Finland Geography

FINLAND

Finland Location:

Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Sweden and Russia

Finland Geographic coordinates:

64 00 N, 26 00 E

Finland Map references:

Europe

Finland Area:

total: 338,145 sq km

land: 303,815 sq km

water: 34,330 sq km

country comparison to the world: 66

Finland Area – comparative:

slightly more than two times the size of Georgia; slightly smaller than Montana

Area comparison map:

Finland Land boundaries:

total: 2,563 km

border countries (3): Norway 709 km, Sweden 545 km, Russia 1309 km

Finland Coastline:

1,250 km

Finland Maritime claims:

territorial sea: 12 nm (in the Gulf of Finland – 3 nm)

contiguous zone: 24 nm

continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation

exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm; extends to continental shelf boundary with Sweden, Estonia, and Russia

Finland Climate:

cold temperate; potentially subarctic but comparatively mild because of moderating influence of the North Atlantic Current, Baltic Sea, and more than 60,000 lakes

Finland Terrain:

mostly low, flat to rolling plains interspersed with lakes and low hills

Finland Elevation:

mean elevation: 164 m

lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m

highest point: Halti (alternatively Haltia, Haltitunturi, Haltiatunturi) 1,328 m

Finland Natural resources:

timber, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, nickel, gold, silver, limestone

Finland Land use:

agricultural land: 7.5% (2011 est.)

arable land: 7.4% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 0% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 0.1% (2011 est.)

forest: 72.9% (2011 est.)

other: 19.6% (2011 est.)

Finland Irrigated land:

690 sq km (2012)

Finland Population distribution:

the vast majority of people are found in the south; the northern interior areas remain sparsely poplulated

Finland Natural hazards:

severe winters in the north

Finland Environment – current issues:

limited air pollution in urban centers; some water pollution from industrial wastes, agricultural chemicals; habitat loss threatens wildlife populations

Finland Environment – international agreements:

party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Finland Geography – note:

long boundary with Russia; Helsinki is northernmost national capital on European continent; population concentrated on small southwestern coastal plain


Data for Educational Purpose Only.

Source: 

The World Factbook 2016-17. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html


Other Pages Relating to Country Finland:

Finland at a Glance and One Page Summary

Finland Background and Introduction

Finland Geography

Finland People and Society

Finland Government

Finland Economy

Finland Energy Resources

Finland Communications System

Finland Transportation System

Finland Military and Security System

Finland Transnational Issues

Finland Capital Flag and Currency

Go to All Country Index


Finland People and Society

FINLAND

Finland Population:

5,537,364 (July 2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 117

Finland Nationality:

noun: Finn(s)

adjective: Finnish

Finland Ethnic groups:

Finn, Swede, Russian, Estonian, Romani, Sami

Finland Languages:

Finnish (official) 87.9%, Swedish (official) 5.2%, Russian 1.4%, other 5.5% (2017 est.)

Finland Religions:

Lutheran 70.9%, Greek Orthodox 1.1%, other 1.7%, unspecified 26.3% (2017 est.)

Finland Age structure:

0-14 years: 16.44% (male 465,298 /female 445,186)

15-24 years: 11.21% (male 317,500 /female 303,326)

25-54 years: 37.64% (male 1,064,751 /female 1,019,748)

55-64 years: 13.19% (male 359,434 /female 370,993)

65 years and over: 21.51% (male 519,775 /female 671,353) (2018 est.)

population pyramid:

Finland Dependency ratios:

total dependency ratio: 57.9 (2015 est.)

youth dependency ratio: 25.9 (2015 est.)

elderly dependency ratio: 32 (2015 est.)

potential support ratio: 3.1 (2015 est.)

Finland Median age:

total: 42.6 years

male: 41 years

female: 44.3 years (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 27

Finland Population growth rate:

0.33% (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 167

Finland Birth rate:

10.7 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 183

Finland Death rate:

10.1 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 35

Finland Net migration rate:

2.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 41

Finland Population distribution:

the vast majority of people are found in the south; the northern interior areas remain sparsely poplulated

Finland Urbanization:

urban population: 85.4% of total population (2018)

rate of urbanization: 0.42% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Finland Major urban areas – population:

1.279 million HELSINKI (capital) (2018)

Finland Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female

total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2018 est.)

Finland Mother’s mean age at first birth:

28.8 years (2015 est.)

Finland Maternal mortality rate:

3 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 181

Finland Infant mortality rate:

total: 2.5 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 2.7 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 2.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 218

Finland Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 81.1 years

male: 78.1 years

female: 84.2 years (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 33

Finland Total fertility rate:

1.75 children born/woman (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 160

Finland Contraceptive prevalence rate:

85.5% (2015)

note: percent of women aged 18-49

Finland Health expenditures:

9.7% of GDP (2014)

country comparison to the world: 27

Finland Physicians density:

3.81 physicians/1,000 population (2016)

Finland Hospital bed density:

4.4 beds/1,000 population (2015)

Finland Drinking water source:

improved:

urban: 100% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 100% of population

unimproved:

urban: 0% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0% of population (2015 est.)

Finland Sanitation facility access:

improved:

urban: 99.4% of population (2015 est.)

rural: 88% of population (2015 est.)

total: 97.6% of population (2015 est.)

unimproved:

urban: 0.6% of population (2015 est.)

rural: 12% of population (2015 est.)

total: 2.4% of population (2015 est.)

Finland HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate:

NA

Finland HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS:

NA

Finland HIV/AIDS – deaths:

NA

Finland Obesity – adult prevalence rate:

22.2% (2016)

country comparison to the world: 80

Finland Education expenditures:

7.1% of GDP (2015)

country comparison to the world: 17

Finland School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):

total: 19 years

male: 19 years

female: 20 years (2016)

Finland Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:

total: 20.1%

male: 20.9%

female: 19.3% (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 68


Data for Educational Purpose Only.

Source: 

The World Factbook 2016-17. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html


Other Pages Relating to Country Finland:

Finland at a Glance and One Page Summary

Finland Background and Introduction

Finland Geography

Finland People and Society

Finland Government

Finland Economy

Finland Energy Resources

Finland Communications System

Finland Transportation System

Finland Military and Security System

Finland Transnational Issues

Finland Capital Flag and Currency

Go to All Country Index