Babur in Indian History

Babur in Indian History:

  • Babur, the founder of the Mughal Empire, was the fifth descendant of Timur on Father’s side and the fourteenth descendant of Chengizkhan on mothers side.
  • Babur was born in Farghana in Turkey on 14 Feb. 1483 as the som of Umer Sheik Mirza ad Qulik Nigarkhanum.
  • Babur’s father Umershiek Mirza was the grand son of Amir Timur and the ruler of Farghana.
  • Babur became the ruler of Samarkhand at the Age of 11.
  • He captured Kabul in 1504.
  • Then Babur attacked India 5 times for want of wealth.
  • Babur’s first Attack of India was in 1519 Bhera was the first place captured by Babur.
  • In 1524 Daulatkhan, Ibrahim Lodhi’s brother invited Babur to India.
  • On 21 April 1526 Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodhi, the last Lodhi Sulthan in the First Battle of Panipat.
  • On 16 March 1527 he defeated Rana Sangha of Mewar, in the Battle of Khanwa.
  • The Rajputs in 1528 under Medini Raj of Malwa fought against Babur in the Battle of Chanderi, but were defeated.
  • In 1529 the Afghans under Muhammed Lodhi fought against Babur in the Battle of Ghaghra but were defeated.
  • In 1530 December 26, Babur died and was cremated at Kabul
  • Babur was the first to use Artillery in India.
  • His memoirs or autobiography ‘Tuzuk-i-Baburi or Baburnamah was written in Turkish language, Babur’s mothertongue.
  • Babur said ‘I dont like India and Indians’.
  • Babur was the first Mughal ruler to keep in hand the Kohinur Diamond.
  • Babur was a contemporary of Krishnadeva Raya of Vijaya Nagara Empire.

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