LOYOLA COLLEGE (AUTONOMOUS), CHENNAI – 600 034 LOYOLA COLLEGE (AUTONOMOUS), CHENNAI – 600 034B.Sc. DEGREE EXAMINATION – MATHEMATICSFOURTH SEMESTER – APRIL 2008MT 4501 – MECHANICS – I

Date : 29/04/2008 Dept. No. Max. : 100 Marks Time : 9:00 – 12:00 PART – A Answer ALL questions.: (10 x 2 = 20)1. Define coplanar forces.2. Distinguish between internal and external forces.3. Define a couple.4. Define moment or torque of a force .5. Define dynamical friction.6. Define angular velocity.7. A body of mass ‘m’ is carried in a lift moving with downwards acceleration f. Find the pressure on the lift.8. Define cone of friction.9. Define angle of projection.10. Define elastic body.

PART – BAnswer any FIVE questions. (5 x 8 = 40)11. Two forces acting on a particle are such that if the direction of one of them is reversed, the direction of the resultant is turned through a right angle. Prove that the forces must be equal in magnititude.12. Prove that the sum of any two coplanar forces about any point in the plane of forces equals the moment of the resultant about that point.13. A straight rod pq of length 2a and weight W rests on smooth horizontal pegs R and S at the same level at a distance ‘a’ a part. If two pw and qw are suspended from P and Q respectively, show that when the reactions at R and S are equal, the distance PR is given by 14. A system of forces in the plane of is equivalent to a single force at A1 acting along the internal bisector of the angle BAC and a couple of moment G1. If the moments of the system about B and C are respectively G2 and G3, prove that .15. A and B describe concentric circles of radii a and b with speeds u and v, the motion being the same way round. If the angular velocity of either w.r.t the other is zero, prove that the line joining them subtends at the centre an angle whose cosine is .16. Two particles of masses m1 and m2 (m1>m2) are connected by means of light inextensible string passing over a light, smooth, fixed pulley. Discuss the motion.17. If t be the time in which a projectile reaches a point P in its path and t1, the time from P till it reaches the horizontal plane through the point of projection, show that the height of P above the horizontal plane is gtt1.18. A ball A impinges directly on an exactly equal and similar ball B lying on a smooth horizontal table. If e is the coefficient of restitution, prove that after impact, the velocity of B is to that of A as (1+e): (1-e).

PART – CAnswer any TWO questions. (2 x 20 = 40)19. a) State and prove Lami’s theorem.b) Three equal strings of no sensible weight are knotted together to form an equilateral and a weight W is suspended from A. If the triangle and the weight be supported with BC horizontal by means of two strings at B and C each at an angle 135o with BC, show that the tension in BC is . (10+10)

20. a) A ladder which stands on a horizontal ground leaning against a vertical wall is so loaded that its centre of gravity is at the distances a and b from the lower and upper ends respectively. Show that if the ladder is in limiting equilibrium, its indination to the horizontal is given by where and 1 are the coefficients of friction between the ladder and the ground and the wall respectively.b) A particle is projected upwards under the action of gravity in a resisting medium where the resistance varies as the square of the velocity. Discuss the motion. (10+10)

21. a) Obtain the equation of the path of a projectile in Cartesian form.b) A particle is projected so as to clear two walls, first of height a at a distance b from the point of projection and the second of height b at a distance a from the point of projection. Show that the range on the horizontal plane is and the angle of projection exceeds . (10+10)

22. a) Two smooth spheres m1 and m2 moving with velocities u1 and u2 respectively in the direction of line of centres impinge directly. Discuss the motion of each mass after impact, given that e is the coefficient of restitution.b) A body, sliding down a smooth inclined plane, is observed to cover equal distances, each equal to a, in consecutive intervals of time t1 and t2. Show that the indination of plane to the horizon is . (10+10)