Sirsa District of Haryana at a Glance

About Sirsa District :

The name of the district is derived from its headquarters Sirsa. It is said to be one of the oldest places of North India and its ancient name was Sairishaka, which finds mention in Mahabharata, Panini’s Ashatadhayayi and Divyavadan. In Mahabharata, Sairishaka is described as being taken by Nakula in his conquest of the western quarter. It must have been a flourishing city in the 5th century B.C. as it has been mentioned by Panini.

Location :

The district lies between 29 14 and 30 0 north latitude and 74 29 and 75 18 east longitudes, forming the extreme west corner of Haryana. It is bounded by the districts of Faridkot and Bathinda of Punjab in the north and north east, Ganga Nagar district of Rajasthan in the west and south and Hisar district in the east. Thus it touches the interstate boundaries on three sides and is connected with its own state only in the eastern side.

The terrain of Sirsa district may be broadly classified from north to south into three major types i.e. Haryana Plain, alluvial bed of Ghaggar or Nali and Sand dune tract. The characteristics of the three are briefly described below :

Haryana Plain – The Haryana Plain is a vast surface of flat to rolling terrain and extends southward to the northern boundary of the alluvial bed of the Ghaggar. It covers over 65 percent of the area of the District. The elevation of the surface from east to west varies from 190 to 210 meters above the mean sea level. The most diagnostic feature of the Haryana Plain is the presence of palaeo channels which set the occurrence of sand dunes in this terrain unit apart from those in the dune tract. The plain is traversed by numerous dune complexes and shifting sands.

Alluvial bed of Ghaggar – Nali : A clayey surface of almost flat, featureless plain bordered in the north and west by the Haryana Plain and in the south along the sound dune tract, is a manifestation of the misfit nature of the present day Ghaggar. Waterlogging is a serious problem in many parts of this flat surface of impervious clay of great thickness. At places, swamps support a high density of tall grass.

Sand dune tract – Third tract covers the southern most part of the district. The area is northward extension of the sand dunes of Hisar District and GangaNagar District of Rajasthan. The dunes are locally called tibbas. Tibbas around Ellenabad are 9 Meters high; Naugaza Tibba at the border of Rajasthan is 17 Meters high; Tikonta tibba is some 14 Meters high and one south of Shahpuria is 13 Meters high. All tibbas are broad based transverse ridges, some more than 3 Kilometers long without a break. Linear to complex ridges, short to fairly long but narrow at the crests, and generally 2 to 5 Meters high are also present throughout the sandy stretch of the land

At a Glance :

Total Area Sq.Km. 4277
Sub Divisions Number 3
Tehsils Number 4
Sub-Tehsils Number 2
Blocks Number 7
Cities Number 1
Towns Number 4
Villages Number 330
Village Panchayts Number 334
Population (As Per Census 2011 ) :
Total Population Number 1295189
Total Male Population Number 682582
Total Female Population Number 612607
Total No of Households Number 246571
Rural Population Number 975941
Urban Population Number 319248
Percentage of Urban Population Percentage 24.64%
Density Number 303 Per SquKms
Growth Rate(1991-2001) Percentage 15.99%
SC Population Number 387381
Sex Ratio F : M 897 : 1000
Literacy (As Per 2011 Census) :
Literate Persons (R) 6 Yr & Above (Rural) Number 559635
Literate Persons (U) 6 Yr & above (Urban) Number 223262
Total Literate Persons Number 782897
Literacy Rate Percentage 68.82
Literacy among Males Percentage 76.43%
Literacy aming Females Percentage 60.40%
Workers :
Cultivators Number 164297
Agricultural Labour Number 147042
Household Inds. Workers Number 11952
Other Workers Number 178712
Total Main Workers Number 399169
Marginal Workers Number 102834
Total Main & Marginal Workers Number 502003
Health :
Hospital/Dispensaries/Health Ctrs. / Subcentres (As per census 2011) Number 228
Med. Officers Number 83
Ayurvedics Unani Number 38
Maternity & Child Welfare Centers Number 72
No. of Sterlisation Cases  (2013-14) Number 4459
Availability of Potable Water in Villages Number 327
Birth & Death Registration Offices Number 18
Roads (2013-14) :
Metalled Km 2161
Unmetalled km 2
Villages Connected Number 327
Post Offices (2011 Census) :
Post Office Number 67
Sub Post Office Number 124
No. Of PO’s Per Lacs Population Number 22.46
Veterinary Facilities (2013-14) :
Very. Hospitals Number 59
Vety. Dispensary Number 172
Vety. Surgeon Number 55
Fisheries Development (2013-14) :
Area Stocked Hects. 1228
Total Production Tonns. 7096
Total Receipt Rs Lacs 1387775
Agriculture & Irrigation(2013-14) :
Average Annual  Rainfall Millimeter 262.5
Cultivable Area Hect(000) 404
Net Area Sown Hect(000) 396
Net Area Irrigated Hect(000) 369
Average size of Holding Hect 2.80
Food Grain Tonns.(000) 1687
Total Cotton Production Tonns.(000) 706
Fertilizer Cosumption Tonns. 21735
Pesticides Consumption Tonns. 360
Tractors Number 24243
Tube wells & Pump Sets Number 62902
Electrified Tubewells Number 44221
Co.Operative Societies number 1848
Banks (2013-14) :
Commericial Bank Number 78
Centeral Co-Operative Banks Number 1
Centeral Co-op Bank Branch Number 41
P.L.D. Banks Number 6
Regulated Market Number 6
Average No of Villages served Per Regulated Market Number 54
Deposits of Commercial Banks  Rs in Crores 3510
Credit of Commercial Banks Rs in Crores 4163
C.D. Ratio Ratio 118:61
Miscellaneous   (2013-14) :
Printing Press Number 43
Police Station/Pst number 28
Registered Factories Number 163
Working Factories Number 163
Income from Municipal Committes Rs in Lacs 2435
Expenditure Rs. in Lacs 2300
No. of Electors Thousand 739 (2011)
No. of Govt. Employees Number 15379 (As on 31/3/15)

Tourist Places :

 

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