|Lok Sabha Constituencies in Karauli district, Rajasthan (MP Constituencies)||Karauli-Dholpur|
|MLA Assembly Constituencies in Karauli district, Rajasthan||Hindaun
About the State :
District Karauli falls under “Nizamat” of ancient regions of Karauli state along with Hindaun and Gangapur of Jaipur state. It was named Kalyanpuri by Yaduwanshi rulers. Karl Marx and Colonel James Todd has mentioned in their book about Karauli. Karauli state was merged with Matsya group in April, 1949. It was merged with Jaipur state and became part of the United State of Greater Rajasthan. The Government of Rajasthan announced creation of Karauli district which was carved out of five Tehsils of Sawai Madhopur on 1st March, 1997. Notification of formation of Karauli district was issued on 15th July 1997 and then Chief Minister Shri Bhairo Singh Shekhawat inaugurated the district on 19th July, 1997. According to the Census 2011 population of the district is 14, 58, 459 and its area is 5,043 Sq. Km. The main river of state ,Chambal River, separates it from from Madhya Pradesh. Numerous Forts and Fortresses point to its glorious history . Out of these forts, Timangarh, Untgiri, and Mandrayal tell the story of the medieval period of the country. The Timangarh fort remained under principality of Yadhuvansh. During the period from 1093 to 1159 King Timanpal, the powerful King of the dynasty, got the Timangarh fort constructed. There are numerous ‘Chataris’ of historic legendary personalities still standing straight. The presence of relic evidences related to sculpture and architecture in Timangarh, Karauli, Hindaun etc indicate presence of magnificent temples in earlier times. Old remains are still available in King Mordhwaj’s city Gadmora in the Karauli district.
FLORA, FOREST RESOURCES:
The important trees found across district are Neem, Babul, Bairy, Dhonk, Ronj, Tendu, Salar, Khair,Santha, Jammun, Mango, Ghaneri, Bamboo, Khejda, Banyan, Peepal etc. The prominent medicinal plants found across the area are Audhijada, Chichda, Polar, Kaalilamp, Lapla,Kainch, Gugal etc. Forest of the district provides building wood, fuel, coal from wood, fodder for animals, grass, tendupata, gound, dhok leaf, honey, wax, medicinal fruits, kattha, karnaj and other useful things.
Karauli district has rich resources in the form of wild life, where various types of wild animals are found. Panther, Wild Dog, Sambhar, Neel Gaye, Chital, Chinkara, Wild Pig, Badgers are prominent. In Karauli district, Kailadevi Wildlife Sanctuary was established in year 1983, which was declared as forest reserve due to its closeness to Ranthambore Reserve in 1991, where tigers can be seen on various occasions. The area of sanctuary is 674 Sq. Km.
The sowing work of crop is being done in all three seasons. Kharif is dependent on rain which starts from the month of July. The commonly sown crops in this season are Bajra, Makka, Sesame, Jawhar, Gawhar etc. Rabi crops are being sown in the month of October, which mainly includes Jaun, Chana, Wheat, Mustard etc. Farming and Mining are the main occupations of the people here. Due to scarcity of ground water and lagging irrigation facilities farming mostly depends on rainfall. In district for the marketing of farming product there is a Krishi Upaj Mandi in Hindaun and Gaund Mandi in Todabheem and Karauli.
Handicraft of Karauli has a special place for Lakh Bangles and approximately rupees one lac worth of bangles are being exported to various provinces every year. Manufacturing business of bangles is done by local Lakhera and Muslim community of Hindaun and Karauli town. This work provides employment to around 500 people. Apart from this Karauli district is also involved in manufacturing of wooden toys and kitchenwares like Rahi of Dahi – Biloni, Spoon of wood and charpoy. In present, manufacturing of statues and windows(Jhali-Jharoke) through stone carving work is also done in RIICO areas of Hindaun and Karauli.
Karauli district has immense prospects for tourism as many historical Forts, monuments, archaeological attraction are there. Culture and Kailadevi Wildlife Sanctuary can also attract the tourists. Tourism industry is known for investmentless business. It can open gates of employment to many local citizens directly or indirectly. Fairs organised in the district and four major religious spots attracts tourist automatically. Public representatives and administration have to work in coordinated and synergistic way towards the enhancement for the tourism by attracting tourists towards Ravines of Chambal, boating in Panchna Dam and village tourism as attraction spots. To bring Karauli on the tourist map , there is a need for big tourist fair.To increase the footfall of tourist it is necessary to re-organise and reform the tourist fairs and historic fairs like Shivratri animal fair on the line of famous Nagore animal fair etc.
There is a huge possibility of Horticulture and Medicinal plantation in the district Karauli. In Daang, medicinal plants like Amla, Mango, Lemon and other medicinal crops and dairy related activities and traditional farming with the help of scientific technology can boost the farming opportunities in the areas of Hindaun, Tadobhim, Nadauti and Sapotra. District’s conditions also provide the possibility of processing industry and milk production via co-operative and private activities. Nadauti which is known as “Maad” has huge possibilities for Dalahan and Tilhan crop productions. Farm ponds are emerging as model efforts for water harvesting in the district.
Irrigation is chiefly done by Panchna, Kalisil, Nidar, Jagar and Mamchari Dam in the area. In future, there are few projects namely Chambal-Panchna Jagar lift project and Gudla-Panchna lift project which are going to be completed and will irrigate areas of Karauli and Hindaun. Presently Drip and Fountain irrigation methods are being used and crops are being selected based on these techniques.
In the field of the energy Karauli is growing as the brightness of the Sun, installation of 440 kilovolt electric sub-station at Gudachandila of the district would brighten district of Karauli, Dausa, Sawai Madhopur, Bharatpur. According to the policies of state government 132 kilovolt sub-stations and 33 kilovolt sub-station in every two gram panchayats would provide uninterrupted electric supply for farming, industries, and residential areas. There is a high possibility of projects for producing hydro-electricity in Rahugath and wind energy production in Dang area in coming future.
Education is considered as an axis for development of the community. The talented persons of Karauli have gained achievement in Administrative, Engineering and other state services and made district proud. Every division of the district would be established with state level colleges, girls college, engineering and polytechnic colleges which would help local villagers in getting a higher education. In the field on medical along with a district hospital, education facilities will also be developed.
Karauli district is experiencing new efforts in the field of mineral reserves which can make the district as a hub of industrial development. RIICO industrial areas in Hindaun and Karauli are accelerating the industrial development continuously. Areas of pioneering include stone carving, statue production and artifacts production. Apart from these, the specialities of the district are plastic pipe production, milk production & collection units, farm processing industry, and lakh chudi (lakh bangles) industry. To boom the industrial growth plant of IFFCO and cement industry have been proposed to be started in the Hindaun division of the district Karauli.
There is lot to be done for transport infrastructure in Karauli. There are many projects underlying and in progress for connecting this district headquarter from the rest of the country. These projects are construction of bridge over Chambal for connecting Mandrayal with Madhya Pradesh, National Highway 11B, Karauli – Hindaun – Mahua Mega Highway, construction of Bypass in Karauli etc. These projects will provide lot of employement.
At present district is dependent on projects based on underground water from the viewpoint drinking water supply. During summer season, Daang area and villages affected with the problem of drinking water shortage are being fulfilled through tankers. In coming days for preparing projects based on water bodies: Nidar Dam, Kalisil, Panchna and Jagar Dam will be very important and useful. The Chambal Lift project approved by the state government will be helpful in solving drinking water problem in hundreds of villages Hindaun, Nadauti and Todabheem of Karauli. Presently, local citizens and NGO’s have to focus on minimizing water wastage and rainwater harvesting. At last, we can confidently say that Karauli district in coming years would establish new standards of developments; the only requirement is to work with positive thinking along with coordination.
|Population & Demographics – 2011|
|Name Of Charge|| Total no. of
|Population||SC Population||ST Population|
Comparative study of Population
The population is the most important resource of a district, on which the development of the district depends. Statistics are collected related to the population every 10 years by the Indian Government, on the basis of which social, economic, industrial development schemes are prepared. The census survey was conducted for the first time in the India in 1872 AD and the census survey is being done on a gap of every 10 years since 1881 AD. In this sequence, the census survey in the year 2011 is 15th since 1881 AD and 7th after independence.
Karauli district was founded in the year 1997 and in the year 2001, census was conducted for the first time independently. As per the Census Survey 2001 the population of the district was 12,09,665 and it increased to 14, 58, 459 in the year 2011. It means the population of the district increased by approx 2.50Lakh. The growth rate in the decade 1991-2001 was 30.39 percent and it was reduced to 20.94 percent in the decade 2001- 2011. During this period, there was a population increase in the male from 6,51,998 to 7,84,943 and in female category from 5,57,667 to 6,73,516. In the same way, the sex ratio became 855 females per 1000 male, but this situation could not be termed as satisfactory and indicates a gender disparity in the district.
In these 10 years, the alarming fact is that there is a rapid decrease in the sex ratio in 0-6 age group. A decline in sex ratio of 844 girls to 1000 boys (2001) to 837 in the year 2011 has been observed which an important point of discussion. Boys-Girls sex ratio, female foeticide on a large scale etc indicates preference gives to male child over girl child.
If we look out the situation of literacy in the district, then the literacy rate became 67.34 percent in the year 2011 which was 63.18 percent in the year 2001. The literacy of men and women is 82.96 percent and 49.38 percent, respectively. This literacy rate indicates the gender disparity between men and women
Millions of devotees come not only from Rajasthan state but also from other states to worship at the shrine of Kailadevi Indian famous mass mother every year in the months of March-April. Reverence and devotion recite entire day and night in the shrine of Kailadevi in the fair till one fortnight. When men-women and youths dance without the influence of religion, rich and poor gap on the Languriya songs, then it seems they are totally immerged in the devotion of the Goddess. According to one estimate, 30 to 40 million devotees come to this fair.
Shri Mahaveerji Fair
After the Kailadevi fair, three days fair of Jain shrine Shri Mahavirji fair has a special identity. The people from the different corners of the country come to worship Lord Mahaveerji of different castes other than that of Jain community. During the fair, chariot festival is the centre of attraction of the Lord Mahaveerji fair.
Fair of Lord Jagdish
The fair is organized of Lord Jagdish in the Kaimri village of Nadouti region. The Gurjar community has dominance of the fair and the people of other castes also come to visit the fair
TOURIST PLACES :
Fort of Timangarh:
This fort is situated in Masalpur village 42 KM away from district headquarter Karauli. There are incomparable archaeological sculptures. According to prevailing beliefs, in Samvat (Hindu calendar) 1244 Yadhuvanshi ruler Timanpal constructed this Fort. Some historians have described this ancient fort more than 1000 years old. Stone scriptures and ancient creations inside this fort narrate that it was established by a craftsperson and art lover, which later gone into possession of ruler. Around of this fort, there exists unique example of 5 feet wide and 30 feet high rampart bulwark architecture. Market inside fort, flooring, garden, temples, and remains of well are still available. It seems as a whole city is enclosed within the entire fort. The entry gate has a statue of Lord Bharama and Ganesha, but portraits of Ghost and Demon can also be seen. The broken idols in the fort seem that a huge market of sculptures existed here. There are also small rooms in the fort, which were probably used as a bathroom.
In the south of Karauli 40 KM away from the bank of Chambal River and between the mountain ranges, this fort is made up red stone and situated on a small hill. Due to its location near to Gwalior. From the point of a monument, it is considered important. in the Surja Pol of Fort, there are direct sunlight from sunrise to sunset. In the year 1327 AD, Maharaja Arjun Dev had acquired this fort, which remained under the custodianship of Karauli dynasty.
Unt Giri Fort:
This fort was established in 15th Century on a tunnel shaped high mountain range of Kalyanpura village in Karanpur. Fort is spread in the area of 4 KM. It has a 100 feet high waterfall which directly drops water over a Shivlinga. In this water, Shilajit is found in large quantity. This fort has been important strategically. In 1506-07 AD Sikander Lodhi attacked, that time this fort was called as key to Gwalior. Till last Mughal Empire, this fort remained in the possession of Yadhuvanshi.
This fort is located on the east of Unt Giri on the bank of Chambal River and this fort even after being abandoned has been witness to many historical events. Nothing can be found in the name of bulwork (parkota) and a residential internal part of the fort has already been destroyed. In the year 1506-07 during attack of Sikander Lodhi, Damage was mostly caused to this fort. At present, it has one Bavdi, creaky stone scriptures and few remains of the mansions.
Bahadurpur Ka Killa:
15 kilometers away from Karauli district headquarter on Mandrayal Route near the forest of Sased village and in secluded environment ‘Bahadurpura Ka Killa’ stands up like as an insuppressible warrior is an unique example of Mughal architecture art. Double storeyed Nrip Gopal Bhawan, Saheliyon Ki Bavdi, Artistic Jharokha, 18 feet long girder of common and VIP courts, panchveer, Magadh Rai Ki Chhatri are few viewable sights. The fort was constructed by Nagraj, son of Yadhuvanshi King Timanpal and was expanded throughout the years 1566 to 1644. Sawai Jai Singh, ruler of Jaipur, was also resided in this fort for three months.
Shahar quilla and Chhatari:
It is constructed on a high hill in Gram Shahar of Nadoti tehsil and is still secure and flourishing. Thikanedar of this fort is ancestors of Pachchan son of King of Amer Raja Prithviraj. It has an ancient temple of goddess.
This is located on the route of Kanchanpur and 30 KM. away from Karauli district headquarter. This was constructed in 1702 AD by Thakur Gasiram of Yadu rulers who was a big Jagirdar of Harnagar. This fort is in protected and unharmed form.
Fort Narauli Dang:
This fort 12 K.M away from Sapotara sub-divisional headquarter is constructed over the hill. It was constructed a local Jagirdar of Naroli Dang village and subsequently located on the border of Karauli and Jaipur earldoms.
This palace named is after the emperor of Karauli King Bhawar Paal, was the residence of past rulers and located on Mandrayal road in the southern part of the city, it has enclosed a wonderful architecture and craft within itself. At present, it has been converted into a heritage.
Between India’s main Wildlife Sanctuary Ranthambore and Bharatpur Bird Reserve, the Ramthera fort is situated at Sapotara Subdivision in Karauli district and it is just 15 kilometres away from Kailadevi Sanctuary.
Every guest who comes to Karauli is amazed with the architecture and craft of Harsukh Villas. At present, a circuit house has been located in these villas.
Sukh Villas Bagh and Shahi Kund:
in district headquarter, on the bank of Bhadrawati River a beautiful palatial garden enclosed by four-sided walls and it was used by the queens for festivity and it is known as Sukh Bagh. Shahi Kund is situated near Sukh Villas on the outside of Parkota of the city. This three floored pond has a shape of Bavdi (broad well), which has steps on all four sides and has a balcony at each floor which gives it unique construction values. During estate period, it was used for drinking water supply of the status city.
On the western gates of Karauli between Vajirpur Gate and Saynath Khidkiya, there is 120 years old Shrine of a Sufi Saint when is an example of excellent crafting. The Fame of this Dargah is that its gates are made up stone. The Nakkasi done on the stone automatically makes a conquest of the viewers.
Rawal Palace (Rajmahal):
Established in 13th century Rajmahal (Rawal Palace) made out of Red and White Stone is unique example of the stone craft. Artistic pictures and carving on the huge gate, reticulated vents, artillery, Nahar Kathara, Suri Gurj, Gopalsingh Akhada, Bhanwar Bank, Nazar Bagichi, Manik Mahal, Fountain Pond, Gopal Temple, Deewan-e-Aam, Fauj Kachari, Kirkiri Khana, Gyan Bangla, Sheesh Mahal, Moti Mahal, Harvillas, Ranglal, Teda Kuwa, Jannani Dayoddhi and others along with skillful architecture are representatives of its cultures and civilizations.
The Chhatris of Maharaja Gopal Singh, Rangama Ka Taal, Sukh Villas Kund and Shikarganj etc are signs of Karauli’s ancient glory. Along with Narolidang Ka Killa in Sapotra, Raja Mordhwaj’s Palace and Temple in Gadmora (Nadauti), constructed fort of Sahar Sop on a high hill, Old Courtyard of Hindaun and historic tourist places like Prahalad Kund are the symbols of our culture.
It is a prominent place of Digamber Jain Community of India. Here, resides a 400-year-old statue of Lord Mahaveer. Temple constructed in Mahaveer Ji is an unique example of modern and ancient architecture. The temple is constructed on a huge platform made out of white marble. The chhatri is visible from a very long distance, which is made of a redsand stone. Carving work on the temple is also very beautiful. In front of the temple, there is an honor column, in which there is an idol of Jain ‘Tirthankar’. Beside this temple there is Katla and Charan temple, where visitors go in for reverence devotionally. Every year from the 11th day of Chaitra Sudhi month to the 2nd day of Baisakh month a fair is organized. In this fair lakhs of people come from various places. The fair concludes with a Rathyatra organized on the last day of fair.
This religious place is 24 K.M away from Karauli, where every year from March – April a very big fair is held. In this fair along with Rajasthan pilgrims from Delhi, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh participate. The main temple is made up of marble, in which idols of Kaila (Mahalaxmi) and Chamunda Devi are present. The Goddess is presented with 8 arms and riding on a lion, here, local Languriya songs are chanted on special occasions, where homage towards the goddess is presented through Languriya.
This is a small village 5 K.M away from Todabheem tehsil and connected through Jaipur-Agra National Highway. It is an important place of Hindu faith. Here a very old temple of Lord Hanuman is constructed on the foothill of the mountain here. People relatively from very far places come down to this place. It is believed that patients of Hysteria and Delirium get cured after reverence. During festive season of Holi and Diwali, a large number of visitors come to this place for reverence and devotion.
The Madan Mohan temple is situated on the border of headquarter near the palaces in the extensive campus, where charming figure idols of Lord Radha Madan Mohan along with Gopalji are established. The Gaud community of Gusai is offering services in a very beautiful manner in various ways. Groups of hundreds of devotees are present during each tableau from Mangla to Shayan. A total of eight tableaus of Madanmohanji complete the whole wishes
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