DISTRICT AT A GLANCE :
Bikaner district is spread across an area of 30,247.90 sq km and is located between 27°11′ and 29°03′ N and 71°54′ and 74°12′ E. Bikaner city is the district headquarters which was founded in 1486 AD by Rao Bika, a Rajput ruler and is the fourth largest city of the State.
The district is divided into five sub-divisions. They are Bikaner North, Nokha, Loonkaransar, Khajuwala and Sridungargarh. These sub-divisions are further divided into eight tehsils namely Bikaner, Kolayat, Nokha, Sridungargarh, Loonkaransar, Khajuwala, Poongal and Chhatargarh.
Since Bikaner is located in the middle of the Thar desert, it has an extremely hot and arid climate. In the summers, the temperature of the region goes beyond 45°C and in winters, it dips down below 0°C. Annual rainfall of the region is between 260 to 440 mm.
|S.N.||Items||Unit||Reference period with particulars||Reference period with particulars|
|2||Population ( 2011 provisional)||No.||2001||2011|
|vi||Density of population||p.sq.km.||62.88||78|
|viii||Percentage of Urban population of total population||“||33.64||33.9|
|ix||Female @ 1000 male||1000||896||905|
|x||Scheduled casts (as per 2011)||No.||383566||493,646|
|xi||Scheduled tribes (as per 2011)||“||6256||7,779|
|xii||Decenial Prop. Grow Rate||%||38.18||24.3|
|3||TOWN & VILLAGE||No.||2001||2010-11|
|iv||Total No. of Inhabited village||“||817||951|
|v||Total No. of Uninhabited village||“||72||100|
|vi||Total no. of Towns||“||4||4|
|i||Total Reporting Area||“||3041756||3041756|
|ii||Area Under Forest||“||94222||94166|
|iii||Land not available for cultivation||“||300081||300194|
|iv||Permanent pastures and other grazing land||“||50568||50608|
|v||Land under Miscellanous Tree, Crop & Groves included in the net area sown||“||3416||3426|
|vi||Cultivable Waste Land including Fallow Land||“||660493||663914|
|vii||Net Area sown||“||1628977||1542456|
|viii||Area sown more than once||“||255246||264927|
|ix||Gross Cropped Area||“||1884223||1807383|
|x||Average Yeild per Hactare||mT||–||–|
|xi||Number of Pumpsets Tube Well, Well used for irrigation||No.||5315||6916|
|xii||Normal Rain Fall||Cm.||26.37||26.317|
|xiii||Actual Rain Fall||Cm.||42.57||80|
|xiv||Average size of Holdings||Ha.||10.16||6.32|
|i||No. of Veterinary Hospitals||“||70||84|
|ii||No. of Veterinary Dispensaries||“||46||51|
|iii||Livestock & poultary (as per 03)||No.||2003||2007|
|I||Cattle (Cows and Bulls)||“||608597||728043|
|VII||Horses and Ponies||“||242||199|
|(B)||Dogs & Bitches||“||103668||56904|
|i||Factories Registered under Factories Act||“||436||———|
|ii||Estimated Average No. of Daily workers employed in Reg. Factories||“||7590||———|
|iii||Small Scale Industries Reg. with Industries Department||“||691||716|
|iv||Estimated Average No. of Daily workers employed in Small Scale Industries||“||5595||3858|
|v||Large & Medium Scale Industries||“||4||nil|
|vi||Employee in Large & Medium Scale Industries||“||880||nil|
|vii||No. of Industrial Area||“||14||14|
|b||Com. and Temp. Purpose||“||662.34||906.46|
|f||Public Water Works||“||1114.86||1141.38|
|iv||Total No. of Power Houses||No.||21||21|
|a.||Village covered with safe drinking water suply||“||–||107|
|a||Total No. of Schools||“||3162||3354|
Senior Secondary Schools
|V||No. of College/University for General Educaton (Arts, Science & Commerce)||“||38||40|
|VI||No. of College for Professional Education||“||28||30|
|VII||No. of Schools for Vocational & Professional Education||“||10||10|
No. of Students
In primary Schools
In Middle Schools
In Secondary Schools (6 to 10)
In Senior Secondary Schools
|V||In College/University for General Education||“||15265||16043|
Literacy Counting Programme
|1.||Sarv Shiksha Abhiyan||“||68094||67443|
|2.||New admitable up to 5 years||“||65658||66213|
|ii||Beds in Allopathic Hospitals||“||505||620|
|iii||Ayurvadic & Unani Hospitals||“||120||120|
|iv||Beds in Ayurvedic & Unani Hosp.||“||30||30|
|v||Primary Health Centres||“||39||54|
|i||Scheduled Commercial Banks||“||192||207|
|i||Co-Operative Societies & Dairy Co-Operative Societies||“||1559||1548|
|iii||Dairy Co-Operative Societies||“||881||887|
|iii||Telephone in use||“||31972||27264|
|iv||Registration of Motor Vehicles||“||234964||256252|
|iii||Jail including Lock-ups||“||24||25|
|ii||Municipality & Municipal Councils||“||3||3|
|iv||Community Development Blocks||“||6||6|
|16.||SALES TAX & ENTERTAINMENT TAXES||No.||2011-12||2012-2013|
|i||Dealers Reg. Under Sales Tax Act||“||4166||3921|
|ii||Amount of Sales Tax Collected Rs.||Lakh||16136-00||19607|
|iii||Reciepts from Entertainment Tax||“||——||——|
|Total Deposited Rs.||“|
PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM
|a||Fair Price Shops||“||–||–|
|i||Dugdh Utpadak Sahakari Samities & Collection Centres||“||793||946|
|iii||Collection of Milk (Kg.)||Lakh Kg||310||357|
|iv||Average Collection of Milk per day||“||0.84||0.97|
|Total Tourists arrivals||“||393574||391766|
|A.||Length of Main Canal||“||–||–|
|i||Indira Gandhi Feeder||Km.||204||204|
|ii||Indira Gandhi Main Canal||“||445||445|
|C.||Irrigation Area||lakh Hq.||15.91||10.71|
|Irrigation Potential Capacity||“||13.57||7.87|
|ii||Total no. of Students||“||753||769|
|23.||WOMEN & CHILD DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME||No.||2011-2012||2012-2013|
|i||No. of Projects||“||8||8|
|iii||Nutrition Distribution Centres||“||1327||1444|
|iv||No. of S.N.P. Beneficiaries||“|
|v||No. of PSE Beneficiaries||“|
|ii||Total Distance||Lakh Km.||222.56||223|
|Total Population 2011||Absolute||Percentage|
|DEMOGRAPHIC & HEALTH INDICATORS (CENSUS OF INDIA & Annual Health Survey 2010-11)||2007-09||2011-12|
|Crude Birth Rate (No.of live births Per thousand mid year population)||24.9||24.6|
|Crude Death Rate (No.of deaths Per thousand mid year population)||6.4||6.3|
|Infant Mortality rate (No. of infant deaths per thousand live births)||54||52|
|Under Five Mortality Rate (No. of under five deaths per thousand live births)||72||70|
|Population Served Per Medical Institution (Annual Progress Report- DMHS)||3688||3376|
|Population Served Per Bed (Annual Progress Report- DMHS)||2147||2082|
|WOMEN AND CHILD||1991||2001|
|Total Fertility Rate||4.99||4.4|
|OVERALL Sex ratio (Females per 1000 males) among SC Population||899||902|
|OVERALL Sex ratio (Females per 1000 males) among ST Population||811||849|
Festivals & Fairs :
Celebrate radiant Rajasthan with festivals in Bikaner. Multi-hued customs and enchanting ritualistic practices enamor you into a pleasurable state as you tour the festivals in Bikaner, Rajasthan. A brilliant mosaic of ancient traditions, festivals in Bikaner bring to fore the enchanting past and heartwarming legends associated with religious occasions. See locals performing religious rites and observing traditional customs with devotion and fervor on your tours to festivals in Bikaner.
Though the people of Bikaner celebrate several festivals, the ones that warrant a special mention are Gangaur festival, Camel festival and the Kolayat celebrations. Bikaner, the sleepy desert country comes alive with color, gaiety, music, dance, folk performances and joy during festival festivities that enliven the craggy and rustic desert. So come and be a part of chromatic Bikaner that sports bright glittering hues on the fine sand base as you let yourself go with gay abandon at the festivals in Bikaner. The Camel festival is of course the most important among all the festivals celebrated in Bikaner. Be wonderstruck at the enthusiasm of Ghair Ghoomar performers, snake charmers, brightly caparisoned camels and more at the Camel festival that brightens the Bikaner winter.
One of the most famous festivals of Bikaner is the Camel Festival which is held every year and is organised by the Tourism Department of the State. It is dedicated to the camels that have to survive in the harsh desert conditions. Since Bikaner is the only camel-breeding region, the festival is celebrated with a lot of zeal.
The festival lasts for two days and starts with the parade of decorated camels. A camel race is also organised during the festival.
The festival also gives the visitors a chance to enjoy sweets and tea made from camel milk.
Karni Mata fair
In Bikaner district, near Nokha, there is a small town called Deshnok. Karni Mata fair is held twice every year at Deshnok which also houses the Karni Mata temple. The first fair is held in the months of March-April and the second in September-October. Karni Mata, believed to be blessed with superpowers, dedicated her life for the upliftment of the poor of all communities. Her principle followers started following her and worshipping her like God.
There is a place known as Kolayat which is located at a distance of around 51 km from Bikaner city. It is a historical place and is a pilgrimage centre where Kapil Muni shed his body under a fig tree (Peepal). In this region, there are a number of marble temples, pavilions made of sandstone and 52 ghats made around an artificial lake.
There is a temple dedicated to Kapil Muni in Kolayat where an annual fair is organised every year in October-November. Followers of Sankhya community visit the place to take a holy dip in Lake Kapil Sarovar.
Gangaur is one of the oldest and the most important festivals of Rajasthan. It is celebrated across all the districts of the State with equal excitement.
Gangaur literally means the union of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Married women pray to Goddess Parvati for the prosperity of their husbands and families while the unmarried women pray to get a good husband in future.
An 18-day festival, Gangaur is celebrated in the Chaitra month (March) every year. According to the Hindu calendar, this month starts the New Year for Hindus. This month also marks the end of winter season and the beginning of summers.
Tourist Places :
Built in 1593 AD by Raja Rai Singh, Junagarh is a fort in Bikaner. It was previously known as Chintamani Durg, but was named Junagarh fort in the beginning of the 20th century. It is one of the rare forts which are not built on a hill-top. The city of Bikaner is built around Junagarh Fort. There were repeated attacks on this fort in history but nobody could manage to bring the fort under their rule.
The architecture of the fort belongs to the Gujarati and Mughal style. Rajput style of architecture can also be seen in some parts of the fort. Junagarh fort also houses Chandra Mahal, Anup Mahal, Dungar Mahal, Hawa Mahal, Ganga Mahal and Deewan-e-Khaas. It is one of the most famous tourist attractions of the district.
Maharaja Ganga Singh built the Lalgarh palace in 1902 AD in memory of his late father Maharaja Lal Singh. The palace was designed by Sir Samuel Jacob and was made using red sandstone. The architecture of the palace includes European, Mughal and Rajput styles. The palace has a vastly spread lawn which has peacocks residing there. There is also a card room, a billiards room and a library housed in the palace.
The fort contributes a lot to the tourism of the State.
A lakeside palace built by Maharaja Ganga Singh, Gajner palace was used as a place of retreat after hunting by the royal family. The palace is made of red sandstone and houses a marvellous style of architecture. It is now converted into a heritage hotel with all modern facilities. It is located in the middle of a dense forest and visitors can enjoy the picturesque view of a lot of migratory birds from this place.
Bikaner Camel Safari
Another attraction in Bikaner is the famous Camel Safari which is organised by the Tourism Department of the State. The Safari comprises of taking the tourists to a ride on the camel back to visit the vast Thar desert. It also includes taking the tourists to the sunset point which is very famous in Bikaner.
Gajner Wildlife Sanctuary
Located at a distance of around 32 km from Bikaner city, Gajner Wildlife Sanctuary was previously a hunting ground for the royal family. The sanctuary houses a beautiful lake as well. The lake also draws various avian species. The species which can be found in the sanctuary are deer, nilgai, black buck, wild boar, desert fox, antelope and wildfowl.
Ganga Singh Museum
Ganga Singh Museum was constructed by Maharaja Ganga Singh in 1937 AD. The museum is a famous tourist place and houses historical articles which prove that the civilisation existed even before the existence of Harappan times. The historic articles include weapons of the Rajput rulers, paintings, pottery etc.
Sadul Singh Museum
Sadul Singh Museum is another place of tourist attraction and is located on the second floor of Lalgarh palace.
Sadul Singh museum came into existence in 1972 AD and presently, houses a number of hunting trophies, Georgian paintings and rare artefacts. The museum also houses historical articles of the times of Maharaja Ganga Singh, Sadul Singh and Karni Singh.
The famous Jain temple of Bikaner was initiated by Bhandasa Oswal in 1468 AD. Based on Rajputana style of architecture, the construction of the temple was completed in 1514 AD. It is a marvellously built temple with sculpted pillars and gold leaf work. It is a three-storeyed building made of red sandstone and white marble.
In Bikaner district, near Nokha, there is a small town called Deshnok which is located at a distance of around 32 km from Bikaner city. The place is a pilgrimage centre of Karni Mata, who used to live here in the 14th century and dedicated her life for the upliftment of the poor of all communities. Deshnok temple is housed in this region.
Deshnok temple is also known by the name of Karni Mata Temple.
Is located 50 kilometres from Bikaner. It is a temple complex of Kolyat and a holy place of pilgrimage for Hindus. The legend has it that Kapil Muni, the advocate of Shankya yoga of the Hindu philosophy, while journeying towards northwest was struck by the tranquility and peace of this place and chose to perform tapasya (penance) here for the redemption of the world. This place has since acquired great sanctity. The complex has several temples, pavilions and bathing ghats. A dip in the holy waters of the lake especially on Kartik Poornima (November) is considered very auspicious.
Bikaner is situated in the north-west of Rajasthan and it can legitimately boast of some unique architectural marvels of India. It has an ancient fort unparallel in its splendour. It can boast of many attractions for anyone interested in culture or art or architecture. Apart from Junagarh fort, Jain temples like Bhandasar temple, Neminath temple, Adeshwar temple are simply adorable. Lallgarh Palace is built in Victorian style but its stone and wood carvings are typical combinations of Mughal and Rajput art developing a typical bikaneri flavor of architecture. Carvings find best expression in Bikaneri havelies. Havelies are marvels in home architecture. Such havelies or residential houses do not exist anywhere in the world. They are the pride of Bikaner, says great author and philosopher, Aldous Huxley. They are situated in narrow lanes in the old city. Splendid abodes can be seen in the midst of streets that look serpent like and peaceful. They are marvelous mansions made of red stone and stand magnificently.
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