Jhunjhunu District of Rajasthan at a Glance

About the District :

 

The district falls within Shekhawati region, and is bounded on the northeast and east by Haryana state, on the southeast, south, and southwest by Sikar District, and on the northwest and north by Churu District. It is located a 180 km away from Jaipur, The town is famous for the frescos on its grand Havelis special artistic feature of this region

 

It is one of the prosperous Districts of Rajasthan. It’s area is 5926 Sq. Km. Most of the part of the district is semi-desert. The Aravali ranges are embracing the south-eastern part of the district.

 

Geographical & Physical Features :

 

Climate :-

Jhunjhunu in Summer

Temperature

Maximum

Minimum

Summer

47 °C 32 °C

Winter

15 °C 01°C

The summer season starts in the month of March and ends in the month of May. Temperatures range from a minimum of 32°C and can rise up to a maximum of 47°C. Day temperatures are extremely high and if one is visiting during the summer, one should definitely be prepared for the harsh conditions. The peak summer season is during the month of May.

 

 Jhunjhunu in Winter

The winter season is from December to February. Temperatures range from one degrees Celsius to a maximum of 15°C. December and January are the coldest months.

 

Jhunjhunu in Monsoon

The monsoon season lasts from the months of June to September. The place gets a reasonable amount of rainfall during the monsoon season and the conditions are much milder. The months of October and November experience mild conditions and this is the best time to visit the place.

 

Population :

 

In 2011, Jhunjhunun had population of 2,137,045 of which male and female were 1,095,896 and 1,041,149 respectively. In 2001 census, Jhunjhunun had a population of 1,913,689 of which males were 983,526 and remaining 930,163 were females. Jhunjhunun District population constituted 3.12 percent of total Maharashtra population.

 

Total Population Absolute Percentage
Total Rural Urban Total Rural Urban
Persons 2137045 1647966 489079 100.00 77.11 22.89
Males 1095896 842718 253178 100.00 76.90 23.10
Females 1041149 805248 235901 100.00 77.34 22.66
Decadal Change 2001-2011 Absolute Percentage
Total Rural Urban Total Rural Urban
Persons 223356 129393 93963 11.67 8.52 23.78
Males 112370 66942 45428 11.43 8.63 21.87
Females 110986 62451 48535 11.93 8.41 25.90
Sex Ratio 950 956 932
Child Population in the age group 0-6 Absolute Percentage to total population
Total Rural Urban Total Rural Urban
Persons 288470 222519 65951 13.50 13.50 13.48
Males 157062 121483 35579 14.33 14.42 14.05
Females 131408 101036 30372 12.62 12.55 12.87
Child Sex Ratio 837 832 854
Literates Absolute Percentage
Total Rural Urban Total Rural Urban
Persons 1370360 1046549 323811 74.13 73.42 76.53
Males 815834 625672 190162 86.90 86.75 87.39
Females 554526 420877 133649 60.95 59.77 65.03
Scheduled Caste Population Absolute Percentage to total population
Total Rural Urban Total Rural Urban
Persons 360709 285737 74972 16.88 17.34 15.33
Males 185879 147016 38863 16.96 17.45 15.35
Females 174830 138721 36109 16.79 17.23 15.31
Scheduled Tribe Population Absolute Percentage to total population
Total Rural Urban Total Rural Urban
Persons 41629 36862 4767 1.95 2.24 0.97
Males 21380 18900 2480 1.95 2.24 0.98
Females 20249 17962 2287 1.94 2.23 0.97

 

Festivals :

 

Festivals

Rani Sati Fair:

The Rani Sati Mela in Jhunjhunu which is in the northern part of Shekhawati, attracts thousands of pilgrims and tourists from all over the globe. The fair is held at The Rani Sati Temple. All along the duration of the fair, the faithful and pilgrims indulge in prayers in memory of the merchant’s widow who committed Sati. She had sacrificed her life on her husband’s pyre in the year 1595. The Rani Sati temple has the distinction of being one of the ancient pilgrimages in the country. The temple has unprecedented work and is historic in nature which warrants a special visit to the place.

Bhado Amavasya means no-moon day and on this day a holy Pujanutsav is held in Jhunujhunu in the Rani Sati temple. Crowds gather just to get a glimpse of the majestic Shri Rani Satiji on this auspicious day.

Festivals

Shekhawati Festival:

A joint effort of the State Department of Tourism, District administration of Sikar, Jhunjhunu and Churu, and the M.R. Morarka- GDC Rural Research Foundation, Shekhawati Festival has put Shekhawati on the list of rural tourist attraction. Tourist can closely watch the true life of the villagers and the greenery of the countryside while riding on the horseback and see the agricultural revolution of the villages while they experience the simplicity and warmth of the villagers. The region now exports 80 per cent of its crops as compared to the production that was just 10 per cent of its requirement, a few years back.

The featured programmes are one-day tour of the region, farm visits, rural games, camel and jeep safaris, cultural programmes, competitions of the havelis (which emphasizes the need of preservation of the invaluable heritage), and splendid fireworks.

Festivals

Ramdev Fair:

This fair is held at Nawalgarh city of Rajasthan. Named after Baba Ramdev, he was believed to have magical powers and is believed that he is an embodiment of lord Krishna. Respected by both the Hindus and Muslims this fair is celebrated in the honor of death anniversary of Baba Ramdev.

Festivals

Gangaur:

Gangaur is the colourful and one of the most important festivals of people of junjhunu and is observed throughout the jhunjhunu with great fervour and devotion by womenfolk who worship Gauri, the consort of Lord Shiva during March–April. It is the celebration of spring, harvest and marital fidelity. Gana is a synonym for Lord Shiva and Gaur which stands for Gauri or Parvati who symbolizes Saubhagya. The unmarried women worship her for being blessed good husband, while married women do so for the welfare, health and long life of their husbands and happy married life.

Festivals

Holi:

Mandawa Holi is famous and most popular Holi in Shekhawati region in Rajasthan.

All the people together commemorate this festival and enjoy a lot.

Mandawa’s Holi celebration is famous for its dry Holi only with “GULAL” and their programs of “DHAP” and “Folk Songs” and “Dance”.

Singing, dancing and the traditional beats of dhol add to the gaiety of the occasion.

 

Statistical Handbook :

 

2001 2011 Increase
No. of sub-Districts 6 6 0
No. of Towns 13 18 5
No. of Statutory Towns 12 12 0
No. of Census Towns 1 6 5
No. of Villages # 859 927 68
Total Population Absolute Percentage
Total Rural Urban Total
Persons 2137045 1647966 489079 100.00
Males 1095896 842718 253178 100.00
Females 1041149 805248 235901 100.00
Decadal Change 2001-2011 Absolute Percentage
Total Rural Urban Total
Persons 223356 129393 93963 11.67
Males 112370 66942 45428 11.43
Females 110986 62451 48535 11.93
Sex Ratio 950 956 932
Child Population in the age group 0-6 Absolute Percentage to total population
Total Rural Urban Total
Persons 288470 222519 65951 13.50
Males 157062 121483 35579 14.33
Females 131408 101036 30372 12.62
Child Sex Ratio 837 832 854
Literates Absolute Percentage
Total Rural Urban Total
Persons 1370360 1046549 323811 74.13
Males 815834 625672 190162 86.90
Females 554526 420877 133649 60.95
Scheduled Caste Population Absolute Percentage to total population
Total Rural Urban Total
Persons 360709 285737 74972 16.88
Males 185879 147016 38863 16.96
Females 174830 138721 36109 16.79
Scheduled Tribe Population Absolute Percentage to total population
Total Rural Urban Total
Persons 41629 36862 4767 1.95
Males 21380 18900 2480 1.95
Females 20249 17962 2287 1.94
# included un-inhabited villages
Total Workers Absolute Work Participation Rate
Total Rural Urban Total
Persons 894649 752752 141897 41.86
Males 541392 425348 116044 49.40
Females 353257 327404 25853 33.93
Main Workers Absolute Percentage to total workers
Total Rural Urban Total
Persons 592813 468932 123881 66.26
Males 444111 337436 106675 82.03
Females 148702 131496 17206 42.09
Marginal Workers Absolute Percentage to total workers
Total Rural Urban Total
Persons 301836 283820 18016 33.74
Males 97281 87912 9369 17.97
Females 204555 195908 8647 57.91
Marginal Workers ( 3 -6 months ) Absolute Percentage to total marginal workers
Total Rural Urban Total
Persons 212617 198320 14297 70.44
Males 64167 56527 7640 65.96
Females 148450 141793 6657 72.57
Marginal Workers ( Less than 3 months ) Absolute Percentage to total marginal workers
Total Rural Urban Total
Persons 89219 85500 3719 29.56
Males 33114 31385 1729 34.04
Females 56105 54115 1990 27.43
Total Cultiators Absolute Percentage to total workers
Total Rural Urban Total
Persons 521692 507672 14020 58.31
Males 252595 245121 7474 46.66
Females 269097 262551 6546 76.18
Total Agricultural Labourers Absolute Percentage to total workers
Total Rural Urban Total
Persons 68878 64571 4307 7.70
Males 41286 38100 3186 7.63
Females 27592 26471 1121 7.81
Total Household Industry Workers Absolute Percentage to total workers
Total Rural Urban Total
Persons 13472 7950 5522 1.51
Males 9429 5819 3610 1.74
Females 4043 2131 1912 1.14
Total Other Workers Absolute Percentage to total workers
Total Rural Urban Total
Persons 290607 172559 118048 32.48
Males 238082 136308 101774 43.98
Females 52525 36251 16274 14.87
Source:- Census of India – 2011
JHUNJHUNUN
HDR 1999
Human Development index (HDI) 0.589
Rank in Rajasthan:HDI 7
2001
Total Area (Sq.KmS) 5928.00
ADMINISTRATIVE UNITS 2011-12
Number of ULBs 12
Number of Gram panchayat 288
Number of Panchayat Samiti 8
HOUSEHOLD STATUS (CENSUS OF INDIA) 2001
Households with access to Electricity ( % ) 62.8
Safe Drinking Water ( % ) 96.58
Toilet Facilities ( % ) 34.27
DEMOGRAPHIC & HEALTH INDICATORS (CENSUS OF INDIA & Annual Health Survey 2010-11) 2007-09
Crude Birth Rate (No.of live births Per thousand mid year population) 23.3
Crude Death Rate (No.of deaths Per thousand mid year population) 5.9
Infant Mortality rate (No. of infant deaths per thousand live births) 54
Under Five Mortality Rate (No. of under five deaths per thousand live births) 74
31.12.2011
Population Served Per Medical Institution (Annual Progress Report- DMHS) 3479
Population Served Per Bed (Annual Progress Report- DMHS) 1547
WOMEN AND CHILD 1991
Total Fertility Rate 4.83
2001
OVERALL Sex ratio (Females per 1000 males) among SC Population 928
OVERALL Sex ratio (Females per 1000 males) among ST Population 931
INFRASTRUCTURE / FACILITIES 31.12.2011
Area Served by Per Medical Institution (Sq. Km.) (Annual Progress Report- DMHS) 11
No. of Electrified villages (Annual Progress Report- RVVN) 859
No. of Villages with drinking water facilities (Annual Progress Report- PHED) 856
31.12.2011
Road (PWD) length in km. (Annual Progress Report- PWD) 3726
PER CAPITA NET DISTRICT DOMESTIC PRODUCT 2008-09
At current prices (Rs.) 24484
At Constant (2004-05) Prices (Rs.) 17781
LAND USE (AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS OF RAJASTHAN- DES) 2005-06
Average land holding (Hect.) (CENSUS of AGRICULTURE) 2.12
2009-10
% of Forest area to reporting area 6.71
% of Net Irrigated Area to Net Area Sown 55.41
% of Gross Irrigated Area to Gross Area Sown 41.08

 

Tourist Places :

 

Ajit Sagar Lake
Ajit Sagar Lake

 

To the farthest north of Jhunjhunu is the picturesque artificial Ajit Sagar Lake, built by Jitmai Khaitan in 1902. The Lake filled by rain water comes running down from the sides of the Moda Pahar and very seldom dries up. Pavilions are constructed on each corner of the lake where paintings are carved beautifully beneath the dome. Peoples generally quench their thirst from the lake.
Badalgarh Fort
Badalgarh Fort
It was built by Nawab Fazl Khan at the close of the 17th century, but not as a fort but as a stable! Well, horses and camels were precious for the kings those days, for they didn’t have F-18s or Stealth Bombers, you see.
And it was only fair that these animals have a place to stay befitting their status. Naturally, Badalgarh doesn’t enclose those grand baradaris (pavilions) or sheesh mahals (mirror palaces) that you would find in the Amber Fort Palace or the Jaisalmer Fort, but it’s an interesting site to explore anyway.
The views from the walls of Badalgarh are especially good. There are also three makbaras (tombs) of the Kaimkhani nawabs in Jhunjhunu. To the east of the town is the Tomb of Nawab Samas Khan (reigned 1605-1627), and to the west is the Tomb of Bhawan Khan built by Rohella Khan. The Tomb of Rohella Khan is like a solid block topped by a dome.
Badani Chand Well
Badani Chand Well
The well is placed on the north west side of the town surmounted by four imposing minarets. It was treated like a temple since water is of immense importance in the desert. There is a small sacred temple for the Hindus at this well and it is named after Hanuman. The well was decorated with rich paintings and one of the four pavilion was erected nearby so that women folks could gather and exchange news. Nearby is an old inn for the caravans to take a halt during their journey.
Bihari Ji Temple
Bihari Ji Temple

 

It is a temple in Jhunjhunu, which is immensely popular for its antique paintings. Sri Biharji Temple is from a similar period and contains some fine murals, although these too have suffered over the years.
Dargah of Kamaruddin Shah
Dargah of Kamaruddin Shah
South of Kana Pahar lies the blueish coloured Dargah from where a good view of the town can be seen. A ramp leads to the entrance and the steps lead to the roof top from the court yard. Kali Pahari is to the east of the Dargah. The Dargah complex consists of a madrassa, a mosque and a mehfilkhana, at which religious fest are held. Also seen are the fragmants of paintings depicting floral motifs around the courtyard.
Forsterganj- A British Establishment
Forsterganj- A British Establishment
After the Shekhawat Rajputs had their high time in the power game, came the British and with them came Major Henry Forster to Jhunjhunu. He built a mosque and a temple in the part of the town which he created Forsterganj. This lies in the east of Jhunjhunu and was the headquarters of the Shekhawati Brigade. Forster’s Jama Masjidis painted in white and green, and is a pretty fresh looking structure. There are other reminders of the well-loved Major in town, like the stone tablet installed by the Major himself.
Khetri Mahal
Khetri Mahal
Perhaps the finest architectural heritage of Jhunjhunu is the Khetri Mahal, also known as the Wind Palace. It was built by Bhopal Singh, founder of Khetri and grandson of Sardul Singh, in 1770.
Wherever possible, marble pillars take the place of walls, allowing the maximum flow of air through the building. A ramp ascends through the Mahal from the entrance right up to the terrace, so that the Rajputs could ride up on their horses. Inside are lovely halls with graceful arches and pillars. The Khetri Mahal was so beautiful a monument that Sawai Pratap Singh of Jaipur got inspired by it and built the grand Hawa Mahal in 1799.
Kirori Ji
Kirori Ji
Chirana is 65 km. from jhunjhunu via Nwalgarh and 28 km. from Sikar and well connected with the bus serices conducted by R.S.R.T.C. Places of Tourist Interest Kirori Ji is also a holy and religious shrine of Hindus located in the lap of Aravali hills. Besides its natural beauty this ancient and salubrious spot is famous for ponds of hot and cold water spring. temple and the cenotaph of Raja Todar Mal of Udaipurwati. Kirori Ji, Being located in a verdant velley in the vicinity of Lohargal is a worth visiting.
Lohargal
Lohargal
The holy shrine of Lohargal is situated at the foot hills of the Aravali ranges. It is famous for its natural scenic beauty. The wild and prolific nature captivate the heart of the visitors. It is mireculous that a perennial stream of water trickles down from the hille and falls into the suraj kund. Its water is crystal clear, pure and wholsome which is said to be the malady for many diseases. There runs an anecdote that the pandawa’s after winning the bettle of Mahabharta repented for the heavy bloodshed of their own kiths and kins. They also washed their blood satined weapons. consequently the weapons melted. It was a great miracle. Since then it has been named as Lohargal ( that which melts iron). Thetefore it has become a place of pilgrimage of the Hindus. A large fair is held every year from krishana janmaashthami to Amawashya. Besides above, Malket. barkhandi. Gyan Bawari, Bhim Kund, Chetan Das Bawari and many other temples of Gods and Goddesees are worth visiting monuments in the Lohargal area.
Mertaniji Ki Baori Well
Mertaniji Ki Baori Well
The Mertaniji ki Baori is the oldest and finest of Jhunjhunu’s step wells. It was built by Sardul’s widow in 1783. Step wells are real architectural feats in the desert state of Rajasthan and building them was considered a great act of generosity and benevolence. They served as community centres, where people gathered to help themselves to the most precious commodity water. The Mertani Baori is a beautiful structure with flights of steps descending through arches.
Mukundgarh Fort
Mukundgarh Fort
Mukandgarh in Jhunjhunu district has a 300-year-old magnificent fort, which is now converted into a resort hotel, with all modern amenities. There are havelis of Kanoria, Ganeriwal and Saraf, which are a fine example of fresco paintings. Mukundgarh Fort is a heritage property, a grand construction and has amazing detailing of the famous Shekhawati frescoes on the walls. The hotel offers beautifully furnished rooms with a view of the fort’s courtyard or the green vegetation beyond.
Narhar
Narhar

 

Narhar is an ancient place of pilgrimage of the Muslims as well as Hindus. There is an old Durgah after the name of Sufi Saint Sakharbar Shah. The devotees smear the dust of the place to seek the blessing of the saint. The people pour forth from all over the country on the famous fair of the JANAMA ASHTHAMI. It is an emblem of National Integrity.
Rani Sati Temple
Rani Sati Temple

 

Shri Ranisati Mandir in Jhunjhunu has a history of more than 400 years and is a commanding testimony to feminine bravery and motherhood with rich tales of history that captivate the fancy of all tourists. Billions of worshippers and followers, not only in India but worldwide too come visiting Jhunjhunu’s Rani Sati Temple. Devotees from all over offer their prayers and puja everyday almost ritualistically.
A splendid portrait of the Rani Satiji is located in the Pardhan Mand with the imposing Shikhar. The entire edifice in white marble is charming. The main Temple of Shri Rani Satiji is the place for the main sanctum sanctorum. The temple also boasts colorful wall paintings. The temple is graced with fine murals which bear the unmistakable imprint of bearing the brunt of time.
Shekhawat Rajput’s Cenotaph

 

Shekhawat Rajput's Cenotaph

 

The Shekhawat Rajputs, too, put in their bit to build Jhunjhunu. The cluster of memorial chhatris of Sardul Singh’s sons is now used as a school. They’ve whitewashed the place which, sadly, has erased some of the historic murals.
The inscriptions, too, have been obliterated. However, there still are some remains of paintings on the inner walls of some of these. Sardul Singh’s eldest son, Zorawar Singh, built a fort for himself. This was Zorawargarh, built in 1741. Most of the fort is in ruins, but the better buildings house government offices and the town jail. The Zenana Complex in which dwelled the lovely royal ladies, now lies bare and broken.
The Modi and Tibrewala Haveli

 

The Modi and Tibrewala Haveli

 

Both in the main bazaar, these are covered with murals, and the latter one is particularly interesting. These havelis are big draws for tourists. Age old architecture is on display in these once-inhabited havelis.

How to Reach :

 

Air: The nearest Airport is in Jaipur 184 KM

Rail: Jhunjhunu is connected by regular express trains with Delhi and Jaipur and other important tourist centres of the Shekhawati region.

 

Road: Jhunjhunu is well connected by roads with Delhi, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Bikaner and other important tourist centres in the Shekhawati.

 

Accessibility and some road distances from Jhunjhunu to other places to tourist interest:

1. Delhi 250 KM Via Singhana-Pachaeri & Narnaul260 KM Via Pilani-Bhiwani & Rohtak 272 KM Via Singhana-Khetri & Narnaul
2. Bikaner 236 KM Via Mandawa-Fatehpur & Ratangarh
3. Jaipur 184 KM Via Nawalgarh & Sikar
4. Jodhpur 390 KM Via Sikar & Nagaur
5. Jaisalmer 572 KM Via Churu, Ratangarh & Bikaner676 KM Via Sikar, Nagaur & Jodhpur 543 KM Via Mandawa, Fatehpur, Ratangarh & Bikaner
6. Ganganagar 333 KM Via Churu-Sardar Shahar
7. Udaipur 585 KM Via Jaipur, Ajmer, Beawar, Kankroli617 KM Via Jaipur, Ajmer, Bhilwara, Chittaurgarh
8. Chittaurgarh 505 KM Via Jaipur, Ajmer, Bhilwara
9. Mt. Abu 691 KM Via Jaipur, Ajmer, Beawar, Bar, Sojat, Pali & Sirohi
10. Ajmer 315 KM Via Sikar & Jaipur
11. Alwar 246 KM Via Chirawa, Khetri, Neem Ka Thana, Shahpura, Bairath & Sariska
12. Bharatpur 362 KM Alwar, Deeg
13. Agra 424 KM Via Jaipur
14. Sikar 70 KM Via Mukundgarh, Dundlod & Nawalgarh
15. Churu 52 KM Via Bissau

 

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