Aurangazeb in Indian History:
- Aurangazeb imprisoned his father and made himself the Padushah in 1658. But his actual coronation was conducted in 1659.
- Alamgir was the name adopted by Aurangazeb when he became the Padusha.
- Aurangazeb is known as ‘Zinda Pir’ or living saint because of his simple life.
- He banned music and dance.
- He ousted all the artists from his court. At the same time he was an accomplished Veena player.
- Aurangazeb was the last great Mughal Emperor.
- In 1675 he executed 9th Sikh Guru Guru Tej Behadur because of his reluctance to accept Islam.
- Teg Behadur was executed at the Chandni Chauk.
- In 1679 Aurangzeb constructed the tomb of his only wife Rubiad Daurani at Aurangabad in Maharashtra. It is known as Bibi ka Makabara. It is otherwise known as Mini Tajmahal as it was the blind imitation of Tajmahal. In the same year he reimpossed Jasya upon all the non Muslims, which was earlier abolished by Akbar.
- Aurangazeb called Shivaji a ‘mountain rat’ and gave him the title Raja because of his guerilla tactics.
- In 1660 he entrusted Shaisthakhan to defeat Shivaji.
- Later in 1665 the treaty of Purandar was signed between Maharaja Jaisingh of Amber and Shivaji Jaisingh was deputed by Aurangazeb.
- The Mughal Rajput relation became worse during the period of Aurangazeb.
- Aurangazeb was the only Mughal Emperor who was not a drunkard.
- Aurangazeb is considered as religiously fanatic. He was also a temple breaker. He persecuted the Hindus and imposed prohibition against the free exercise of Holi and Divali.
- Aurangazeb died in 1707 February 20,at Ahmednagar. Aurangazeb’s tomb is situated at Daulatabad in Maharashtra.
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