Humayun in Indian History:
- Humayun was born in 1507 in Kabul as the son of Babur and Mahim Sulthana.
- He became the Mughal Emperor on 29 December 1530 at the age of 23.
- He divided the empire among his brothers – Askari, Hindal and Kamran.
- The word ‘Humayun’ means ‘fortunate’ But Human is considered as the most unfortunate Mughal ruler.
- Human was an accomplished mathematician and astronomer.
- In 1539 by the Battle of Chausa, Humayun was defeated for the first time by Shershah Suri.
- In the next year (1540) Shershah completely defeated Humayun in the battle of Kanauj and founded the Sur dynasty.
- After the lapse of 15 years Humayun re-captured the Empire by defeating the last Sur ruler Sikhandar Shah Suri by the battle of Sirhindh in 1555, July.
- After the restoration Humayun ruled for only six months.
- The period from 1540 to 1555 is known as the period of temporary eclipse of the Mughal.
- Humayun died by an accidental fall from the straicase of his Library ‘Shermandal’ at the Puranakwila in Delhi on 24 January 1556.
- The Purnakwila was constructed by Humayun but its construction was completed by Shershah.
- Humayun’s biography Humayun Namah was written by Humayun’s sister Gulbadan Begum. The language used to write this biography was a mixture of Turkish and Persian.
- In 1533 Humayun built the city of Dinpana (world refuge) in Delhi.
- Humayun’s tomb is situated in Delhi (first building in India having double domes)
- Humayun tomb is known as predecessor of Tajmahal, because Taj was modelled after this, also known as a dormitory of the house of Timur. Mirak Mirza Ghias is its architect.
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