Iraq Geography

IRAQ

Iraq Location:

Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iran and Kuwait

Iraq Geographic coordinates:

33 00 N, 44 00 E

Iraq Map references:

Middle East

Iraq Area:

total: 438,317 sq km

land: 437,367 sq km

water: 950 sq km

country comparison to the world: 60

Iraq Area – comparative:

slightly more than three times the size of New York state

Area comparison map:

Iraq Land boundaries:

total: 3,809 km

border countries (6): Iran 1599 km, Jordan 179 km, Kuwait 254 km, Saudi Arabia 811 km, Syria 599 km, Turkey 367 km

Iraq Coastline:

58 km

Iraq Maritime claims:

territorial sea: 12 nm

continental shelf: not specified

Iraq Climate:

mostly desert; mild to cool winters with dry, hot, cloudless summers; northern mountainous regions along Iranian and Turkish borders experience cold winters with occasionally heavy snows that melt in early spring, sometimes causing extensive flooding in central and southern Iraq

Iraq Terrain:

mostly broad plains; reedy marshes along Iranian border in south with large flooded areas; mountains along borders with Iran and Turkey

Iraq Elevation:

mean elevation: 312 m

lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m

highest point: Cheekha Dar (Kurdish for “Black Tent”) 3,611 m

Iraq Natural resources:

petroleum, natural gas, phosphates, sulfur

Iraq Land use:

agricultural land: 18.1% (2011 est.)

arable land: 8.4% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 0.5% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 9.2% (2011 est.)

forest: 1.9% (2011 est.)

other: 80% (2011 est.)

Iraq Irrigated land:

35,250 sq km (2012)

Iraq Population distribution:

population is concentrated in the north, center, and eastern parts of the country, with many of the larger urban agglomerations found along extensive parts of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers; much of the western and southern areas are either lightly populated or uninhabited

Iraq Natural hazards:

dust storms; sandstorms; floods

Iraq Environment – current issues:

government water control projects drained most of the inhabited marsh areas east of An Nasiriyah by drying up or diverting the feeder streams and rivers; a once sizable population of Marsh Arabs, who inhabited these areas for thousands of years, has been displaced; furthermore, the destruction of the natural habitat poses serious threats to the area’s wildlife populations; inadequate supplies of potable water; soil degradation (salination) and erosion; desertification; military and industrial infrastructure has released heavy metals and other hazardous substances into the air, soil, and groundwater; major sources of environmental damage are effluents from oil refineries, factory and sewage discharges into rivers, fertilizer and chemical contamination of the soil, and industrial air pollution in urban areas

Iraq Environment – international agreements:

party to: Biodiversity, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification

Iraq Geography – note:

strategic location on Shatt al Arab waterway and at the head of the Persian Gulf


Data for Educational Purpose Only.

Source: 

The World Factbook 2016-17. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html


Other Pages Relating to Country Iraq:

Iraq at a Glance and One Page Summary

Iraq Background and Introduction

Iraq Geography

Iraq People and Society

Iraq Government

Iraq Economy

Iraq Energy Resources

Iraq Communications System

Iraq Transportation System

Iraq Military and Security System

Iraq Transnational Issues

Iraq Capital Flag and Currency

Go to All Country Index


Iraq People and Society

IRAQ

Iraq Population:

40,194,216 (July 2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 36

Iraq Nationality:

noun: Iraqi(s)

adjective: Iraqi

Iraq Ethnic groups:

Arab 75-80%, Kurdish 15-20%, other 5% (includes Turkmen, Yezidi, Shabak, Kaka’i, Bedouin, Romani, Assyrian, Circassian, Sabaean-Mandaean, Persian)

note: data is a 1987 government estimate; no more recent reliable numbers are available

Iraq Languages:

Arabic (official), Kurdish (official), Turkmen (a Turkish dialect), Syriac (Neo-Aramaic), and Armenian are official in areas where native speakers of these languages constitute a majority of the population

Iraq Religions:

Muslim (official) 95-98% (Shia 64-69%, Sunni 29-34%), Christian 1% (includes Catholic, Orthodox, Protestant, Assyrian Church of the East), other 1-4% (2015 est.)

note: while there has been voluntary relocation of many Christian families to northern Iraq, the overall Christian population has decreased at least 50% and perhaps as high as 90% since the fall of the SADDAM Husayn regime in 2003, according to US Embassy estimates, with many fleeing to Syria, Jordan, and Lebanon

Iraq Age structure:

0-14 years: 39.01% (male 8,005,327 /female 7,674,802)

15-24 years: 19.42% (male 3,976,085 /female 3,829,086)

25-54 years: 33.97% (male 6,900,984 /female 6,752,797)

55-64 years: 4.05% (male 788,602 /female 839,291)

65 years and over: 3.55% (male 632,753 /female 794,489) (2018 est.)

population pyramid:

Iraq Dependency ratios:

total dependency ratio: 77.7 (2015 est.)

youth dependency ratio: 72.3 (2015 est.)

elderly dependency ratio: 5.5 (2015 est.)

potential support ratio: 18.3 (2015 est.)

Iraq Median age:

total: 20.2 years

male: 20 years

female: 20.5 years (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 189

Iraq Population growth rate:

2.5% (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 22

Iraq Birth rate:

30 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 37

Iraq Death rate:

3.8 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 212

Iraq Net migration rate:

-1.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 144

Iraq Population distribution:

population is concentrated in the north, center, and eastern parts of the country, with many of the larger urban agglomerations found along extensive parts of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers; much of the western and southern areas are either lightly populated or uninhabited

Iraq Urbanization:

urban population: 70.5% of total population (2018)

rate of urbanization: 3.06% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Iraq Major urban areas – population:

6.643 million BAGHDAD (capital), 1.527 million Mosul, 1.299 million Basra, 981,000 Kirkuk, 821,000 Erbil, 820,000 Najaf (2018)

Iraq Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female

total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2018 est.)

Iraq Maternal mortality rate:

50 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 96

Iraq Infant mortality rate:

total: 37.5 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 40.6 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 34.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 47

Iraq Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 74.9 years

male: 72.6 years

female: 77.2 years (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 117

Iraq Total fertility rate:

3.94 children born/woman (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 36

Iraq Contraceptive prevalence rate:

52.8% (2018)

Iraq Health expenditures:

5.5% of GDP (2014)

country comparison to the world: 127

Iraq Physicians density:

0.82 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors – such as demographic issues and the burden of disease – there is . . . more Hospital bed density field listing

1.4 beds/1,000 population (2014)

Drinking water source:

improved:

urban: 93.8% of population

rural: 70.1% of population

total: 86.6% of population

unimproved:

urban: 6.2% of population

rural: 29.9% of population

total: 13.4% of population (2015 est.)

Iraq Sanitation facility access:

improved:

urban: 86.4% of population (2015 est.)

rural: 83.8% of population (2015 est.)

total: 85.6% of population (2015 est.)

unimproved:

urban: 13.6% of population (2015 est.)

rural: 16.2% of population (2015 est.)

total: 14.4% of population (2015 est.)

Iraq HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate:

NA

Iraq HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS:

NA

Iraq HIV/AIDS – deaths:

NA

Iraq Major infectious diseases:

degree of risk: intermediate (2016)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)

Iraq Obesity – adult prevalence rate:

30.4% (2016)

country comparison to the world: 23

Iraq Children under the age of 5 years underweight:

7.2% (2011)

country comparison to the world: 72

Iraq Education expenditures:

NA

Iraq Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write (2015 est.)

total population: 79.7%

male: 85.7%

female: 73.7% (2015 est.)

Iraq Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:

total: 25.6%

male: 22%

female: 63.3% (2017)

country comparison to the world: 47


Data for Educational Purpose Only.

Source: 

The World Factbook 2016-17. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html


Other Pages Relating to Country Iraq:

Iraq at a Glance and One Page Summary

Iraq Background and Introduction

Iraq Geography

Iraq People and Society

Iraq Government

Iraq Economy

Iraq Energy Resources

Iraq Communications System

Iraq Transportation System

Iraq Military and Security System

Iraq Transnational Issues

Iraq Capital Flag and Currency

 

Go to All Country Index