South West Khasi Hills District of Meghalaya at a Glance

Lok Sabha Constituencies in South West Khasi Hills district, Meghalaya (MP Constituencies) Shillong
MLA Assembly Constituencies in South West Khasi Hills district, Meghalaya Ranikor

About South West Khasi Hills District :

The South West Khasi Hills district was carved out of the West Khasi Hills district on 3 August 2012. The district occupies an area of 1,341 and the district is located at 25.3106° N, 91.2059° E. The district is bounded on North by West Khasi Hills District, Bangladesh on South, East Khasi Hills District on East and West Khasi Hills and South Garo Hills District on West. The district headquarters is located at Mawkyrwat. As per the Census 2011, the total population of the district is 1,10,152. The district comprises of two Community & Rural Development Blocks viz. Ranikor and Mawkyrwat. The Khasi people predominantly inhabit the districts also known to be one of the earliest ethnic group of settlers in the Indian sub-continent, belonging to the Proto Austroloid Monkhmer race. The places of tourist interests in the districts are Hot Spring, Symper rock, Umngi river, Phlangja-ud cave, Rilang view, points, Tynrong synrang murin, Bombell rock, Syngrangbah cave, Dongnob falls, Syngrang sngi rock, Tynrong manbasa, Tynnnai view point, Kyllai Lyngsngun peak, lawpaw plateau, Ranikor and Gomaghat

District at a Glance :

Headquarter: Mawkyrwat
Location: 25.3106° N, 91.2059° E

 South West Khasi Hills District in Google Map

Total Area: 1,341 km2 (518 square mile)
Bounded by: North: West Khasi Hills District
South: Bangladesh
East: East Khasi Hills District
West: West Khasi Hills and South Garo Hills District
Population(Census 2011): 1,10,152
No. of Villages (Census 2011): 216
No. of Households (Census 2011): 16,809
Literacy Rate (Census 2011): 76.84%
Climate (Census 2011): 4 Seasons
Summer 28ºC Maximum and Winter 3.8ºC Maximum.
Average rainfall in the State is 12,000 mm.
Principal Languages: Khasi, Maram(Dialect of Khasi), Garo
Official Languages: English
Total No. Of Assembly Constituencies: 1. 35-Ranikor (ST) Assembly Constituency
2. 36-Mawkyrwat (ST) Assembly Constituency
C&RD Blocks: 1. Mawkyrwat C&RD Block
2. Ranikor C&RD Block
Police Stations: 1. Mawkyrwat Police Station
2. Ranikor Police Stattion
Police Outpost etc.: 1. Gumaghat Police Outpost
2. Borsora Police Outpost
3. Nonghyllam A.D Camp
3. Borsora LCS
Police Fire Service Station: 1. Mawkyrwat
No. of Educational Institutions 1. Colleges: 1
2. Government Higher Secondary School: 1
3. Non Government Higher Secondary School: 5
4. Government Secondary Schools: 1
5. Non Government Secondary Schools: 49
6. Government Upper Primary Schools: 3
7. Deficit Upper Primary Schools: 9
8. Adhoc Upper Primary Schools: 62
9. SSA Upper Primary Schools: 174
10. Government Lower Primary Schools: 94
11. Deficit Lower Primary Schools: 153
12. Adhoc Lower Primary Schools: 74
13. SSA Lower Primary Schools: 140
14. Permitted and Unaided Lower Primary Schools: 35
Integrated Child Development Schemes a. ICDS Projects

  1. Mawkyrwat ICDS Project
  2. Ranikor ICDS Project

b. No. of Aganwadi Centers: 200

Health Institutions: 1. No. of Community Health Centers: 2
2. No. of Primary Health Centers: 2
3. No. of Sub Centers: 18
Road Communications: 1. Total Road Length: 475.76 km
2. Metalling and Black Toppings: 268.10 km
3. Gravelled Road: 115.08 km
4. Kutcha Road: 92.58 km
Mineral Deposits: 1. Coal
2. Limestone
3. Uranium
4. Granite
Major Crops:

Rice, Maize, Potato, Soya-bean, Mustard, Betel Nuts & Betel Vine, Kharif & Rabi Vegetables, Spices, Mandarin Oranges, Plum, Peach, Papaya, Jackfruit, Lichi, Pineapple, Mangos, Tamarin & Banana

Major Peaks: 1. Nongsynrieh
2. Lawpaw
3. Kohthyllaw
4. Kyllai Longdngun
5. Kubah
6. Domsohlamut
International Trade Routes: 1. Borosora
2. Cheragoan
3. Bagli
Financial Institutions & Post Offices: 1. State Bank Of India: 2 Branches
2. Meghalaya Co-Apex Bank: 1 Branch
3. Meghalaya Rural Bank: 2 Branches
4. Post Office: 1
Major Markets:

Mawkyrwat, Umdohlun, Mawthawpdah, Rangblang, Umjarain, Jashiar, Tynnai, Photkroh, Balat, Nongjri, Mawpyllun, Khonjoy, Maheshkhola, Mawyndeng

Tourist Places :

Hot Spring:

15 Kms from Mawkyrwat and 60 Kms from Shillong at lawblei (Jakrem) on the Shillong-Mawkyrwat road is the Hot Sulphur Spring. During winter it is a favourite picnic spot and people throng the spring. Most of them come to take bath for it is believed that the water has medical properties.

Symper rock:

50 km from Shillong on the western side of the Shillong-Mawkyrwat road stands the Sympher Rockwhich is one of the unique geological formations in the area. From the top of this rock one gets a view of the Mawkyrwat area and its surroundings.

Umngi River:

18 km from Mawkyrwat is the Umngi River. It is a favorite picnic spot for the people of the area. In the middle of its course, there is a small river island where beach voleyball is played. It is the longest river in mawkyrwat sub division and its main source starts from Sohiong; it stretches down to Umpung lake, the most beautiful lake where there are different kinds of rocks and small stones.

Phlangja Ud-Cave:

16 km from Mawkyrwat at Phlangja Ud, south of Rangmaw village is a beautiful cave. Stalactites hang on the ceiling of the cave and and above this cave lies a vast grassland from where we can get a view of the Bangladesh Plains. The distance of the cave is about 600 meters.

Rilang View Point:

5km from Mawkyrwat at Mawranglang is a beautiful valley on the Nongstoin-Mawkyrwat road meandering across the river. It is convenient picnic and angling spot.

Tynrong Synrang Murin:

About 2 km from Mawkyrwat at Mawten, there is a barren grassland surrounded by a unique panorama of sheer expanse in lovely openness. There is an open cave surrounding this flat land on its west.

Bombell Rock:

3 km from Mawkyrwat at Mawten is a table land or high land which has a mesmerizing beauty. If one stands on this place one will get a view of the small hills and plains surrounding it.

Synrangbah Cave:

At Nonglang, about 3 km from Mawkyrwat, is situated a yawning cave. The Mawkyrwat-Photjaud road passes through this cave having leveled the inner part. It is an open cave where people and cattle take shelter during rain and storm. Bats of all sizes reside in this cave.

Dongnob Falls:

8 km from Mawkyrwat at Photjaud, is a beautiful waterfall. In the middle of this falls there is a cave which during winter becomes a splendid natural beauty with the reflection of the sun rays.

Synrang Sngi Rock:

8 km from Mawkyrwat, east of Mawten, stands a rock as time keeper rock because when the sun rays touch its face in the evening the local farmers know the sun is going to set and its time for them to return home.

Tynrong Manbasa:

8 km from Mawkyrwat, south of Rangmaw, there is a place where during olden times where people used to perform rites by worshiping this sacred stone.

Tynnai View Point:

12 km from Mawkyrwat is a table land, where we can get a view of the rivers and plains of Bangladesh and the whole area of Riwar.

Kyllai Lyngsngun Peak:

35 km from Mawkyrwat, on the Mawkyrwat-Phlangdilong road is the peak covered with palm trees and leaves which look like a forest presenting a spectacular view of the green mountainous hills.

Iawpaw Plateau:

30 km from Mawkyrwat, situated on the south west of Nongnah is one of the most beautiful villages of the area. From this plateau one gets a bird’s eye view of the surrounding hills and valleys, besides the plain and rivers of Bangladesh and the Himalayas. When one looks from a distance it looks like a bed which legends say is the bed of the legendary greens. On this plateau there is a cave, the longest of all caves found in Khasi Hills.


Situated 45 km from Mawkyrwat, Rani means “Queen” and Ghor means “House”. Formerly, it was a winter resort of the queen (Mahadei) of Maharam. Its close to Bangladesh border and located on the bank of the river. Over this river is the Borba Singh Bridge, the second longest suspension bridge in India. It is the best spot for angling Golden Mahasheers and boat rowing is also available here. Realizing the tourism potential of the place the local administration organized a tourism festival at Rnikor in February every year.


5 km from Ranikor, it was a center of trade and commerce between Bangladesh and India. It is also a place of Muslim pilgrimage where once in a year, the muslim pilgrim from Bangladesh come to perform annual rituals. There is three day annual market in which all types of traditional and modern goods are sold and bought. Locally known as “Iew Banit”, the market is very popular among the people of the surrounding areas who flock to it to buy goods



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