About Fatehgarh Sahib District :
Fatehgarh Sahib district is one of the twenty-two districts of the state of Punjab in North-West India, with its headquarters in the city of Fatehgarh Sahib.
The district came into existence on 13 April 1992, Baisakhi Day and derives its name from Sahibzada Fateh Singh, the youngest son of 10th Guru Gobind Singh, who along with his brother was bricked-up alive on the orders of Suba Sirhind, Wazir Khan in 1704,and which is now the site of the ‘Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib’.
As of 2011, it is the second least populous district of Punjab (out of 22), after Barnala
District at a Glance :
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Tourist Places :
Aam Khas Bagh :
The Aam Khas Bagh was built for the public and also for exclusive use of the Emperor Shah Jahan. The Royal couple used to stay here while going to and coming back from Lahore. There were adequate number of palaces for the comfortable stay of the Mughal Emperors. A close scrutiny of the remnants of the palaces clearly indicate that there was a perfect system of air-conditioning in the palaces and the monument is called ‘SARAD KHANA’.The Aam Khas Bagh was built for the public and also for exclusive use of the Emperor Shah Jahan. The Royal couple used to stay here while going to and coming back from Lahore. There were adequate number of palaces for the comfortable stay of the Mughal Emperors. A close scrutiny of the remnants of the palaces clearly indicate that there was a perfect system of air-conditioning in the palaces and the monument is called ‘SARAD KHANA’.
The other monuments include ‘SHEESH MAHAL’ (DAULAT-KHANA-E-KHAS), HAMAM and the Tank where unique methods of heating water were adopted.
At present , a Tourist Complex known as ‘MAULASARI’ is being run in the Aam Khas Bagh. A beautiful garden and the Nursery is also being maintained.
During the famous Jorh Mel at Fatehgarh Sahib, the light and sound programme regarding the history of Sirhind and the martyrdom of younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh is shown to the visitors at night in the Aam Khas Bagh.
The present building of the Sanghol Museum was inaugurated on April 10, 1990 as a unit of the Department of Cultural Affairs, Archaeology and Museums of the Government of Punjab.Excavations at Sanghol yielded archaeological treasures of great significance indicating a long history of the cultural heritage of Punjab. These treasures needed to be preserved and displayed at a place for public view and appreciation. With this end in view, the Sanghol Museum was set up by the Government, not only to preserve Punjab’ s Cultural treasures, but also to involve the public in the appreciation of the continuous cultural linkage that the land has maintained from the early ancient times and has witnessed large scale movements and amalgamation of people and their culture.
A vast treasury of about 15000 antiquities has been collected by the department through various archaeological excavations and explorations at Sanghol. It comprises of antiquities of diverse nature like sculptures, terrocottas, pottery, seals, sealings, coins, ivory, carvings, precious stones and other art objects.
The ground floor gallery exhibits the most important items of antiquities other than the stone sculptures. The pride of the Sanghol Museum, the stone sculptures, are displayed in the upper gallery.
The antiquities in the ground floor gallery have been arranged chronologically to highlight the development of socio-cultural and religious facts of the regional manifestations of the heritage of Punjab. Apart from the actual objects, a large number of charts, graphs, photographs, maps, and drawings have been displayed to supplement the viewing of the actual objects. Each of the items is given a label disclosing its identification and chronological placement. The methodology has been as per the latest display techniques followed in museums of the type. At the entry point has been displayed a Master Chart containing a brief history and important details of Sanghol as an archaeological site and of the objects obtained from the place.
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