## CBSE Class 3 Mathematics:

When compared to **CBSE Class 3**, CBSE Class 2 Mathematics covered various simple topics on Addition, subtraction, multiplication without carry, place value in numbering system, simple division, etc., But in **CBSE Class 3**, next level mathematics is taught to enhance and trigger the brain of the child. For this, they have included the portions just similar to that of Class 1 and Class 2 but in little higher level. Among all the subjects of **CBSE Class 3** like Mathematics, Science, Hindi and English let us check out the syllabus of Mathematics below.

### CBSE Class 3 syllabus:

They cover similar syllabus just like that as Class 2 and Class 1.

**Numbers:**

Children are taught to write the series of numbers up to 9999 in Class 3. Also, they are trained to pronounce and write the compact and expanded form of such numbers.

**Topics covered:**

- Compact and expanded forms of numerals
- Roman numerals
- Ascending and descending order of the numbers
- Rounding off
- Place value
- Equivalent numerical names

** Examples:**

- Fill up the missing numerals:

- 200 _ _ _ _ 205
- 345_347_ _ 350
- 34_ _ _ 38_ _ 41

Answer:

- 200 201 202 203 204 205
- 345 346 347 348 349 350
- 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41

- Write the equivalent number names for the following:

- 199 = One hundred and ninety nine
- 214 = Two hundred and fourteen
- 3450 = Three thousand four hundred and fifty

- Write the equivalent numerals for the number names

- Three hundred and sixty six = 366
- Four hundred and thirty five = 435
- Two thousand six hundred and thirty five = 2635

- Roman numeral VI ______ than VIII

- <
- >
- =

Answer: <

- How would you write ten in roman letter?

- X
- XII
- V

Answer: X

**Addition and Subtraction:**

Addition and Subtraction are rather important chapters for a growing child which triggers his/her brain to solve the questions. In class 1 and class 2, addition and subtraction were little simpler with simple two digit and three digit additions and simple word problems. But in class 3, next level of addition such as four digit addition, subtraction with or without borrowing, addition and subtraction word problems are covered.

**Examples:**

- Answer the following:

- 8789 + 5674 = ?
- 567 + 4563 = ?

** Answer:**

- 14463
- 5130

- Find 6090 – ______ = 5590

** Answer: **

- 500

**Multiplication and Division:**

Covers the topics such as counting using rows and columns, multiplication tables from 2 to 7, multiplying by 1, multiplying by 0, grid multiplication and word problems in multiplication. In division it covers, division by 10 and 100, division with two digit number, multiplication and division mixed problems, division word problems, etc.

**Examples:**

- 500 pencils are shared among 5 students of the classroom equally. How many pencils did each one get?

Answer: 100

- There are 20 bags of apples. Each bag contains 100 apples. Totally how many apples are there?

Answer: 2000

**Fractions:**

Fractions are the important part of mathematics and it is very important to understand it clearly. Fraction comes as proper and improper fraction. The terms numerator and denominator are very important in the concepts of fraction.

Numerator = Number that is above the fraction line. Example: 2 in 2/3

Denominator= Number that is below the fraction line. Example: 3 in 2/3

Proper fraction has numerator smaller than the denominator whereas improper fraction has numerator larger than denominator. An improper fraction can be converted into a mixed fraction having a proper fraction and integral part. Fractions can be added, subtracted, divided and also multiplied.

**Examples:**

- Find out the fraction of vowels in the word “GREAT”?

Answer:

2/5

- There are totally 5 glasses of water in the table. Geetha drank 3 glasses of water. What is the fraction of water did geetha drink?

Answer:

3/5

**Rupees and paise:**

Students are taught how to spend their own money and how to add, subtract, multiply and divide with their own money.

**Examples:**

- 6 Rupees is equal to _______ paise

Answer: 360 Paise

- 35 is equal to ______ paise

Answer: 575 Paise

- 675 paise is equal to _____ rupees

Answer: Rs.11.25

**Time and Date:**

Topics covered such as Time taken to finish a task, puzzles for young minds, understanding the calendar, reading the clock and differentiate between AM and PM, etc.

**Examples:**

- How many rounds does an hour hand complete in a day?

Answer: 2 rounds

- What is the exact time taken by the minute hand to move from one number to the next number?

Answer: 5 minutes

**Shapes and their properties:**

Topics covered such as different shapes and sizes, properties of shapes, edges and corners, vertices and surface, review of shapes and sizes, etc.,

**Examples:**

- Which of the following options are measured in cms and m?

- Length of the banana
- Height of your father
- Distance from home to office

Answers:

- In cms
- In cms
- In meters

- Mention the length of the objects surrounding you:

- Pen
- Sharperner
- Spoon

Answers:

- 10 cms
- 3 cms
- 8-9 cms

**Measurement of length, mass and capacity:**

The basic things like standard unit of length, standard unit of mass, standard unit of capacity, converting meter to centi-meter, milli-meter and kilometer, etc are taught in this section. Students are given the basic understanding that the length of the pencil is measured in centi-meters whereas the distance between two places are measured in meters. Similarly, they are also taught how to measure the mass (in terms of kgs) and capacity (in terms of ml and l).

**Examples:**

- 18 L = _____ ml

Answer: 18000

- My mother is making noodles for dinner. Each noodles packet weighs 500g. How many grams of noodles will be there in 6 packets.

Answer: 3000 grams

- Add 85m 25cm and 56 m 44 cm and write the answer:

Answer: 141m 69 cm

**Smart charts:**

Pictorial representation of collection of data is called as charts. Topics which are covered are drawing simple charts with two or multiple columns, reviewing simple graphs, pictograph, etc.

**Examples:**

- Answer the questions according to the datas given below:

- Painting : 10

Dancing: 8

Music: 5

Craft: 15

Cycling: 13

Gardening: 14

Stamp collection: 10

Reading: 9

** Questions:**

- Which is the most popular hobby?

Answer: Craft

- Which is the least popular hobby?

Answer: Music

- What is the difference between the number of students interested in Stamp collection and Dancing?

Answer: 2

**Play with patterns:**

This section covers topics such as understanding pattern around us, detecting the number patterns, arranging in alphabetical order, skip counting, growing patterns and even odd patterns.

**Examples:**

- Arrange the following names in alphabetical order:

- Abinay
- Xavier
- Harish

Answer:

- Abinay
- Harish
- Xavier

- Complete the following numerical patterns:

- 98,198,298,398,_

Answer:

- 98,198,298,398,498

Thus, these are the topics covered in **CBSE Class 3** Mathematics.