Malda District of West Bengal at a Glance

Lok Sabha Constituencies in Malda district, West Bengal (MP Constituencies) Maldaha Dakshin
Maldaha Uttar
MLA Assembly Constituencies in Malda district, West Bengal Baishnabnagar

About Malda District :

Malda is a district covering area of 3733 sq Km with Bihar and Uttar Dinajpur at North , Murshidabad at South , Bangladesh at east , and Jharkhand and Bihar at West. It shares 165.5 km international border with Bangladesh. Having a central location it is an important junction and entry point to Siliguri from South Bengal. The District is situated between the Latitude and Longitude figures of 24040’20”N to 25032’08”N and 88028’10”E to 87045’50”E respectively. The river Ganga makes its first entry in West Bengal near Manikchak of Malda. The district is divided into 2 Subdivisions, 15 Blocks and 3701 Villages. the total population of the district is 3,988,845 as per 2011 Census. There are number of places to visit at Malda which has some historical importance. The main among them are Ramkeli, Gour, Adina, Pandua, and Jagjibanpur

At a Glance :

1. Geographical Area 3733 Sq Kms (As per Census 2011)
2. Geographical Location 2404020N to 25032 08N

8704550E to 8802810 E.

3. No. of Subdivisions 2
4. No. Of Police Stations 11 { Out Post – 13 (as in ’99)}
5. No. of Municipalities 2
6. No. of Blocks/Panchayat Samitis 15
7. No. of Gram Panchayats 146
8. No. of Gram Sansads 2008
9. No. of Mouzas 1814
10. No. of Villages 3701
11. Population (Census 2011)

Census 2011 (Data and Map)

Male Female Total
RURAL 1,768,336 1,678,849 3,447,185
URBAN   283,205   258,455   541,660
Total Population of the District 2,051,541 1,937,304 3,988,845
Rural (0-6 Yrs.)     270,666     259,960   530,626
Urban ( 0-6 Yrs.)     41,674     36,740     78,414
Total ( 0-6 Yrs.)     312,340     296,700   609,040
Rural Literate   961,409   770,268 1,731,677
Urban Literate     190,610     164,145   354,755
Total Literate   1,152,019   934,413 2,086,432
Population as per Religion (2001 Census) Hindu Muslim Sikh Buddhist Jain Others & Christian
1621468 1636171 283 164 293 22350 & 8388
SC Population (2011 census) 835,430
ST Population (2011 census) 313,984
Total Main workers 1,050,995
Total Cultivators 219241
Total Agri  Labourers 322452
Total Population in household industry 98383
Other workers 410919
Marginal Workers 486852
Non-workers 2450998
12. General Education (2012)
No. of Primary Schools: 1888
No. of Middle/Junior H. School 112 ( Including New Setup 105)
No. of Secondary Schools 137
No. of Higher Secondary/Multipurpose Schools: 119
No of MadrashahSchool: 12
No of Junior MadrashahSchool: 19
No of High MadrashahSchool: 38
No of New SetupMadrashah School: 8
No. of Colleges 8
13. Professional & Technical Education: (2012)
Engineering & Technical School (Govt) 3
No of Engineering Collage (Private) 1
No of Vocational Training Centre (VTC) at different Schools: 145
College: Teachers’ Training (Govt) 1 (B.ED)

1 (PTTI)

 No of Private B.ED 5
No of Private D.ED 5
No of Central School 1
14. Special Education (2012)
Baisc Literacy Centre 25112
Lok Siksha Kendra 146
No of MSK 108
No of Sishu Siksha Kendra(SSK) 618
15. Libraries Reading Rooms and TLCs  (2012)
Public Library 105
Free Reading room 108
TLC 56260
16. HEALTH &FW (2012)
Medical Collage 1
District Hospital 1
Sub Division Hospital 1
Hospitals 11
Health Centres 45
Clinics 432
Dispensaries 7
BPHCs 10
Rural Hospitals 5
Primary Health Centres 35
Sub Centres 511
Total Beds 1259
Family Welfare Centres 16 (15 Public; 1 Private)
ICDS Projects 16 (15 Blocks , 1 Municipality)
AWW Centres 5573
17. No. of Cinema Houses (2012) 27
18. AGRICULTURE & Allied (2012)
Normal Rainfall 1485.2 mm.
Total Area. 373300 Hec
Forest 1680 Hec. { Reserve- 806; Protected-378; Vested Waste Land – 509.80}
Cultivable Area: 2,80,000 Hec.
Net Cultivable Area: 2,59,921 Hec.
Orchard and Horticultural Crops: 75000 Hec.
Pasture and other grazing Land: 435 Hec.
Gross Cropped Area: 4,74,701 Hec.
Cropping Intensity: 196
Cultivable Waste Land: 671 Hec.
Marginal Holding (below 1.0 acre) 310706; Area-171105 Hec. (05-06)
Small Holding (1.0-2.0 acre) 49860; Area-81798 Hec. (05-06)
Medium Holding (2.0-4.0acre) 15012; Area-40121 Hec.
Medium Holding (4.0-10.0acre) 991; Area-4864 Hec.
Large Holding (10.0 acres and above) 01; Area-10 Hec. (05-06)
Vested Land Distributed(30-9-2002) 30332.00 Hec.; { SC-39310, ST-29168; Othrs.-82893}
Area Irrigated 120067 { HDTW – 6150, MDTW – 242, LDTW – 641, STW – 78.494 , RLI – 8600, Others Sources – 24627, Tank – 1308, Net Irrigated Area – 1,44,588 Hec., Land Under Non Agricultural Use – 87,940 Hec.}


Minor Irrigation Tank – 254, HDTW – 326, MDTW – 18, LDTW – 108, STW – 33837, RLI – 384, ODW – NIL, Others – 445
Fertilizer Consumed Nitrogen- 21910 Tones; Phosphorus- 14380 Tones; Potassium- 13430 Tones.
No. of Agri-Implement Hub 3 (Habibpur, Gazole, Chanchal-I)
LIVESTOCK (2012) 3892930 ( All)
Veterinary Hospitals etc SAHC-4, BAHC-15, ABAHC-15, ADAC- 146, AI Centres- 146 (Prani Bandhu) and 100 (Govt.)
19. Cooperative And Banking (2012):
Central Banks Societies- 1, Members- 690
Primary Land Mortgage Banks Societies- 1, Members- 6199
Agricultural Societies 218, Members- 109252
Non Agri Credit Societies Societies- 308, Members – 13594
All Credit Societies Societies- 414, Members- 119086
Non- Credit Societies Societies- 112, Members- 3756
Total No. of Credit and Non-Credit Societies 526, Members- 122846


COMERCIAL BANKING Rural- 134, Semi Urban- 19, Urban- 8,      Total- 145{Ave. Population /Branch- 24600}
20. INDUSTRY (2012)
Small Industry ( Regd. Cottage & Small scale Industry) 2481, Employment- 14857 (after implementation of MSMED act 2006)
Total no. of villages electrified 1773
Consumption of Electricity ( in thousand KWH) Domestic – 77560

Commercial – 13454

Industrial – 16199

Public Lighting – 598

Agri Irrigation & Dewatering – 31627

Public water works & Sewarage Pump – 4187

Total – 143625.

22. No of Enterprises
Agri Rural- 526 Urban – 15, Total – 541
Non-Agri Rural – 1881, Urban – 445, Total – 2326
23. Regulated Market (2012) Principal Market yard – 2, Sub Market yard – 17
24. Market ( all categories) 136
25. Regional Research Station on Subtropical Fruits by ICAR (proposed) 1
26. Jute purchasing center under JCI (2012) 5
27. Govt. Farms (all categories) 9
28. Cold Storage 5 ( 4 Multipurpose)
29. MR Shop (2012) 762
Registered Motor Vehicles (as on 21/08/2012) Heavy Goods vehicles – 3872

Medium Goods Vehicle – 336

Light Goods Vehicle – 2998

Three Wheeler Goods Vehicle – 96

Jeep Taxi – 756

L.M.V (Car) – 6391

L.M.V. (Van) – 86

L.M.V.( JEEP/GYPSY) – 162

Bus – 252

Mini bus – 2

Maxi Cab – 51

OMNI Bus – 409

Omni Bus ( Private) – 1285

Tractor  – 4646

Trailers –1725

Motor Cycle – 62970

Scooter – 2112

Ambulance – 116

Three Wheeler (Passenger) – 715.

PWD Surfaced – 677.50 km Un surfaced – 5.00km. Total – 682.50 km.
Zilla Parishad/Panchayet Surfaced – 579.50 km, Un surfaced – 269.50 km., Total – 849.00 KM
Municipalities 247.85 km., Un surfaced – 240.74 km

Total- 488.59 km

Railway Station 12 (Main Stations)
31. POST and Telegraph (2012)
Post Office 37 (Departmental), 296 (Branch Office)
BSNL Total 57 ( Under Malda SDCA – 29, Bulbulchandi SDCA- 8, Chanchal SDCA – 19, and Malda Main – 1)


Tourist Places :

Sl No. Name of the Places to Visit Brief description of the Place
1 Ramkeli 

(Situated at a distance of nearing 14 Km from Malda towards south)

A small village on the way to Gour, Ramkeli is famous for being the temporary home of Sri Chaitanya, the great religious reformer of Bengal, where he had stayed for a few days on his way to Brindaban. A conglomeration of two tamal and two kadamba trees can still be seen, under which the saint is said to have meditated. A small temple constructed under this tree contains Sri Chaitanya’s footprints on stone. There are eight kundas or tanks flanking the temple. These are named as Rupsagar, Shyamkunda, Radhakunda, Lalitakunda, Bishakhakunda, Surabhikunda, Ranjakunda and Indulekhakunda. Every year, on the Jaishthya Sankranti, celebrations are held here to commemorate the arrival of Sri Chaitanya. A week-long fair also starts on this day.
2 Gour 

(Situated at a distance of 16 km. south of Malda town on the border with Bangladesh. Gour came into prominence as the 7th century capital of King Shashanka, and was the capital of ancient Bengal for several centuries.)

Baroduari / Boro Sona Mosque Baroduari mosque is half a kilometre to the south of Ramkeli. A gigantic rectangular structure of brick and stone, this mosque is the largest monument in Gour. Though the name means Twelve Doors, this monument actually has eleven. The construction of this huge mosque, measuring 50.4 m. by 22.8 m., and 12 m. in height, was started by Allauddin Hussein Shah and was completed in 1526 by his son Nasiruddin Nusrat Shah. The Indo-Arabic style of architecture and the ornamental stone carvings make Baroduari a special attraction for tourists.
Dakhil Darwaja Dakhil Darwaza, an impressive gateway built in 1425, is an important Muslim monument. Made of small red bricks and terracotta work, this dominating structure is more than 21 m. high and 34.5 m. wide. Its four corners are topped with five-storey high towers. Once the main gateway to a fort, it opens through the embankments surrounding it. In the south-east corner of the fort, a 20-m. high wall encloses the ruins of an old palace. In the past, cannons used to be fired from here. Hence the gate also came to be known as the Salaami Darwaza
Firoz Minar A kilometre away from the Dakhil Darwaza, is the Feroze Minar. It was built by Sultan Saifuddin Feroze Shah during 1485-89. This five-storey tower, resembling the Qutb Minar, is 26 m. high and 19 m. in circumference. The first three storeys of the tower have twelve adjacent faces each, and the uppermost two storeys are circular in shape. A spiralling flight of 84 steps takes one to the top of the tower. Built in the Tughlaqi style of architecture, the walls of Feroze Minar are covered with intricate terracotta carvings. This landmark is also known as the Pir-Asha-Minar or the Chiragdani.
Chamkati Masjid
Chika Mosque Sultan Yusuf Shah built the Chika Mosque in 1475. The name originated from the fact that it used to shelter a large number of chikas, or bats. It is a single-domed edifice, almost in ruins now. The beautifully ornate carvings on the walls and the images of Hindu idols on the stonework of doors and lintels are still partly visible. The mosque also bears traces of Hindu temple architecture
Luko Churi Gate The Lakhchhipi Darwaza or Lukochuri Gate is located to the south-east of the Kadam Rasool Mosque. Shah Shuja is said to have built it in 1655 in the Mughal architectural style. The name originated from the royal game of hide-and-seek that the Sultan used to play with his begums. According to another school of historians, it was built by Allauddin Hussein Shah in 1522. Situated on the eastern side of the royal palace, this double-storeyed Darwaza functionally acted as the main gateway to the palace. The innovative architectural style makes it an interesting place to visit.
Kadam Rasul Mosque Half a kilometre away from the Feroze Minar is the Kadam Rasool Mosque. Aptly named Kadam Rasool, which means Footprints of the Prophet, the mosque contains the footprints of Hazrat Muhammad on stone. On the four corners there are four towers made of black marble, with the spires on top covered with intricate artwork. Sultan Nasiruddin Nusrat Shah built the mosque in 1530.

Opposite the Kadam Rasool Mosque stands the 17th century tomb of Fateh Khan, a commander of Aurangzeb’s army. This interesting structure was built in the Hindu chala style.

A short distance away is the elegant Tantipara Mosque, with its intricate terracotta decoration.

Lattan Mosque Lattan Mosque, legend attributes the building of this mosque to a dancing girl of the royal court. However, historians believe it was built by Sultan Shamsuddin Yusuf Shah in 1475. Traces of intricate mina work in blue, green, yellow, violet and white on the enamelled bricks lining the outer and inner walls are still visible. The splendour of colours has also led to the Mosque being called the Painted Mosque. Another interesting feature of this mosque is its arched roof, supported by octagonal pillars.
Kotwali Darwaja
Gumti Darwaza Standing to the north-east of the Chika Mosque, the Gumti Darwaza was built in 1512 by Allauddin Hussein Shah. Made of brick and terracotta, the once brilliant colours woven into the artwork are still partly visible. It is said that real gold was used in the decorations. The Darwaza, however, is closed to the public now.
3 Adina


(Situated at 15 km north of Malda town)

Adina Dear Park
Turkey Bath Room ( 17th Centuries)
Pandab Dallan    Minar
Atbart Dighi.
Adina Mosque Adina Masjid, built in 1369 by Sultan Sikander Shah. One of the largest mosques in India, it also typifies the most developed mosque architecture of the period, the orthodox design being based on the great 8th century mosque of Damascus. Carved basalt masonry from earlier Hindu temples is used to support the 88 brick arches and 378 identical small domes.
4 Pandua


( Situted at 18 Km north of Malda town)

Kutubshahi Masjid Qutb Shahi Mosque, locally known as the Chhoto Sona Masjid, built to honour saint Nur Qutb-ul-Alam. The ruins of his shrine are nearby, along with that of Saint Hazrat Shah Jalal Tabrizi, collectively known as the Bari Darga.
Eklakhi Mausoleum The Eklakhi Mausoleum is the most elegant monument in Pandua. One of the first square brick tombs in Bengal, with a carved Ganesh on the doorway, it is the tomb of the convert son of a Hindu Raja.



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