LOYOLA COLLEGE (AUTONOMOUS), CHENNAI – 600 034
B.B.A. DEGREE EXAMINATION – BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
SIXTH SEMESTER – APRIL 2008
BU 6600 – ADV. COST MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTS
Date : 16/04/2008 Dept. No. Max. : 100 Marks
Time : 9:00 – 12:00
Answer ALL Questions 10 x 2= 20
- State any two reasons for the difference between the profit shown by cost accounts
and the profit shown by financial accounts.
2 What is meant by equivalent production?
- Write any TWO distinctions between job costing and process costing.
- What is meant by flexible budget?
- What are the advantages of pay back period?
- Distinguish between joint product and by-product.
- Calculate the ton kilometers run by a truck from the following details.
Distance traveled 200 kms per day
Normal loading capacity 100 tons.
Wastage in loading 10%
Percentage of vehicles under repair 5%
Effective days in a month 25.
8.A project requires an investment of Rs. 50,000 and has a scrap value of Rs. 2,000
after five years. It is expected to yield profit after taxes and depreciation during the
five years amounting to Rs. 4,000, Rs. 6,000,Rs. 7,000, Rs. 5,000 and Rs. 5,000.
Calculate the average rate of return on investment.
- Data relating to a job are thus;
Standard rate of wages per hour Rs10
Standard hours 300
Actual rate of wages per hour Rs 12
Actual hours 200
Calculate 1)Labour cost variance 2)Labour rate variance
10.Notional Profit on a contract is Rs.90,000 and 40% of the contract is completed. Cash received is 80%
of work certified. Calculate the amount of Profit to be reserved for contingencies.
Answer any FIVE questions, choosing not less than TWO from each group (5 x 8=40)
11.Write short notes on the following: (1) Inter process profits, (2) Work certified
(3) Abnormal gain (4) Batch Costing.
12.Alpha Company has a contract to run a tourist car on a 20 Kms route (one way)
for the chief executive of a firm. The company buys a car for Rs. 1,50,000 which has
life of 5 years. The company estimates the following expenses:
Insurance Rs. 4,500 p.a.; Taxes Rs. 900 p.a.; Garage rent Rs. 500 p.m.; Repairs Rs. 4,800 p.a.; Drivers wages Rs. 300 p.m.; In addition the driver has to be paid 10% of the collections as commission. Petrol will cost Re. 1 per Km. The car will make 4 round trips each day and will operate for 25 days in a month. If Alpha Company wants a profit of 15% on collection how much must the company charge per round trip?
- Profit disclosed by a company’s accounts for the year was Rs. 50,000 whereas
The net profit as disclosed by the financial accounts was Rs. 29,750. Following
information is available:
- Overheads as per cost accounts were estimated at Rs. 8,500. The charge for
The year shown by the financial accounts was Rs. 7,000.
- Director’s fees shown in the financial accounts only for Rs. 2,000
- The company allowed Rs. 5,000 as provision for doubtful debts.
- Work was commenced during the year on a new factory and expenditure of
Rs. 30,000 was made. Depreciation at 5% p.a. was provided for in the
financial accounts for 6 months.
- Share-transfer fees received during the year were Rs. 1,000
- Provision for income-tax was Rs. 15,000
From the above, prepare a statement reconciling the figures shown by cost and financial accounts.
- A company manufactures three joint products A,B and C. The actual joint-expenses
Rs. 8,000. Profit on each product as a percentage of sales would be 30%, 25% and
15% respectively. Subsequent expenses were as follows:
A B C
Rs. Rs. Rs.
Materials 100 75 25
Labour 200 125 50
Overheads 150 125 75
Sales 6,000 4,000 2,500
Prepare a statement apportioning joint expenses on the basis of reverse cost method.
- Write short notes on the following: (a) features of capital budgeting, (b) advantages
of budgetary control.
16.Following information has been made available from the cost records of United
Direct Materials Per Unit(Rs.)
Variable Overheads-150% of direct wages
Fixed cost (total) Rs. 750
The directors want to adopt anyone of the following alternative sales mixes in the
- 250 units of X and 250 units of Y, (b) 400 units of Y only, (c) 150 units of X and
350 units of Y. State which of the alternative sales mixes you would recommend to the management.?
17.Prepare a cash budget for the month of May, June and July 2004 on the basis of
Months Sales Credit Purchases Wages Overheads
March Rs. 80,000 Rs. 36,000 Rs. 9,000 Rs. 10,000
April 82,000 38,000 8,000 9,000
May 85,000 33,000 10,000 12,000
June 78,000 35,000 8,500 9,000
July 80,000 39,000 9,500 10,500
- Cash balance on 1st May 2004 is Rs. 8,000
- Cash sales is 25% of sales
- Period of credit allowed by suppliers, two months and to customers, one month
- Lag in payment of wages, one month
- Advance Tax is payable in June of Rs. 8,000.
- From the following particulars, calculate all Material variances:
Material Standard Actual
Quantity Price Quantity Price
Kg. Rs. Kg. Rs.
A 10 8 10 7
B 8 6 9 7
C 4 12 5 11
Answer any TWO Questions 2 x 20=40
- (a) R commenced a contract on 1-4-2005. The contact price was fixed at
Rs. 3,00,000 and the following expense were incurred on the contract upto
Materials issued Rs. 51,000 , plant issued Rs. 15,000, wages Rs. 81,000 and other
expense Rs. 5,000 , Cash received on the contract upto 31-3-2006 amounted to
Rs. 1,28,000, being 80% of the work certified. Of the plant and materials charged to the contract, plant costing Rs. 3,000 and material costing Rs. 2,500 were lost. Work uncertified on 31-3-2006 was Rs. 1,000 and materials at site on that date was Rs. 2,300, Depreciate plant at 15% p.a.
Prepare the contract account as on 31-3-2006 and show how the relevant items would appear in the balance sheet as on that date.
19.(b) Product ‘Z’ is obtained after it passes three distinct processes. The following
Information is obtained from the accounts for the month ending March 2005:
Total I II III
Rs. Rs. Rs. Rs.
Direct Material 7,542 2,600 1,980 2,962
Direct Wages 9,000 2,000 3,000 4,000
Production Overheads 9,000 – – –
%of Normal Loss to input 5% 10% 15%
Output(in units) during the month 950 840 750
Value of Scrap per unit (Rs.) 2 4 5
1,000 units at Rs. 3 each were introduced to process I. There was no stock of material
or work-in progress at the beginning or end of the period. The output of each process passess direct to the next process and finally to finished stores. Production overhead is recovered on 100 percent of direct wages.
Prepare process cost accounts and other related accounts.
20.(a) Prepare a flexible budget for overheads on the basis of the following data.
Ascertain overheads at 50% 60% and 70% capacity.
Variable overheads At 60% capacity
Indirect material 6,000
Indirect labour 18,000
Electricity (40% fixed 60% variable) 30,000
Repairs (80% fixed 20% variable) 3,000
Total overheads 93,000
20.(b) A Co. plants to buy a machine for Rs. 80,000. It is expected to have a life of 5
years and a scrap value of Rs. 10,000 at the end of its life. The machine is expected to generate the following profits before depreciation and tax.
Year Profit before Dep & tax (Rs.) P.V. of Re 1 @ 10%
1 20,000 0.909
2 40,000 0.826
3 30,000 0.751
4 25,000 0.683
5 16,000 0.621
If the tax rate is 50% and the cost of capital is 10%, calculate
- Pay Back Period, (b)Net Present Value
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