Montegue – Chelmsford Reforms 1919 in Indian History

Montegue – Chelmsford Reforms 1919 in Indian History:

  • It is also known as the Government of India Act of 1919.
  • In 1918, Edwin Montague, the Secretary of State and Lord Chelmsford, the Viceroy produced their scheme of constitutional reforms which led to the enactment of the Government of India Act of 1919.
  • The Provincial Legislative Councils were enlarged and the majority of their members were to be elected. The provincial government were given more powers under the system of dyarchy.
  • Indian National Congress in a special session at Bombay in August 1918 criticised the reform as ‘disappointing and unsatisfactory’.
  • The Montague Chelmsford reforms introduced dyarchy in the provinces.
  • Provincial subjects were divided into ‘Reversed subjects’ and ‘‘Transferred Subjects’’.
  • Central legislature was made bicameral by this reform.

 

Latest Govt Job & Exam Updates:

View Full List ...