and north east, Ganga Nagar district of Rajasthan in the west and south and Hisar district in the east. Thus it touches the interstate boundaries on three sides and is connected with its own state only in the eastern side.
The terrain of Sirsa district may be broadly classified from north to south into three major types i.e. Haryana Plain, alluvial bed of Ghaggar or Nali and Sand dune tract. The characteristics of the three are briefly described below :
Haryana Plain – The Haryana Plain is a vast surface of flat to rolling terrain and extends southward to the northern boundary of the alluvial bed of the Ghaggar. It covers over 65 percent of the area of the District. The elevation of the surface from east to west varies from 190 to 210 meters above the mean sea level. The most diagnostic feature of the Haryana Plain is the presence of palaeo channels which set the occurrence of sand dunes in this terrain unit apart from those in the dune tract. The plain is traversed by numerous dune complexes and shifting sands.
Alluvial bed of Ghaggar – Nali : A clayey surface of almost flat, featureless plain bordered in the north and west by the Haryana Plain and in the south along the sound dune tract, is a manifestation of the misfit nature of the present day Ghaggar. Waterlogging is a serious problem in many parts of this flat surface of impervious clay of great thickness. At places, swamps support a high density of tall grass.
Sand dune tract – Third tract covers the southern most part of the district. The area is northward extension of the sand dunes of Hisar District and GangaNagar District of Rajasthan. The dunes are locally called tibbas. Tibbas around Ellenabad are 9 Meters high; Naugaza Tibba at the border of Rajasthan is 17 Meters high; Tikonta tibba is some 14 Meters high and one south of Shahpuria is 13 Meters high. All tibbas are broad based transverse ridges, some more than 3 Kilometers long without a break. Linear to complex ridges, short to fairly long but narrow at the crests, and generally 2 to 5 Meters high are also present throughout the sandy stretch of the land
At a Glance :
Population (As Per Census 2011 ) :
Total Male Population
Total Female Population
Total No of Households
Percentage of Urban Population
303 Per SquKms
F : M
897 : 1000
Literacy (As Per 2011 Census) :
Literate Persons (R) 6 Yr & Above (Rural)
Literate Persons (U) 6 Yr & above (Urban)
Total Literate Persons
Literacy among Males
Literacy aming Females
Household Inds. Workers
Total Main Workers
Total Main & Marginal Workers
Hospital/Dispensaries/Health Ctrs. / Subcentres (As per census 2011)
Maternity & Child Welfare Centers
No. of Sterlisation Cases (2013-14)
Availability of Potable Water in Villages
Birth & Death Registration Offices
Roads (2013-14) :
Post Offices (2011 Census) :
Sub Post Office
No. Of PO’s Per Lacs Population
Veterinary Facilities (2013-14) :
Fisheries Development (2013-14) :
Agriculture & Irrigation(2013-14) :
Average Annual Rainfall
Net Area Sown
Net Area Irrigated
Average size of Holding
Total Cotton Production
Tube wells & Pump Sets
Banks (2013-14) :
Centeral Co-Operative Banks
Centeral Co-op Bank Branch
Average No of Villages served Per Regulated Market
The name of Haryana instantly conjures up the image of a State which astonishingly combines both-antiquity and plenty. The Vedic land of Haryana has been a cradle of Indian culture and civilization. Indian traditions regard this region as the matrix of creation of northern altar’ where Brahma performed the pristine sacrifice and created the universe. This theory of creation has been confirmed to a large extent by archaeological investigations carried out by Guy E. Pilgrim in 1915, who has established that 15 million years ago, early man lived in the Haryana Shivaliks. The Vamana Purana states that King Kuru ploughed the field of Kurukshetra with a golden ploughshare drawn by the Nandi of Lord Shiva and reclaimed an area of seven Kosas.
Replete with myths, legends and vedic references, Haryana’s past is steeped in glory. It was on this soil that saint Ved Vyas wrote Mahabharata. It was here, 5,000 long years ago that Lord Krishna preached the gospel of duty to Arjuna at the on set of the great battle of Mahabharata:”Your right is to do your duty and not to bother about the fruits (Outcome) thereof !” Since then, this philosophy of the supremacy of duty has become a beacon to succeeding generations.
The Mahabharata knows Haryana as the land of plentiful grains (Bahudhanyaka) and immense riches (Bahudhana). Before the Mahabharata war, a battle of ten kings took place in the Kurukshetra region. But it was the Mahabharata fought for the highest values of righteousness which gave to the region world-wide fame because of the profound and sophisticated thought expounded in the holy Bhagavadgita by Lord Krishna recited to the quivering Arjuna.
The region has been the scene of many a war because of its being ‘A Gateway to North India’. As years rolled by, successive streams of the Huns, the Turks and the Tughlaqs invaded India and decisive battles were fought on this land. At the end of the 14 century, Tamur led an army through this area to Delhi. Later, the Mughals defeated the Lodhis in the historic battle of Panipat in the year 1526. Another decisive battle was fought in the year 1556 at this very site, establishing the supremacy of the Mughals for centuries to come.
Towards the middle of the 18th century, the Marathas had established their sway over Haryana. The intrusion of Ahmed Shah Durrani into India, culminating Maratha ascendancy and the rapid decline of the Mughal empire, leading ultimately to the advent of the British rule.
Indeed, the history of Haryana is the saga of the struggle of a virile, righteous, forthright and proud people. From ancient times, the people of Haryana have borne the main brunt of invaders and foreign hordes with their known traits if bravery and valour. They have survived many an upheaval, upholding the traditional glory and greatness of the land to this day. The epoch-making events of yore, the martyrdom in the First War of Indian Independence in 1857, the great sacrifices in the freedom struggle, and the display of outstanding valour, unflinching courage, and heroism in recent years are all in keeping with the character of this land of action. Bold in spirit and action, the people of Haryana have formed a bulwark against forces of aggression and anti-nationalism.
Haryana has always remained a rendezvous for diverse races, cultures and faiths. It is on this soil that they met, fused and crystallized into something truly Indian. Hindu Saints and Sikh Gurus have traversed the land of Haryana spreading their message of universal love and brotherhood. Sihi in Faridabad, the birth place of great Hindi poet Surdas, is another nucleus of culture in Haryana while the legend of Lord Krishna is very evident in the lives of the people. The love for cattle and the abundance of milk in the diet of Haryanavis persists to this day which gave to the region world-wide fame.
Haryana emerged as a separate State in the federal galaxy of the Indian Republic on November 1,1966. With just 1.37% of the total geographical area and less than 2% of India’s population, Haryana has carved a place of distinction for itself during the past three decades. Whether it is agriculture or industry, canal irrigation or rural electrification, Haryana has marched towards modernity with leaps and bounds. Today, it enjoys the unique distinction in India of having provided electricity, metalled roads and potable drinking water to all its villages within record time. Haryana is among the most prosperous states in India, having one of the highest per-capita income in the country.
District at a Glance
Area in Sq Km (Census 2011)
Population (Census 2011)
Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 males) –
Density (Total, Persons per sq km) –
Official Website –
Tourist Places :
1. ROHTAK :
Rohtak city is the headquarter of Rohtak Tehsil and Distt. It is situated on Delhi Hisar N.H.10. The ruins of the ancient town at Khokrakot prove that perhaps the town is as old as Indus valley Civilization as the Minar finds at Khokhrakot are typical of Indus Valley sites. It is also Identified with Rohitika,mentioned in the Mahabharta. It was quite possibly the capital of Bahudhanyaka the kingdom of yaudheyas. In the vinaya of the Mulasarvasti-vadins, Jivaka is represented as taking journey from Taxila in the north west of Bhadramkara, Udumbasa, Rohitaka and Nathura in the Ganga Doab. The ancient highway carried the trade of the ganga valley to Taxila passing through Rohitika to Sakala. The existance of the town during the rule of Kushanas is testified by the recovery of Khushana Pillar Capital decorated with carving of winged lions and riders. The Pillar capital represents the sculplor’s excellence in his professional skill. An example of a lion capital of 1-2 century A.D., it resembles the lion capital in the British museum at London, famous for its inscriptions. The riders on it are similar to the riders on elephant at Karle cave and figures at Sanchi Gateway. It is a significant example of the sculptural art of Haryana towards the beginning of the Christian era. Clay mounds of coins discovered at Khokhrakot have thrown important light on the process of casting coins in ancient India. The coin moulds of the later Yadhyayas of the 3-4 century A.D. have been discovered in large number here of the same and subsequent dates are several cly sealings. A Gupta terraacota plague and a head of later date have also been discovered. The town continued to flourish till the 10th century A.D.as coins of samanta Deva, the Hindus King of kabul have been found here. At present, there is one University, one PGIMS, the institutes of prestige. The rewri of this town are famous.
2. ASTHAL BOHAR :
Asthal bohar is stuated 6-7 Km east of Rohtak city on Rohtak-Delhi N.H.10. the place is know for its math and ancient finds sculptured stone idols. According to a legend, Pooran Bhagat of Sialkot and disciple of Guru Gorakhnath, came hare and founded this nplace. after being neglected, the Math was revided in 1791 or so,when Baba Mast Nath came here. Now here are Ayurvedic Degree College, Free Hospital, Business Management Institute, Engineering College and other institutions being run by Math.
3. MEHAM :
Meham town is situated 30 km.west of Rohtak city on Rohtak Hisar N.H.No.10. Tradition assigns the settement of the town to Mahabharta period when it was a site of big fort. Later it was re-founded by Rai Ballu, a Power Rajput, before the reign of prithi Raj Chauhan. It is said to have been destroyed by Mohammad Gauri. But this place of antiquity is not historically recovered before the reign of Akbar, when he gave it in Jagir to Shahbaz Khan, an Afgan. later in the reign of Aurangzeb, it was santched from Afgans by the Rajputs Ancient monuments in the town includs a bain or baoli(well with steps leading to it) and two mosques i.e. jama Masjid and Pirzada Masjid. The baoli is having 101 steps and has suits of rooms neer the well. An inscription on a marble slab records the fact that it was made by Sidu, a chobdar in A.D.1656-57. It is made of Kankar ( Gravel) and sand stone. It is ,however, not the oldest baoli of the town, having been built to replace another one which had fallen into disuse due to change in the alignment of Delhi Hisar Road. The new baoli is towards the south of the town, while the old one is towards east. the jama Masjid,was constructed in the time of Humayu in A.D.1531, as seen from the inscription under the pulpit stairs. Outside and over the south arch is another scription of the time of Aurangazeb, A.D. 1667-68, stating that the mosque has built by Khawaja Rahmet Ullah. Two Arabic inscriptions also show that a mosque existed there even before the rein of Humayu. The pirzada Masjid is a small Masjid towards south of Jama Masjid built in the reign ofd Babar by Sheikh Yasaf of Hisar as per inscription
Birla Institute of Technology and Science were founded by Mr.G.D Birla. The main motive of the institution is to provide higher education to Young men and women to bring an innovative idea in them .BITS is located at Vihar Campus adjacent to the town of Pilani in Rajasthan. The college was established in the year 1900.The campus of the Institute is located at Pilani, Goa and Hyderabad. The international Campus is located at Dubai. The admissions for the institute is carried over by an Entrance Exam for the following courses;
Electrical and Electronics Engineering
Computer Science and Engineering
Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering
Electronics and Communication Engineering
Integrated First degree Course admissions are based on the Entrance Exam. The exam is conducted for B.Pharm, Master degree courses also.
Candidates must have completed 10+2 board exam of Central or State board. The aspirant must have an aggregate of 75% in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. Candidates must have minimum 60% marks in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics and proficiency in English. Candidates who have completed 12th board exam in the previous year are also eligible for the exam. The students who have scored first ranks in exams are given preference and they need not follow the above eligibility.
The questions for the exam will be from Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and English and Logical Reasoning.
The Exam paper consists of 150 multiple choice questions. Each correct answer is awarded 3 marks and wrong answer is given a penalty of 1 mark. Unattempted questions are not awarded any marks. The physics subject consists of 45 questions, Chemistry consists of 40 questions and Mathematics consists of 40 questions. English and Logical Reasoning consist of 15 and 10 questions respectively. There is no time limit for the paper. If the candidate feels he has given any wrong answer, the candidate can change the answer .If the aspirant completes all the questions within a short span of time, then he/she can attend 12 extra questions. While giving answers to these questions, the candidates are not allowed to move back to the previous section. All the questions are set in English language only. Exam will be held in the month of May.
(i) For admission to Engineering(B.Tech/BE) Course: Candidate should have passed the 12th examination of 10+2 system from a recognized Central or State board or its equivalent with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics and adequate proficiency in English.
(ii) For admission to B.Pharm.(Hons.): Candidate should have passed the 12th examination of 10+2 system from a recognized Central or State board or its equivalent with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology and adequate proficiency in English. However candidates with PCM may also apply for Pharmacy program.
Admission to all the programmes is subject to the conditions given below.
The candidate should have obtained a minimum of aggregate 75% marks in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics subjects (if he/she has taken Mathematics in BITSAT) or a minimum of aggregate 75% marks in Physics, Chemistry and Biology subjects (if he/she has taken Biology in BITSAT) subjects in 12th examination, with at least 60% marks in each of the Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics / Biology subjects.
Only Students who are appearing for 12th examination in 2015 or who have passed 12th Examination in 2014 are eligible to appear in the BITSAT-2015 test. If a candidate has taken more than one attempt in 12th class or its equivalent, only his latest performance is considered, provided this attempt has been for the full component of subjects/courses prescribed. Students who have passed 12th examination in 2013 or earlier are NOT eligible to appear in BITSAT-2015. Students who are presently studying in BITS at any of its campuses are not eligible to appear in BITSAT-2015.
Admissions will be made purely on merit. The merit position of the candidate for admission will be based on the score obtained by the candidate in the BITSAT-2015. However, their eligibility for admission is subject to fulfilling the requirement of minimum marks in 12th examination, as mentioned above.
Direct Admission to Board Toppers:
In the past, admission process of the Institute always ensured guaranteed admission to all the students who obtained first ranks in their respective board examinations. This has given a very vital input of highly meritorious students from all over India. First rank students of all the central and state boards in India for the year 2015 will be given direct admission to the program of their choice, irrespective of their BITSAT-2015 score as per the eligibility criteria mentioned above. Further details about this scheme will be available at BITS website by 20th May, 2015.
(i) BITSAT-2014 will be offered ‘Computer Based Online test’.
(ii) The tests are generated from a large question bank and different candidates will get different question sets. An expert committee will ensure that the question sets are of comparable difficulty level, content, question type etc. In this matter, the decision of the expert committee will be final and binding on the candidate.
(iii) The test assumes that the candidate has basic familiarity with computers, keyboard and mouse operation. It is the responsibility of the candidate to acquire these skills before appearing in the test and the Institute cannot take responsibility for the same.
(iv) The Institute is planning to operate test centers in different cities other than Pilani, Goa and Hyderabad campuses of BITS as previously stated. The final list of centers and actual days of operation will be announced to candidates through the BITS website www.bitsadmission.com . The Institute cannot guarantee that test centers will be set up in all these cities. Further, the Institute reserves the right to cancel any test center if such a situation arises. In such cases, those candidates allotted to these centers will be accommodated in alternate test centers including Pilani/Goa/Hyderabad campuses of BITS.
(v) While BITSAT-2014 tests are scheduled to be held during the period 14th May – 1st June 2014, some of the test centers may operate only for a limited duration during this period depending on the number of applications received. The final list of the centers will be announced at BITS website after all the applications are received.
(vi) The preferences that you give are only indicative and are to guide the Institute for deciding the number of centers. The Institute cannot guarantee that you will get your first preference. Further, if the Institute is unable to allot any center of your choice, you will be allotted a center either at Pilani or at Goa or at Hyderabad campuses of BITS. The exact center where you will be appearing for the test will be announced at BITS website www.bitsadmission.com . However, the Institute will try its best to accommodate all female candidates at their first preference of test centers.
(vii) Candidates who are allotted test centers in Pilani/Goa/Hyderabad campuses of BITS may be given accommodation on nominal charges in hostels.
(viii) The candidate must fully obey the rules of the test centers; otherwise he/she will be automatically debarred from the test.
(ix) A candidate can apply online only once for BITSAT-2014. However, if a candidate discovers any mistake in the form submitted by him, he can apply online second time and send a letter to admission office BITS,Pilani mentioning the earlier application number which will be cancelled. In such cases, the second application has to be accompanied by a fresh application fee.
(x) In addition to applying for and appearing in BITSAT-2014, candidates have to also apply for admission to BITS as per the ‘Procedure for applying for Admission’ outlined earlier. The prescribed application form for admission will be available at the BITS website, by 20th May 2014, for those who appear in BITSAT-2014. The completed form with the required application fee has to be submitted so as to reach the Admissions Office on or before 5.00 PM on 30th June 2014.
(xi) All information and communications regarding BITSAT-2014 and Admission to BITS are made available to the registered candidates on the BITS website www.bitsadmission.com. Candidates are advised to view the BITS website regularly for all related information on BITSAT and BITS Admissions.
(xii) In all matters in the conduct of BITSAT-2014, the decision of the Vice Chancellor of BITS will be final.
(xiii) All disputes pertaining to BITSAT-2014 shall fall within the jurisdiction of Pilani only.