Jahangir in Indian History

Jahangir in Indian History:

  • Early name of Jahangir was Salim. Akbar called him Sheika Baba.
  • Jahangir came to the throne in 1605.
  • Jahangir was the son of Akbar and Jodabai.
  • He married Mehrunnisa, an Afghan widow in 1611 Later he gave her the titles, Noor Mahal (light of the palace) Noor Jahan (light of the world) and Padusha Begum.
  • In 1606 Jahangir executed fifth Sikh Guru Guru Arjun Dev, because he helped Jahangir’s son Prince Khusru to rebel against him.
  • In 1609, Jahangir received William Hawkins, an envoy of King James I of England, who reached India to obtain trade concession.
  • In 1615 Sir Thomas Roe reached the court of Jahangir as the first ambassador of James I of England in the court of Jahangir. As a result of his efforts first English factory was established at Surat in Gujarat.
  • Period of Jahangir is considered as the Golden Age of Mughal Painting. Jahangir himself was a painter. Ustad Mansur and Abul Hassan were famous painters in the court of Jahangir.
  • Jahangir built Shalimar and Nishant Gardens in Srinagar.
  • Jahangir suspended a chain of Justice known as Zndiri Adal infront of his court.
  • Anarkali was Jahangair’s lover. Mughal-i-Asam directed by K. Asif is a famous film which tells the love story of Jahangir and Anarkali.
  • Jahangir wrote his autobiography Tuzukh -i- Jahangiri in Persian language.
  • Jahangir died in 1627 and was cremated at Shahdhara in Lahore.

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