About Chittoor District :
Chittoor is an important district located in the southern part of Andhra Pradesh and is a part of Rayalseema. The District boundaries are surrounded by chittoor and Cuddapah districts on the north, by Nellore and Chengai-Anna districts of Tamilnadu on the east, by North Arcot Ambedkar and Dharmapuri district of Tamilnadu on the south and by Kolar District of Karnataka on the west. The district is spread over 15152 Sq. Kms. As per 2001 census the population of Chittoor district is 37.35 lakh. The district has further been divided into 31 mandalas. The district of Chittoor is well known for the Tirupati Temple. It is a major market center for mangoes, grains, sugarcane, and peanuts. Major industries around the city are Amaron Batteries, nation’s leading automobile batteries, and Nutrine Confectioneries, a major chocolate/candies producer, and this city is one of the major granite and mango pulp producing centers of India
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Tourist Places :
|1. Sri Venkateswara Temple :
Sri Venkateswara Temple or Tirupati Balaji Temple is one of the ancient temples in Chittoor district. The temple is dedicated to Lord Venkateswara, who is popularly known by the names, Balaji, Govinda, Srinivasa, Venkataramana and Venkateswara. The presiding deity of the temple is one of the forms of Lord Vishnu. Located in the hilly region, tourists can see seven sacred hills in the vicinity of temple. It is believed that the temple was built in 12th century. Tourists visit the temple to pay homage to the deity and also for its beautiful architecture that depicts a blend of Chola, Pandya and Pallava architectures. One of the major highlights of the temple is the dome, which is fully gold plated. Along with this, another attraction of the temple is a waterfall namely Papanasam and a park. Located at an altitude of 853 m from the sea level, the temple can be reached by using vehicle or by foot.
|2. Sri Lakshmi Narayana Swamy Temple
Sri Lakshmi Narayana Swamy Temple in Vepanjeri Village is situated around 15 km from Chittoor. The presiding deities in the temple are Lakshmi, Lord Srimannarayana, Sri Lakshmi Narayana and his consort, Sri Lakshmi Ammavaru. The first mention of the temple was in the 12th century between 1178 and 1218. During this period, Kulottunga III of the Chola dynasty was ruling this region. The temple was pushed to its nadir when the French forces ruled the region between 14th and 15th century. It is in 1986 that the temple was reconstructed by the Komandur family in the Pallava style of architecture. Tourists visit this temple in large number during the celebrations of annual festival, Brahmotsavams.
|3. Chandragiri Fort
Chandragiri was built in 1000 AD in the form of fortifications and bastions by the Yadavarays who ruled it for around three centuries. The monuments of Chandragiri, as a result, mostly comprise of such historical buildings. This south Indian region came under the rule of the Vijaynagara Kings in 1367 AD. They transferred their capital from Penukonda to Chandragiri. Both the natural defences of Chandragiri, which is ringed by hills, and the proximity to the Venkateshvara shrine at Tirumala, 11 km (7 miles) to the north-east, were responsible for the decision to locate here. Chandragiri in Andhra Pradesh flourished under their reign as they when on to further fortify the place and built a number of beautiful temples and buildings. After the fall the Vijayanagara Empire, it came under the control of the Aravidu dynasty.
Gurramkonda is a Hill-Fort town.It was a fort town for the Vijayanagara kingdom[clarification needed] under King Sree Krishna Deva Raya. The name came because the rulers rode horses to reach their palace at the top of the steep hill. Konda means Hill and Gurram means Horse.
There is also a tomb for Tippu Sultan’s maternal uncle Maqbeera, similar to most Islamic tombs built in India. Local lore states that a large deposit of diamonds and precious rocks were spread by the king across the hill when the kingdom was attacked. Even now, locals believe treasure is hidden around the foot of the hill.
|5. Kanipakam Vinayaka Temple
Andhra Pradesh is rich in historical monuments. It posseses many holy temples with architectural beauty, which attract large numbers of pilgrims and tourists from inside and outside the country. In Chittoor district are two sacred places not only for Andhra Pradesh but also for India. Tirupati and Tirumala here is Lord Venkateswara, who is also worshipped as `Balaji’ by the north Indians. Tirumala lies in the midst of the Seshachalam hills, which are 2,000 feet above the sea level. It has also worldwide importance as a major tourist centre. Srikalahasti is also a famous pilgrim centre and the temple here is dedicated to Lord Siva known as Vayulingam and considered as Dakshina Kasi.Apart from those two temples there is another famous temple in chittoor district that is Sri Vara sidhi Vinayaka Temple which is significant for its purity and rich heritage.
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