Kolar District of Karnataka at a Glance

Lok Sabha Constituencies in Kolar district, Karnataka (MP Constituencies) Kolar
MLA Assembly Constituencies in Kolar district, Karnataka Bangarapet
Kolar Gold Field

About Kolar District :

Kolar district is a district in Karnataka state of India. The town of Kolar is the district headquarters. Kolar district is located in the southern region of the State and is the eastern-most district of the Karnataka State. The district is bounded by the Bangalore Rural district in the west Chikballapur district in the north, Chittoor District of Andhra Pradesh in the east and on the south by Krishnagiri and Vellore district of Tamil Nadu. Formerly, Kolar was known variously as Kolahala, Kuvalala and Kolala. Kolar was called Kolahalapura during the Middle Ages, but later came to be known as Kolar. It was the battlefield for the warring kingdoms of Chalukyas in the north and Cholas to the south. It was the capital of the Gangas until 4th century AD when they shifted the capital to Talakad in Mysore. In 1004 AD, the Cholas annexed Kolar until 1116 AD,. Vishnuvardhana (1108-1142 AD) freed Gangavadi from the Cholas, and in commemoration of his victory, built the celebrated Vijayanarayana Temple (Chennakesava Temple) at Belur. The major and important temples in the town are Kolaramma Temple and Someshwara Temple. The Kolaramma temple is of Dravida Vimana style built in Ganga tradition in the 2nd century CE and dedicated to goddess Shakti. The temple was later renovated during the period of the Chola monarch Rajendra Chola I in the 10th century and Vijayanagara kings in the 15th century.Someswara Temple is a fine example of 14th century Vijayanagara art.

District at a Glance

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Tourist Places :

Kolaramma temple
 Kolaramma Temple

The Kolaramma temple is built and dedicated to Goddess Shakti.The temple is built in Dravida Vimana Style and dates back to the Ganga period. The temple has several Chola renovations and additions were made by them in the 11th century, followed by Vijayanagara rule in the 15th century. The Cholas made several inscriptions in the temple, the earliest inscription belongs to the period of Rajendra Chola I from 1012 to 1045 A.D.

The temple is built in typical South Indian architectural style using granite stones and is around 800 years old. The temple is L-shaped housing two shrines, one for Durga who is known as Kolaramma and another for Saptamatrikas. The main temple faces the east while the larger shrine faces the north. But both of them share a common vestibule. Though the temple resembles a mantapa, there are nearly 30 inscriptions in both Tamil and Kannada found in the temple complex.


Someshwara Temple
 Someshvara Temple

Someshwara Temple is located in the heart of the Kolar region and is one of the famous temples in this town.The temple was built by the Cholas who ruled this region in the 11th century who were then dethroned by the Chalukyas. The temple was later expanded by the Vijayanagara Empire and is a fine example of the Vijayanagara style of architecture. The carvings on the inner pillars of the temple have an international connection which depicts the importance and value of trade to the King.

The temple is every architect’s delight considering the beauty of Dravidian architecture. The huge gopura on the entrance stands testimony to the hand of the Cholas in the construction of this temple. The temple has heavy Prakara walls, a Kalyana Mantapa (Wedding hall), a Mukha Mandapa with massive pillars, a Vasantha Mantapa (Marriage Podium) and a shrine forgoddess Parvati Devi. The Kalyana Mandapa has 64 – 16 sided pillars, a few depicting men, riding horses and others represent mythological stories.



Located 3 Kms from Kolar, Antharagange , a sacred stream, that pours sweet water from the mouth of a bull. This scenic spot, known as Shatha Shringa Parvatha, abounds in rocks of many shapes and rare flora and fauna. The hill top resembling a snakehood- (Havina Hede), gives a bird’s eye view of seven towns. It is a trekker’s delight, accessible from two routes, steep steps on one side and a motorabel route on the other. The granite temple of Neelakanteshwara, at the foothills, is an attraction.



Known as the Gaya of the south, Avani has a cluster of Ramalingeshwara temple all within one courtyard dedicated to Lakshmana, Bharata and Shatrugna as well as a Shankar Math built by the Nolamba dynasty. Legend has it, that the hill above was home to Valmiki’s ashram, where Lava & Kusha were born and raised.


Kolar Gold Mines

K.G.F or kolar gold fields is a town in Bangarpet Taluk, in the Kolar District of Karnataka state, India. It includes the township of the same name, viz. KGF, where reside mainly the families of the employees of BGML. To the east of KGF is a ridge of hills of which Dod Betta hill, 3195 feet above sea level, is the most conspicuous point. KGF is about 30 kilometers from Kolar and 100 kilometers from Bangalore.

The gold mines of KGF were closed down by BGML in 2001 due to reducing deposits and increasing costs


Kotilingeshwara Temple
 Kotilingeshwara Temple

The Kotilingeshwara Temple is situated in Kammasandra Village in Kolar district, Karnataka State, India. The temple is about 6 km from Kolar Gold Fields also known as KGF. The main deity of this temple is Lord Kotilingeshwara.

There are millions of Lingas being installed surrounding the temple by the pilgrims since 1980 spread over an area of 13 acres (53,000 m2). There are more than 8.6 million Lingas installed as of 2008. The lingas installed vary between 1 foot (0.30 m) and 3 feet (0.91 m) tall.The temple was started with the intent of installing 1 crore lingas, hence the name “Kotilingeshwara”. Koti means crore (10 million).



Bethamangala is a small town in the Bangarpet Taluk of Kolar district in the state of Karnataka, India. It has a large man-made lake which is a popular picnic spot and supplies drinking water to the nearby mining city of Kolar Gold Fields (“KGF”), about 5 miles from Bethamangala. In the days of the British, prior to say 1957, Bethamangala was where the British workers of KGF went at weekends to sail and relax around the sailing clubhouse.


 Baba Hyder Vali,Mulbagal

Twenty-nine Kms. from Kolar, is  Mulbagal, a popular tourist stopover, enroute Tirupati. The Anjaneya temple and theSomeshwara temple, with its exquisite bronze icon of the Dancing Nataraja, of the Vijayanagar period are a great draw. The tomb of Haider Oulia, a great muslim saint and 13 Kms. away, the tomb of the 15th  Century Madhwa saint, Shripadarayaare also popular spots.


Virupaksha Temple
 Virupakshi Temple

Sri Virupaksheshwara Swamy Temple is also located in Virupakshi Village about 4 kilometres from Mulbagal. This temple was built in the 13th century by Vijayanagara Rulers and resembles the Virupaksheshwara Temple in Hampi.The Parvati shrine here has the figure of a lion on front of it just like Nandi in front of Siva temples. This is rather unusual.


 Kurudumale Temple  

This place is located 12KM from Mulbagal, was the capital of the Hoysala Dynasty. The giant, thirteen and a half foot sculpture of kurudumale Ganesha and the Someshwara temple, attract thousands of visitors from the surrounding states.


Bangaru Tirupati / Chikka Tirupati

Its located 29 km from Kolar in place called Guttahalli. This is a very famous temple which resembles the famous Sri Venkateshwara Temple of Tirupathi in Andhra Pradesh.The temple is built on rocks which dates back to Brigu Maharushi’s days.At Guttahalli, you’ll find the temple on a hillock that is about 40 metres high. Just below the hillock is Garuda, Vishnu’s vehicle.

The temple itself has a very impressive gopuram. There is the kalyani or water tank near which a flight of steps leads us to the idol of Venkataramana, also called Srinivasa. This small attractive sculpture has to be viewed from a six-holed window. The temple attracts lots of devotes particularly during the month of Shravana (July/August) At a different level is the shrine for the consort Padmavathi, dating back to mid-19th century. This temple is thronged by pilgrims, particularly during the month of Shravana(July–August).Darshan of the deity is through a small window in the sanctum.



This is a village, about 15 Kms. southwest of Bangarpet town, whose history dates to the 8th Century A.D. Budikote, meaning “fort of ashes”. Is said to derive its name from an immense holocaust, believed to have been performed there, in its hoary past. Budikote is the birthplace of Haider Ali and a spot among the boulders in the fort, is known to tourists as the place where his cradle was rocked. The important temples here are those of Venkataramana and Someshwara.


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