Ireland Government

IRELAND

Ireland Country name:

conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Ireland

local long form: none

local short form: Eire

etymology: the modern Irish name “Eire” evolved from the Gaelic “Eriu,” the name of the matron goddess of Ireland (goddess of the land); the names “Ireland” in English and “Eire” in Irish are direct translations of each other

Ireland Government type:

parliamentary republic

Ireland Capital:

name: Dublin

geographic coordinates: 53 19 N, 6 14 W

time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October

Ireland Administrative divisions:

28 counties and 3 cities*; Carlow, Cavan, Clare, Cork, Cork*, Donegal, Dublin*, Dun Laoghaire-Rathdown, Fingal, Galway, Galway*, Kerry, Kildare, Kilkenny, Laois, Leitrim, Limerick, Longford, Louth, Mayo, Meath, Monaghan, Offaly, Roscommon, Sligo, South Dublin, Tipperary, Waterford, Westmeath, Wexford, Wicklow

Ireland Independence:

6 December 1921 (from the UK by the Anglo-Irish Treaty, which ended British rule); 6 December 1922 (Irish Free State established); 18 April 1949 (Republic of Ireland Act enabled)

Ireland National holiday:

Saint Patrick’s Day, 17 March; note – marks the traditional death date of Saint Patrick, patron saint of Ireland, during the latter half of the fifth century A.D. (most commonly cited years are c. 461 and c. 493); although Saint Patrick’s feast day was celebrated in Ireland as early as the ninth century, it only became an official public holiday in Ireland in 1903

Ireland Constitution:

history: previous 1922; latest drafted 14 June 1937, adopted by plebiscite 1 July 1937, effective 29 December 1937

amendments: proposed as bills by Parliament; passage requires majority vote by both the Senate and House of Representatives, majority vote in a referendum, and presidential signature; amended many times, last in 2019 (2019)

Ireland Legal system:

common law system based on the English model but substantially modified by customary law; judicial review of legislative acts by Supreme Court

Ireland International law organization participation:

accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction

Ireland Citizenship:

citizenship by birth: no, unless a parent of a child born in Ireland has been legally resident in Ireland for at least three of the four years prior to the birth of the child

citizenship by descent only: yes

dual citizenship recognized: yes

residency requirement for naturalization: 4 of the previous 8 years

Ireland Suffrage:

18 years of age; universal

Ireland Executive branch:

chief of state: President Michael D. HIGGINS (since 11 November 2011)

head of government: Taoiseach (Prime Minister) Leo VARADKAR (since 14 June 2017)

cabinet: Cabinet nominated by the prime minister, appointed by the president, approved by the Dali Eireann (lower house of Parliament)

elections/appointments: president directly elected by majority popular vote for a 7-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 26 October 2018 (next to be held no later than November 2025); taoiseach (prime minister) nominated by the House of Representatives (Dail Eireann), appointed by the president

election results: Michael D. HIGGINS reelected president; percent of vote – Michael D. HIGGINS (independent) 55.8%, Peter CASEY (independent) 23.3%, Sean GALLAGHER (independent) 6.4%, Liadh NI RIADA (Sinn Fein) 6.4%, Joan FREEMAN (independent) 6%, Gavin DUFFY (independent) 2.2%

Ireland Legislative branch:

description: bicameral Parliament or Oireachtas consists of:

Senate or Seanad Eireann (60 seats; 43 members indirectly elected from 5 vocational panels of nominees by an electoral college consisting of members from the House of Representatives, outgoing Senate members, and city and county council members, 11 appointed by the prime minister, and 6 elected by 2 university constituencies – 3 each from the University of Dublin (Trinity College) and the National University of Ireland)

House of Representatives or Dail Eireann (158 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote; all Parliament members serve 5-year terms)

elections:

Senate – last held in April and May 2016 (next to be held no later than 2021)

House of Representatives – last held on 26 February 2016 (next to be held no later than 2021)

election results: 

Senate – percent of vote by party – NA; seats by party – Fine Gael 19, Fianna Fail 14, Sinn Fein 7, Labor Party 5, Green Party 1, independent 14; composition – men 42, women 18, percent of women 30%

House of Representatives – percent of vote by party – Fine Gael 25.5%, Fianna Fail 24.4%, Sinn Fein 13.8%, Labor Party 6.6%, AAA-PBD 4.0%, Social Democrats 3.0%, Green Party 2.7%, Renua Ireland 2.2% independent 17.8%; seats by party – Fine Gael 50, Fianna Fail 44, Sinn Fein 23, Labor Party 7, AAA-PBP 6, Social Democrats 3, Green Party 2, independent 23; composition – men 123, women 35, percent of women 22.2%; note – total Parliament percent of women 24.3%

Ireland Judicial branch:

highest courts: Supreme Court of Ireland (consists of the chief justice, 9 judges, 2 ex-officio members – the presidents of the High Court and Court of Appeal – and organized in 3-, 5-, or 7-judge panels, depending on the importance or complexity of an issue of law)

judge selection and term of office: judges nominated by the prime minister and Cabinet and appointed by the president; chief justice serves in the position for 7 years; judges can serve until age 70

subordinate courts: High Court, Court of Appeal; circuit and district courts; criminal courts

Political parties and leaders: This entry includes a listing of significant political parties, coalitions, and electoral lists as of each country’s last legislative election, unless otherwise noted. Political parties and leaders field listing

Solidarity-People Before Profit or AAAS-PBP [collective leadership]

Fianna Fail [Micheal MARTIN]

Fine Gael [Leo VARADKAR]

Green Party [Eamon RYAN]

Labor (Labour) Party [Brendan HOWLIN]

Renua Ireland (vacant)

Sinn Fein [Mary Lou MCDONALD]

Social Democrats [Catherine MURPHY, Roisin SHORTALL]

Socialist Party [collective leadership]

The Workers’ Party [Michael DONNELLY]

Ireland International organization participation:

ADB (nonregional member), Australia Group, BIS, CD, CE, EAPC, EBRD, ECB, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, FATF, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD (partners), IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MINURSO, MONUSCO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNDOF, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNOCI, UNRWA, UNTSO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC

Ireland Diplomatic representation in the US:

chief of mission: Ambassador Daniel Gerard MULHALL (since 8 September 2017)

chancery: 2234 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 462-3939

FAX: [1] (202) 232-5993

consulate(s) general: Atlanta, Austin (TX), Boston, Chicago, New York, San Francisco

Ireland Diplomatic representation from the US:

chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant) Charge d’Affaires L. Reece SMYTH (since 20 January 2017)

embassy: 42 Elgin Road, Ballsbridge, Dublin 4

mailing address: use embassy street address

telephone: [353] (1) 630-6200 (2018)

FAX: [353] (1) 688-9946 (2018)

Ireland Flag description:

three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and orange; officially the flag colors have no meaning, but a common interpretation is that the green represents the Irish nationalist (Gaelic) tradition of Ireland; orange represents the Orange tradition (minority supporters of William of Orange); white symbolizes peace (or a lasting truce) between the green and the orange

note: similar to the flag of Cote d’Ivoire, which is shorter and has the colors reversed – orange (hoist side), white, and green; also similar to the flag of Italy, which is shorter and has colors of green (hoist side), white, and red

Ireland National symbol(s):

harp, shamrock (trefoil); national colors: blue, green

Ireland National anthem:

name: “Amhran na bhFiann” (The Soldier’s Song)

lyrics/music: Peadar KEARNEY [English], Liam O RINN [Irish]/Patrick HEENEY and Peadar KEARNEY

note: adopted 1926; instead of “Amhran na bhFiann,” the song “Ireland’s Call” is often used at athletic events where citizens of Ireland and Northern Ireland compete as a unified team


Data for Educational Purpose Only.

Source: 

The World Factbook 2016-17. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html


Other Pages Relating to Country Ireland:

Ireland at a Glance and One Page Summary

Ireland Background and Introduction

Ireland Geography

Ireland People and Society

Ireland Government

Ireland Economy

Ireland Energy Resources

Ireland Communications System

Ireland Transportation System

Ireland Military and Security System

Ireland Transnational Issues

Ireland Capital Flag and Currency

Go to All Country Index


Ireland Economy

IRELAND

Ireland Economy – overview:

Ireland is a small, modern, trade-dependent economy. It was among the initial group of 12 EU nations that began circulating the euro on 1 January 2002. GDP growth averaged 6% in 1995-2007, but economic activity dropped sharply during the world financial crisis and the subsequent collapse of its domestic property market and construction industry during 2008-11. Faced with sharply reduced revenues and a burgeoning budget deficit from efforts to stabilize its fragile banking sector, the Irish Government introduced the first in a series of draconian budgets in 2009. These measures were not sufficient to stabilize Ireland’s public finances. In 2010, the budget deficit reached 32.4% of GDP – the world’s largest deficit, as a percentage of GDP. In late 2010, the former COWEN government agreed to a $92 billion loan package from the EU and IMF to help Dublin recapitalize Ireland’s banking sector and avoid defaulting on its sovereign debt. In March 2011, the KENNY government intensified austerity measures to meet the deficit targets under Ireland’s EU-IMF bailout program.

In late 2013, Ireland formally exited its EU-IMF bailout program, benefiting from its strict adherence to deficit-reduction targets and success in refinancing a large amount of banking-related debt. In 2014, the economy rapidly picked up. In late 2014, the government introduced a fiscally neutral budget, marking the end of the austerity program. Continued growth of tax receipts has allowed the government to lower some taxes and increase public spending while keeping to its deficit-reduction targets. In 2015, GDP growth exceeded 26%. The magnitude of the increase reflected one-off statistical revisions, multinational corporate restructurings in intellectual property, and the aircraft leasing sector, rather than real gains in the domestic economy, which was still growing. Growth moderated to around 4.1% in 2017, but the recovering economy assisted lowering the deficit to 0.6% of GDP.

In the wake of the collapse of the construction sector and the downturn in consumer spending and business investment during the 2008-11 economic crisis, the export sector, dominated by foreign multinationals, has become an even more important component of Ireland’s economy. Ireland’s low corporation tax of 12.5% and a talented pool of high-tech laborers have been some of the key factors in encouraging business investment. Loose tax residency requirements made Ireland a common destination for international firms seeking to pay less tax or, in the case of U.S. multinationals, defer taxation owed to the United States. In 2014, amid growing international pressure, the Irish government announced it would phase in more stringent tax laws, effectively closing a commonly used loophole. The Irish economy continued to grow in 2017 and is forecast to do so through 2019, supported by a strong export sector, robust job growth, and low inflation, to the point that the Government must now address concerns about overheating and potential loss of competitiveness. The greatest risks to the economy are the UK’s scheduled departure from the European Union (“Brexit”) in March 2019, possible changes to international taxation policies that could affect Ireland’s revenues, and global trade pressures.

Ireland GDP (purchasing power parity):

$353.3 billion (2017 est.)

$329.5 billion (2016 est.)

$314.1 billion (2015 est.)

note: data are in 2017 dollars

country comparison to the world: 51

Ireland GDP (official exchange rate):

$331.5 billion (2017 est.)

Ireland GDP – real growth rate:

7.2% (2017 est.)

4.9% (2016 est.)

25% (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 17

Ireland GDP – per capita (PPP):

$73,200 (2017 est.)

$69,100 (2016 est.)

$66,600 (2015 est.)

note: data are in 2017 dollars

country comparison to the world: 10

Ireland Gross national saving:

33.1% of GDP (2017 est.)

33.7% of GDP (2016 est.)

29% of GDP (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 23

Ireland GDP – composition, by end use:

household consumption: 34% (2017 est.)

government consumption: 10.1% (2017 est.)

investment in fixed capital: 23.4% (2017 est.)

investment in inventories: 1.2% (2017 est.)

exports of goods and services: 119.9% (2017 est.)

imports of goods and services: -89.7% (2017 est.)

Ireland GDP – composition, by sector of origin:

agriculture: 1.2% (2017 est.)

industry: 38.6% (2017 est.)

services: 60.2% (2017 est.)

Ireland Agriculture – products:

barley, potatoes, wheat; beef, dairy products

Ireland Industries:

pharmaceuticals, chemicals, computer hardware and software, food products, beverages and brewing; medical devices

Ireland Industrial production growth rate:

7.8% (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 25

Ireland Labor force:

2.226 million (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 122

Ireland Labor force – by occupation:

agriculture: 5%

industry: 11%

services: 84% (2015 est.)

Ireland Unemployment rate:

6.7% (2017 est.)

8.4% (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 100

Ireland Population below poverty line:

8.2% (2013 est.)

Ireland Household income or consumption by percentage share:

lowest 10%: 2.9%

highest 10%: 27.2% (2000)

Ireland Distribution of family income – Gini index:

31.3 (2013 est.)

35.9 (1987 est.)

country comparison to the world: 126

Ireland Budget:

revenues: 86.04 billion (2017 est.)

expenditures: 87.19 billion (2017 est.)

Ireland Taxes and other revenues:

26% (of GDP) (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 115

Ireland Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):

-0.3% (of GDP) (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 53

Ireland Public debt:

68.6% of GDP (2017 est.)

73.6% of GDP (2016 est.)

note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions

country comparison to the world: 53

Ireland Fiscal year:

calendar year

Ireland Inflation rate (consumer prices):

0.3% (2017 est.)

-0.2% (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 20

Ireland Central bank discount rate:

0.05% (31 December 2015)

0.15% (31 August 2014)

note: this is the European Central Bank’s rate on the marginal lending facility, which offers overnight credit to banks in the euro area

country comparison to the world: 145

Ireland Commercial bank prime lending rate:

4.08% (31 December 2017 est.)

3.48% (31 December 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 166

Ireland Stock of narrow money:

$191.9 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

$156.2 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

note: see entry for the European Union for money supply for the entire euro area; the European Central Bank (ECB) controls monetary policy for the 18 members of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU); individual members of the EMU do not control the quantity of money circulating within their own borders

country comparison to the world: 26

Ireland Stock of broad money:

$191.9 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

$156.2 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 26

Ireland Stock of domestic credit:

$299.1 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

$287.1 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 37

Ireland Market value of publicly traded shares:

$128 billion (31 December 2015 est.)

$143.5 billion (31 December 2014 est.)

$170.1 billion (31 December 2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 39

Ireland Current account balance:

$28.14 billion (2017 est.)

-$12.59 billion (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 12

Ireland Exports:

$219.7 billion (2017 est.)

$206 billion (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 25

Ireland Exports – partners:

US 27.1%, UK 13.4%, Belgium 11%, Germany 8.1%, Switzerland 5.1%, Netherlands 4.9%, France 4.3% (2017)

Ireland Exports – commodities:

machinery and equipment, computers, chemicals, medical devices, pharmaceuticals; foodstuffs, animal products

Ireland Imports:

$98.13 billion (2017 est.)

$92.09 billion (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 34

Ireland Imports – commodities:

data processing equipment, other machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum and petroleum products, textiles, clothing

Ireland Imports – partners:

UK 29%, US 18.9%, France 12.1%, Germany 9.6%, Netherlands 4.1% (2017)

Ireland Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:

$4.412 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

$2.203 billion (31 December 2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 99

Ireland Debt – external:

$2.47 trillion (31 March 2016 est.)

$2.35 trillion (31 March 2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 8

Ireland Stock of direct foreign investment – at home:

$1.54 trillion (31 December 2017 est.)

$1.411 trillion (31 December 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 6

Ireland Stock of direct foreign investment – abroad:

$1.56 trillion (31 December 2017 est.)

$1.404 trillion (31 December 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 7

Ireland Exchange rates:

euros (EUR) per US dollar –

0.885 (2017 est.)

0.903 (2016 est.)

0.9214 (2015 est.)

0.885 (2014 est.)

0.7634 (2013 est.)


Data for Educational Purpose Only.

Source: 

The World Factbook 2016-17. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html


Other Pages Relating to Country Ireland:

Ireland at a Glance and One Page Summary

Ireland Background and Introduction

Ireland Geography

Ireland People and Society

Ireland Government

Ireland Economy

Ireland Energy Resources

Ireland Communications System

Ireland Transportation System

Ireland Military and Security System

Ireland Transnational Issues

Ireland Capital Flag and Currency

Go to All Country Index


Ireland Energy Resources

IRELAND

Ireland Electricity access:

electrification – total population: 100% (2016)

Ireland Electricity – production:

28.53 billion kWh (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 69

Ireland Electricity – consumption:

25.68 billion kWh (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 68

Ireland Electricity – exports:

1.583 billion kWh (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 48

Ireland Electricity – imports:

871 million kWh (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 71

Ireland Electricity – installed generating capacity:

9.945 million kW (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 61

Ireland Electricity – from fossil fuels:

65% of total installed capacity (2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 117

Ireland Electricity – from nuclear fuels:

0% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 112

Ireland Electricity – from hydroelectric plants:

2% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 138

Ireland Electricity – from other renewable sources:

33% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 12

Ireland Crude oil – production:

0 bbl/day (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 151

Ireland Crude oil – exports:

5,900 bbl/day (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 64

Ireland Crude oil – imports:

66,210 bbl/day (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 50

Ireland Crude oil – proved reserves:

0 bbl (1 January 2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 148

Ireland Refined petroleum products – production:

64,970 bbl/day (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 76

Ireland Refined petroleum products – consumption:

153,700 bbl/day (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 66

Ireland Refined petroleum products – exports:

37,040 bbl/day (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 59

Ireland Refined petroleum products – imports:

126,600 bbl/day (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 47

Ireland Natural gas – production:

3.511 billion cu m (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 54

Ireland Natural gas – consumption:

5.238 billion cu m (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 55

Ireland Natural gas – exports:

0 cu m (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 125

Ireland Natural gas – imports:

1.642 billion cu m (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 55

Ireland Natural gas – proved reserves:

9.911 billion cu m (1 January 2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 79

Ireland Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:

36.91 million Mt (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 71


Data for Educational Purpose Only.

Source: 

The World Factbook 2016-17. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html


Other Pages Relating to Country Ireland:

Ireland at a Glance and One Page Summary

Ireland Background and Introduction

Ireland Geography

Ireland People and Society

Ireland Government

Ireland Economy

Ireland Energy Resources

Ireland Communications System

Ireland Transportation System

Ireland Military and Security System

Ireland Transnational Issues

Ireland Capital Flag and Currency

 

Go to All Country Index


 

Ireland Communications System

IRELAND

Ireland Telephones – fixed lines:

total subscriptions: 1,842,026 (2017 est.)

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 37 (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 59

Ireland Telephones – mobile cellular:

total subscriptions: 4,898,872 (2017 est.)

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 98 (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 121

Ireland Telephone system:

general assessment: modern digital system using cable and microwave radio relay; previous depressed economic climate has changed to one with Ireland having one of the highest GDP growth rates in Europe which translates to mean spending among telecom consumers; introduction of flat-rate plans; upgraded LTE technologies in rural areas; government intends to spend millions on Nat. Broadband Plan

domestic: increasing levels of broadband access particularly in urban areas; fixed-line 37 per 100 and mobile-cellular 98 per 100 subscriptions

international: country code – 353; landing point for the Hibernia-Atlantic submarine cable with links to the US, Canada, and UK; satellite earth stations – 81

Ireland Broadcast media:

publicly owned broadcaster Radio Telefis Eireann (RTE) operates 4 TV stations; commercial TV stations are available; about 75% of households utilize multi-channel satellite and TV services that provide access to a wide range of stations; RTE operates 4 national radio stations and has launched digital audio broadcasts on several stations; a number of commercial broadcast stations operate at the national, regional, and local levels

Ireland Internet country code:

.ie

Ireland Internet users:

total: 4,069,432 (July 2016 est.)

percent of population: 82.2% (July 2016 est.)

country comparison to the world: 86

Ireland Broadband – fixed subscriptions:

total: 1,401,356 (2017 est.)

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 28 (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 63


Data for Educational Purpose Only.

Source: 

The World Factbook 2016-17. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html


Other Pages Relating to Country Ireland:

Ireland at a Glance and One Page Summary

Ireland Background and Introduction

Ireland Geography

Ireland People and Society

Ireland Government

Ireland Economy

Ireland Energy Resources

Ireland Communications System

Ireland Transportation System

Ireland Military and Security System

Ireland Transnational Issues

Ireland Capital Flag and Currency

Go to All Country Index


Ireland Transportation System

IRELAND

Ireland National air transport system:

number of registered air carriers: 6 (2015)

inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 431 (2015)

annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 113,144,501 (2015)

annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 138.58 million mt-km (2015)

Ireland Civil aircraft registration country code prefix:

EI (2016)

Ireland Airports:

40 (2013)

country comparison to the world: 105

Ireland Airports – with paved runways:

total: 16 (2017)

over 3,047 m: 1 (2017)

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2017)

1,524 to 2,437 m: 4 (2017)

914 to 1,523 m: 5 (2017)

under 914 m: 5 (2017)

Ireland Airports – with unpaved runways:

total: 24 (2013)

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2013)

914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2013)

under 914 m: 21 (2013)

Ireland Pipelines:

2,427 km gas (2017)

Ireland Railways:

total: 4,301 km (2018)

narrow gauge: 1,930 km 0.914-m gauge (operated by the Irish Peat Board to transport peat to power stations and briquetting plants) (2018)

broad gauge: 2,371 km 1.600-m gauge (53 km electrified) (2018)

country comparison to the world: 44

Ireland Roadways:

total: 99,830 km (2018)

paved: 99,830 km (includes 2,717 km of expressways) (2018)

country comparison to the world: 40

Ireland Waterways:

956 km (pleasure craft only) (2010)

country comparison to the world: 67

Ireland Merchant marine:

total: 88

by type: bulk carrier 8, general cargo 34, oil tanker 1, other 45 (2018)

country comparison to the world: 91

Ireland Ports and terminals:

major seaport(s): Dublin, Shannon Foynes

cruise port(s): Cork, Dublin

container port(s) (TEUs): Dublin (529,563) (2016)

river port(s): Cork (Lee), Waterford (Suir)


Data for Educational Purpose Only.

Source: 

The World Factbook 2016-17. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html


Other Pages Relating to Country Ireland:

Ireland at a Glance and One Page Summary

Ireland Background and Introduction

Ireland Geography

Ireland People and Society

Ireland Government

Ireland Economy

Ireland Energy Resources

Ireland Communications System

Ireland Transportation System

Ireland Military and Security System

Ireland Transnational Issues

Ireland Capital Flag and Currency

Go to All Country Index


Ireland Military and Security System

IRELAND

Ireland Military expenditures:

0.4% of GDP (2017)

0.34% of GDP (2016)

0.35% of GDP (2015)

0.47% of GDP (2014)

0.5% of GDP (2013)

country comparison to the world: 148

Ireland Military branches:

Irish Defence Forces (Oglaigh na h-Eireannn), Permanent Defence Forces (PDF): Army, Naval Service, Air Corps; Reserve Defence Forces (RDF): Army, Naval Service Reserves (2014)

Ireland Military service age and obligation:

18-25 years of age for male and female voluntary military service recruits to the Permanent Defence Forces (PDF; 18-27 years of age for the Naval Service); 18-28 for cadetship (officer) applicants; 18-35 years of age for the Reserve Defence Forces (RDF); maximum obligation 12 years (PDF officers), 5 years (PDF enlisted), 3 years RDF (4 years for Naval Service Reserves); EU citizenship, refugee status, or 5-year residence in Ireland required (2014)


Data for Educational Purpose Only.

Source: 

The World Factbook 2016-17. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html


Other Pages Relating to Country Ireland:

Ireland at a Glance and One Page Summary

Ireland Background and Introduction

Ireland Geography

Ireland People and Society

Ireland Government

Ireland Economy

Ireland Energy Resources

Ireland Communications System

Ireland Transportation System

Ireland Military and Security System

Ireland Transnational Issues

Ireland Capital Flag and Currency

Go to All Country Index


Ireland Transnational Issues

IRELAND

Ireland Disputes – international:

Ireland, Iceland, and the UK dispute Denmark’s claim that the Faroe Islands’ continental shelf extends beyond 200 nm

Ireland Refugees and internally displaced persons:

stateless persons: 99 (2018)

Ireland Illicit drugs:

transshipment point for and consumer of hashish from North Africa to the UK and Netherlands and of European-produced synthetic drugs; increasing consumption of South American cocaine; minor transshipment point for heroin and cocaine destined for Western Europe; despite recent legislation, narcotics-related money laundering – using bureaux de change, trusts, and shell companies involving the offshore financial community – remains a concern


Data for Educational Purpose Only.

Source: 

The World Factbook 2016-17. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html


Other Pages Relating to Country Ireland:

Ireland at a Glance and One Page Summary

Ireland Background and Introduction

Ireland Geography

Ireland People and Society

Ireland Government

Ireland Economy

Ireland Energy Resources

Ireland Communications System

Ireland Transportation System

Ireland Military and Security System

Ireland Transnational Issues

Ireland Capital Flag and Currency

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Ireland Capital Flag and Currency

Ireland Capital Flag:

three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and orange; officially the flag colors have no meaning, but a common interpretation is that the green represents the Irish nationalist (Gaelic) tradition of Ireland; orange represents the Orange tradition (minority supporters of William of Orange); white symbolizes peace (or a lasting truce) between the green and the orange

note: similar to the flag of Cote d’Ivoire, which is shorter and has the colors reversed – orange (hoist side), white, and green; also similar to the flag of Italy, which is shorter and has colors of green (hoist side), white, and red

Ireland Currency:

N/A


Data for Educational Purpose Only.

Source: 

The World Factbook 2016-17. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html


Other Pages Relating to Country Ireland:

Ireland at a Glance and One Page Summary

Ireland Background and Introduction

Ireland Geography

Ireland People and Society

Ireland Government

Ireland Economy

Ireland Energy Resources

Ireland Communications System

Ireland Transportation System

Ireland Military and Security System

Ireland Transnational Issues

Ireland Capital Flag and Currency

Go to All Country Index


Ireland People and Society

IRELAND

Ireland Population:

5,068,050 (July 2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 121

Ireland Nationality:

noun: Irishman(men), Irishwoman(women), Irish (collective plural)

adjective: Irish

Ireland Ethnic groups:

Irish 82.2%, Irish travelers 0.7%, other white 9.5%, Asian 2.1%, black 1.4%, other 1.5%, unspecified 2.6% (2016 est.)

Ireland Languages:

English (official, the language generally used), Irish (Gaelic or Gaeilge) (official, spoken by approximately 39.8% of the population as of 2016; mainly spoken in areas along Ireland’s western coast known as gaeltachtai, which are officially recognized regions where Irish is the predominant language)

Ireland Religions:

Roman Catholic 78.3%, Church of Ireland 2.7%, other Christian 1.6%, Orthodox 1.3%, Muslim 1.3%, other 2.4%, none 9.8%, unspecified 2.6% (2016 est.)

Ireland Age structure:

0-14 years: 21.37% (male 554,110 /female 529,067)

15-24 years: 11.92% (male 306,052 /female 297,890)

25-54 years: 42.86% (male 1,091,495 /female 1,080,594)

55-64 years: 10.53% (male 267,255 /female 266,438)

65 years and over: 13.32% (male 312,694 /female 362,455) (2018 est.)

population pyramid:

Ireland Dependency ratios:

total dependency ratio: 53.8 (2015 est.)

youth dependency ratio: 33.4 (2015 est.)

elderly dependency ratio: 20.3 (2015 est.)

potential support ratio: 4.9 (2015 est.)

Ireland Median age:

total: 37.1 years

male: 36.8 years

female: 37.5 years (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 70

Ireland Population growth rate:

1.11% (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 98

Ireland Birth rate:

13.8 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 137

Ireland Death rate:

6.6 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 140

Ireland Net migration rate:

4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 33

Ireland Population distribution:

population distribution is weighted to the eastern side of the island, with the largest concentration being in and around Dublin; populations in the west are small due to mountainous land, poorer soil, lack of good transport routes, and fewer job opportunities

Ireland Urbanization:

urban population: 63.2% of total population (2018)

rate of urbanization: 1.14% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Ireland Major urban areas – population:

1.201 million DUBLIN (capital) (2018)

Ireland Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female

total population: 1 male(s)/female (2018 est.)

Ireland Mother’s mean age at first birth:

30.7 years (2015 est.)

Ireland Maternal mortality rate:

8 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 158

Ireland Infant mortality rate:

total: 3.6 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 4 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 3.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 197

Ireland Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 81 years

male: 78.7 years

female: 83.5 years (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 35

Ireland Total fertility rate:

1.96 children born/woman (2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 125

Ireland Contraceptive prevalence rate:

73.3% (2010)

note: percent of women aged 18-45

Ireland Health expenditures:

7.8% of GDP (2014)

country comparison to the world: 60

Ireland Physicians density:

3.09 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Ireland Hospital bed density:

2.8 beds/1,000 population (2013)

Ireland Drinking water source:

improved:

urban: 97.9% of population

rural: 97.8% of population

total: 97.9% of population

unimproved:

urban: 2.1% of population

rural: 2.2% of population

total: 2.1% of population (2015 est.)

Ireland Sanitation facility access:

improved:

urban: 89.1% of population (2015 est.)

rural: 92.9% of population (2015 est.)

total: 90.5% of population (2015 est.)

unimproved:

urban: 10.9% of population (2015 est.)

rural: 7.1% of population (2015 est.)

total: 9.5% of population (2015 est.)

Ireland HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate:

0.2% (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 95

Ireland HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS:

7,200 (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 111

Ireland HIV/AIDS – deaths:

<100 (2017 est.)

Ireland Obesity – adult prevalence rate:

25.3% (2016)

country comparison to the world: 51

Ireland Education expenditures:

3.8% of GDP (2015)

country comparison to the world: 120

Ireland School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):

total: 19 years

male: 19 years

female: 19 years (2016)

Ireland Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:

total: 14.4%

male: 16%

female: 12.6% (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 99


Data for Educational Purpose Only.

Source: 

The World Factbook 2016-17. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html


Other Pages Relating to Country Ireland:

Ireland at a Glance and One Page Summary

Ireland Background and Introduction

Ireland Geography

Ireland People and Society

Ireland Government

Ireland Economy

Ireland Energy Resources

Ireland Communications System

Ireland Transportation System

Ireland Military and Security System

Ireland Transnational Issues

Ireland Capital Flag and Currency

Go to All Country Index


Ireland at a Glance and One Page Summary

IRELAND

Ireland One Page Summary:

N/A


Data for Educational Purpose Only.

Source: 

The World Factbook 2016-17. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html


Other Pages Relating to Country Ireland:

Ireland at a Glance and One Page Summary

Ireland Background and Introduction

Ireland Geography

Ireland People and Society

Ireland Government

Ireland Economy

Ireland Energy Resources

Ireland Communications System

Ireland Transportation System

Ireland Military and Security System

Ireland Transnational Issues

Ireland Capital Flag and Currency

 

Go to All Country Index