France People and Society

FRANCE

France Population:

67,364,357 (July 2018 est.)

note: the above figure is for metropolitan France and five overseas regions; the metropolitan France population is 62,814,233

country comparison to the world: 21

France Nationality:

noun: Frenchman(men), Frenchwoman(women)

adjective: French

France Ethnic groups:

Celtic and Latin with Teutonic, Slavic, North African, Indochinese, Basque minorities

note: overseas departments: black, white, mulatto, East Indian, Chinese, Amerindian

France Languages:

French (official) 100%, declining regional dialects and languages (Provencal, Breton, Alsatian, Corsican, Catalan, Basque, Flemish, Occitan, Picard)

note: overseas departments: French, Creole patois, Mahorian (a Swahili dialect)

France Religions:

Christian (overwhelmingly Roman Catholic) 63-66%, Muslim 7-9%, Buddhist 0.5-0.75%, Jewish 0.5-0.75%, other 0.5-1.0%, none 23-28% (2015 est.)

note: France maintains a tradition of secularism and has not officially collected data on religious affiliation since the 1872 national census, which complicates assessments of France’s religious composition; an 1872 law prohibiting state authorities from collecting data on individuals’ ethnicity or religious beliefs was reaffirmed by a 1978 law emphasizing the prohibition of the collection or exploitation of personal data revealing an individual’s race, ethnicity, or political, philosophical, or religious opinions; a 1905 law codified France’s separation of church and state

France Age structure:

0-14 years: 18.48% (male 6,366,789 /female 6,082,729)

15-24 years: 11.8% (male 4,065,780 /female 3,884,488)

25-54 years: 37.48% (male 12,731,825 /female 12,515,501)

55-64 years: 12.42% (male 4,035,073 /female 4,331,751)

65 years and over: 19.82% (male 5,781,410 /female 7,569,011) (2018 est.)

population pyramid:

France Dependency ratios:

total dependency ratio: 59.2 (2015 est.)

youth dependency ratio: 29.1 (2015 est.)

elderly dependency ratio: 30.2 (2015 est.)

potential support ratio: 3.3 (2015 est.)

France Median age:

total: 41.5 years

male: 39.7 years

female: 43.2 years (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 40

France Population growth rate:

0.37% (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 166

France Birth rate:

12.1 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 162

France Death rate:

9.4 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 51

France Net migration rate:

1.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 60

France Population distribution:

much of the population is concentrated in the north and southeast; although there are many urban agglomerations throughout the country, Paris is by far the largest city, with Lyon ranked a distant second

France Urbanization:

urban population: 80.4% of total population (2018)

rate of urbanization: 0.72% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

France Major urban areas – population:

10.901 million PARIS (capital), 1.69 million Lyon, 1.599 million Marseille-Aix-en-Provence, 1.054 million Lille, 997,000 Toulouse, 945,000 Bordeaux (2018)

France Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female

total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2018 est.)

France Mother’s mean age at first birth:

28.1 years (2010 est.)

France Maternal mortality rate:

8 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 157

France Infant mortality rate:

total: 3.2 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 3.5 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 2.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 209

France Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 82 years

male: 78.9 years

female: 85.3 years (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 19

France Total fertility rate:

2.06 children born/woman (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 106

France Contraceptive prevalence rate:

78.4% (2010/11)

France Health expenditures:

11.5% of GDP (2014)

country comparison to the world: 8

France Physicians density:

3.23 physicians/1,000 population (2016)

France Hospital bed density:

6.5 beds/1,000 population (2013)

France Drinking water source:

improved:

urban: 100% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 100% of population

unimproved:

urban: 0% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0% of population (2015 est.)

France Sanitation facility access:

improved:

urban: 98.6% of population (2015 est.)

rural: 98.9% of population (2015 est.)

total: 98.7% of population (2015 est.)

unimproved:

urban: 1.4% of population (2015 est.)

rural: 1.1% of population (2015 est.)

total: 1.3% of population (2015 est.)

France HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate:

0.5% (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 66

France HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS:

200,000 (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 29

France HIV/AIDS – deaths:

<500 (2017 est.)

France Obesity – adult prevalence rate:

21.6% (2016)

country comparison to the world: 87

France Education expenditures:

5.5% of GDP (2015)

country comparison to the world: 43

France School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):

total: 15 years

male: 15 years

female: 16 years (2016)

France Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:

total: 22.3%

male: 23.1%

female: 21.3% (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 60


Data for Educational Purpose Only.

Source: 

The World Factbook 2016-17. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html


Other Pages Relating to Country France:

France at a Glance and One Page Summary

France Background and Introduction

France Geography

France People and Society

France Government

France Economy

France Energy Resources

France Communications System

France Transportation System

France Military and Security System

France Transnational Issues

France Capital Flag and Currency

Go to All Country Index


France Government

FRANCE

France Country name:

conventional long form: French Republic

conventional short form: France

local long form: Republique francaise

local short form: France

etymology: name derives from the Latin “Francia” meaning “Land of the Franks”; the Franks were a group of Germanic tribes located along the middle and lower Rhine River in the 3rd century A.D. who merged with Gallic-Roman populations in succeeding centuries and to whom they passed on their name

France Government type:

semi-presidential republic

France Capital:

name: Paris

geographic coordinates: 48 52 N, 2 20 E

time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October

note: applies to metropolitan France only; for its overseas regions the time difference is UTC-4 for Guadeloupe and Martinique, UTC-3 for French Guiana, UTC+3 for Mayotte, and UTC+4 for Reunion

etymology: name derives from the Parisii, a Celtic tribe that inhabited the area from the 3rd century B.C., but who were conquered by the Romans in the 1st century B.C.; the Celtic settlement became the Roman town of Lutetia Parisiorum (Lutetia of the Parisii); over subsequent centuries it became Parisium and then just Paris

France Administrative divisions:

18 regions (regions, singular – region); Auvergne-Rhone-Alpes, Bourgogne-Franche-Comte (Burgundy-Free County), Bretagne (Brittany), Centre-Val de Loire (Center-Loire Valley), Corse (Corsica), Grand Est (Grand East), Guadeloupe, Guyane (French Guiana), Hauts-de-France (Upper France), Ile-de-France, Martinique, Mayotte, Normandie (Normandy), Nouvelle-Aquitaine (New Aquitaine), Occitanie (Occitania), Pays de la Loire (Lands of the Loire), Provence-Alpes-Cote d’Azur, Reunion

note: France is divided into 13 metropolitan regions (including the “collectivity” of Corse or Corsica) and 5 overseas regions (French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, and Reunion) and is subdivided into 96 metropolitan departments and 5 overseas departments (which are the same as the overseas regions)

France Dependent areas:

Clipperton Island, French Polynesia, French Southern and Antarctic Lands, New Caledonia, Saint Barthelemy, Saint Martin, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Wallis and Futuna

note: the US Government does not recognize claims to Antarctica; New Caledonia has been considered a “sui generis” collectivity of France since 1998, a unique status falling between that of an independent country and a French overseas department

France Independence:

no official date of independence: 486 (Frankish tribes unified under Merovingian kingship); 10 August 843 (Western Francia established from the division of the Carolingian Empire); 14 July 1789 (French monarchy overthrown); 22 September 1792 (First French Republic founded); 4 October 1958 (Fifth French Republic established)

France National holiday:

Fete de la Federation, 14 July (1790); note – although often incorrectly referred to as Bastille Day, the celebration actually commemorates the holiday held on the first anniversary of the storming of the Bastille (on 14 July 1789) and the establishment of a constitutional monarchy; other names for the holiday are Fete Nationale (National Holiday) and quatorze juillet (14th of July)

France Constitution:

history: many previous; latest effective 4 October 1958

amendments: proposed by the president of the republic (upon recommendation of the prime minister and Parliament) or by Parliament; proposals submitted by Parliament members require passage by both houses followed by approval in a referendum; passage of proposals submitted by the government can bypass a referendum if submitted by the president to Parliament and passed by at least three-fifths majority vote by Parliament’s National Assembly; amended many times, last in 2008; note – in May 2018, the prime minister submitted a bill to the National Assembly to amend several provisions of the constitution (2018)

France Legal system:

civil law; review of administrative but not legislative acts

France International law organization participation:

has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction

France Citizenship:

citizenship by birth: no

citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of France

dual citizenship recognized: yes

residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years

Suffrage: This entry gives the age at enfranchisement and whether the right to vote is universal or restricted. Suffrage field listing

18 years of age; universal

France Executive branch:

chief of state: President Emmanuel MACRON (since 14 May 2017)

head of government: Prime Minister Edouard PHILIPPE (since 15 May 2017)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president at the suggestion of the prime minister

elections/appointments: president directly elected by absolute majority popular vote in 2 rounds if needed for a 5-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 23 April with a runoff on 7 May 2017 (next to be held in April 2022); prime minister appointed by the president

election results: Emmanuel MACRON elected president in second round; percent of vote in first round – Emmanuel MACRON (EM) 24.%, Marine LE PEN (FN) 21.3%, Francois FILLON (LR) 20.%, Jean-Luc MELENCHON (FI) 19.6%, Benoit HAMON (PS) 6.4%, other 8.7%; percent of vote in second round – MACRON 66.1%, LE PEN 33.9%

France Legislative branch:

description: bicameral Parliament or Parlement consists of:

Senate or Senat (348 seats – 328 for metropolitan France and overseas departments and regions of Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, Reunion, and Mayotte, 2 for New Caledonia, 2 for French Polynesia, 1 for Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, 1 for Saint-Barthelemy, 1 for Saint-Martin, 1 for Wallis and Futuna, and 12 for French nationals abroad; members indirectly elected by departmental electoral colleges using absolute majority vote in 2 rounds if needed for departments with 1-3 members and proportional representation vote in departments with 4 or more members; members serve 6-year terms with one-half of the membership renewed every 3 years)

National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (577 seats – 556 for metropolitan France, 10 for overseas departments, and 11 for citizens abroad; members directly elected by absolute majority vote in 2 rounds if needed to serve 5-year terms)

elections:

Senate – last held on 24 September 2017 (next to be held on 24 September 2020)

National Assembly – last held on 11 and 18 June 2017 (next to be held in June 2022)

election results:

Senate – percent of vote by party – NA; seats by political caucus (party or group of parties)  – LR 144, PS 73, UC 51. LREM 23, RDSE 22, CRCE 16, RTLI 13, other 6; composition – men 246, women 102, percent of women 29.3%

National Assembly – percent of vote by party first round – LREM 28.2%, LR 15.8%. FN 13.2%, FI 11%, PS 7.4%, other 24.4%; percent of vote by party second round – LREM 43.1%, LR 22.2%, FN 8.8%, MoDEM 6.1%, PS 5.7%. FI 4.9%, other 9.2%; seats by political caucus (party or group of parties) – LREM 306, LR 104, MoDEM 46, UDI/Agir 29, PS 29, UDI 18, FI 17, Liberties and Territories 16, PCF 16, other 14; composition – men 349, women 228, percent of women 39.5%; note – total Parliament percent of women 35.7%

France Judicial branch:

highest courts: Court of Cassation or Cour de Cassation (consists of the court president, 6 divisional presiding judges, 120 trial judges, and 70 deputy judges organized into 6 divisions – 3 civil, 1 commercial, 1 labor, and 1 criminal); Constitutional Council (consists of 9 members)

judge selection and term of office: Court of Cassation judges appointed by the president of the republic from nominations from the High Council of the Judiciary, presided over by the Court of Cassation and 15 appointed members; judges appointed for life; Constitutional Council members – 3 appointed by the president of the republic and 3 each by the National Assembly and Senate presidents; members serve 9-year, non-renewable terms with one-third of the membership renewed every 3 years

subordinate courts: appellate courts or Cour d’Appel; regional courts or Tribunal de Grande Instance; first instance courts or Tribunal d’instance; administrative courts

note: in April 2018, the French Government announced its intention to reform the country’s judicial system

France Political parties and leaders:

Presidential majority Parties [Edouard PHILIPPE]

 La Republique en Marche! or REM [Richard FERRAND]

 Democratic Movement or MoDem [Francois BAYROU]

 Movement of Progressives or MDP  Robert HUE]

Parliamentary right Parties [Francois BAROIN]

 The Republicans or LR [Annie GENEVARD]

 Union of Democrats and Independents or UDI [Jean-Christophe CAMBADELIS]

 Hunting, Fishing, Nature and Tradition or (CPNT) [Eddie PUYJAION]

 CE

Parliamentary left Parties [Bernard CAZENEUVE]

 Sociatlist Party or PS [Jean-Christophe CAMBADEMAND]

 Radical Party of the Left or PRG [Sylvia PINEL]

 Citizen and Republican Movement or MRC [Jean-Luc LAURENT]

 Martinican Progressive Party or PPM [Aiem CESAIRE]

National Front or FN [Marine LE PEN]

La France Insoumise or FI [Jean-Luc MELENCHONLIS]

Europe Ecologists – the Greens or EELV [David CORMAND]

French Communist Party or PCF [Pierre LAURENT]

Debout la France or DLF [Nicolas DUPONT-AIGNAN]

France International organization participation:

ADB (nonregional member), AfDB (nonregional member), Arctic Council (observer), Australia Group, BDEAC, BIS, BSEC (observer), CBSS (observer), CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, ECB, EIB, EITI (implementing country), EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, FATF, FZ, G-5, G-7, G-8, G-10, G-20, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD (partners), IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, InOC, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MINURSO, MINUSMA, MINUSTAH, MONUSCO, NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OIF, OPCW, OSCE, Pacific Alliance (observer), Paris Club, PCA, PIF (partner), Schengen Convention, SELEC (observer), SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, Union Latina, UNMIL, UNOCI, UNRWA, UN Security Council (permanent), UNTSO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC

France Diplomatic representation in the US:

chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant since 19 April 2019)

chancery: 4101 Reservoir Road NW, Washington, DC 20007

telephone: [1] (202) 944-6000

FAX: [1] (202) 944-6166

consulate(s) general: Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New Orleans, New York, San Francisco, Washington DC

France Diplomatic representation from the US:

chief of mission: Ambassador Jamie D. McCOURT (since 18 December 2017); note – also accredited to Monaco

embassy: 2 Avenue Gabriel, 75008 Paris

mailing address: PSC 116, APO AE 09777

telephone: [33] (1) 43-12-22-22

FAX: [33] (1) 42 66 97 83

consulate(s) general: Marseille, Strasbourg

consulate(s): Bordeaux, Lyon, Rennes

France Flag description:

three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), white, and red; known as the “Le drapeau tricolore” (French Tricolor), the origin of the flag dates to 1790 and the French Revolution when the “ancient French color” of white was combined with the blue and red colors of the Parisian militia; the official flag for all French dependent areas

note: the design and/or colors are similar to a number of other flags, including those of Belgium, Chad, Cote d’Ivoire, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, and Netherlands

France National symbol(s):

Gallic rooster, fleur-de-lis, Marianne (female personification); national colors: blue, white, red

France National anthem:

name: “La Marseillaise” (The Song of Marseille)

lyrics/music: Claude-Joseph ROUGET de Lisle

note: adopted 1795, restored 1870; originally known as “Chant de Guerre pour l’Armee du Rhin” (War Song for the Army of the Rhine), the National Guard of Marseille made the song famous by singing it while marching into Paris in 1792 during the French Revolutionary Wars


Data for Educational Purpose Only.

Source: 

The World Factbook 2016-17. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html


Other Pages Relating to Country France:

France at a Glance and One Page Summary

France Background and Introduction

France Geography

France People and Society

France Government

France Economy

France Energy Resources

France Communications System

France Transportation System

France Military and Security System

France Transnational Issues

France Capital Flag and Currency

Go to All Country Index


France Economy

FRANCE

France Economy – overview:

The French economy is diversified across all sectors. The government has partially or fully privatized many large companies, including Air France, France Telecom, Renault, and Thales. However, the government maintains a strong presence in some sectors, particularly power, public transport, and defense industries. France is the most visited country in the world with 89 million foreign tourists in 2017. France’s leaders remain committed to a capitalism in which they maintain social equity by means of laws, tax policies, and social spending that mitigate economic inequality.

France’s real GDP grew by 1.9% in 2017, up from 1.2% the year before. The unemployment rate (including overseas territories) increased from 7.8% in 2008 to 10.2% in 2015, before falling to 9.0% in 2017. Youth unemployment in metropolitan France decreased from 24.6% in the fourth quarter of 2014 to 20.6% in the fourth quarter of 2017.

France’s public finances have historically been strained by high spending and low growth. In 2017, the budget deficit improved to 2.7% of GDP, bringing it in compliance with the EU-mandated 3% deficit target. Meanwhile, France’s public debt rose from 89.5% of GDP in 2012 to 97% in 2017.

Since entering office in May 2017, President Emmanuel MACRON launched a series of economic reforms to improve competitiveness and boost economic growth. President MACRON campaigned on reforming France’s labor code and in late 2017 implemented a range of reforms to increase flexibility in the labor market by making it easier for firms to hire and fire and simplifying negotiations between employers and employees. In addition to labor reforms, President MACRON’s 2018 budget cuts public spending, taxes, and social security contributions to spur private investment and increase purchasing power. The government plans to gradually reduce corporate tax rate for businesses from 33.3% to 25% by 2022.

France GDP (purchasing power parity):

$2.856 trillion (2017 est.)

$2.791 trillion (2016 est.)

$2.761 trillion (2015 est.)

note: data are in 2017 dollars

country comparison to the world: 10

France GDP (official exchange rate):

$2.588 trillion (2017 est.)

France GDP – real growth rate:

2.3% (2017 est.)

1.1% (2016 est.)

1% (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 141

France GDP – per capita (PPP):

$44,100 (2017 est.)

$43,200 (2016 est.)

$42,900 (2015 est.)

note: data are in 2017 dollars

country comparison to the world: 40

France Gross national saving:

22.9% of GDP (2017 est.)

21.9% of GDP (2016 est.)

22.3% of GDP (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 77

France GDP – composition, by end use:

household consumption: 54.1% (2017 est.)

government consumption: 23.6% (2017 est.)

investment in fixed capital: 22.5% (2017 est.)

investment in inventories: 0.9% (2017 est.)

exports of goods and services: 30.9% (2017 est.)

imports of goods and services: -32% (2017 est.)

France GDP – composition, by sector of origin:

agriculture: 1.7% (2017 est.)

industry: 19.5% (2017 est.)

services: 78.8% (2017 est.)

France Agriculture – products:

wheat, cereals, sugar beets, potatoes, wine grapes; beef, dairy products; fish

France Industries:

machinery, chemicals, automobiles, metallurgy, aircraft, electronics; textiles, food processing; tourism

France Industrial production growth rate:

2% (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 130

France Labor force:

30.68 million (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 20

France Labor force – by occupation:

agriculture: 2.8% (2016 est.)

industry: 20% (2016 est.)

services: 77.2% (2016 est.)

France Unemployment rate:

9.4% (2017 est.)

10.1% (2016 est.)

note: includes overseas territories

country comparison to the world: 136

France Population below poverty line:

14.2% (2015 est.)

France Household income or consumption by percentage share:

lowest 10%: 3.6%

highest 10%: 25.4% (2013)

France Distribution of family income – Gini index:

29.3 (2016)

29.2 (2015)

country comparison to the world: 137

France Budget:

revenues: 1.392 trillion (2017 est.)

expenditures: 1.459 trillion (2017 est.)

France Taxes and other revenues:

53.8% (of GDP) (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 10

France Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):

-2.6% (of GDP) (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 116

France Public debt:

96.8% of GDP (2017 est.)

96.6% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions

country comparison to the world: 20

France Fiscal year:

calendar year

France Inflation rate (consumer prices):

1.2% (2017 est.)

0.3% (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 64

France Central bank discount rate:

0% (31 December 2016)

0.05% (31 December 2015)

note: this is the European Central Bank’s rate on the marginal lending facility, which offers overnight credit to banks in the euro area

country comparison to the world: 153

France Commercial bank prime lending rate:

1.29% (31 December 2017 est.)

1.6% (31 December 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 193

France Stock of narrow money:

$1.465 trillion (31 December 2017 est.)

$1.139 trillion (31 December 2016 est.)

note: see entry for the European Union for money supply for the entire euro area; the European Central Bank (ECB) controls monetary policy for the 18 members of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU); individual members of the EMU do not control the quantity of money circulating within their own borders

country comparison to the world: 5

France Stock of broad money:

$1.465 trillion (31 December 2017 est.)

$1.139 trillion (31 December 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 5

France Stock of domestic credit:

$4.334 trillion (31 December 2017 est.)

$3.646 trillion (31 December 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 5

France Market value of publicly traded shares:

$1.591 trillion (31 March 2017 est.)

$2.088 trillion (31 December 2015 est.)

$2.086 trillion (31 December 2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 8

France Current account balance:

-$14.83 billion (2017 est.)

-$18.55 billion (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 195

France Exports:

$549.9 billion (2017 est.)

$507 billion (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 7

France Exports – partners:

Germany 14.8%, Spain 7.7%, Italy 7.5%, US 7.2%, Belgium 7%, UK 6.7% (2017)

France Exports – commodities:

machinery and transportation equipment, aircraft, plastics, chemicals, pharmaceutical products, iron and steel, beverages

France Imports:

$601.7 billion (2017 est.)

$536.7 billion (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 6

France Imports – commodities:

machinery and equipment, vehicles, crude oil, aircraft, plastics, chemicals

France Imports – partners:

Germany 18.5%, Belgium 10.2%, Netherlands 8.3%, Italy 7.9%, Spain 7.1%, UK 5.3%, US 5.2%, China 5.1% (2017)

France Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:

$156.4 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

$138.2 billion (31 December 2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 15

France Debt – external:

$5.36 trillion (31 March 2016 est.)

$5.25 trillion (31 March 2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 3

France Stock of direct foreign investment – at home:

$858.3 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

$807.4 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 12

France Stock of direct foreign investment – abroad:

$1.429 trillion (31 December 2017 est.)

$1.259 trillion (31 December 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 9

France Exchange rates:

euros (EUR) per US dollar –

0.885 (2017 est.)

0.903 (2016 est.)

0.9214 (2015 est.)

0.885 (2014 est.)

0.7634 (2013 est.)


Data for Educational Purpose Only.

Source: 

The World Factbook 2016-17. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html


Other Pages Relating to Country France:

France at a Glance and One Page Summary

France Background and Introduction

France Geography

France People and Society

France Government

France Economy

France Energy Resources

France Communications System

France Transportation System

France Military and Security System

France Transnational Issues

France Capital Flag and Currency

Go to All Country Index


France Energy Resources

FRANCE

France Electricity access:

electrification – total population: 100% (2016)

France Electricity – production:

529.1 billion kWh (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 9

France Electricity – consumption:

450.8 billion kWh (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 10

France Electricity – exports:

61.41 billion kWh (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 3

France Electricity – imports:

19.9 billion kWh (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 10

France Electricity – installed generating capacity:

130.8 million kW (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 9

France Electricity – from fossil fuels:

17% of total installed capacity (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 198

France Electricity – from nuclear fuels:

50% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 1

France Electricity – from hydroelectric plants:

15% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 102

France Electricity – from other renewable sources:

19% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 42

France Crude oil – production:

15,170 bbl/day (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 70

France Crude oil – exports:

0 bbl/day (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 126

Crude oil – imports: France France 

1.147 million bbl/day (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 9

France Crude oil – proved reserves:

65.97 million bbl (1 January 2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 75

France Refined petroleum products – production:

1.311 million bbl/day (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 15

France Refined petroleum products – consumption:

1.705 million bbl/day (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 13

France Refined petroleum products – exports:

440,600 bbl/day (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 19

France Refined petroleum products – imports:

886,800 bbl/day (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 8

France Natural gas – production:

16.99 million cu m (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 90

France Natural gas – consumption:

41.88 billion cu m (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 24

France Natural gas – exports:

6.031 billion cu m (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 26

France Natural gas – imports:

48.59 billion cu m (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 10

France Natural gas – proved reserves:

8.41 billion cu m (1 January 2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 81

Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:

341.2 million Mt (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 22


Data for Educational Purpose Only.

Source: 

The World Factbook 2016-17. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html


Other Pages Relating to Country France:

France at a Glance and One Page Summary

France Background and Introduction

France Geography

France People and Society

France Government

France Economy

France Energy Resources

France Communications System

France Transportation System

France Military and Security System

France Transnational Issues

France Capital Flag and Currency

 

Go to All Country Index


 

France Communications System

FRANCE

France Telephones – fixed lines:

total subscriptions: 38.687 million (2017 est.)

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 58 (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 6

France Telephones – mobile cellular:

total subscriptions: 69.017 million (2017 est.)

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 103 (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 22

France Telephone system:

general assessment: extensive cable and microwave radio relay; extensive use of fiber-optic cable; domestic satellite system; highly developed; 3rd largest in Europe; broadband subscriber rate remains strong at 4%

domestic: 58 per 100 persons for fixed-line and 103 per 100 for mobile-cellular subscriptions

international: country code – 33; numerous submarine cables provide links throughout Europe, Asia, Australia, the Middle East, and US; satellite earth stations – more than 3 (2 Intelsat (with total of 5 antennas – 2 for Indian Ocean and 3 for Atlantic Ocean), NA Eutelsat, 1 Inmarsat – Atlantic Ocean region); HF radiotelephone communications with more than 20 countries

overseas departments: country codes: French Guiana – 594; Guadeloupe – 590; Martinique – 596; Mayotte – 262; Reunion – 262; ACE submarine cable connecting France with African markets extended

France Broadcast media:

a mix of both publicly operated and privately owned TV stations; state-owned France television stations operate 4 networks, one of which is a network of regional stations, and has part-interest in several thematic cable/satellite channels and international channels; a large number of privately owned regional and local TV stations; multi-channel satellite and cable services provide a large number of channels; public broadcaster Radio France operates 7 national networks, a series of regional networks, and operates services for overseas territories and foreign audiences; Radio France Internationale, under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, is a leading international broadcaster; a large number of commercial FM stations, with many of them consolidating into commercial networks

France Internet country code:

metropolitan France – .fr; French Guiana – .gf; Guadeloupe – .gp; Martinique – .mq; Mayotte – .yt; Reunion – .re

France Internet users:

total: 57,226,585 (July 2016 est.)

percent of population: 85.6% (July 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 11

France Broadband –

total: 28.429 million (2017 est.)

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 42 (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 7


Data for Educational Purpose Only.

Source: 

The World Factbook 2016-17. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html


Other Pages Relating to Country France:

France at a Glance and One Page Summary

France Background and Introduction

France Geography

France People and Society

France Government

France Economy

France Energy Resources

France Communications System

France Transportation System

France Military and Security System

France Transnational Issues

France Capital Flag and Currency

Go to All Country Index


France Transportation System

FRANCE

France National air transport system:

number of registered air carriers: 30 (2015)

inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 485 (2015)

annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 65,039,503 (2015)

annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 4,098,310,000 mt-km (2015)

France Civil aircraft registration country code prefix:

F (2016)

France Airports:

464 (2013)

country comparison to the world: 17

France Airports – with paved runways:

total: 294 (2017)

over 3,047 m: 14 (2017)

2,438 to 3,047 m: 25 (2017)

1,524 to 2,437 m: 97 (2017)

914 to 1,523 m: 83 (2017)

under 914 m: 75 (2017)

France Airports – with unpaved runways:

total: 170 (2013)

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2013)

914 to 1,523 m: 64 (2013)

under 914 m: 105 (2013)

France Heliports:

1 (2013)

France Pipelines:

15322 km gas, 2939 km oil, 5084 km refined products (2013)

France Railways:

total: 29,640 km (2014)

standard gauge: 29,473 km 1.435-m gauge (15,561 km electrified) (2014)

narrow gauge: 167 km 1.000-m gauge (63 km electrified) (2014)

country comparison to the world: 10

France Roadways:

total: 1,053,215 km (2011)

urban: 654,201 km (2011)

non-urban: 399,014 km (2011)

country comparison to the world: 7

France Waterways:

metropolitan France: 8,501 km (1,621 km navigable by craft up to 3,000 metric tons) (2010)

France Merchant marine:

total: 555

by type: container ship 24, general cargo 73, oil tanker 29, other 429 (2018)

note: includes Monaco

country comparison to the world: 39

France Ports and terminals:

major seaport(s): Brest, Calais, Dunkerque, Le Havre, Marseille, Nantes,

container port(s) (TEUs): Le Havre (2,870,000) (2017)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Fos Cavaou, Fos Tonkin, Montoir de Bretagne

river port(s): Paris, Rouen (Seine)

cruise/ferry port(s): Calais, Cherbourg, Le Havre

Strasbourg (Rhine) Bordeaux (Garronne)


Data for Educational Purpose Only.

Source: 

The World Factbook 2016-17. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html


Other Pages Relating to Country France:

France at a Glance and One Page Summary

France Background and Introduction

France Geography

France People and Society

France Government

France Economy

France Energy Resources

France Communications System

France Transportation System

France Military and Security System

France Transnational Issues

France Capital Flag and Currency

Go to All Country Index


France Military and Security System

FRANCE

France Military expenditures:

1.79% of GDP (2017)

1.79% of GDP (2016)

1.79% of GDP (2015)

1.82% of GDP (2014)

country comparison to the world: 62

France Military branches:

Army (Armee de Terre; includes Marines, Foreign Legion, Army Light Aviation), Navy (Marine Nationale), Air Force (Armee de l’Air (AdlA); includes Air Defense) (2011)

France Military service age and obligation:

18-25 years of age for male and female voluntary military service; no conscription; 1-year service obligation; women serve in noncombat posts (2013)


Data for Educational Purpose Only.

Source: 

The World Factbook 2016-17. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html


Other Pages Relating to Country France:

France at a Glance and One Page Summary

France Background and Introduction

France Geography

France People and Society

France Government

France Economy

France Energy Resources

France Communications System

France Transportation System

France Military and Security System

France Transnational Issues

France Capital Flag and Currency

 

Go to All Country Index


 

France Transnational Issues

FRANCE

Disputes – international:

Madagascar claims the French territories of Bassas da India, Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, and Juan de Nova Island; Comoros claims Mayotte; Mauritius claims Tromelin Island; territorial dispute between Suriname and the French overseas department of French Guiana; France asserts a territorial claim in Antarctica (Adelie Land); France and Vanuatu claim Matthew and Hunter Islands, east of New Caledonia

France Refugees and internally displaced persons:

refugees (country of origin): 23,918 (Sri Lanka), 18,534 (Afghanistan), 16,484 (Democratic Republic of the Congo), 15,898 (Russia), 15,822 (Syria), 14,700 (Sudan), 13,778 (Serbia and Kosovo), 11,196 (Turkey), 11,193 (Cambodia), 9,264 (Guinea), 8,131 (Iraq), 7,821 (Vietnam), 6,617 (Laos), 5,419 (Mauritania) (2018)

stateless persons: 1,493 (2018)

France Illicit drugs:

metropolitan France: transshipment point for South American cocaine, Southwest Asian heroin, and European synthetics;

French Guiana: small amount of marijuana grown for local consumption; minor transshipment point to Europe;

Martinique: transshipment point for cocaine and marijuana bound for the US and Europe


Data for Educational Purpose Only.

Source: 

The World Factbook 2016-17. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html


Other Pages Relating to Country France:

France at a Glance and One Page Summary

France Background and Introduction

France Geography

France People and Society

France Government

France Economy

France Energy Resources

France Communications System

France Transportation System

France Military and Security System

France Transnational Issues

France Capital Flag and Currency

Go to All Country Index


France Capital Flag and Currency

France Capital Flag:

three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), white, and red; known as the “Le drapeau tricolore” (French Tricolor), the origin of the flag dates to 1790 and the French Revolution when the “ancient French color” of white was combined with the blue and red colors of the Parisian militia; the official flag for all French dependent areas

note: the design and/or colors are similar to a number of other flags, including those of Belgium, Chad, Cote d’Ivoire, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, and Netherlands

France Currency:

Euro


Data for Educational Purpose Only.

Source: 

The World Factbook 2016-17. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html


Other Pages Relating to Country France:

France at a Glance and One Page Summary

France Background and Introduction

France Geography

France People and Society

France Government

France Economy

France Energy Resources

France Communications System

France Transportation System

France Military and Security System

France Transnational Issues

France Capital Flag and Currency

Go to All Country Index


France at a Glance and One Page Summary

FRANCE

France GOVERNMENT

France Chief of State

President Emmanuel MACRON

France Head of Government

Prime Minister Edouard PHILIPPE

France Government Type

semi-presidential republic

France Capital

Paris

France Legislature

bicameral Parliament or Parlement consists of the Senate or Senat (348 seats) and National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (577 seats)

France Judiciary

Court of Cassation or Cour de Cassation (court president, 6 divisional presiding judges, 120 trial judges, and 70 deputy judges organized into 6 divisions) Constitutional Council

France Ambassador to US

Ambassador (vacant)

France US Ambassador

Ambassador Majie D. McCOURT

France GEOGRAPHY

France Area

Total: 643,801 sq km, 551,500 sq km (metropolitan France)

Land: 640,427 sq km, 549,970 sq km (metropolitan France)

Water: 3,374 sq km, 1,530 sq km (metropolitan France)

France Climate

metropolitan France: generally cool winters and mild summers, but mild winters and hot summers along the Mediterranean

France Natural Resources

coal, iron ore, bauxite, zinc uranium, antimony, arsenic, potash, feldspar, fluorspar, gypsum, timber, arable land, fish

France ECONOMY

France Economic Overview

diversified modern market economy with government presence in several strategic sectors; maintains social equality by law and by tax and spending policies; most-visited nation on earth

France GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

$2.856 trillion (2017 est.)

France GDP per capita (Purchasing Power Parity)

$44,100 (2017 est.)

France Exports

$549.9 billion (2017 est.)

partners: Germany 14.8%, Spain 7.7%, Italy 7.5%, US 7.2%, Belgium 7%, UK 6.7% (2017)

France Imports

$601.7 billion (2017 est.)

partners: Germany 18.5%, Belgium10.2%, Netherlands 8.3%, Italy 7.9%, Spain 7.1%, UK 5.3%, US 5.2%, China 5.1% (2017)

France PEOPLE & SOCIETY

France Population

49.3 million (July 2018 est.)

France Population Growth

0.73% (2018 est.)

France Ethnicity

Celtic and Latin with Teutonic, Slavic, North African, Indochinese, Basque minorities

France Language

French (official) 100%, declining regional dialects and languages (Provencal, Breton, Alsatian, Corsican, Catalan, Basque, Flemish, Occitan, Picard)

France Religion

Christian (overwhelmingly Roman Catholic) 63-66%,

Muslim 7-9%, Buddhist 0.5-0.75%, Jewish 0.5-0.75%, other 0.5-1.0%, none 23-28% (2015 est.)

France Urbanization

urban population: 80.4% of total population (2018)

rate of urbanization: 0.72% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)


Data for Educational Purpose Only.

Source: 

The World Factbook 2016-17. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html


Other Pages Relating to Country France:

France at a Glance and One Page Summary

France Background and Introduction

France Geography

France People and Society

France Government

France Economy

France Energy Resources

France Communications System

France Transportation System

France Military and Security System

France Transnational Issues

France Capital Flag and Currency

Go to All Country Index