Senior School Certificate Examination (XI-XII) Political Science 2018-19

CBSE Curriculum for Senior School Certificate Examination (XI-XII) Political Science 2018-19

22. POLITICAL SCIENCE (Code No. 028) CBSE
(2018-19)
Rationale
At the senior secondary level students who opt Political Science are given an opportunity to get introduced to the diverse concerns of a Political Scientist. At this level there is a need to enable students to engage with political processes that surround them and provide them with an understanding of the historical context that has shaped the present. The different courses introduce the students to the various streams of the discipline of Political Science: Political Theory, Indian Politics and International Politics. Concerns of the other two streams – Comparative Politics and Public Administration- are accommodated at different places in these courses. In introducing these streams, special care has been taken not to burden the students with the current jargon of the discipline. The basic idea here is to lay the foundations for a serious engagement
with the discipline at the under graduation stage.
Objectives:
Indian Constitution at Work
·   Enable students to understand the historical processes and the circumstances in which the Constitution
was drafted.
·   Provide opportunity for students to become familiar with the diverse visions that guided the makers of the Indian Constitution.
·   Enable students to identify certain key features of the Constitution and compare these to other constitutions in the world.
·   Analyse the ways in which the provisions of the Constitution have worked in real political life.
Political Theory
·   Develop the skills for logical reasoning and abstraction.
·   Inculcate attention to and respect for viewpoints other than one’s own.
·   Introduce students to the different political thinkers in relation to a concept and in everyday social life.
·   Enable students to meaningfully participate in and develop internal concerns of the political life that surrounds them.
·   Encourage the students to analyse any unexamined prejudices that one may have inherited.
Contemporary World Politics
·   Enable the students to expand their horizons beyond India and make sense of the political map of contemporary world.
·   Familiarise the students with some of the key political events and processes in the post cold war era.
·   Equip students to be conscious of the way in which global events and processes shape our everyday lives.
·   Strengthen their capacity for political analysis by thinking of contemporary developments in a historical perspective.
Politics in India after Independence
·   Enable students to become familiar with some of the key political events and figures in the post- independence period.
·   Develop skills of political analysis through an understanding of events and processes of recent history.
·   Develop their capacity to link macro processes with micro situations and their own life.
·   Encourage the students to take a historical perspective of making sense of contemporary India.
POLITICAL SCIENCE (028)
Class XI, 2018-19
One Paper                                                                                                                           Max Marks : 100
Time: 3 hrs.
Units Periods: 220 Marks: 100
Part A: Indian Constitution at work
1 Constitution Why and How and Philosophy of the Constitution 17 12
2 Rights in the Indian Constitution 16
3 Election and Representation 11 10
4 The Executive 11
5 The Legislature 11 10
6 The Judiciary 11
7 Federalism 11 10
8 Local Governments 11
9 Constitution as a living document 11 8
Total 110 50
Part B: Political Theory
10 Political Theory : An Introduction 10 10
11 Freedom 11
12 Equality 11 10
13 Social Justice 12
14 Rights 11 10
15 Citizenship 11
16 Nationalism 11 10
17 Secularism 11
18 Peace 11 10
19 Development 11
Total 110 50
CBSE COURSE CONTENT
Part A: Indian Constitution at Work
1. Constitution Why and How and Philosophy of the Constitution                                             17 Periods
Consitution: Why and How, The making of the Constitution, the Constituent Assembly, Procedural achievements and Philosophy of the Constitution.
2. Rights in the Indian Constitution 16 Periods
The importance of Rights, Fundamental Rights in the Indian Constitution, Directive Principles
of State Policy, Relationship between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles
3. Election and Representation 11 Periods
Elections and Democracy, Election System in India, Reservation of Constituencies, Free and
Fair Elections, Electoral Reforms
4. Legislature 11 Periods
Why do we need a Parliament? Two Houses of Parliament. Functions and Power of the Parliament,
Legislative functions, control over Executive. Parliamentary committees. Self-regulation.
5. Executive 11 Periods
What is an Executive? Different Types of Executive. Parliamentary Executive in India, Prime
Minister and Council of Ministers. Permanent Executive: Bureaucracy.
6. Judiciary 11 Periods
Why do we need an Independent Judiciary? Structure of the Judiciary, Judicial Activism, Judiciary
and Rights, Judiciary and Parliament.
7. Federalism 11 Periods
What is Federalism? Federalism in the Indian Constitution, Federalism with a strong
Central Government, conflicts in India’s federal system, Special Provisions.
8. Local Governments 11 Periods
Why do we need Local Governments? Growth of Local Government in India, 73rd and 74th
Amendments, implementation of 73rd and 74th Amendments.
9. Constitution as a Living Document 11 Periods
Are Constitutions static? The procedure to amend the Constitution. Why have there been so many
amendments? Basic Structure and Evolution of the Constitution. Constitution as a Living Document.
Part B: Political Theory
10. Political Theory: An Introduction 10 Periods
What is Politics? What do we study in Political Theory? Putting Political Theory to practice.
Why should we study Politial Theory?
11. Freedom 11 Periods
The Ideal of Freedom. What is Freedom? Why do we need constraints? Harm principle.
Negative and Positive Liberty.
12. Equality 11 Periods
Significance of Equality. What is Equality? Various dimensions of Equality. How can we
promote Equality?
13. Social Justice 12 Periods
What is Justice? Just Distribution. Justice as fairness. Pursuing Social Justice.
14. Rights 11 Periods
What are Rights? Where do Rights come from? Legal Rights and the State. Kinds of Rights.
Rights and Responsibilities.
15. Citizenship 11 Periods
What is citizenship? Citizen and Nation, Universal Citizenship, Global Citizenship
16. Nationalism 11 Periods
Nations and Nationalism, National Self-determination, Nationalism and Pluralism
17. Secularism 11 Periods
What is Secularism? What is Secular State? The Western and the Indian approaches to Secularism.
Criticisms and Rationale of Indian Secularism.
18. Peace 11 Periods
What is Peace? Can violence ever promote peace? Peace and the State. Different Approaches to the
pursuit of peace. Contemporary challenges to peace.
19. Development 11 Periods
What is development? Dominant, development Model and alternative conceptions
of development.
Prescribed Books:
1.   Indian Constitution at work, Class XI, Published by NCERT
2.   Political Theory, Class XI, Published by NCERT
Note: The above textbooks are also available in Hindi and Urdu versions.
CBSE POLITICAL SCIENCE QUESTION PAPER DESIGN 2018-19
Code No. 028
CLASS-XI
Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100
S.
No
Typology of Questions Learning Outcomes
& Testing Skills
Very Short Answer (1
Mark)
Very Short Answer (2
Marks)
Short Answer (4
Marks)
Long Answer I (5
Marks) based on Passages
Map Qus. Picture based inter- pretation (5 Marks) Long Answer II
(6
Marks)
Marks %
weig htage
1 Remembering- (Knowledge based Simple recall questions, to know specific facts, terms, concepts, principles, or theories; Identify, define, or recite, information) Reasoning Analytical
Skills Critical thinking
1 2 2 22 22%
2 Understanding- (Comprehension –to be familiar with meaning and to understand conceptually, interpret, compare, contrast, explain, paraphrase information) 2 2 1 1 21 21%
3 Application (Use abstract information in concrete situation, to apply knowledge to new situations; Use given content to interpret a situation, provide an example, or solve a problem) 1 1 1 1 2 25 25%
4 High Order Thinking Skills (Analysis & Synthesis- Classify, compare, contrast, or differentiate between different pieces of information; Organize and/or integrate unique pieces of information from a variety of sources) (includes Map interpretation) 1 2 1 1 1 20 20%
5 Evaluation – (Appraise, judge, and/or justify the value or worth of a decision or outcome, or to predict outcomes) 1 1 1 1 12 12%
Total 1×5=5 2×5=10 4×6=24 5×3=15 5×2=10 6×6=36 100 100%
POLITICAL SCIENCE (Code No. 028)
CLASS XI (2018-19)
CBSE Question Paper Design
One Paper                                                                                                                                    100 Marks
Time: 3 hrs.
Units Periods Marks
1 Constitution Why and How and Philosophy of the Constitution 17 12
2 Rights of the Indian Constitution 16
3 Election and Representation 11 10
4 Executive 11
5 Legislature 11 10
6 Judiciary 11
7 Federalism 11 10
8 Local Governments 11
9 Constitution as a Living Document 11 08
Total 110 50
10 Political Theory : An Introduction 10 10
11 Freedom 11
12 Equality 11 10
13 Social Justice 12
14 Rights 11 10
15 Citizenship 11
16 Nationalism 11 10
17 Secularism 11
18 Peace 11 10
19 Development 11
Total 110 50
3.     Weightage of Difficulty Level
Estimated difficulty level Percentage
Difficult 20%
Average 50%
Easy 30%
4.      Scheme of Options:
There is internal choice for long answer questions of 6 marks.
There are three passage – based questions of 5 marks each. No questions from plus (+) boxes.
5.     In order to assess different mental abilities of learners, question paper is likely to include questions
based on passages, visuals such as maps, cartoons, etc. No factual question will be asked on the information given in the plus (+) boxes in the textbooks.
POLITICAL SCIENCE (Code No. 028)
Class XII (2018-19)
One Paper                                                                                                                         Max. Marks: 100
Time: 3 hrs.
Units Periods Marks
Part A: Contemporary World Politics
1 Cold War Era 14 14
2 The End of bipolarity 13
3 US Hegemony in World Politics 13 16
4 Alternative centres of Power 11
5 Contemporary South Asia 13
6 International Organizations 13 10
7 Security in Contemporary World 11
8 Environment and Natural Resources 11 10
9 Globalisation 11
Total 110 50
Part B: Politics in India since Independence
10 Challenges of Nation-Building 13 16
11 Era of One-party Dominance 12
12 Politics of Planned Development 11
13 India’s External relations 13 6
14 Challenges to the Congress System 13 12
15 Crisis of the Democratic Order 13
16 Rise of Popular Movements 11 16
17 Regional aspirations 11
18 Recent Developments in Indian Politics 13
Total 110 50
Part A: Contemporary World Politics
COURSE CONTENTS
1 Cold War Era
Emergence of two power blocs after the second world war. Arenas of the cold war. Challenges to Bipolarity: Non Aligned Movement, quest for new international economic order.
India and the cold war.
14
Periods
2 The End of Bipolarity
New entities in world politics: Russia, Balkan states and Central Asian states, Introduction of democratic politics and capitalism in post-communist regimes. India’s relations with Russia and other post-communist countries.
13
Periods
3 US Hegemony in World Politics
Growth of unilateralism: Afghanistan, first Gulf War, response to 9/11 and attack on Iraq.
Dominance and challenge to the US in economy and ideology. India’s renegotiation of its relationship
with the USA.
13
Periods
4 Alternative Centres of Power
Rise of China as an economic power in post-Maoera, creation and expansion of European Union, ASEAN. India’s changing relations with China.
11
Periods
5 Contemporary South Asia in the Post-Cold War Era
Democratisation in Pakistan and Nepal. Ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka, Impact of economic globalization on the region. Conflicts and efforts for peace in South Asia. India’s relations with its neighbours.
13
Periods
6 International Organizations
Restructuring and the future of the UN. India’s position in the restructured UN. Rise of new international actors: new international economic organisations, NGOs. How democratic and accountable are the new institutions of global governance?
13
Periods
7 Security in Contemporary World
Traditional concerns of security and politics of disarmament. Non-traditional or human security: global poverty, health and education. Issues of human rights and migration.
11
Periods
8 Environment and Natural Resources
Environment movement and evolution of global environmental norms. Conflicts over traditional and common property resources. Rights of indigenous people. India’s stand in global environmental debates.
11
Periods
9 Globalisation
Economic, cultural and political manifestations. Debates on the nature of consequences of globalisation. Anti-globalisation movements. India as an arena of globalization and struggle against it.
11
Periods
Part B: Politics in India since Independence
10 Challenges of Nation- Building
Nehru’s approach to nation-building; Legacy of partition: challenge of ‘refugee’ resettlement, the Kashmir problem. Organisation and reorganization of states; Political conflicts over language.
13
Periods
11 Era of One-Party Dominance
First three general elections, nature of Congress dominance at the national level, uneven dominance at the state level, coalitional nature of Congress. Major opposition parties.
12
Peroids
12 Politics of Planned Development
Five year plans, expansion of state sector and the rise of new economic interests. Famine and suspension of five year plans. Green revolution and its political fallouts.
11
Periods
13 India’s External Relations
Nehru’s foreign policy. Sino-Indian war of 1962, Indo-Pak war of 1965 and 1971. India’s nuclear programme. Shifting alliance in world politics.
13
Periods
14 Challenges to the Congress System
Political succession after Nehru. Non-Congressism and electoral upset of 1967, Congress split and reconstitution, Congress’ victory in 1971 elections, politics of ‘garibi hatao’.
13
Periods
15 Crisis of the Democratic Order
Search for ‘committed’ bureaucracy and judiciary. Navnirman movement in Gujarat and the Bihar movement. Emergency: context, constitutional and extra-constitutional dimensions, resistance to emergency. 1977 elections and the formation of Janata Party. Rise of civil liberties organisations.
13
Periods
16 Popular Movements in India
Farmers’ movements, Women’s movement, Environment and Development-affected people’s movements. Implementation of Mandal Commission report and its aftermath.
11
Periods
17 Regional Aspirations
Rise of regional parties. Punjab crisis and the anti Sikh riots of 1984. The Kashmir situation. Challenges and responses in the North East.
11
Periods
18 Recent Developments in Indian politics
Participatory upsurge in1990s. Rise of the JD and the BJP. Increasing role of regional parties and coalition politics. Coalition governments:
NDA (1998 – 2004)
UPA (2004 – 2014)
NDA (2014 onwards)
13
Periods
Prescribed Books:
1.   Contemporary World Politics, Class XII, Published by NCERT
2.   Politics in India since Independence, Class XII, Published by NCERT
Note: The above textbooks are also available in Hindi and Urdu versions.
POLITICAL SCIENCE CBSE QUESTION PAPER DESIGN
Code No. 028
2018-19 CLASS-XII
Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100
S.
No
Typology of Questions Learning Outcomes & Testing Skills Very Short Answer (1
Mark)
Very Short Answer

(2
Marks)
Short Answer (4
Marks)
Long Answer I (5
Marks)
based on Passages and Picutres
Map Question Picture based inter-
pretation (5 Marks)
Long Answer II
(6
Marks)
Marks %
weight age
1 Remembering- (Knowledge based Simple recall questions, to know specific facts, terms, concepts, principles, or theories; Identify, define, or recite, information) Reasoning Analytical Skills
Critical
thinking
1 2 2 22 22%
2 Understanding- (Comprehension –to be familiar with meaning and to understand conceptually, interpret, compare, contrast, explain, paraphrase information) 2 2 1 1 21 21%
3 Application (Use abstract information in concrete situation, to apply knowledge to new situations; Use given content to interpret a situation, provide an example, or solve a problem) 1 1 1 1 2 25 25%
4 High Order Thinking Skills (Analysis & Synthesis- Classify, compare, contrast, or differentiate between different pieces of information; Organize and/or integrate unique pieces of information from a variety of
sources) (includes Map interpretation)
1 2 1 1 1 20 20%
5 Evaluation- (Appraise, judge, and/or justify the value or worth of a decision or outcome, or to predict outcomes) 1 1 1 1 12 12%
Total 1×5=5 2×5=10 4×6=24 5×3=15 5×2=10 6×6=36 100 100%
Note: Care to be taken to cover all chapters.
The weightage or the distribution of marks over the different dimensions paper shall be as follows:-
1.      Weightage of Content
Part A: Contemporary World Politics
Units Marks
1 Cold War Era 14
2 The End of Bipolarity
3 US Hegemony in World Politics 16
4 Alternative Centres of Power
5 Contemporary South Asia
6 International Organizations 10
7 Security in Contemporary World
8 Environment and Natural Resources 10
9 Globalization
Total 50
Part B: Politics in India since Independence
Units Marks
10 Challenges of Nation-Building 16
11 Era of One-Party Dominance
12 Politics of Planned Development
13 India’s External Relations 6
14 Challenges to the Congress System 12
15 Crisis of the Democratic Order
16 Rise of Popular Movements 16
17 Regional Aspirations
18 Recent Developments in Indian Politics
Total 50
2.     Weightage of Difficulty Level
Estimated difficulty level Percentage
Difficult 20%
Average 50%
Easy 30%
3.      Scheme of Options:
There is internal choice for long answer questions. Map question has choice only with another map.
There are three passage-based or picture-based questions.
4.     In order to assess different mental abilities of learners, question paper is likely to include questions
based on passages, visuals such as maps, cartoons, etc. No factual question will be asked on the information given in the plus(+) boxes in the textbooks.

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