Baghpat District of Uttar Pradesh at a Glance

Lok Sabha Constituencies in Baghpat district, Uttar Pradesh (MP Constituencies) Baghpat
MLA Assembly Constituencies in Baghpat district, Uttar Pradesh Baghpat

About Baghpat District :


The city was originally known as ‘Vyagprastha’ – Land of Tigers (because of the population of tigers found many centuries ago. There are many versions of the story as to how the city derived it’s name. One version states that the city’s original name was ‘Vyagprasth’, while according to another version, the city has derived its name from the Hindi word ‘Vakyaprasth’, which means place of delivering speeches. Inspired by such words and versions, the city was finally named ‘BAGHPAT’ or ‘BAGPAT’ during the Mughal Era.

After the mutiny of 1857 , the city gained importance and was established as the headquaters of Tehsil Baghpat. The city was previously as small town and had a small commercial center known as the Mandi . This mandi is now more than 200 years old and was set up by Jabita Khan , son of Ruhela Chief of Najibabad ( Bijnore ) Najib Khan .

The main commercial activity of the people living in this region is making and selling GUD and Sugar . Apart from this, there are certain units who are involved in the making of shoes and agricultural equipment’s

District at a Glance :

Headquarter: Baghpat
Unit Census 1991 Census 2001
Area 1321 1321
Population ‘000 1030.40 1164.38
Male ‘000 560.484 630.484
Female ‘000 469.91 533.91
Sex Ratio 838 860
Population Density Sq.Km. 742 742
SC Population ‘000 125 127.81
ST Population ‘000 0
Height Above Sea Level Mt. 223
Male %age 51.45 77.00
Female %age 24.58 49.2
Occupational Distribution
Cultivators ‘000 246 123
Agricultural Labours ‘000 201 137
Temperature(Max,Min) 42.2,0
Climate Tropical / Moderate
Languages Hindi, Urdu, English
Festivals Dusherra, Holi, Diwali, Kartik Purnima, Rakshbandhan, Navratre
Administrative Setup
Tehsils Nos. 03
Blocks Nos. 06
Gram Sabhas Nos. 237
No. of Inhabited villages Nos. 290
Uninhabited villages Nos. 225
Police Stations Nos. 10
Nyaya Panchayats Nos. 46
Post Offices Nos. 143
Telegram Nos. 6
Bank Nos. 54
Co-operative Bank Nos. 15
Share of Major Crops
Wheat Hect. 52,787 1998-99
Paddy Hect. 5,300
Sugarcane Hect. 50,293
Pulses Hect. 3,826
Oilseeds Hect. 1,602
Potatoes Hect. 547
Maize Hect. 6,225

Tourist Places :


Auraiya District of Uttar Pradesh at a Glance

Lok Sabha Constituencies in Auraiya district, Uttar Pradesh (MP Constituencies) Etawah
MLA Assembly Constituencies in Auraiya district, Uttar Pradesh Auraiya

About Auraiya District :

On 17th September,1997 two tehsils named Auraiya and Bidhuna were seperated from district Etawah to form the new district named as Auraiya. It is situated on National Highway no. 2 (Mughal Sarai Road) and 64 km. in the east of district headquarter of Etawah and 105 km. in west of Kanpur city. Auraiya having 7 Blocks named Ajitmal, Bhagyanagar, Sahar, Bidhuna, Achalda, Erwakatra and Auraiya. The district of Auraiya lies in the southwestern portion of Uttar Pradesh 26? 21″ and 27? 01″ north latitude and 78? 45″ and 79? 45″ east longitude and forms a part of the Kanpur Division. It is bounded on the north by the districts of Kannauj, western border adjoins tehsil Bharthana of the Etawah district and the district of Gwalior. The eastern frontier marches with the district of Kanpur Dehat, and along the south lie Jalaun. The total area according to the statistics of 1991-92 is calculated to be 2054 square kilometer. The Devkali Temple, Badi Devi Temple, and Guraiya Temple are some of the important Places of worship in the district.

District at a Glance

  • District – 
  • Headquarters – 
  • State
Area in Sq Km (Census 2011)
  • Total – 
  • Rural – 
  • Urban – 
Population (Census 2011)
  • Population – 
  • Rural – 
  • Urban – 
  • Male – 
  • Female – 
  • Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 males) – 
  • Density (Total, Persons per sq km) – 
Constituencies (ECI)
  • Assembly
  • Loksabha – 

Tourist Places :

Devkali Temple :

The temple of Devkali is located in the southern direction of district head quarter of Auraiya and near to the bank of  Yamuna river. According to the ancient stories and customs, the temple is related to the 11th century A.D. but by the archeological view it was constructed in 18th century A.D. The temple is basically dedicated to Lord Shiva

Badi Devi Temple :

The temple is located in Padheen Darwaja area at Phaphund Road, Auraiya. It is assumed to be the oldest of all Devi temples in the district.

Guraiya Temple :

This temple is famous for ancient architectural values. This temple of Lord Shiva is constructed on a square platform.


KEAM Medical (UG) 2014 Special Instructions

Read the following instructions carefully. Failure to observe instructions may upset the candidate’s performance.

  1.  Reporting for the Examination

  2. Question Paper

  3. Answer Sheet

  4. Filling in the OMR Answer Sheet


Related links KEAM Medical (UG) :-

KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Important Dates

KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Eligibility

KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Exam Pattern

KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Syllabus

KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Exam Centre

KEAM Medical (UG) 2014 Filling in the OMR Answer Sheet

 All entries in OMR answer sheet are to be made with blue or black ink BALLPOINT PEN only. Marking with fountain pen, gel pen, sketch pen or pencil is not permitted.
Use of any ink of colour other than blue or black is not permissible.

The answer sheet has two parts – “CANDIDATE’S DATA” on the left side and “ANSWERS” on the right with a thin perforation in between, length-wise. Fill in all the entries on the left side (Candidate’s Data part) before beginning to answer questions.

(a) CANDIDATE’S DATA PART: (Left side of the sheet) Fill in the boxes and the appropriate bubbles with blue or black ink ballpoint pen.

Roll Number : Fill in and mark the Roll No. as given in the admit card with ballpoint pen. The Roll number should be entered without any corrections or overwriting.
Name: Fill up the item correctly and legibly. Name is to be entered as given in the admit card with ballpoint pen.

Fill up the Roll Number again.
Question booklet Sl. No. has to be entered as given in the top right side of your question booklet.

Name of subject : Enter name of the subject.
Signature of the Candidate : The candidate has to sign in this box and should be identical with the signature affixed in the admit card and attendance sheet. The item for signature of the invigilator will be filled in by the concerned person.

(b) ANSWER PART OF THE OMR SHEET : (Right side of the sheet)

  • A specimen copy of the OMR answer sheet is included in the Prospectus. Each answer sheet will be having a unique pre-printed ‘BARCODE’ that will be used as a secret code against which the evaluation takes place. Candidates should not tamper with the BAR CODE. If a candidate tampers, mutilates or damages the barcode, he/she will be disqualified and his/her candidature will be cancelled. The answer sheet in respect of such candidates will not be subjected to valuation and they will be debarred from appearing for the Entrance Examinations for a period not exceeding two years.


  •  All entries in OMR answer sheet are to be made with blue or black ink BALLPOINT PEN only.
  • Marking with fountain pen, gel pen, sketch pen or pencil is not permitted.
  • Use of any ink of colour other than blue or black is not permissible.
  • Do not write your roll number or name or make any stray marks on this part of the sheet.
  • Do the marking for answers only in the spaces provided (bubbles).

 Method of marking :

(a) The Answer part of the OMR sheet (right side) consists of ovals, known as ‘bubbles’. USE ONLY BALLPOINT PEN (BLUE OR BLACK INK) for filling (marking) these bubbles. Marking with any other colour or with sketch/gel pen is not permitted.

(b) Each question will have five answers marked (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E).The most appropriate answer will have to be selected. Thereafter, using ballpoint pen (blue or black ink) mark the bubble corresponding to the most appropriate answer. For example if the answer to question 2 is C, bubble C has to be darkened .

(c) Mark only one bubble for each question. The bubble should be filled completely and must be dark.

(d) Here are some wrong methods of marking answers, such as In all these cases mentioned above, though the candidate may have given the correct answer, it will not be read by the scanner because of the wrong method of marking the answer.

(e) The bubble should be filled completely. Candidates are advised not to make any special effort to mark bubbles artistically.

(f) Warning : Marking once made will be final.

(g) Any attempt to erase the mark once made will leave smudges or marks on the bubble, which will treat it as a valid mark.

(h) Any fresh mark made after attempting erasure of an already marked bubble will lead to multiple marks with the consequent penalty of negative marks.

  •  Candidates will get the copy of the OMR sheet after the completion of the examination. The copy which is attached to the Main OMR sheet will be detached by the Invigilator in the presence of the candidate after the completion of the examination. The candidates will be permitted to carry this copy with them after the Examination.
  •  The question booklet for each paper will be supplied to the candidate only five minutes before the actual time prescribed for the commencement of the examinations. The candidates should take care to mark the necessary entries, in the question booklet as well as on the OMR answer sheet immediately before beginning to answer the questions.
  •  Immediately after the commencement of the examination, the candidate should check that the question booklet supplied is of the correct version and that it contains all the 120 questions in serial order. The question booklet should not have unprinted or torn or missing pages in it. If the question booklet does not agree with the above, the matter should be brought to the immediate attention of the invigilator. In such cases the invigilator should take immediate action to rectify the same by issuing the candidate a question booklet of the same version. The question booklet initially issued will be taken back only after the replacement is made.
  •  Candidates are warned that they should enter only the necessary information as required in the OMR answer sheet (on the left part). Any additional information, which is not required and which may help to identify the candidate (made in any part of the OMR sheet), will disqualify the candidate and his/her candidature will be cancelled without any further intimation. Further he/she will be debarred from appearing for the Entrance Examinations for a period not exceeding two years.
  •  Any mistake in filling up the data part of the OMR sheet or in marking the answers will affect the valuation of the script adversely.

WARNING : Any malpractice or attempt to commit any kind of malpractice in the Examination will result in the disqualification of the candidate.

KEAM Medical (UG) 2014 Answer Sheet

Separate answer sheet (OMR Answer Sheet) having a copy of the original OMR sheet attached to it, will be given to mark the answers. Candidates should not detach the copy of the OMR sheet from the original during the course of Examination. All impressions made in the original OMR sheet will be carried over to the copy attached. Hence candidates, while making entries in the OMR sheet and while answering, should ensure that the copy of the OMR is always aligned with the original OMR sheet. Any change in alignment can result in variation of the position of the entries in the original and copy of OMR sheets. If any candidate detaches the copy before the conclusion of the examination, his/her candidature is liable to be cancelled.

 The evaluation of the answer sheet of objective type papers will be done using the OPTICAL MARK READING (OMR) System. Hence the answer sheet (OMR answer sheet) is designed to suit this system.

 A specimen copy of the OMR answer sheet is included in the Prospectus. Each answer sheet will be having a unique pre-printed ‘BARCODE’ that will be used as a secret code against which the evaluation takes place. Candidates should not tamper with the BAR CODE. If a candidate tampers, mutilates or damages the barcode, he/she will be disqualified and his/her candidature will be cancelled. The answer sheet in respect of such candidates will not be subjected to valuation and they will be debarred from appearing for the Entrance Examinations for a period not exceeding two years.

 IMPORTANT : Extra care is needed while handling the OMR Answer sheet in the following respects.

DO NOT: (i) Pin or staple (ii) Punch or tag (iii) Make holes anywhere (iv) Wet or soil (v) Tear or mutilate (vi) Wrinkle or fold the OMR Answer Sheet.

KEAM Medical (UG) 2014 Reporting for the Examination

(i) Candidates should bring Admit card, ballpoint pen (either blue or black ink) and a card board/clip board for the Examination.

(ii) Candidates will not be permitted to take items such as pencil, eraser, correction fluid, calculator, logarithm table, electronic gadgets, mobile phones etc. into the examination hall.

(iii) Candidate should be present at the examination hall, 30 minutes before the prescribed time for the commencement of the examination.

(iv) No candidate will be permitted to enter the examination hall, 30 minutes after the commencement of the examination.

(v) Candidates will be permitted to leave the examination hall only after completion of the examination.

KEAM – Medical(UG) 2014 Steps involved in applying online

Step 1 : Candidate Registration

Step 2 : Candidate Login

Step 3 : Filling up of Application

Step 4 : Final Submission of Application

Step 5 : Payment of Application Fee

Step 6 : Print all the pages of Application

Step 7 : Send the printout of the Application and supporting documents to CEE

Related links KEAM Medical (UG) :-

KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Important Dates

KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Eligibility

KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Exam Pattern

KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Syllabus

KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Exam Centre

KEAM Medical (UG) 2014 Requirements for Applying Online

1. Prospectus

Read the prospectus of KEAM before filling up application.

2. Photograph

jpeg format of candidate’s photograph .

3. Email ID

Candidate should possess a valid email id. Keep this email id live and secure till the end of the admission process, KEAM 2014. If you do not have an email id, a new email id must be created before applying online. Candidate should not provide the email id of others, under any circumstances. A valid e-mail id or a mobile number is to be given in the online application.

4. Application Fee :

Candidate should have details of Application fee remittance. Modes of Payment are:

a) Security Card

Either by purchasing the Security Card from selected Post Offices; or

b) Demand Draft

By way of Demand Draft (DD) drawn on a Nationalised/Scheduled Bank, in favour of the Commissioner for Entrance Examinations, payable at Thiruvananthapuram.

5. Certificates/Documents

All other relevant documents which you need to fill up all fields in the online application like, name, date of birth, category, caste, income, name of village, taluk, district, etc.

a) Income Certificate

Income certificate from concerned Village Officer may be obtained, if needed, before filling up application which helps you to fill the income details in online application. The format of income certificate can be downloaded from the CEE website. The income provided with the application may be considered for fee relaxation in future.

b) Community Certificate

If you have any claim for communal reservation/fee concession, please download the format of the community certificate and get it certified by a Village Officer/Tahasildar.

6. Computer System

The computer system used for applying online should have the following facilities:

a) Internet

Should have an internet connection.

b) Browser

Should have a browser. Recommended browsers are Mozilla Firefox and Internet Explorer only.

c) PDF reader

Should have a PDF reader like, Adobe PDF reader or Foxit Reader.

d) Printer

The printout of all pages of application should be taken in Laser printer/Deskjet Printer in A4 white paper only.

Related links KEAM Medical (UG) :-

KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Important Dates

KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Eligibility

KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Exam Pattern

KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Syllabus

KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Exam Centre

KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Exam Centre


KEAM Medical UG Exam Centre
1 Thiruvananthapuram (TVM)
2 Kollam (KLM)
3 Pathanamthitta (PTA)
4 Alappuzha (ALP)
5 Kottayam (KTM)
6 Ernakulam (EKM)
7 Idukki (IDK)
8 Thrissur (TCR)
9 Palakkad (PKD)
10 Malappuram (MLP)
11 Kozhikode (KKD)
12 Wayanad (WYD)
13 Kannur (KNR)
14 Kasaragod (KSD)
15 New Delhi (DLH)
16 Dubai (DUB)


Related links KEAM Medical (UG) :-

KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Important Dates

KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Eligibility

KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Exam Pattern

KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Syllabus



KEAM – Medical (UG) Guidelines for Admission to MBBS/BDS Courses

1. National Eligibility cum Entrance Test [NEET (UG)] will be conducted by CBSE for admission to MBBS/BDS Courses 2014.

2. All candidates desirous of being considered for admission to MBBS/BDS Courses should appear for the NEET (UG)-2014.

3. State to which the applicants belong: All candidates should select Kerala State while applying for NEET(UG)-2014 for inclusion in the Kerala State Rank list.

4. Candidates included in the Kerala State Rank list of NEET (UG)-2014 alone are eligible for admission to MBBS/BDS Courses.

5. Candidates should also apply ‘online’ for KEAM – 2014 with all necessary certificates as mentioned in the prospectus for KEAM-2014 before the last date.

6. The CEE will verify and allow the Nativity, Eligibility for reservation/Special Reservation claimed by the candidate.

7. The CEE will conduct a separate Online Centralized allotment for admission to MBBS/BDS Courses for 2014. Notification to this effect will be issued separately.

8. Candidates should send the attested copy of the Confirmation Page of NEET (UG) 2013 along with the application for KEAM 2014.

9. Liquidated Damages:- Students who discontinue studies and those who retain unnecessary options at the final stage of the allotment and thereby leading to lapse of Government seats are liable to pay an amount of Rs.10 lakhs as liquidated damages . Those candidates will be debarred from appearing for the allotment/admission conducted by the CEE for a period not exceeding two years.

Related links KEAM Medical (UG) :-

KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Important Dates

KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Eligibility

KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Exam Pattern

KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Syllabus

KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Exam Centre

KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Syllabus

KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Physics Syllabus

KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Chemistry Syllabus

KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Biology Syllabus


Related links KEAM Medical (UG) :-

KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Important Dates

KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Eligibility

KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Exam Pattern

KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Exam Centre

KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Biology Syllabus


Characters of Living organisms, Biosystematics, Binomial nomenclature (guidelines and merits), Taxonomic categories, Taxonomical Aids, Systems of classification – Two Kingdom and Five Kingdom classification – (brief description with emphasis on criteria, merits and demerits). Descriptive features of kingdoms: Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantae and Animalia; viruses, Viriods and Lichens.


Brief description of Artificial, natural and phylogenetic classification.


Algae – Salient, comparative features of Rhodophyta, Phaeophyta and Chlorophyta with examples. Bryophyta – General features with special mention on aquatic to terrestrial evolution, alternation of generation of Liverworts and Mosses.

Pteridophytes – General features with examples

 Gymnosperms – General features with examples

Angiosperms – Unique features with examples

Plant Life Cycle and alternation of generation.

2.2 Morphology of Angiosperms

Morphological structures of root, stem and leaf, their structural and functional modifications with examples, Inflorescence – Racemose, Cymose, morphological characters of flower, fruit and seed.

2.3 Taxonomy of Angiosperms

Description of taxonomical types, families such as Fabaceae, Solanacea and Liliaceae with examples.

2.4 Anatomy of flowering plants

Tissue: Meristematic (Classification based on origin, position and plane of division); Permanent (Simple and complex types); Tissue systems (epidermal, ground and vascular); Anatomy of root and stem (primary structure) of monocot and dicot; Anatomy of leaf of monocot and dicot; Normal secondary growth of stem
and root.


3.1 Cell as a basic unit of life; Cell theory; Cell as a self-contained unit, unicellularity and multicellularity, prokaryotic and eukaryotic systems.

3.2 Ultra Structure: Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell, cell wall, cell membrane (Fluid Mosaic Model), membrane transport, description of cell organelles and their function (nucleus, mitochondria, plastids, endoplasmic reticulum, golgi bodies, lysosomes, cytoskeletal structures, cilia and flagella, centriole, ribosomes).

3.3 Biomolecules of cell: Inorganic and organic materials (carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids – RNA, DNA), enzymes (properties, chemical nature and mechanism of action).

3.4 Cell cycle: Cell division, mitosis and meiosis – their significance.


4.1 Transport in plants – Means of transport (imbibition, diffusion, osmosis, plasmolysis, permeability, water potential), absorption and movement – active and passive. Transpiration: Mechanism of opening and closing of stomata, guttation, significance of transpiration. Uptake and transport of mineral nutrients.

4.2 Mineral nutrition: Functions of minerals, macro and micro elements, deficiency symptoms of elements. Toxicity of micronutrients, Nitrogen metabolism: Nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen fixation, mechanism, synthesis of amino acids (reductive amination, transamination).

4.3 Photosynthesis: Significance, photosynthetic apparatus, functional aspects of chlorophyll structure, action spectra and absorption spectra. Mechanism: Photochemical phase, photo phosphorylation (cyclic and non cyclic electron transport system), chemiosmotic hypothesis, biosynthetic phase (C3, C4); Photorespiration and its mechanism; Factors affecting photosynthesis (Blackmann’s law of limiting factor).

4.4 Respiration: Significance, site of respiration, mechanism: Glycolysis, Kreb’s cycle, electron-transport system and oxidative phosphorylation, amphibolic pathway; Respiratory quotient; Anaerobic respiration, fermentation.


5.1 Modes of reproduction in flowering plants Vegetative propagation (natural and artificial), micropropagation, significance. Sexual reproduction: Development of male and female gametophytes, pollination types and factors, double fertilization, incompatibility; seed and fruit development, parthenogenesis and parthenocarpy, polyembryonic.

5.2 Plant Growth Characteristic features, measurement of growth, growth curve, growth rate, differentiation and growth regulators (phytohormones): auxins, gibberellins, cytokinines, ethylene, abscisic acid (ABA) and their role. photoperiodism and vernalisation.


6.1 Organisms and population – Organism and its environment: Factors: biotic, abiotic (air, water, soil, temperature and light); responses to abiotic factors, adaptations, population, population attributes, population growth, Interactions, predation, competition, parasitism, commensalism and mutualism.

6.2 Ecosystem: Structure and function, productivity, decomposition, energy flow, ecological pyramids, ecological succession, nutrient cycling, brief descriptions of major biomes.

6.3 Environmental Issues: Sources of air, water, soil and noise pollution; Major pollutants, their effects and methods of control. Pollution due to radioactive substance, disposal of nuclear wastes. effect and control of radiation pollution, agrochemical and their effects, Green house effect and global warming, ozone depletion, deforestation.


Principles of biotechnology, tools of recombinant DNA technology, process of recombinant DNA technology, biotechnological application in agriculture, genetically modified crops, biotechnological applications in medicine, genetically engineered insulin, gene therapy, molecular diagnosis, transgenic animals and ethical issues.


8.1 Origin of life, Big bang theory, various theories, panspermia, abiogenesis, chemical evolution – Oparin- Haldane Hypothesis, Harold Urey & Stanley Miller experiment, Theories of Evolution – Lamarckism, Theory of Inheritance of Acquired Character, Theory of Use and Disuse, Darvinism – Natural selection theory,
Example of natural selection – Industrial Melanism, Geological timescale.

8.2 Evidences of Evolution – Palaentological, Morphological and Anatomical evidences of evolution

8.3 Population Genetics & Evolution – Hardy Weinberg’s Equilibrium, genetic drift, founder effect.

8.4 Adaptive radiation – Adaptive radiation of marsupials of Australia

8.5 Origin and Evolution of Man


9.1 Salient features of different Phyla with examples, Grades of organization and body plan, body symmetry, germ layers (diploblastic & triploblastic organization), segmentation, coelom
Phylum Porifera eg: Sycon, Leucosolenia, Spongilla

Phylum Cnidaria eg: Hydra, Obelia, Physalia, Aurelia, Sea Anemone, Corals

Phylum Ctenophora eg: pleurobrachia, etenoplana

Phylum Playhelminthes eg.: Taenia, Fasciola, Planaria

Phylum Aschelminthes eg: Ascaris, Rhabditis, Wuchereria, Ancylostoma

Phylum Annelida eg: Nereis, Aphrodite, Pheretima, Hirudinaria

Phylum Arthropoda eg: Honeybee, Silkworm, Lacinsect, Anophelus, Locus, Limulus

Phylum Mollusca eg: Pila, Pinctada, Sepia, Loligo, Octopus, Aplysia, Deutalium, Chaetopleura

Phylum Echinodermata eg: Asterias, Echinus, Antedon, Sea cucumber, Ophiura.

Phylum Hermichordata eg: Balanoglosus, Saccoglosus

Phylum Chordata – Urochordata eg: Ascidia, Salpa doliolum Cephalochordata eg: Amphioxus
Vertebrata – Classification up to classes
Super class I. Agnatha. Class – Cyclostomata eg: Petromyzon and Myxine.
Super class II. Gnathostomata Class a – Chondrichthyes (Cartilaginous fishes) eg: Scoliodon, Pristis, carcharodon, Trygon.
Class b. Osteichthyes (Bony fishes) eg.: Exocoetus, Hippocampus, Rohu, Catla, Clarius, Betta, Pterophyllum.
Class c. Amphibia – eg: Bufo, Rana, Hyla, Salamander, lchthyophis.
Class d. Reptilia eg: Chelone, Chameleon, Testudo, Hemidactylus, Calotes, Naja, Krait, Viper, Crocodile, Alligator.
Class e. Aves – eg: Corvus, Columba, Psittacula, Struthio, Pavo, Penguin, Vulture.
Class f. Mammalia eg: Platypus, Kangaroo, Whale, Macaca, Panthera, Elephus, Horse, Rat, Dolphin, Cat, Camel, Pteropus.


10.1 Animal Morphology: External and internal morphology, Earthworm, Cockroach, Frog.

10.2 ANIMAL TISSUES – Definition, Types of tissues – Epithelial tissue – different types with examples, specialized epithelial tissue with examples, Connective tissue with examples, Muscular tissue with examples, Nervous tissue with examples, Structure and functions of these tissues.


11.1 Heredity and variation – Mendel’s experiments, Laws of Mendel, Chromosome theory of inheritance, Pattern of inheritance, Incomplete dominance, Codominane chromosomes, Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic Chromosomes, Nucleosomes, Chromosome theory of inheritance, Concept of linkage and crossing over, Principle of gene mapping, sex linked inheritance, sex determination, sex limited and sex influenced inheritance, Mutation, Gene mutation, Chromosomal aberration, Polyploidy, aneuploidy and Euploidy, Mutation causing agents, Human Genetics, Pedigree Analysis, Genetic Disorders, Sickle cell anaemia, Phenylketonuria, Alzheimer’s disease, Down’s Syndrome, Klinefelter’s Syndrome.

11.2 Nature of Genetic Material: DNA and its structure, Different types of DNA, RNA and its structure, Experiments to prove genetic nature of DNA. DNA and Gene, DNA Replication, Gene expression- Gene and Protein, Biosynthesis of Protein, Genetic code, Regulation of Gene expression in prokaryotes and eukaryotes, Human genome project and DNA finger printing.


12.1 Nutrition, Different types of nutrition, Different types of nutrients, Malnutrition, Under nutrition, Disorders related to nutrition. Digestion – Human digestive system, Structure of alimentary canal, Glands associated with alimentary canal, Different enzymes secreted by the alimentary canal, Functions of various enzymes, Role of various regions of alimentary canal in absorption, Process of ingestion and digestion, Mechanism of absorption and assimilation of digested food components.

12.2 Respiration – Aerobic and Anaerobic Respiration, Mechanism of gas exchange, Human Respiratory system, Respiratory organs and mechanism involved in pulmonary respiration, Gas exchange and transport of respiratory gases, Respiratory pigments involved, Regulation of respiration, Respiratory disorders, Bronchitis, Bronchial Asthma, Emphysema, Occupational lung diseases, Causes of these disorders – symptoms, prevention and cure.

12.3 Circulation – composition of blood, structure and functions of different types of blood cells, Blood groups, Structure and working of heart, pulmonary, systemic and portal circulation, Pulse, heart beat and blood pressure, Rhythmicity of heart, Regulation of heart beat, Blood related disorders – hypertension, atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis, Electro cardio gram, Heart failure, Lymph and its functions.

12.4 Excretion – Definition, Different types of excretory organs – Skin, lungs and liver as excretory organs, Nitrogenous excretion, Different types of Nitrogenous excretion with examples, Ammenotelism, ureotelism and uricotelism, Excretory system in man, Structure of kidney, Composition and formation of urine, Role of Kidney in osmoregulation, Hormonal regulation of excretory system, Dialysis.

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KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Physics Syllabus


Physics – Scope and excitement; Physics in relation to science, society and technology – inventions, names of scientists and their fields, nobel prize winners and topics, current developments in physical sciences and related technology. Units for measurement – systems of units, S .I units, conversion from other systems to S.I units. Fundamental and derived units. Measurement of length, mass and time, least count in measuring instruments (eg. vernier calipers, screw gauge etc), Dimensional analysis and applications, order of magnitude, accuracy and errors in measurement, random and instrumental errors, significant figures and rounding off principles.


Objects in motion in one dimension – Motion in a straight line, uniform motion – its graphical representation and formulae; speed and velocity –  instantaneous velocity; ideas of relative velocity with expressions and graphical representations; Uniformly accelerated motion, position – time graph, velocity – time graph and formulae. Elementary ideas of calculus – differentiation and integration – applications to motion.


Vectors and scalars, vectors in two and three dimensions, unit vector, addition and multiplication, resolution of vector in a plane, rectangular  components , scalar and vector products. Motion in two dimensions – projectile motion, ideas of uniform circular motion, linear and angular velocity, relation
between centripetal acceleration and angular speed.


Force and inertia, first law of motion, momentum, second law of motion, forces in nature, impulse, third law of motion, conservation of linear momentum, examples of variable mass situation, rocket propulsion, equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication. Inertial and non-inertial frames (elementary ideas); Dynamics of uniform circular motion – centripetal and centrifugal forces, examples :
banking of curves and centrifuge.


Work done by a constant force and by a variable force, units of work – Energy – kinetic and potential forms, power, work-energy theorem. Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions. Gravitational potential energy and its conversion to kinetic energy, spring constant, potential energy of a spring, Different forms of energy, mass – energy equivalence (elementary ideas), conservation of energy, conservative and non-conservative forces.


Centre of mass of a two particle system, generalisation to N particles, momentum conservation and center of mass motion, applications to some familiar systems, center of mass of rigid body. Moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, physical meaning of angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum with some examples, eg. planetary motion. Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions, moment of inertia and its physical significance, radius of gyration, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems (statements only), moment of inertia of circular ring and disc, cylinder rolling without slipping.


Universal law of gravitation, gravitational constant (G) and acceleration due to gravity (g), weight and gravitation, variation of g with altitude, latitude, depth and rotation of earth. Mass of earth, gravitational potential energy near the surface of the earth, gravitational potential, escape velocity, orbital velocity of satellite, weightlessness, motion of geostationary and polar satellites, statement of Kepler’s laws of planetary motion, proof of second and third laws, relation between inertial and gravitational masses.


Solids : Hooke’s law, stress – strain relationships, Youngs modulus, bulk modulus, shear modulus of rigidity, some practical examples. Fluids : Pressure due to fluid column, Pascal’s law and its applications (hydraulic lift and hydraulic brakes), effect of gravity on fluid pressure, Buoyancy, laws of floatation and Archimedes principles, atmospheric pressure. Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, examples of drops and babbles, capillary rise, detergents and surface tension, viscosity, sphere falling through a liquid column, Stokes law, streamline flow, Reynold’s number, equation of continuity, Bernoulli’s theorum and applications.


Kinetic theory of gases, assumptions, concept of pressure, kinetic energy and temperature, mean-rms and most probable speed, degrees of freedom, statement of law of equipartition of energy, concept of mean free path and Avogadros’ number Thermal equilibrium and temperatures, zeroth law of thermodynamics, Heat-work and internal energy, Thermal expansion – thermometry. First law of thermodynamics and examples, specific heat, specific heat of gases at constant volume and constant pressure, specific heat of solids, Dulong and Petit’s law. Thermodynamical variables and equation of state, phase diagrams, ideal gas equation, isothermal and  adiabatic processes, reversible and irreversible processes, Carnot engines, refrigerators and heat pumps, efficiency and coefficient performance of heat engines , ideas of second law of thermodynamics with practical applications. Thermal radiation – Stefan-Boltzmann law, Newton’s law of cooling.


Periodic motion – period, frequency, displacement as a function of time and periodic functions; Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M) and its equation, uniform circular motion and simple harmonic motion, oscillations of a spring, restoring force and force constant, energy in simple harmonic motion, kinetic and potential energies, simple pendulum – derivation of expression for the period; forced and damped oscillations and resonance (qualitative ideas only), coupled oscillations.


Longitudinal and transverse waves, wave motion, displacement relation for a progressive wave, speed of a traveling wave, principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, beats, Doppler effect of sound with applications.


Frictional electricity; Properties of electric charges – conservation, additivity and quantisation. Coulomb’s law – Forces between two point electric charges, Forces between multiple electric charges; Superposition principle and continuous charge distribution. Electric field and its physical significance, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines; Electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole and behavior and dipole in a uniform electric field. Electric potential-physical meaning, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges; Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of point charges, electric dipoles in an electrostatic field. Electric flux, statement of Gauss’ theorem-its application to find field due to an infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Conductors and insulatorspresence of free charges and bound charges; Dielectrics and electric polarization, general concept of a capacitor and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, energy stored in a capacitor, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the
plates, Van de Graff generator.


Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity and mobility, their relation with electric current; Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics, limitations of Ohm’s law, electrical resistivity and conductivity, classification of materials in terms of conductivity; Superconductivity (elementary idea); Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors; combination of resistances – series and parallel. Temperature dependence of resistance. Internal resistance of a cell, Potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel. Kirchoff’s lawsillustration by simple applications, Wheatstone bridge and its applications, Meter bridge. Potentiometer – principle and applications to measure potential difference, comparison of emf of two cells and determination of internal resistance of a cell. Electric power, thermal effects of current and Joule’s law; Chemical effects of current, Faraday’s laws of electrolysis, Electro-chemical cells.


Concept of a magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment, Biot-Savart’s law, magnetic field due to an infinitely long current carrying straight wire and a circular loop, Ampere’s circuital law and its applications to straight and toroidal solenoids. Force on a moving charge in a uniform magnetic field, cyclotron. Force on current carrying conductor and torque on current loop in magnetic fields, force between two parallel current carrying conductors, definition of the ampere. Moving coil galvanometer and its conversion into ammeter and voltmeter. Current loop as a magnetic dipole, magnetic moment, torque on a magnetic dipole in a uniform magnetic field, Lines of force in magnetic field. Comparison of a bar magnet and solenoid. Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements, vibration magnetometer. Para, dia and ferromagnetic substances with examples. Electromagnets and permanent magnets.


Electromagnetic induction, Faraday’s laws, Induced e.m.f. and current, Lenz’s law, Eddy currents, self and mutual inductance. Alternating current, peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage, reactance and impedance, L.C. oscillations, LCR series circuit. (Phasor diagram), Resonant circuits and Q-factor; power in A.C. circuits, wattless current. AC generator and Transformer.


Properties of electromagnetic waves and Maxwell’s contributions (qualitative ideas), Hertz’s experiments, Electromagnetic spectrum (different regions and applications), propagation of electromagnetic waves in earth’s atmosphere.


Reflection in mirrors, refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications, spherical lenses, thin lens formula, lens maker’s formula;  Magnification, Power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact; Refraction and dispersion of light due to a prism, Scattering of light, Blue colour of the sky and appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset. Optical instruments, Compound microscope, astronomical telescope (refraction and reflection type) and their magnifying powers. Wave front and Huygen’s principle. Reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wave fronts (qualitative idea); Interference-Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light; Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum, difference between interference and diffraction, resolving power of microscope and telescope; Polarisation, plane polarised light, Brewster’s law, Use of polarised light and polaroids.


Photoelectric effect, Einstein photoelectric equation – particle nature light, photo-cell, Matter waves – wave nature of particles. De Broglie relation, Davisson and Germer experiment.


Alpha particle scattering experiment, size of the nucleus – composition of the nucleus – protons and neutrons. Nuclear instability – Radioactivity-Alpha, Beta and Gamma particle/rays and their properties, radio- active decay laws, Simple explanation of -decay, -decay and decay; mass-energy relation, mass defect, Binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number. Nature of nuclear forces, nuclear reactions, nuclear fission, nuclear reactors and their uses; nuclear fusion, elementary ideas of energy production in stars.


Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), difference between metals, insulators and semi-conductors using band theory; Intrinsic and extrinsic semi-conductors, p-n junction, Semi-conductor diodecharacteristics forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier, solar cell, photo-diode, zener diode as a voltage regulator; Junction transistor, characteristics of a transistor; Transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator; Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND, NOR); Elementary ideas about integrated circuits.


Elementary idea of analog and digital communication; Need for modulation, amplitude, frequency and pulse modulation; Elementary ideas about demodulation, Data transmission and retrieval, Fax and Modem. (basic principles) Space communications – Ground wave, space wave and sky wave propagation, satellite communications.

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KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Chemistry Syllabus


Laws of chemical combination: Law of conservation of mass. Law of definite proportion. Law of multiple proportions. Gay-Lussac’s law of combining volumes. Dalton’s atomic theory. Mole concept. Atomic, molecular and molar masses. Chemical equations. Balancing and calculation based on chemical equations.

 Atomic structure: Fundamental particles. Rutherford model of atom. Nature of electromagnetic radiation. Emission spectrum of hydrogen atom. Bohr model of hydrogen atom. Drawbacks of Bohr model. Dual nature of matter and radiation. de Broglie relation. Uncertainty principle. Wave function (mention only). Atomic orbitals and their shapes (s, p and d orbitals only). Quantum numbers. Electronic configurations of elements. Pauli’s exclusion principle. Hund’s rule. Aufbau principle.


Kossel and Lewis approach of bonding. Ionic bond, covalent character of ionic bond, Lattice energy.  Born-Haber cycle. Covalent bond. Lewis structure of covalent bond. Concept of orbital overlap. VSEPR theory and geometry of molecules. Polarity of covalent bond. Valence bond theory and hybridization (sp,sp, sp2 ,sp3,dsp2,d2sp3 and sp3d). Resonance. Molecular orbital method. Bond order. Molecular orbital diagrams of homodiatomic molecules. Bond strength and magnetic behaviour. Hydrogen bond. Coordinate bond. Metallic bond.


Gaseous state: Boyle’s law. Charles’ law. Avogadro’s hypothesis. Graham’s law of diffusion. Absolute scale of temperature. Ideal gas equation. Gas constant and its values. Dalton’s law of partial pressure. Aqueous tension. Kinetic theory of gases. Deviation of real gases from ideal behaviour. Inter molecular interaction, van der Waals equation. Liquefaction of gases. Critical temperature.
Liquid state: Properties of liquids. Vapour pressure and boiling point. Surface tension. Viscosity.
Solid state: Types of solids (ionic, covalent and molecular). Space lattice and unit cells. Cubic crystal systems. Close packing. Different voids (tetrahedral and  octahedral only). Density calculations. Point defects (Frenkel and Schottky). Electrical properties of solids. Conductors, semiconductors and insulators. Piezoelectric and pyroelectric crystals. Magnetic properties of solids. Diamagnetic, paramagnetic, ferromagnetic, antiferromagnetic and ferrimagnetic substances.


Classification of elements: Mendeleev’s periodic table. Atomic number and modern periodic law. Long form of periodic table. Electronic configurations of elements and their position in the periodic table. Classification into s-, p-, d- and f-block elements. Periodic properties: Ionization energy, electron affinity, atomic radii, valence and electro negativity.

Hydrogen: Position in the periodic table, occurrence, isolation, preparation (including commercial), properties, reactions and uses. Isotopes of hydrogen.

Hydrides: Molecular, saline and interstitial hydrides.

Water: Structure of water molecule and its aggregates. Physical and chemical properties of water. Hard and soft water. Removal of hardness. Preparation and uses of heavy water: Liquid hydrogen as fuel.


Alkali metals: Occurrence, electronic configuration, trends in atomic and physical properties (ionization energy, atomic radii and ionic radii), electrode potential, and reactions with oxygen, hydrogen, halogens and liquid ammonia. Oxides, hydroxides and halides.

Alkaline earth metals: Occurrence, electronic configuration, trends in atomic and physical properties, electrode potential, and reactions with oxygen, hydrogen and halogens. Oxides, hydroxides, halides and sulphides. Anomalous properties of lithium and beryllium.

Compounds of s-block elements: Large scale preparation of NaOH and Na2CO3, their properties and uses. Preparation and properties of CaO, Ca(OH)2, Plaster of Paris and MgSO4. Industrial uses of lime, limestone and cement.

Principles of metallurgy: Occurrence of metals. Concentration of ores. General principles of extraction of metals from ore. Thermodynamic and electro chemical principles of metallurgy. Refining of metals. Extraction of zinc, aluminium, iron and copper.


General characteristics of p-block elements: atomic and physical properties. Oxidation states. Trends in chemical reactivity of Groups 13, 14, 15, 16 and 17 elements.

Boron: Occurrence, isolation, physical and chemical properties. Borax and boric acid. Boron hydrides. Structure of diborane. Uses of boron and its compounds. Carbon: Allotropes, properties, Oxides of Carbon. Nitrogen: Terrestrial abundance and distribution, isolation, properties and chemical reactivity.

Ammonia: Haber process of manufacture, properties and uses. Nitric acid: Ostwald process of manufacture and important uses. Oxides of nitrogen: Preparation and structures (skeletal only).

Oxygen: Terrestrial abundance, isolation, properties and chemical reactivity.

Oxides: Acidic, basic and amphoteric oxides. Preparation, structure, properties and uses of ozone and hydrogen peroxide.

Silica: Different forms and uses. Structures of silicates. Silicones, Zeolites, Uses of Silicon Tetra Chloride.

Phosphorus: Production, allotropes and phosphine. Preparation and structures of PCl3, PCl5, oxyacids of phosphorus. Comparison of halides and hydrides of Group 15 elements. Sulphur: Production, allotropes, oxides and halides, Oxoacids of Sulphur (structure only).

Sulphuric acid: Manufacture, properties and uses. Comparison of oxides, halides and hydrides of Group 17 elements, Oxoacids of halogens (structure only), hydrides and oxides of chlorine. Interhalogen compounds.

Group 18 elements: Occurrence, isolation, atomic and physical properties, uses.

Compounds of xenon: Preparation of fluorides and oxides, and their reactions with water.


d-Block elements: Electronic configuration and general characteristics. Metallic properties, ionization energy, electrode potential, oxidation states, ionic radii, catalytic properties, coloured ions, complex formation, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds and alloys. Preparation and properties of KMnO4, K2Cr2O7 .

f-Block elements: Lanthanides: Occurrence, electronic configuration and oxidation states. Lanthanide contraction. Uses.

Actinides: Occurrence, electronic configuration and comparison with lanthanides.


System and surrounding: Types of systems. Types of processes. Intensive and extensive properties. State functions and path functions. Reversible and irreversible processes.

First law of thermodynamics: Internal energy and enthalpy. Application of first law of thermodynamics. Enthalpy changes during phase transition. Enthalpy changes in chemical reactions. Standard enthalpy of formation. Hess’s law of constant heat summation and numerical problems. Heat capacity and specific heat.

Second law of thermodynamics: Entropy and Gibbs free energy. Free energy change and chemical equilibrium. Criteria for spontaneity.


Physical and chemical equilibria: Dynamic nature of equilibrium. Equilibria involving physical changes (solid-liquid, liquid-gas, dissolution of solids in liquids and dissolution of gases in liquids). General characteristics of equilibria involving physical processes.

Equilibria involving chemical systems: Law of chemical equilibrium. Magnitude of equilibrium constant. Numerical problems. Effect of changing conditions of systems at equilibrium (changes of concentration, temperature and pressure). Effect of catalyst. The Le Chatelier principle and its applications. Relationship between Kp and Kc. Ionic equilibrium. Ionization of weak and strong electrolytes. Concepts of acids and bases: Those of Arrhenius, Bronsted-Lowry and Lewis. Acid-base equilibrium. Ionization of water. pH scale. Salt hydrolysis. Solubility product. Common ion effect. Buffer action and buffer solutions.


Types of solutions: Different concentration terms (normality, molarity, molality, mole fraction and mass percentage). Solubility of gases and solids. Vapour pressure of solutions and Raoult’s law. Deviation from Raoult’s law. Colligative properties: Lowering of vapour pressure, elevation in boiling point, depression in freezing point and osmotic pressure. Ideal and non-ideal solutions. Determination of molecular mass. Abnormal molecular mass. The van’t Hoff factor and related numerical problems.


Oxidation and reduction: Electron transfer concept. Oxidation number.

Balancing equations of redox reactions: Oxidation number method and ion electron method (half reaction method).

Faraday’s laws of electrolysis: Quantitative aspects. Electrolytic conduction. Conductance. Molar conductance. Kohlrausch’s law and its applications. Electrode potential and electromotive force (e.m.f.). Reference electrode (SHE only). Electrolytic and Galvanic cells. Daniel cell. The Nernst equation. Free energy and e.m.f. Primary and secondary cells. Fuel cell (H2-O2 only).

Corrosion and its prevention: Electrochemical theory of rusting of iron. Methods of prevention of corrosion. Galvanization and cathodic protection.


Rate of reaction. Average and instantaneous rates. Rate expressions. Rate constant. Rate law. Order and molecularity. Integrated rate law expressions for zero and first order reactions and their derivations. Units of rate constant. Half life period. Temperature dependence of rate constant. Arrhenius equation. Activation energy, Collision Theory (Elementary theory) and related numerical problems. Elementary and complex reactions with examples.


Adsorption: Physical and chemical adsorption. Factors affecting adsorption. Effect of pressure. Freundlisch adsorption isotherm. Catalysis. Enzymes.

Zeolites Colloids: Colloids and suspensions. Dispersion medium and dispersed phase.

Types of colloids: Lyophobic, lyophilic, multimolecular, macromolecular and associated colloids. Preparation, properties and protection of colloids. Gold number.
Hardy Schulze rule. Emulsions.


Ligand. Coordination number. IUPAC nomenclature of coordination compounds mononuclear, Isomerism in coordination compounds. Geometrical, optical and  structural isomerism. Bonding in coordination compounds. Werner’s coordination theory. Valence bond approach. Hybridization and geometry. Magnetic properties of octahedral, tetrahedral and square planar complexes. Introduction to crystal field theory. Splitting of d orbitals in octahedral and tetrahedral fields (qualitative only). Importance of coordination compounds in qualitative analysis and biological systems such as chlorophyll, hemoglobin and vitamin B12 (structures not included).


Distinction between organic and inorganic compounds. Tetra valence of carbon. Catenation. Hybridization (sp, sp2  and sp3). Shapes of simple molecules. General introduction to naming of organic compounds. Trivial names and IUPAC nomenclature. Illustrations with examples. Structural isomerism. Examples of functional groups containing oxygen, hydrogen, sulphur and halogens.

Purification of carbon compounds: Filtration, crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction and chromatography (column and paper only).

Qualitative analysis: Detection of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen and halogens.

Quantitative analysis: Estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus and halogens (principles only), and related numerical problems. Calculation of empirical and molecular formulae.


Classification of hydrocarbons. Alkanes and cycloalkanes: Nomenclature and conformation of ethane. 3D structures and 2D projections (Sawhorse and Newman). Alkenes and alkynes: Nomenclature. Geometrical isomerism in alkenes. Stability of alkenes. General methods of preparation. Physical and chemical properties. Markownikoff’s rule. Peroxide effect. Acidic character of alkynes. Polymerization reactions of dienes.

Aromatic hydrocarbons: Nomenclature. Isomerism. Benzene and its homologues. Structure of Benzene. Resonance. Delocalisation in benzene. Concept of aromaticity (an elementary idea). Chemical reactions of benzene. Polynuclear hydrocarbons and their toxicity.


Electronic displacement in a covalent bond: Inductive, electromeric, resonance and hyperconjugation effects. Fission of a covalent bond. Free radicals, electrophiles, nucleophiles, carbocations and carbanions.

Common types of organic reactions: Substitution, addition, elimination and rearrangement reactions. Illustrations with examples. Mechanism of electrophilic addition reactions in alkenes. Concept of delocalisation of electrons. Mechanism of electrophilic substitution reactions. Directive influence of substituents and their effect on reactivity (in benzene ring only).


Stereoisomerism: Geometrical isomerism and optical isomerism. Specific rotation. Chirality and chiral objects. Chiral molecules. Configuration and Fischer projections. Asymmetric carbon. Elements of symmetry. Compounds containing one chiral center. Enantiomers. Racemic form. Racemization. Compounds containing two chiral centers. Diastereo isomers. Meso form. Resolution.


Haloalkanes and haloarenes: Nomenclature and general methods of preparation. Physical properties. Nature of C-X bond in haloalkanes and haloarenes. Chemical properties and uses of chloromethane and chlorobenzene. Polyhalogen compounds: Preparation and properties of chloroform and iodoform. Uses of some commercially important compounds (chloroform, iodoform, DDT, BHC and freon).


Alcohols: Nomenclature. Important methods of preparation (from aldehydes, ketones, alkyl halides and hydration of alkenes). Manufacture of ethanol from molasses. Physical and chemical properties. Reactions with alkali metals and acids. Formation of alkenes, ethers and esters. Reactions with PX3, PX5, SOCl2. Oxidation of alcohols. Dehydrogenation.

Phenols: Nomenclature. Preparation of phenol (from sodium benzenesulphonate, benzene diazoniumchloride and chlorobenzene). Physical and chemical properties of phenol. Acidity of phenol. Action of phenol with FeCl3. Bromination, sulphonation and nitration of phenol.

Ethers: Nomenclature. Methods of preparation (from alcohols and alkyl halides). Williamson’s synthesis. Physical and chemical properties. Formation of peroxides. Actions with HI, HF and H2SO4. Some commercially important compounds: Methanol, ethanol (fermentation).

Aldehydes and ketones: Nomenclature. Electronic structure of carbonyl group. Methods of preparation (from alcohols, acid chlorides, ozonolysis of alkenes and hydration of alkynes). Friedel-Crafts acylation for acetophenone. General properties (physical and chemical) of aldehydes and ketones. Formation of paraldehyde and metaldehyde. Addition of NaHSO3, NH3 and its derivatives, Grignard reagent, HCN and alcohols. Oxidation reactions with Tollen’s reagent and Fehling’s solution. Oxidation of ketones. Reduction with LiAlH4. Clemmensen reduction. Wolff- Kischner reduction. Aldol condensation. Cannizzaro reaction.

Carboxylic acid: Nomenclature. Electronic structure of –COOH. Methods of Preparation (from alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, alkyl benzenes and hydrolysis of cyanide). Physical properties. Effects of substituents on acid strength. Chemical reactions.


Amines: Nomenclature. Primary, secondary and tertiary amines. Methods of preparation. Physical properties. Basic nature. Chemical reaction. Separation of primary, secondary and tertiary amines. Cyanides and isocyanides. Diazonium salts. Preparation and chemical reactions of benzene diazoniumchloride in synthetic organic chemistry.


Polymers: Classification. Addition and condensation polymerization. Copolymerization. Natural rubber and vulcanization. Synthetic rubbers. Condensation polymers. Biopolymers. Biodegradable polymers. Some commercially important polymers: Polyethene, polystyrene, PVC, Teflon, PAN, BUNA-N, BUNA-S, neoprene, Terylene, glyptal, nylon-6, nylon-66 and Bakelite.

Biomolecules: Classification of carbohydrates. Structure and properties of glucose. Reducing and nonreducing

sugars: Properties of sucrose, maltose and lactose (structures not included).

Polysaccharides: Properties of starch and cellulose. Proteins: Amino acids. Zwitterions. Peptide bond. Polypeptides. Primary, secondary and tertiary structures of protein. Denaturation of proteins. Enzymes. Nucleic acids. Types of nucleic acids. DNA and RNA, and their chemical composition. Primary structure of DNA. Double helix.

Vitamins: Classification and functions in biosystems.


Soil, water and air pollutions. Ozone layer. Smog. Acid rain. Green house effect and global warming. Industrial air pollution. Importance of green chemistry.
Chemicals in medicine and health care. Drug-target interaction, Analgesics, tranquillizers, antiseptics, antacids, antihistamines, antibiotics, disinfectants, antifertility drugs, chemicals in food, preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, antioxidants and edible colours, cleansing agents, soaps and synthetic detergents, antimicrobials.

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KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Exam Dates


Subject Date Time
Paper I
Chemistry & Physics
10 AM – 12.30 PM
Paper II
10 AM – 12.30 PM

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KEAM – Medical (UG) 2014 Eligibility

KEAM Medical UG Entrance eligibility is same as All India Pre-Medical Test (Previously NEET) conducted by CBSE and as notified by Medical Council of India from time to time. There is no separate eligibility for KEAM Medical Entrance 2014. The eligibility for AIPMT is as under:

All India Quota Seats:

    • (i) He/She has completed age of 17 years at the time of admission or will complete the age on or before 31st December of the year of his/her admission to the 1st year MBBS/BDS Course and is an INDIAN NATIONAL.
    • (ii) The upper age limit for candidates seeking admission under 15% All India Quota Seats is 25 years as on 31st December of the year of the entrance examination. Further provided that this upper age limit shall be relaxed by a period of 5 (five) years for the candidates of Scheduled Castes/ Scheduled Tribes/Other Backward Classes. Candidate must born on or between

    (a) 01.01.84 to 01.01.97 (SC/ST/OBC Category)
    (b) 01.01.89 to 01.01.97 (Other Category)

    State Quota Seats:
    • (i) He/She has completed age of 17 years at the time of admission or will complete the age on or before 31st December of the year of his/her admission to the 1st year MBBS/BDS Course and is an INDIAN NATIONAL.
    • (ii) Overseas Citizens of India (OCI) are eligible for admission in Medical/Dental Colleges subject to rules and regulations framed by the respective State Governments and the Government of India.

     Candidates from Andhra Pradesh and J&K

    • (i) Students from the States of Andhra Pradesh and J&K are NOT ELIGIBLE for 15% all India quota seats as both these States had opted out of All India Scheme since its inception. If they claim eligibility, they must submit an affidavit, in original,  on non-judicial Stamp Paper of  Rs 10/- duly sworn in before and attested by a Metropolitan Magistrate/First Class Judicial Magistrate to the effect that:-

    a) They are not eligible to seek admission for MBBS/BDS seats in Medical/ Dental Colleges in the States of Andhra Pradesh and J&K.
    (b) They are not domiciled in Andhra Pradesh and J&K.

    • (ii) Students from the States of Andhra Pradesh and J&K are however eligible for 100% seats for MBBS/BDS seats in Medical/ Dental Colleges in the States of Andhra Pradesh and J&K.
    • (iii) Applications not accompanied with the required affidavits   or accompanied with incomplete, unattested or photocopy of the affidavit shall be summarily rejected without any further reference in the matter. The affidavits submitted by such candidates will be verified and if found to be false, the admission of all such candidates shall be cancelled and criminal proceedings may be initiated against them.


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