Fourteenth Presidential Election of India, 2012: Winner Pranab Mukherjee

FOURTEENTH PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, 2012

The term of the twelfth President Smt. Pratibha Devisingh Patil was to expire on 24-07-2012. The Fourteenth Presidential Election (as the first President, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, was elected twice) was to be held before that date.

RETURNING OFFICER

Dr. Vivek K. Agnihotri, Secretary-General, Rajya Sabha.

ASSTT. RETURNING OFFICERS

Two Joint Secretaries in the Rajya Sabha Secretariat and the Secretary of each State Legislative Assembly along with one Officer of the rank of Addl. Secy./Joint Secy./ Deputy Secretary of State Assemblies including NCT of Delhi and the UT of Pondicherry.

ELECTION PROGRAMME

1. Notified on 16-06-2012
2. Last date for making nomination 30-06-2012
3. Scrutiny of Nominations on 02-07-2012
4. Last date for withdrawal 04-07-2012
5. Date of Poll 19-07-2012 (10 A.M. to 5.P.M.)
6. Counting of votes 22-07-2012

ELECTORAL COLLEGE

The Electoral College consisted of elected members of Lok Sabha [543], Rajya Sabha [233] and 30 State Legislative Assemblies [4120] including NCT of Delhi and UT of Pondicherry. Thus the total electors were 4896.

EXAMINATION OF NOMINATION PAPER

On the day of scrutiny of nomination papers, an objection was raised with regard to the eligibility of Shri Pranab Mukherjee to stand as a candidate on the ground that he was allegedly holding an office of profit under the Government by virtue of being the Chairman of Council of Indian Statistical Institute. At the request of the authorized representative of Shri Pranab Mukherjee, the scrutiny proceedings were adjourned by the Returning Officer to the following day and completed by him on that day rejecting the objection.

NO. OF VOTES FOR EACH MEMBER

Each Member of Parliament had 708 votes and the number of votes for each Member of the State Legislative Assemblies differed from State to State on 1971 census.

CANDIDATES
Sl. NoCANDIDATEVOTES POLLED
1.Sh. Pranab Mukherjee7,13,763
2.Sh. Purno Agitok Sangma3,15,987
TOTAL10,29,750

Sh. Pranab Mukherjee was declared elected by the Returning Officer on 22nd July, 2012. He assumed office on 25th July 2012.

Thirteenth Presidential Election of India, 2007: Winner Pratibha Devisingh Patil

THIRTEENTH PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, 2007

The term of the eleventh President Sh. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was to expire on 24-07-2007. The Thirteenth Presidential Election (as the first President, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, was elected twice) was to be held before that date.

RETURNING OFFICER

Shri P.D.T. Achary, Secretary-General, Lok Sabha.

ASSTT. RETURNING OFFICERS

Two Joint Secretaries in the Lok Sabha Secretariat and the Secretary of each State Legislative Assembly along with one Officer of the rank of Addl. Secy./Joint Secy./ Deputy Secretary of State Assemblies including NCT of Delhi and the UT of Pondicherry.

ELECTION PROGRAMME

1. Notified on 16-06-2007
2. Last date for making nomination 30-06-2007
3. Scrutiny of Nominations on 02-07-2007
4. Last date for withdrawal 04-07-2007
5. Date of Poll 19-07-2007 (10 A.M. to 5.P.M.)
6. Counting of votes 21-07-2007

ELECTORAL COLLEGE

The Electoral College consisted of elected members of Lok Sabha [543], Rajya Sabha [233] and 30 State Legislative Assemblies [4120] including NCT of Delhi and UT of Pondicherry. Thus the total electors were 4896.

NO. OF VOTES FOR EACH MEMBER

Each Member of Parliament had 708 votes and the number of votes for each Member of the State Legislative Assemblies differed from State to State on 1971 census.

CANDIDATES
Sl. NoCANDIDATEVOTES POLLED
1.Smt. Pratibha Devisingh Patil6,38,116
2.Sh. Bhairon Singh Shekhawat3,31,306
TOTAL9,69,422

Smt. Pratibha Devisingh Patil was declared elected by the Returning Officer on 21st July, 2007. She assumed office on 25th July 2007.

Twelfth Presidential Election of India, 2002: Winner Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

TWELFTH PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, 2002

The term of the tenth President Shri K. R Narayanan was to expire on 24-07-2002. The Twelfth Presidential Election was to be held before that date.

RETURNING OFFICER

Shri R. C. Tripathi, Secretary-General, Rajya Sabha.

ASSTT. RETURNING OFFICERS

One Additional Secretary and one Joint Secretary in the Rajya Sabha Secretariat and the Secretary of each State Legislative Assembly along with one Officer of the rank of Addl. Secy./Joint Secy./Deputy Secretary of State Assemblies including NCT of Delhi and the UT of Pondicherry.

ELECTION PROGRAMME

1. Notified on 11-06-2002
2. Last date for making nomination 25-06-2002
3. Scrutiny of Nominations on 26-06-2002
4. Last date for withdrawal 28-06-2002
5. Date of Poll 15-07-2002 (10 A.M. to 5.P.M.)
6. Counting of votes 18-07-2002

ELECTORAL COLLEGE

The Electoral College consisted of elected members of Lok Sabha [543], Rajya Sabha [233] and 30 State Legislative Assemblies [4120] including NCT of Delhi and UT of Pondicherry. Thus the total electors were 4896.

NO. OF VOTES FOR EACH MEMBER

Each Member of Parliament had 708 votes and the number of votes for each Member of the State Legislative Assemblies differed from State to State on 1971 census.

CANDIDATES
Sl. NoCANDIDATEVOTES POLLED
1.Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam9,22,884
2.Smt. Lakshmi Sahgal1,07,366
TOTAL10,30,250

Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam was declared elected by the Returning Officer on 18th July 2002. He assumed office on 25th July 2002.

Eleven Presidential Election of India, 1997: Winner K.R. Narayanan

ELEVENTH PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, 1997

The term of the Ninth President Dr. Shanker Dayal Sharma was to expire on 24-07-1997. The Eleventh Presidential Election was to be held before that date.

CHANGES IN THE LAW

The President of India promulgated an Ordinance on 5th June, 1997 to further amend the Presidential and Vice-Presidential Act, 1952. The Parliament approved the Ordinance on 29-08-1997. The following amendments to the act were made:-
(a) In the case of the Presidential Election, the number of Proposers and Seconders for any nomination paper was increased from ten Proposers to fifty Proposers and from ten Seconders to fifty Seconders.
(b) In the case of Vice-Presidential Election, the number of Proposers and Seconders for any nomination paper was likewise increased from five Proposers and five Seconders to twenty Proposers and twenty Seconders.
(c) The amount of security was increased from Rs.2,500/- to Rs.15,000/-.

RETURNING OFFICER

Shri S. Gopalan, Secretary General, Lok Sabha.

ASSTT. RETURNING OFFICERS

Two Joint Secretaries in the Lok Sabha Secretariat and the Secretaries/Special Secretaries of the Legislative Assemblies of States including NCT of Delhi and the UT of Pondicherry.

ELECTION PROGRAMME

1. Notified on 09-06-1997
2. Last date for making nomination 23-06-1997
3. Scrutiny of Nominations on 24-06-1997
4. Last date for withdrawal 26-06-1997
5. Date of Poll 14.07.1997 (10 A.M. to 5 P.M.)
6. Counting of votes 17.07.1997

ELECTORAL COLLEGE

The Electoral College consisted of elected members of Lok Sabha [543], Rajya Sabha [233] and 27 State Legislative Assemblies [4072]. Thus the total electors were 4848.

NO. OF VOTES FOR EACH MEMBER

Each Member of Parliament had 708 votes and the number of votes for each Member of the State Legislative Assemblies differed from State to State based on 1971 census.

CANDIDATES
Sl. NoCANDIDATEVOTES POLLED
1.Shri K.R. Narayanan9,56,290
2.Shri T.N. Seshan50,631
TOTAL10,06,921

Shri K.R. Narayanan was declared elected by the Returning Officers on 22-07-1997. He assumed office on 25-07-1997.

Ten Presidential Election of India, 1992: Winner Dr. Shanker Dayal Sharma

TENTH PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, 1992

The term of the Eighth President Shri R. Venkataraman was to expire on 24-07-1992. Tenth Presidential Election was to be held before that date.

RETURNING OFFICER

The Secretary General, Rajya Sabha.

ASSTT. RETURNING OFFICERS

Two Directors in the Rajya Sabha Secretariat and the Secretaries of the Legislative Assemblies of the State were appointed as AROs.

ELECTION PROGRAMME

1. Notified on 10-06-1992
2. Last date for making nomination 24-06-1992
3. Scrutiny of Nominations on 25-06-1992
4. Last date for withdrawal 27-06-1992
5. Date of Poll 13-07-1992 (10 A.M. to 5 P.M.)
6. Counting of votes 16-07-1992

ELECTORAL COLLEGE

The Electoral College consisted of elected members of Lok Sabha [543], Rajya Sabha [233] and 25 State Legislative Assemblies [3972]. Thus the total electors were 4748.

NO. OF VOTES FOR EACH MEMBER

Each Member of Parliament had 702 votes and the number of votes for each Member of the State Legislative Assemblies differed from State to State on the basis of the population. The lowest value of votes was for the MLAs of Sikkim State (07) and the highest value of votes was for the MLAs of Uttar Pradesh (208). The value of votes was calculated on the basis of 1971 census. At the time of this election the Legislative Assemblies of J & K and Nagaland were under dissolution.

CANDIDATES
Sl. NoCANDIDATEVOTES POLLED
1.Dr. Shanker Dayal Sharma6,75,804
2.Shri G.G. Swell3,46,485
3.Shri Ram Jethmalani2,704
4.Kaka Joginder Singh Urf Dharti-Pakad1,135
TOTAL10,26,188

Dr. Shanker Dayal Sharma was declared elected by the Returning Officer on 16-07-1992. He assumed office on 25-07-1992.

Nine Presidential Election of India, 1987: Winner R. Venkataraman

NINTH PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, 1987

The term of the Seventh President Gyani Zail Singh was to expire on 24-07-1987. Ninth Presidential Election was to be held before that date.

RETURNING OFFICER

Dr. Subhash Kashyap, Secretary General, Lok Sabha.

ASSTT. RETURNING OFFICERS

Shri N. N. Mehra, Joint Secretary, Lok Sabha and the Secretaries of the Legislative Assemblies of the States except the State of Kerala where the post of Secretary to the State Assembly was vacant, the Additional Secretaries were appointed as AROs.

ELECTION PROGRAMME

1. Notified on 10.06.1987
2. Last date for making nomination 24.06.1987
3. Scrutiny of Nominations on 25.06.1987
4. Last date for withdrawal 27.06.1987
5. Date of Poll 13.07.1987 (10 A.M. to 5 P.M.)
6. Counting of votes on 16-07-1987

ELECTORAL COLLEGE

The Electoral College consisted of elected members of Lok Sabha [543]. Rajya Sabha [233] and 25 State Legislative Assemblies [3919]. Thus the total electors were 4695.

NO. OF VOTES FOR EACH MEMBER

Each Member of Parliament had 702 votes and the number of votes for each Member of the State Legislative Assemblies differed from State to State on the basis of the population. The lowest value of votes was for the MLAs of Sikkim State (07) and the highest value of votes was for the MLAs of Uttar Pradesh (208). The value of votes was calculated on the basis of 1971 census.

CANDIDATES
Sl. NoCANDIDATEVOTES POLLED
1.Shri R. Venkataraman7,40,148
2.Shri V. Krishna Iyer2,81,550
Shri Mithilesh Kumar2,223
TOTAL10,23,921

Shri R. Venkataraman was declared elected by the Returning Officer on 16-07-1987. He assumed office on 25-07-1987.

SOME IMPORTANT FEATURES OF THIS ELECTION

ELIGIBILITY TO VOTE BY DISQUALIFIED MEMBERS

The Speaker, on the ground of defection, disqualified 22 members of the Punjab Legislative Assembly. During the trial of their Special Leave Petition, the Supreme Court in its interim Order dated 07-05-1987 had held that if any Presidential Election was to be held before the hearing of the matter, the disqualified members would be entitled to participate in the poll and cast their votes as if they had not been disqualified. On a clarification sought by the Commission, the Supreme Court, by an Order dated 22-06-1987, held that participation includes proposing and seconding of nominations of candidates. The votes cast by these members might be separately marked and after counting kept separately until final disposal of the case. The Court also indicated that such further directions as might be needed might be taken at the time of hearing of the matter.
Pursuant to the above directions, the names of the 22 Members of Legislative Assembly concerned were included in the list of members of the Electoral College.
In order to give effect to the directions of the Hon’ble Supreme Court, the Commission laid down the following procedure for observance by the Assistant Returning Officer i.e. Secretary to the Punjab Legislative Assembly:-

i) Every ballot paper, issued to the above mentioned 22 Members or the postal ballot paper, if issued to any of them on the ground of his being under preventive detention, and the counterfoil thereof shall be prominently marked on their back with a rubber stamp to be supplied by the Election Commission containing the words “Permitted to vote under direction of the Supreme Court.”
ii) For the purpose of issue of ballot papers to the above mentioned 22 Members, a separate packet consisting of the last 25 ballot papers supplied for use of electors at Chandigarh shall be set apart.
iii) An additional polling officer shall be posted for issue of ballot papers to the 22 members concerned. He shall be supplied with the list of members of the Punjab Legislative Assembly.
iv) The additional polling officer shall be seated near the other polling officers and polling agents so that it does not become necessary for candidates to appoint additional polling agents.
v) The procedure for issue and marking of ballot papers by the said 22 members and their insertion into the ballot box shall be the same as is applicable for the other members.
vi) After the close of poll, the marked copy of the list of electors supplied to the additional polling officer mentioned above, the counterfoils of ballot papers issued to the members referred to above, and the unused ballot papers with said additional polling officer shall be placed in separate packets by the Assistant Returning Officer and shall be sealed and secured in the manner prescribed under rule 21 (1) of the Presidential and Vice-Presidential Elections Rules, 1974 and forwarded to the Returning Officer alongwith other election records pertaining to that polling station.
Pending the decision of the Supreme Court on the above mentioned application of the Election Commission seeking clarification whether the votes so cast by the members of the Punjab Legislative Assembly could be taken into account by the Returning Officer for the purpose of determination and declaration of the results of the election, the Commission laid down the following procedure for counting of votes in case the Court issued a direction that the votes cast by the 22 disqualified members should be counted–

i) When the ballot box containing the ballot papers cast by members of Punjab Legislative Assembly is taken up, the number of votes found in the ballot box be tallied with the number of votes cast.
ii) Thereafter, the folded ballot papers shall be unfolded in such a manner as preferences marked thereon are not seen. For this purpose, the face of the unfolded ballot papers shall be kept downwards.
iii) Thereafter, detailed scrutiny of the unfolded ballot papers shall be made. Scrutiny shall consist of two stages. In the first stage, genuineness of the ballot papers shall be ascertained with reference to the matter on their back but marking thereon shall not be seen or scrutinized. In the second stage, all the ballot papers shall be kept together in the form of bundles and reversed upside down and then taken up for detailed scrutiny. It shall be ensured that reverse side is not shown to or seen by any body. Thereafter the counting of votes shall proceed in the prescribed manner. However, if the Supreme Court ordered that these ballot papers of 22 Members shall not be counted, these papers shall be taken out by seeing the rubber stamp marks on their back. These shall, however, neither be unfolded nor the preferences marked thereon shall be seen or scrutinized. The Supreme Court, however, ordered on 14th July 1987 that the votes cast by the members shall be counted but shall be kept separately after counting. A copy of the order of the Supreme Court was sent to the Returning Officer on 15th July, 1987.

ELECTIONS DECLARED VOID BY HIGH COURT, BUT STAY ORDERS

ISSUED BY THE SUPREME COURT

Five members of electoral college – two of Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly and one each of Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Punjab Legislative Assembly, were not entitled to cast their votes as their elections had been declared void by respective High Courts but orders of the High Courts were stayed by Supreme Court.

SPECIAL FEATURES

Broad Cast/Telecast Facilities

Shri Mithelesh Kumar Sinha, one of the contesting candidates requested the Commission for facility to put forth his views over AIR/Doordarshan.

Under a scheme evolved by the Ministry of I & B, in consultation with the Commission in 1977, such broadcasting/telecasting facilities are afforded to recognized political parties during general elections to Lok Sabha and State Assemblies. However, these facilities are not extended to other elections. Another candidate Shri V.R. Krishna Iyer was reported to have requested the Minister of State in M/o Information & Broadcasting (Shri Ajit Kumar Panja) that the three contesting candidates should be given opportunity to express their views over AIR/Doordarshan and it was reported that the Govt. did not accept the request and accordingly no candidate was allowed facility of broadcasting/telecasting their views.

Eight Presidential Election of India, 1982: Winner Gyani Zail Singh

EIGHTH PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, 1982

The term of the Sixth President Shri Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy was to expire on 24-07-1982. Eighth Presidential Election was to be held before that date.

RETURNING OFFICER

The Secretary General, Rajya Sabha

ASSTT. RETURNING OFFICERS

Smt. K.K. Chopra, Additional Secretary, Rajya Sabha and the Secretaries of the Legislative Assemblies of the 22 states.

ELECTION – PROGRAMME

1. Notified on 09.06.1982
2. Last date for making nomination 23.06.1982
3. Scrutiny of Nominations on 24.06.1982
4. Last date for withdrawal 26.06.1982
5. Date of Poll 12.07.1982 (10 A.M. to 5 P.M.)
6. Counting of votes 15-07-1982

ELECTORAL COLLEGE

The Electoral College consisted of elected members of Lok Sabha [524], Rajya Sabha [232] and 22 State Legislative Assemblies [3827]. Thus the total electors were 4583.

NO. OF VOTES FOR EACH MEMBER

Each Member of Parliament had 702 votes and the number of votes for each Member of the State Legislative Assemblies differed from State to State on the basis of population. The lowest value of votes was for the MLAs of Sikkim State (07) and the highest value of votes was for the MLAs of Uttar Pradesh (208), The value of votes was calculated on the basis of 1971 census. The Assam Legislative Assembly stood dissolved.

CANDIDATES
Sl. NoCANDIDATEVOTES POLLED
1.Gyani Zail Singh7,54,113
2.Shri H.R. Khanna2,82,685
TOTAL10,36,798

Gyani Zail Singh was declared elected by the Returning Officer on 15.07.1982. He assumed office on 25-07-1982.

Seven Presidential Election of India, 1977: Winner Neelam Sanjiva Reddy

SEVENTH PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, 1977

1.Shri Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed, the fifth President of India expired suddenly on 11-02-1977. The Vice-President, Shri B.D. Jatti, assumed office to act as President under article 65(1) of the Constitution. An election to fill a vacancy in the office of the President occurring by reason of death of Shri Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed was required to be held within 6 months from the date of the occurrence of the vacancys.

2. Necessary steps to fill the vacancy could not be taken immediately as the general election to constitute a new Lok Sabha had commenced w.e.f. 10-02-1977 and the election was
completed on 13-05-1977. General elections to constitute new Legislative Assemblies of 11 States were completed only in June-July, 1977.

RETURNING OFFICER

The Secretary, Lok Sabha (Shri Avtar Singh Rikhy).

ASSTT. RETURNING OFFICERS

Shri J.R. Kapoor, Chief Legislative Committee Officer, Lok Sabha Secretariat and the Secretaries of the Legislative Assemblies of the 22 States.

ELECTION PROGRAMME

1. Notified on 04.07.1977
2. Last date for making nomination 18.07.1977
3. Scrutiny of Nominations on 19.07.1977
4. Last date for withdrawal 21.07.1977
5. Date of Poll 06.08.1977 (10 A.M. to 5.P.M.)

ELECTORAL COLLEGE

The Electoral College consisted of elected members of Lok Sabha [524], Rajya Sabha [232] and 22 State Legislative Assemblies [3776]. Thus the total electors were 4532.

NO. OF VOTES FOR EACH MEMBER

Each Member of Parliament had 702 votes and the number of votes for each Member of the State Legislative Assemblies differed from State to State on the basis of the population. The lowest value of votes was for the MLAs of Sikkim State (07) and the highest value of votes was for the MLAs of Uttar Pradesh (208). The value of votes was calculated on the basis of 1971 census.

CANDIDATES

In all 37 candidates filed their nominations. On scrutiny, the Returning Officer rejected the nominations filed by 36 candidates. Thus only one validly nominated candidate remained in the field, namely, Shri Neelam Sanjiva Reddy. Neither the preparation nor publication of the list of contesting candidates for taking the poll therefore became necessary.
After 3.00 p.m. on the last date fixed for withdrawal of candidatures, viz., 21-07-1977, the Returning Officer declared the result of election under section 8(1) of the Presidential and Vice-Presidential Elections Act, 1952 and Shri Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy was declared elected unopposed. THIS WAS THE FIRST TIME WHEN A CANDIDATE WAS DECLARED ELECTED TO THE HIGHEST OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT OF INDIA WITHOUT A CONTEST.

ANNOUNCEMENT

The announcement of election of Shri Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy as President of India was signed by the Chief Election Commissioner on 21-07-1977 and sent to the Home Secretary. The Home Secretary read the announcement at the time of assumption of office by the President on 25-07-1977.

Sixth Presidential Election of India, 1974: Winner Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed

SIXTH PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, 1974

The term of Shri V.V. Giri as the President of India expired on 23-08-1974. An election was held before that date.

CHANGES IN THE LAW

The experience of the past five elections to the office of the President held in 1952, 1957, 1962, 1967 and 1969 had revealed that persons often offered themselves as candidates for the highest office of President without even a remote chance of getting elected. Another matter of concern was the light-hearted manner in which persons resorted to a court of law for challenging the election to the office of the President. In order to remedy these shortcoming, the Government, on the recommendations of the Commission, got an Act passed by Parliament on 23-03-1974 amending the Presidential and Vice-Presidential Act, 1952. The main features of the amendment are:

1. The nomination paper of a Presidential candidate shall be subscribed by at least 10 electors as proposers and 10 electors as seconders.
2. The security deposit is made Rs.2,500/-.
3. Election petition challenging an election can be presented only before the Supreme Court by any contesting candidate or by minimum 20 electors joined together as petitioners.
4. The timetable for the elections to the office of the President and Vice-President was made statutory. It was provided that the last date for making nominations shall be the 14th day after the publication of the notification calling the election, the scrutiny will be on the day following such last date for filing nominations, the last date for withdrawal will be the second day following the date of scrutiny and the date of poll, if necessary, shall be not earlier than the fifteenth day after the last date for withdrawal. In view of the extensive amendments, the Central Government in consultation with the Election Commission issued a new set of Presidential and Vice-Presidential Elections Rules, 1974, replacing the Rules of 1952.

RETURNING OFFICER

The Secretary of the Rajya Sabha.

ASSTT. RETURNING OFFICERS

The Joint Secretary, Rajya Sabha Secretariat and Secretaries of various State Legislative Assemblies.

ELECTION PROGRAMME

1. Notified on 16.07.1974
2. Last date for making nomination 30.07.1974
3. Scrutiny of Nominations on 31.07.1974
4. Last date for withdrawal 02.08.1974
5. Date of Poll 17.08.1974 (10 A.M. to 5.P.M.)
6. Counting votes 20.08.1974

ELECTORAL COLLEGE

The Electoral College consisted of elected members of Lok Sabha [521], Rajya Sabha [230] and 21 State Legislative Assemblies [3654]. Thus the total electors were 4,405. However, the Legislative Assembly of Gujarat with 182 members was not in existence as it was dissolved on 15-03-1974 and the new House could not be constituted before the Presidential election.

NO. OF VOTES FOR EACH MEMBER

Each Member of Parliament had 723 votes and the number of votes for each Member of the State Legislative Assemblies differed from State to State on the basis of the population. The lowest value of votes was for the MLAs of Nagaland State (09) and the highest value of votes was for the MLAs of Uttar Pradesh (208). The value of votes was calculated on the basis of 1971 census.

CANDIDATES

The contesting candidates and the votes secured by them were as follows:

Sl. NoCANDIDATEVOTES POLLED
1.Shri Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed7,65,587
2.Shri Tridib Chaudhuri1,89,196
TOTAL9,54,783

Shri Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed was declared as elected and the notification announcing this was published on 20-08-1974. He assumed the office of the President of India on 24-08-1974.

ANNOUNCEMENT

The announcement of election of Shri Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed as President of India was signed by the Chief Election Commissioner on 20-08-1974 and sent to the Home Secretary on 21-08-1974. The announcement was read by the Home Secretary at the time of assumption of office by the President-elect on 24-08-1974.

Fifth Presidential Election of India, 1969: Winner V.V. Giri

FIFTH PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, 1969

Dr. Zakir Hussain, the Third President of India, passed away suddenly on 03-05-1969. Under Article 65(1) of the Constitution, the Vice-President Shri V.V. Giri assumed office to act as President. However, Shri V.V. Giri, resigned on 20th July, 1969 as Vice-President and also as the acting President. As under article 62(2) of the Constitution, an election to fill a vacancy in the office of the President occurring by reason of his death, resignation, etc., is required to be held in any case within 6 months from the date of the occurrence of the vacancy, necessary steps to hold the election were taken immediately.

RETURNING OFFICER

The Secretary of the Lok Sabha.

ASSTT. RETURNING OFFICERS

One Deputy Secretary of the Lok Sabha and Secretaries of various State Legislative Assemblies.

ELECTION PROGRAMME

1. Notified on 14.07.1969
2. Last date for making nomination 24.07.1969
3. Scrutiny of Nominations on 26.07.1969
4. Last date for withdrawal 29.07.1969
5. Date of Poll 16.08.1969 (10 A.M. to 5.P.M.)
6. Counting votes 20.08.1969

CANDIDATES

The contesting candidates and the votes secured by them were as follows:

Sl. NoCANDIDATEVOTES POLLED
1.Shri V.V. Giri4,01,515
2.Shri Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy3,13,548
3.Shri C.D. Deshmukh1,12,769
4.Shri Chandradatt Senani5,814
5.Smt. Furcharan Kaur940
6.Shri Rajabhoj Pandurang Nathuji831
7.Pandit Babu Lal Mag576
8.Ch. Hari Ram125
9.Shri Sharma Manovihari Anirudh125
10.Shri Khubi Ram94
11.Shri Bhagmal0
12.Shri Krishna Kumar Chatterjee0
13.Shri Santosh Kumar Kachhwaha0
14.Doctor Ramdular Tripathi Chakor0
15.Shri Ramanlal Purushottam Vyas0
TOTAL8,36,337

The quota fixed for election was 4,18,169 votes. As no candidate secured the required quota in the first count as above, candidate after candidate was excluded till only two candidates, namely, Shri V.V. Giri (with 4,20,077 votes) and Shri N. Sanjeeva Reddy (with 4,05,427 votes) remained in the field. Shri V.V. Giri who secured the quota was declared elected by the Returning Officer on 20.08.1969 and the newly elected President assumed office on 24-08-1969.

SPECIAL FEATURES OF THE ELECTION

1. An innovation was introduced for the first time to ensure strict secrecy of voting. The serial numbers on the back of the ballot papers were covered with coloured slips of paper pasted at the four corners.
2. The ballot papers were shuffled three or four times during the polling so that the agents of the candidates find it difficult to note down the serial numbers to identify the votes cast by members during counting.
3. For the first time in suitable cases, some MLAs were allowed to cast their votes at Parliament House in New Delhi instead of their State Capitals.
4. There was a gap of 4 days between the date of the poll and the date of counting. For this, there was some amount of unjustified criticism of the Commission. The reasons why such a gap was given were several. First, there were numerous postal ballot papers for electors who were under preventive detention. They were detained at outlying stations and the Commission wanted to ensure that they had sufficient time to send their votes to reach the Returning Officer before counting. The polled ballot boxes had to come from distant States of North East like Nagaland and Assam and weather conditions in August in these places were extremely inclement and unfavorable. The Commission was in constant touch with the meteorological authorities. The Air Flights were badly delayed or cancelled. Ultimately the ballot boxes had to be carried from Guwahati by the army courier plane under special escorts. All previous Presidential Elections in 1952, 1957, 1962 and 1967 were held in first half of May when the weather was in good condition and in 1969, for the first time, the election was to be held in August.
5. It was represented that the agents of the candidates should be allowed to travel in the same Plane from various State Capitals in which ballot boxes were being carried to Delhi. The Commission agreed to this request.
6. The Commission made the Civil Aviation authorities to permit the escort of the polled ballot boxes (the respectively Assistant Returning Officers) to keep the sealed ballot boxes by his side closely near his seat in the Plane.
7. Another criticism was that the votes should have been counted at the State Capitals themselves instead of being brought to Delhi. These critics were not aware that in the proportional representation by single transferable system of voting, counting can not be done in piecemeal at different places to arrive at decisive result.