Kaithal District of Haryana at a Glance

Lok Sabha Constituencies in Kaithal district, Haryana (MP Constituencies) Kurukshetra
MLA Assembly Constituencies in Kaithal district, Haryana Guhla

About Kaithal District :

Kaithal came to existence as district of Haryana in 1989. Kaithal district is situated in the North- West of the state. Its North-West boundaries which include Guhla- Cheeka is attached to Punjab State. It has Kurukshetra in North and Nissing, Assandh area of Karnal district. Kaithal is attached to Jind in South and to Karnal in East. Myths say that Kaithal was established by Lord Yudhistra during Mahabharta era. Hanuman, the head of Lord Rama’s ‘wanar Sena’ is supposed to born in Kaithal. The famous ‘Anjani Ka Tilla’ in the name of Hanuman’s mother is also situated in Kaithal the historical monuments as the cultural heritage reflect its ancient prosperity. Kaithal District possesses rich cultural and historical heritage and surrounded by seven ponds and eight gates. Kaithal has been a famous market of Uttar Pradesh since ancient times. People of Kaithal have been a significant and struggling role since the empire of Mughals and Pathans. Famous Mangol intruder Changej Khan came to India. Many Mangol rehabilitated in India instead of going back. Many Saiyad resided in Kaithal during this era and soon became the centre of these Mushlim scholars and councilors. Famous Historian jiaulldin himself was impressed from these Saiyads of Kaithal.

The local people assassinated Razia Begum, the daughter of Eltutmus alongwith her husband Ikhagudin on Nov. 13, 1240. The Tomb of Rajia Begam is still found here. Sikh Guru Har Ray honored the then King Bhai Desu Singh as the symbol of Bhagat after then the administrator of Kaithal were called as Bhai and till 1843 B.C. Bhai Udey Singh ruled over Kaithal and proved as the last King. Bhai Udey Singh died on 14 March 1843. Peoples of Kaithal took active part in ‘freedom struggle’ in 1857.

Presently Kaithal is spread over 2317 Sq. K.m. Geographical area. Its total population according to 2001 census is 945631, 80.61% population reside in villages whereas 19.39% population reside in cities. There are 277 villages and 253 Punchayats in Kaithal districts. Kaithal district consists of two sub-divisions two tehsils namely Kaithal & Guhla & five sub-tehsils namely Pundri, Rajaund, Dhand, Kalayat and Siwan. The name of Kaithal, Pundri, Pharal, Siwan and Kalayat show that the soil of Kaithal has been religious and cultural rich heritage.

The British attached Kaithal on April 10, 1843 after the death of Bhai Udey Singh. His mother queen ver Sahab Kaur and his widow Suraj Kaur along with warrior Tek Singh compelled the British to take back, but after five days Maharaja Patiala withdraw his support and the British defeated the queen on April 15, 1843 and established their empire. The news of Victory of Kaithal was also sent to Queen Victoria and Tek Singh was sentenced to ‘Kala Pani’ (Black water).

The peoples of Kaithal took active part in the struggle of 1857 and stopped giving land tax to Britishers. The British started ‘daman Chakra’ and hanged various people of Kaithal. Lt. Pearson and captain Machnol has to face a great resistance to trample the revolt Kaithal has to face many problems from 1883 to 1901. But the native of Kaithal took active part in the ‘freedom struggle’ by facing the calamities with strong determination

At a Glance :

Sr.No Particular Rural Urban Total
01. Areas in Sq. K.M. 2232 85 2317
02. Population as per Census 2001
Male             Female
510513         435618
03. Sex Ratio (female per 1000) 852 856 853
04. Literacy Ratio 43.25% 63.90% 47.31%
05. House Holds 130775 33483 164258
06. SubDivisions
Kaithal, Kalayat & Guhla
07. Tehsils
Kaithal, Guhla, Kalayat & Pundri
08. Sub Tehsils
Rajound, Siwan & Dhand
09. Market Committees
Cheeka, Kaithal, Kalayat, Pundri, Dhand, Pai & Siwan
10. M.Cs
Kaithal, Kalayat, Pundri, Rajound & Cheeka
11. Blocks
Guhla, Kaithal, Kalayat, Pundri, Rajound & Siwan.
12. Total Villages (Revenue)
13. Total Panchayats

Tourist Places :

Apaya Tirtha – Gadali  :

Riigvraidika Manisa Tirtha and Pauranika Apaya or Apaga river used to run with its violent velocity in the east of Manusa at a distance of one km only. In Vamana purana, Apaga has been called a rainy river among the rivers of Brahmavarta. In the east of Kaithal, at a distance of 3 kms. from Manusa in the direction of Kaithal, this sanctum is situated at the village Gadali. The worshippers who offer Sawan rice, prepared in milk and mixed with ghee, to the Brahmans and perform ‘Shraddha’ sites on the Apaya river-bank, become free from every sin, get their wishes fulfilled as their forefathers wish that in their family a son or grandson, who will perform ‘Tarpana’ with tila etc., we will remain satisfied up to hundreds of kalpas. At a small distance from here, in the west ‘Brahmodumkara Tirtha’ – one of the best places of Brahma – is situated.

This ‘Kunda’ (a type of deep pond was built by Bharadwaja, Gautama, Jamadagni, Kashyapa, Vishwamitra, Vasistha and Lord Abhi like hermits etc. Its situation has been established village `Shilakhedi’ near Kaithal by the Kurukshetra Vikas Board. This pond remains in a dilapidated condition. But still it is believed that a devotee who performs `Pindadana’ situals on fourteenth day of Krisna Paksha in the month of Bhadrapada gets moksha pada.

Kedara (Vriddhakedara) Tirtha :

Mahabharata described about this sacred spot. Vamana Purana calls it Vriddhakedara and Nilakanthi Commentary on Mahabharata describes it as `Kapisthalasya Kedara’. People say that this was built by a wealthy man, Seth Vidhichand, but it doesn’t appeal. Possibly it may be renovated by him Vamana Purana clearly states that at this holy place `Vriddhakedara’ deva himself resides. `Swayama devo Vriddhakedara samgyitaha’. A person, after performing Tarpana’ rites and paying obeisance to Lord Dindi, drinks three palmful water – ‘Chullakatrayam’- (36.116), gets the fruit of going to one of the eight Shiva Tirthas of Varanasi i.e. Kedara Tirtha (Actually five Kedaras are famous: Kedaranatha, Tunganatha, Rudranatha, Madhyeshwara, Kalpeshwara.) Kapisthala of Brahmavarta had remained the main centre for performing penance and meditation.

In the same context a reference about ‘Gyaraharudri Tirtha’ has also been given in various Puranas. Adi Parva of Mahabharata depicts the names of eleven Rudras. Though any Purana has not mentioned these, yet it is a fact that people had great faith in them.

Brahmanakalina Parisaraka – (Saraka Tirtha) – Shergarh :

Aittaveya Brahmana describes about it. This pious place is situated at a distance of four kms. from Kaithal and one km away on Kaithal-Hissar highway in the village Shergarh.

The above said Brahmana (8/1 or 2/10) tells a tale that Saraswati saved Saint Kavasa and where she went running, that place was called `Parisaraka’. Possibly, due to scorching heat-haze, the close by forests of Kaithal went on fire and just after an in torrential rain, the speedy Saraswati extinguished the flames. And that place became the abode of Sage Kavasa, known today’s as ‘Parisaraka Ashrama’ and ‘Saraka Tirtha’.

1. P.V.Kane – Dharma Shastra Ka Itihasa, Part 3, Page 1373.

The detailed description about this pious place is found in Mahabharata and Vamana purana as well. According to Mahabharata there are three crore sacred spots in this sanctum.

“Tato gachcheta Regendra Sarakam Lokavishrutam |
Krisnapakshe Chaturdashyamabhigamya Vrisadhwagam ||
Labheta sarva Kamana hi swargalokamcha gachchati |
Tisra Kotyasty tirthanama Sarake Kunmandana ||”

( O! Rajendra, thereafter, one should go to Saraka, a pious place where on the 14th day of Krisnapaksha after offering prayers to Lord Shiva, one’s all wishes are fulfilled and goes to heaven.)

“Vamana Purana says it unattainable in three lokas :
Tato gachcheta Sarakam trailokasyapi durlabham | Krisnapakshe_______________________ ||

Vama Pu/36/20-21.

On the basis of above depictions `Parisaraka’ is the oldest one among the pious places of Kaithal.

Trivistapa Tirtha – Tyontha :

Situated at a distance of 40kms from Karnal on Kaithal-Karnal road, this is referred in Mahabharata and vamana Purana after Pundarika Tirtha. Vaitarani is one of the seven famous rivers of Kurukshetra (Saraswati, Apaga, Mandakiniganga, Vasu, Kaushiki, Drisadvati and Hiranyavati). A devotee, offering prayer to Lord Shiva and having bath in bad-deeds-destroyer Vaitarani, attains the state of bliss.

1)Yamana Purana/Chap. 34/6-7.
2)—-do—- Chap. 36/41-42.

Except these holy places, Mahabharata refers about `Phalgu Thirtha’. Its detailed description has already been given earlier. In Pharal village where this sanctum is situated, there are many sacred places like `Sarvadevi Tirtha’, `Panikhata Tirtha’, `Sumahat Tirtha’ etc.

where a devotee, after having a bath, gets the fruits of `Agnistama-Atirama’ yajnas and Rajasuya yajna, Samkhya (Jyana) and Yoga (Karma) knowledge respectively.

1)Mahabharata, Vana Parva, 83/86-90
2)Vamana Purana, 36/47-51

Rasamangala Tirtha :

In the periphery of Songal village, at a distance of 2 kms on the border of Jakhauli and Songal , this holy place is situated.Mahabhrata and Vamana Purana do not depict its importance. On the basis of an anecdote it can be said that Lord Brahma performed a special `Yajna’ in which all male gods and female goddesses were invited,Lord Brahma, to please the gods, offered them their dear most drink `Somarasa’ (a special type of drink brewed from `Somalata’ in vaidika period). Here is an ancient big mound, out of its upper layer, some earthen pots are found. These prove its antiquity. In the village, it is called `Rasavta Tirtha’.

Vamana Purana, Chap. 36/Verses, 66-69. Mahabharata, Vanaparva, Chap. 83, Verse 105-106.

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