Bikaner District of Rajasthan at a Glance

DISTRICT AT A GLANCE :

 

Bikaner district is spread across an area of 30,247.90 sq km and is located between 27°11′ and 29°03′ N and 71°54′ and 74°12′ E. Bikaner city is the district headquarters which was founded in 1486 AD by Rao Bika, a Rajput ruler and is the fourth largest city of the State.

The district is divided into five sub-divisions. They are Bikaner North, Nokha, Loonkaransar, Khajuwala and Sridungargarh. These sub-divisions are further divided into eight tehsils namely Bikaner, Kolayat, Nokha, Sridungargarh, Loonkaransar, Khajuwala, Poongal and Chhatargarh.

Since Bikaner is located in the middle of the Thar desert, it has an extremely hot and arid climate. In the summers, the temperature of the region goes beyond 45°C and in winters, it dips down below 0°C. Annual rainfall of the region is between 260 to 440 mm.

S.N. Items    Unit Reference period with particulars Reference period with particulars
1 2 3 4 5
2001 2011
1 Area SKM 30247.9 30413.40
2 Population ( 2011 provisional) No. 2001 2011
i Male 1003035 1240801
ii Female 899075 1123136
iii Total 1902110 2363937
iv Rural 1262054 1563553
v Urban 640056 800384
vi Density of population p.sq.km. 62.88 78
vii Literacy % 57.36 65.1
a Male 70.64 75.9
b Female 42.44 53.2
viii Percentage of Urban population of total population 33.64 33.9
ix Female @ 1000 male 1000 896 905
x Scheduled casts (as per 2011) No. 383566 493,646
xi Scheduled tribes (as per 2011) 6256 7,779
xii Decenial Prop. Grow Rate % 38.18 24.3
3 TOWN & VILLAGE No. 2001 2010-11
i Sub Division 5 8
ii Tehsil 8 8
iii Panchayat Samiti 5 6
iv Total No. of Inhabited village 817 951
v Total No. of Uninhabited village 72 100
vi Total no. of Towns 4 4
4 AGRICULTURE Ha. 2011-2012 2012-2013
i Total Reporting Area 3041756 3041756
ii Area Under Forest 94222 94166
iii Land not available for cultivation 300081 300194
iv Permanent pastures and other grazing land 50568 50608
v Land under Miscellanous Tree, Crop & Groves included in the net area sown 3416 3426
vi Cultivable Waste Land including Fallow Land 660493 663914
vii Net Area sown 1628977 1542456
viii Area sown more than once 255246 264927
ix Gross Cropped Area 1884223 1807383
x Average Yeild per Hactare mT
a Food Grain Kg. 360 751
b Oil Seeds 940 2174
c Sugarcane
d Cotton (lint) lint 6 6
xi Number of Pumpsets Tube Well, Well used for irrigation No. 5315 6916
xii Normal Rain Fall Cm. 26.37 26.317
xiii Actual Rain Fall Cm. 42.57 80
xiv Average size of Holdings Ha. 10.16 6.32
5 ANIMAL HUSBANDRY No. 2011-2012 2012-13
i No. of Veterinary Hospitals 70 84
ii No. of Veterinary Dispensaries 46 51
1 2 3 4 5
iii Livestock & poultary (as per 03) No. 2003 2007
iv Total Livestock 2436312 2607532
I Cattle (Cows and Bulls) 608597 728043
II Buffalows 132732 142863
III Pigs 4551 609
IV Camel 61861 54320
V Sheep 928892 707699
VI Goats 686507 943591
VII Horses and Ponies 242 199
VIII Others (Donkeys) 12482 10535
(B) Dogs & Bitches 103668 56904
© Total Poultry 33377 19571
(1) Fowls(Rabbits) 362 48
(2) Ducks 54
6.

INDUSTRY

No. 2011-2012 2012-2013
i Factories Registered under Factories Act 436 ———
ii Estimated Average No. of Daily workers employed in Reg. Factories 7590 ———
iii Small Scale Industries Reg. with Industries Department 691 716
iv Estimated Average No. of Daily workers employed in Small Scale Industries 5595 3858
v Large & Medium Scale Industries 4 nil
vi Employee in Large & Medium Scale Industries 880 nil
vii No. of Industrial Area 14 14
7.

POWER

No. 2011-2012 2012-2013
i Town Electrified 4 4
ii Village Electrified 779 779
iii  

 

 

lakh unit 22022.30 25567.93
a Domestic Purpose 2315.39 2632.22
b Com. and Temp. Purpose 662.34 906.46
c Industrial Purpose 1537.09 1654.39
d Public Lightning 174.74 206.08
e Irrigation 15378.78 18393.90
f Public Water Works 1114.86 1141.38
g Other Purpose 839.18 633.50
iv Total No. of Power Houses No. 21 21
v Well Energised 3058 3359
8.

WATER SUPLY

No. 2011-2012 2012-2013
a. Village covered with safe drinking water suply 107
9

EDUCATION

2011-2012 2012-2013
a Total No. of Schools 3162 3354
b Boys 2969 3165
I Girls 193 189
Primary Schools 1521 1577
a Boys 1457 1515
b Girls 64 62
II Middle Schools 1003 1162
a Boys 912 1073
b Girls 91 89
III Secondary Schools 443 435
a Boys 420 412
b Girls 23 23
IV

Senior Secondary Schools

 

195 180
a Boys 180 165
b Girls 15 15
V No. of College/University for General Educaton (Arts, Science & Commerce) 38 40
VI No. of College for Professional Education 28 30
VII No. of Schools for Vocational & Professional Education 10 10
II

No. of Students

 

No. 2011-2012 2012-2013
i.
In primary Schools
202831 224990
a Boys 111606 120592
b Girls 91225 104398
II
In Middle Schools
176010 183983
a Boys 99741 101337
b Girls 76269 82646
III
In Secondary Schools (6 to 10)
69192 63813
a Boys 41196 37305
b Girls 27996 26508
IV
In Senior Secondary Schools
77425 79844
a Boys 48869 50768
b Girls 28556 29076
V In College/University for General Education 15265 16043
a Boys 9730 9764
b Girls 5535 6279
III

Literacy Counting Programme

 

 

2012-2013 2013-2014
1. Sarv Shiksha Abhiyan 68094 67443
2. New admitable up to 5 years 65658 66213
3. Drop out 349 1056
4. Not admitable
5. Not nominated 2087 174
10.

PUBLIC HEALTH

 

No. 2011-2012 2012-2013
i Allopathic Hospitals 12 15
ii Beds in Allopathic Hospitals 505 620
iii Ayurvadic & Unani Hospitals 120 120
iv Beds in Ayurvedic & Unani Hosp. 30 30
v Primary Health Centres 39 54
vi Dispensaries 11 11
vii Sub-Health Centres 415 429
viii MCW/Dais Centres 0 0
ix Private Hospitals 4 4
11.

BANKING

 

No. 2011-12 2012-2013
i Scheduled Commercial Banks 192 207
ii Co-Operative Banks 10 10
12.
CO-OPERATION

 

No. 2011-2012 2012-2013
i Co-Operative Societies & Dairy Co-Operative Societies 1559 1548
ii Membership 447607 447607
iii Dairy Co-Operative Societies 881 887
13.
TRANSPORT COMMUNICATION
No 2011-2012 2012-2013
i Post Offices 267 267
ii Telegraph Office 01 1
iii Telephone in use 31972 27264
a Rural 4828 3317
b Urban 27144 23947
iv Registration of Motor Vehicles 234964 256252
v Road Length Km. 6011.66 6379.10
1 2 3 4 5
14.
POLICE
No. 2011-2012 2012-2013
i Police Station 25 23
ii Police Chowki 43 40
iii Jail including Lock-ups 24 25
iv Reported Offences 5188 6529

 

 

v Cognizable 5146 6529
vi
Non Cognizable
15.
LOCAL BODIES
No. 2011-2012 2012-2013
i Village Panchayats 219 219
ii Municipality & Municipal Councils 3 3
iii Nagar Nigam 1 1
iv Community Development Blocks 6 6
16. SALES TAX & ENTERTAINMENT TAXES No. 2011-12 2012-2013
i Dealers Reg. Under Sales Tax Act 4166 3921
a Local RST 2449 2293
b Central CST 1717 1638
ii Amount of Sales Tax Collected Rs. Lakh 16136-00 19607
a Local 16136-00 19607
b Central —– ——
iii Reciepts from Entertainment Tax —— ——
17.
SMALL SAVINGS
Lakh
Total Deposited Rs.
18.
PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM
No. 2011-2012 2012-2013
a Fair Price Shops
i Urban 266 266
ii Rural 528 557
iii Total 794 823
19.
MILK DAIRY
No. 2011-2012 2012-2013
i Dugdh Utpadak Sahakari Samities & Collection Centres 793 946
ii Memberships 38355 38335
iii Collection of Milk (Kg.) Lakh Kg 310 357
iv Average Collection of Milk per day 0.84 0.97
v Chilling Plants 5 5
20.

TOURISM

No. 2012 2013
Total Tourists arrivals 393574 391766
i Indian Tourists 318689 317501
ii Foreign Tourists 74885 74265
21. IGNP No. 2011-2012 2012-2013
A. Length of Main Canal
i Indira Gandhi Feeder Km. 204 204
ii Indira Gandhi Main Canal 445 445
iii Total 649 649
B. Distributries System Km. 2011-2012 2012-2013
i Flow Area 6618.29 3354.50
ii Lift Area 1495.45 1495.45
iii Total 8113.74 4849.95
C. Irrigation Area lakh Hq. 15.91 10.71
Irrigation Potential Capacity 13.57 7.87
22. SOCIAL WELFARE No. 2011-2012 2012-2013
i Govt. Hostels 19 20
ii Total no. of Students 753 769
iii Aid Received lack 82

 

 

83
23. WOMEN & CHILD DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME No. 2011-2012 2012-2013
i No. of Projects 8 8
ii Aanganwari Centres 1477 1477
a Sanctioned 1477 1477
b Working 1327 1444
iii Nutrition Distribution Centres 1327 1444
iv No. of S.N.P. Beneficiaries
a Target 159761 158682
b Achievement 99152 85316
v No. of PSE Beneficiaries
a Target 56139 55351
b Achievement 30605 29318
24. ROADWAYS (RSRTC) No. 2011-2012 2012-2013
i Total Buses 136 137
ii Total Distance Lakh Km. 222.56 223
iii Income Lakh Rs. 3433.66 3728.71
iv Expence 4082.63 4636.45
v Profit/Loss -648.97 -907.74
vi Passanger Weightage 60 63

 

Population :

Total Population 2011 Absolute Percentage
Total Rural Urban Total Rural Urban
Persons 2363937 1563553 800384 100.00 66.14 33.86
Males 1240801 821434 419367 100.00 66.20 33.80
Females 1123136 742119 381017 100.00 66.08 33.92

 

DEMOGRAPHIC & HEALTH INDICATORS (CENSUS OF INDIA & Annual Health Survey 2010-11) 2007-09 2011-12
Crude Birth Rate (No.of live births Per thousand mid year population) 24.9 24.6
Crude Death Rate (No.of deaths Per thousand mid year population) 6.4 6.3
Infant Mortality rate (No. of infant deaths per thousand live births) 54 52
Under Five Mortality Rate (No. of under five deaths per thousand live births) 72 70
  31.12.2011 31.12.2012
Population Served Per Medical Institution (Annual Progress Report- DMHS) 3688 3376
Population Served Per Bed (Annual Progress Report- DMHS) 2147 2082
WOMEN AND CHILD 1991 2001
Total Fertility Rate 4.99 4.4
  2001 2011
OVERALL Sex ratio (Females per 1000 males) among SC Population 899 902
OVERALL Sex ratio (Females per 1000 males) among ST Population 811 849

 

Festivals & Fairs :

               Celebrate radiant Rajasthan with festivals in Bikaner. Multi-hued customs and enchanting ritualistic practices enamor you into a pleasurable state as you tour the festivals in Bikaner, Rajasthan. A brilliant mosaic of ancient traditions, festivals in Bikaner bring to fore the enchanting past and heartwarming legends associated with religious occasions. See locals performing religious rites and observing traditional customs with devotion and fervor on your tours to festivals in Bikaner.

Though the people of Bikaner celebrate several festivals, the ones that warrant a special mention are Gangaur festival, Camel festival and the Kolayat celebrations. Bikaner, the sleepy desert country comes alive with color, gaiety, music, dance, folk performances and joy during festival festivities that enliven the craggy and rustic desert. So come and be a part of chromatic Bikaner that sports bright glittering hues on the fine sand base as you let yourself go with gay abandon at the festivals in Bikaner. The Camel festival is of course the most important among all the festivals celebrated in Bikaner. Be wonderstruck at the enthusiasm of Ghair Ghoomar performers, snake charmers, brightly caparisoned camels and more at the Camel festival that brightens the Bikaner winter.

Festivals & Fairs

Camel Festival

One of the most famous festivals of Bikaner is the Camel Festival which is held every year and is organised by the Tourism Department of the State. It is dedicated to the camels that have to survive in the harsh desert conditions. Since Bikaner is the only camel-breeding region, the festival is celebrated with a lot of zeal.

The festival lasts for two days and starts with the parade of decorated camels. A camel race is also organised during the festival.

The festival also gives the visitors a chance to enjoy sweets and tea made from camel milk.

Festivals & Fairs

Karni Mata fair

 

In Bikaner district, near Nokha, there is a small town called Deshnok. Karni Mata fair is held twice every year at Deshnok which also houses the Karni Mata temple. The first fair is held in the months of March-April and the second in September-October. Karni Mata, believed to be blessed with superpowers, dedicated her life for the upliftment of the poor of all communities. Her principle followers started following her and worshipping her like God.

Festivals & Fairs

Kapil  Munni

 

There is a place known as Kolayat which is located at a distance of around 51 km from Bikaner city. It is a historical place and is a pilgrimage centre where Kapil Muni shed his body under a fig tree (Peepal). In this region, there are a number of marble temples, pavilions made of sandstone and 52 ghats made around an artificial lake.

There is a temple dedicated to Kapil Muni in Kolayat where an annual fair is organised every year in October-November. Followers of Sankhya community visit the place to take a holy dip in Lake Kapil Sarovar.

Festivals & Fairs

Gangaur Festival

 

Gangaur is one of the oldest and the most important festivals of Rajasthan. It is celebrated across all the districts of the State with equal excitement.

Gangaur literally means the union of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Married women pray to Goddess Parvati for the prosperity of their husbands and families while the unmarried women pray to get a good husband in future.

An 18-day festival, Gangaur is celebrated in the Chaitra month (March) every year. According to the Hindu calendar, this month starts the New Year for Hindus. This month also marks the end of winter season and the beginning of summers.

 

Tourist Places :

 

Junagarh Fort

Tourist Places

Built in 1593 AD by Raja Rai Singh, Junagarh is a fort in Bikaner. It was previously known as Chintamani Durg, but was named Junagarh fort in the beginning of the 20th century. It is one of the rare forts which are not built on a hill-top. The city of Bikaner is built around Junagarh Fort. There were repeated attacks on this fort in history but nobody could manage to bring the fort under their rule.

The architecture of the fort belongs to the Gujarati and Mughal style. Rajput style of architecture can also be seen in some parts of the fort. Junagarh fort also houses Chandra Mahal, Anup Mahal, Dungar Mahal, Hawa Mahal, Ganga Mahal and Deewan-e-Khaas. It is one of the most famous tourist attractions of the district.

Lalgarh Palace

Tourist Places

Maharaja Ganga Singh built the Lalgarh palace in 1902 AD in memory of his late father Maharaja Lal Singh. The palace was designed by Sir Samuel Jacob and was made using red sandstone. The architecture of the palace includes European, Mughal and Rajput styles. The palace has a vastly spread lawn which has peacocks residing there. There is also a card room, a billiards room and a library housed in the palace.

The fort contributes a lot to the tourism of the State.

Gajner Palace

Tourist Places

A lakeside palace built by Maharaja Ganga Singh, Gajner palace was used as a place of retreat after hunting by the royal family. The palace is made of red sandstone and houses a marvellous style of architecture.  It is now converted into a heritage hotel with all modern facilities. It is located in the middle of a dense forest and visitors can enjoy the picturesque view of a lot of migratory birds from this place.

Bikaner Camel Safari

Tourist Places

Another attraction in Bikaner is the famous Camel Safari which is organised by the Tourism Department of the State. The Safari comprises of taking the tourists to a ride on the camel back to visit the vast Thar desert. It also includes taking the tourists to the sunset point which is very famous in Bikaner.

Gajner Wildlife Sanctuary

Tourist Places

Located at a distance of around 32 km from Bikaner city, Gajner Wildlife Sanctuary was previously a hunting ground for the royal family. The sanctuary houses a beautiful lake as well. The lake also draws various avian species. The species which can be found in the sanctuary are deer, nilgai, black buck, wild boar, desert fox, antelope and wildfowl.

Ganga Singh Museum

Tourist Places

Ganga Singh Museum was constructed by Maharaja Ganga Singh in 1937 AD. The museum is a famous tourist place and houses historical articles which prove that the civilisation existed even before the existence of Harappan times. The historic articles include weapons of the Rajput rulers, paintings, pottery etc.

Sadul Singh Museum

Tourist Places

Sadul Singh Museum is another place of tourist attraction and is located on the second floor of Lalgarh palace.

Sadul Singh museum came into existence in 1972 AD and presently, houses a number of hunting trophies, Georgian paintings and rare artefacts. The museum also houses historical articles of the times of Maharaja Ganga Singh, Sadul Singh and Karni Singh.

Jain Temple

Tourist Places

The famous Jain temple of Bikaner was initiated by Bhandasa Oswal in 1468 AD. Based on Rajputana style of architecture, the construction of the temple was completed in 1514 AD. It is a marvellously built temple with sculpted pillars and gold leaf work. It is a three-storeyed building made of red sandstone and white marble.

Deshnok Temple

Tourist Places

   In Bikaner district, near Nokha, there is a small town called Deshnok which is located at a distance of around 32 km from Bikaner city. The place is a pilgrimage centre of Karni Mata, who used to live here in the 14th century and dedicated her life for the upliftment of the poor of all communities. Deshnok temple is housed in this region.

Deshnok temple is also known by the name of Karni Mata Temple.

Kolyatji

Tourist Places

Is located 50 kilometres from Bikaner. It is a temple complex of Kolyat and a holy place of pilgrimage for Hindus. The legend has it that Kapil Muni, the advocate of Shankya yoga of the Hindu philosophy, while journeying towards northwest was struck by the tranquility and peace of this place and chose to perform tapasya (penance) here for the redemption of the world. This place has since acquired great sanctity. The complex has several temples, pavilions and bathing ghats.  A dip in the holy waters of the lake especially on Kartik Poornima (November) is considered very auspicious.

Rampuria Havelies

Tourist Places

Bikaner is situated in the north-west of Rajasthan and it can legitimately boast of some unique architectural marvels of India. It has an ancient fort unparallel in its splendour. It can boast of many attractions for anyone interested in culture or art or architecture. Apart from Junagarh fort, Jain temples like Bhandasar temple, Neminath temple, Adeshwar temple are simply adorable. Lallgarh Palace is built in Victorian style but its stone and wood carvings are typical combinations of Mughal and Rajput art developing a typical bikaneri flavor of architecture. Carvings find best expression in Bikaneri havelies. Havelies are marvels in home architecture. Such havelies or residential houses do not exist anywhere in the world. They are the pride of Bikaner, says great author and philosopher, Aldous Huxley. They are situated in narrow lanes in the old city. Splendid abodes can be seen in the midst of streets that look serpent like and peaceful. They are marvelous mansions made of red stone and stand magnificently.

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