|Lok Sabha Constituencies in Kota district, Rajasthan (MP Constituencies)||Kota|
|MLA Assembly Constituencies in Kota district, Rajasthan||Kota North
About the District :
Kota is located along eastern bank of the Chambal River in the southern part of Rajasthan. It is the third largest city of Rajasthan after Jaipur and Jodhpur. The cartographic coordinates are 25.18°N 75.83°E. It covers an area of 318 km2 (3.63 per cent of the Rajasthan State). It has an average elevation of 271 metres (889 ft). The district is bound on the north and north-west by SawaiMadhopur, Tonk and Bundi districts. The Chambal River separates these districts from Kota district, forming the natural boundary.
The city of Kota is situated at a center of the south-eastern region of Rajasthan and this region widely known as Hadoti, the land of the Hadas. Kota lies along the banks of the Chambal River on a high sloping tableland forming a part of the Malwa Plateau. The Mokandarra hills run from south-east to north-west axis of the town. The historical places and temples portray signs of modern development.
It has fertile and lush green land with ample facilities of irrigation through canals.Kota is one of the industrial hubs in northern India, with chemical, engineering and power plants based here. The rail junction, a road hub, lies 4.8 km (4 mi) to the north.
Kota has a semi-arid climate with high temperatures throughout the year. Summers are long, hot and dry, starting in late March and lasting – through the end of June. The monsoon season follows with comparatively lower temperatures, but higher humidity and frequent, torrential downpours. The monsoons subside in October and temperatures rise again. The brief, mild winter starts in late November and lasts until the last week of February. Temperatures hover between 26.7 °C (max) to 12 °C (min). This can be considered the best time to visit Kota because of intense heat in the summer.
The average annual rainfall in the Kota district is 660.6 mm. Most of the rainfall can be attributed to the southwest monsoon which has its beginning in the last week of June and may last till mid-September. Pre-monsoon showers begin towards the middle of June with post-monsoon rains occasionally occurring in October. The winter is largely dry, although some rainfall does occur as a result of the Western Disturbance passing over the region
|8.||Density||Per Sq. Km||2001||288|
|9.||No. of Family||Lacs||2001||2.80|
|8.||Density||Per Sq. Km||2011||374|
|9.||No. of Family||Lacs||2011||3.95|
One of the big festivals celebrated in most parts of India is Dussehra. The festival is celebrated with zest and festivities as it also marks the beginning of the winter season after the long, unbearable, hot summer. Dussehra marks the victory of Ram over the demon king Ravana, and the rescue of his wife Sita. In north India, gigantic effigies of the ten-headed Ravana and his brothers are set aflame amidst bursting of crackers. Fairs are usually held on this occasion with lots to eat, buy and enjoy.
Dussehra means the Tenth Day, being the 10th day of the bright half of Ashvin. This day is also known as Vijayadashmi, or the Victory Tenth, because of the victory of Ram over Ravana.
As Dussehra is preceded by the Navratri or the nine days of the worship of Goddess Durga, some rituals related to the Goddess are also carried out that day. The rituals of Durga Puja involve the usual puja of goddess Durga along with Lord Ram. On this day in Satyug, Ram (the eighth incarnation of Lord Vishnu), killed the great demon and king of Lanka, Ravan, who had abducted Ram’s wife Sita. Ram, along, with his brother Lakshman, follower Hanuman, and an army of monkeys fought a great battle for ten days to rescue his wife Sita.
According to another story, Kautsa, the young son of Devdatt, a Brahmin, was living in the city of Paithan. After studying under the guidance of Rishi Varatantu, he insisted on his guru accepting a present, or gurudakshina. Initially, the guru refused but later asked for 140 million gold coins, one hundred million for each of the subjects taught. The obedient student went to the King Raghu to ask for the money, as the king was renowned for his generosity. Within three days the king made the God of Wealth Kuber make a rain of gold coins near the shanu and apati trees. After giving the promised amount to the guru, Kautsa distributed the rest of the coins among the needy on the day of Dussehra. Even today, in Ayodhya, the capital of King Raghu, people loot the leaves of the apati trees and present to each other as sone or gold.
In Kota, Dussehra is celebrated with great enthusiasm and it is famous for its grand DussehraMela (fair). This DussehraMela is the identity of Kota city in which thousands of shops, sellers, and vendors gather. On Vijayadashmi, an effigy of Ravana which happens to be 72 feet tall, use to aflame with his son and brother Meghnad and Kumbhkarna. This is one of the tallest effigies in India. Later on, a fair of 20 days happens in the largest ground of city Kota till DhanTeras. This Dussehra ground is situated in the centre of the city.
At the RavanDahan day, over 1 lac people gathered to experience the celebration of the triumph of the good over evil. Before that a procession on horses, camels, sawaris move towards the RavanDahan place and royal family worship there, after that, an arrow is shot towards navel of Ravana by the person portraying Ram in procession. It is said, that after Mysore Dussehra, Kota Dussehra is largely celebrated and praised.
Chambal Adventure Festival (9-11 Feb) –
This three days festival is organized in Kota where tourists can enjoy water & water sports.It is organized by UIT. Kota is blessed with ample of water resources which make it an obvious choice for water festivals. This festival happens at two places, in Chambal River and Kishore SagarTalab, situated middle of the city. Kishore SagarTalab is the acme of beautiful panorama in the heart of the city. During Chambal Adventure Festivaldifferent adventures like hot air balloon, paragliding, parasailing, wind surfing, water sports like balloon water, kayaking, jet skiing and rafting, use to perform by professionals. Other than these adventure sports gliding, rock [/wp2moodle][wp2moodle cohort=”][/wp2moodle]climbing, angling, excursion and trekkingcan be enjoyed during the festival. Some adventure opens for the common people to enjoy these amusements.
Gangaur Festival (March- April) –
This Festival is dedicated to Goddess Gauri, the consort of Lord Shiva and the symbol of marital happiness. It is the most important festival of Rajasthan which maidens and married women celebrate with great gusto and enthusiasm. It begins on the day after Holi and is celebrated for eighteen days. Maidens collect poppy flowers from the fields and make garlands for the Goddess.
AnanatChaturdashiMahotsav is celebrated in Kota on a very large scale. This is one of the oldest celebrations of the city. AnantChaturdashi is celebrated after ten days of Ganesh Chaturthi. On Ganesh Chaturthi, clay Idols of Lord Ganeshais installed at different places of the city like homes, markets, and public pandals. Huge clay idols have been installed by trade unions, different organizations, and temples in their beautifully decorated pandals. At 10th day, a gigantic procession with thousands of Ganesh idols, Akhade, BhajanMandlis, daredevil acts, horse and camel sawarsmove ahead in a systematic manner from the old predefined path in the city. It allures lacs of spectators and devotees. At night these idols are immersed in water. In Kota city, AnantChaturdashiin Kota is celebrated with more zeal than any other city of Rajasthan. It is same joyous and grandly celebrated as in Maharashtra which is famous for Ganesh Utsav.
Tourist Places :
MaharaoMadho Singh Museum
To preserve the rich cultural and architectural heritage of the city a number of palaces have been converted into museums. MaharaoMadho Singh Museum is located in the old magnificent palace. On your trip to Kota do not miss this museum, as it is definitely one of the best museums in the state of Rajasthan.
The exquisite sculptures, frescoes, and murals present a breathtaking view. The armoury section of the museum is amazing with numerous varieties of arms like swords, knives, bows and arrow, pistols, rifles etc. The museum also exhibits some of the creative things that were used by the erstwhile rulers of Kota.
One of the main attractions of MaharaoMadho Singh Museum at Kota is the huge collection of Rajput miniature paintings belonging to the Kota school of art. The museum was a palace in the past where the rulers of Kota used to live and rule the kingdom. The museum has derived its name from the son of the ruler of Bundi who was declared as the first ruler of Kota by Jahangir, the Mughal emperor.
The historical city of Kota was once a part of the former Rajput kingdom of Bundi. The magnificent cultural heritage of the place is quite evident through its beautiful palaces, temples and museums. While viewing the exhibits of MaharaoMadho Singh Museum we get a wonderful glance into the splendour and history of the place. The museum is closed for visitors on Fridays and holidays declared by the state.
Haveli of Devtaji
In the beautiful Indian city of Kota, there are various religious spots, forts and palaces that attract tourists from all over the country. Most of these places are well known for their marvellous architectural beauty. The Haveli of Devtaji is not merely a splendid palace; the place is also interesting for its major historical significance.
Like most of the other enigmatic palatial buildings in the Indian state of Rajasthan, the Haveli of Devtaji in Kota stands as a witness to the rich Rajput past of the region. The beauty of this palace lies mainly in the fantastic murals. These frescoes display the remnants of the splendid tradition of which the palace was an important part.
One of the major characteristic features of the Rajput palaces is the presence of a large number of rooms. The Haveli of Devtaji is no exception to this. The walls of all the rooms of this Haveli of Kota are decorated with astounding paintings.
These paintings in the Haveli of Devtaji make the visitors get a glimpse of the ancient glory of the land of the brave Rajput rulers.
Jawahar Sagar Dam
Built in the year of 1972, Jawahar Sagar Dam is part of the chain of dams constructed under the Chambal Valley Project. Erected over the mighty River Chambal, Jawahar Sagar Dam is an important multipurpose dam of the region of Kota that serves several important functions.
Situated at a short distance of 29 km upstream and 26 km downstream from the Kota city and Rana Pratap Sagar Dam respectively, Jawahar Sagar Dam produces a total power of 60 MW from the 3 units of 33 MW each. Apart from being a major source of producing power and electricity, Jawahar Sagar Dam releases excess water during times of natural calamities of drought. The excess water is used for agricultural and drinking purposes by the local inhabitants of the city of Kota and the neighbouring areas.
Made up of concrete, Jawahar Sagar Dam has a height of 45 meters and is spread over 393 meters. Jawahar Sagar Dam has a catchment area of 27, 195 km ² and provides relief to the people of the area during times of severe water shortage. The Jawahar Sagar Dam is an important hallmark of the state of Rajasthan which plays various roles.
Apart from serving the local inhabitants with water, Jawahar Sagar Dam draws several visitors who are enchanted and enthralled with the engineering marvel of the modern times. Jawahar Sagar Dam offers the tourists with unique opportunities to enjoy boating in the fast flowing water of the Dam. The dam is also a major source for Pisciculture.
Kota Government Museum is located in the Brij Vilas Palace near the Kishore Sagar in the state of Rajasthan. The Museum is open from 10.00 to 5 PM and the entrance fee is Rs.2/-. It is closed on every Friday and Government holidays. Inside the museum photography is prohibited but there is a provision of receiving permission from the Director of Archaeology and Museums, Jaipur. The museum portrays the rich cultural heritage of the state.
Kota occupies an eminent place in the history, as it was apart of the Rajput kingdom of Bundi, which was later declared an independent state in the year 1624, when Jehangir, the Mughal emperor defeated its rulers. The rich cultural heritage of the city is reflected through its magnificent architectural wonders like the beautiful temples, museums, and palaces. Tourist from far off places come to the city to view some of the most popular places like the RaoMadhoSingh Museum, Chambal Gardens, Jagmandir Palace, City Fort and Palace Haveli of Dewtaji and many more.
Kota is the commercial capital of the state of Rajasthan. The city is gifted with abundant natural beauty including waterfalls, sand dunes, palaces and forts. Kota Government Museum in Kota has an exceptional collection reminding us of the bygone era. The wonderful collection comprises of sculptures rare coins and manuscripts, selection of Hadoti sculpture. Among all the exhibits in the museum the sculpture brought from Baroli is the most remarkable item on display. The beautiful statue is exquisitely carved and is important because of its historical importance.
Kota to Darrah Wildlife Sanctuary
An important itinerary in the excursions from Kota would include a visit from Kota to Darrah Wildlife Sanctuarythat lies at a distance of 50 Km. from the city. The wildlife sanctuary in Kota was earlier a prominent hunting ground for the kings of the region who engaged in the royal game of hunting the tigers and deer that earlier had made the dense forests of the region their home.
The forest area along with the wildlife has now depleted over the years. Yet the visit to the Darrah Wildlife Sanctuary will present to its visitors a glance of the spotted deer and the antelopes that still reside in the region.
The region is of historic value as well as the forest was used by several warring dynasties as a pass to travel to the state of Madhya Pradesh. The name Darrah is interpreted as the ‘pass’ in the local language revealing the purpose that the region served earlier. The Marathas, Rajputs and the British utilized the opportune position of the forest to seek asylum during the war.
The Darrah Wildlife Sanctuary in Rajasthan presently stretches over 250 squareKm. of land and is home to the ferocious animals like the sambhars, panthers, leopards, bears and wild boars. Spotted deer and antelopes also reside in the sanctuary. A visit from Kota to Darrah Wildlife Sanctuary would require the permission of the local forest ranger or the district forest officer in Kota. The national tourists require a visiting ticket of Rs. 20 while international tourists require to payingRs 100 per person to enter the premises of the sanctuary.
Located at the bank of river Chambal, the Chambal Garden is one of the most beautiful picnic spots in the Indian city of Kota. Visitors can enjoy peace in the lap of exquisite greenery while in this city.
The major attraction of the Chambal Garden in Kota is the wonderful pond situated just in the middle of the greenery. This pond full of crocodiles attracts a large number of tourists to this place during the winter months. This muddy pond can be crossed by shaky bridge suspended at a very low height.
There are also many alligators (gharials) found in this murky pond. They are the thin and snouted crocodiles living on fishes. These creatures attract many adventures picnickers to the Chambal Garden located in Kota.
The peace loving people can enjoy this place as equally. Strolling down the vast green vistas overlooking the lively river can certainly remind one of Wordsworth’s expressions of spontaneous feelings regarding Tintern Abbey.
The nature lovers can also spend the day studying the thousands of plant species that are present to add life to this place. There are some plants that are typical of this region and are of much interest to the students and researchers of botany. Thus it can also prove to be a wonderful place for study tours.
It is best to visit the Chambal Garden of Kota during the winter months.
The Chambal Garden in the city of Kota is a wonderful place that can mesmerize both leisure travellers as well as adventure tourists.
A dam as part of the irrigation canal system on the river Chambal, this is a popular spot especially when the floodgates are let open to allow extra water to flow off
Seven Wonder Park
This park houses the famous wonders of the world in miniature form. Situated in Ballabhbari, bordering Sarovar, Seven Wonders of the world are being raised in a single park in Kota. A single visit to this park will give you a glimpse of the Seven Wonders of the World at one place. Replicas of Seven Wonder in Kota (Rajasthan)
1.TajMahal. 2. Great Pyramid of Giza 3. Brazil’s Christ the Redeemer.4. Eiffel Tower of Paris.5. Leaning Tower of Pisa 6.New York’s Statue of Liberty 7.Rome’s Colosseum.
Khade Ganesh Ji Temple
Its Lord Ganesh temple situated in the south part of the city. The thing make this place famous is that this sort of temple where GANESH is standing is nowhere else in India. You can also visit RangbadiBalaji temple on the way.
Mukundara Tiger Rrveese (40 Km) Tigers will be relocated from Ranthambore reserve so as to provide optimum space to the big cats in future. It had a core area of 417 sq km and a buffer zone covering 342.82 sq km
How to Reach
By Air Kota Airport is not operational, but is used for VIPs & charter planes. The closest airports are at Jaipur Sanganer (240 Km), Udaipur (284 Km), Indore (320 Km) & Delhi IGI (484 Km).
By Road Kota is well connected to all cities/towns in Rajasthan.It also has a good road network for cities like Delhi (504 Km),Jaipur (240 Km) & Ahmedabad (540 Km.). The main bus stop is at Nayapura Area & a new Bus stand is near Aerodrome Circle. Major modes of travel include the state transport buses, private buses and jeeps/cars for hire. The on-hire vehicles are a good idea, as they are fast and convenient,though they require a fair amount of bargaining.
By Rail Kota is a major junction in the Western Railway sector, on the Delhi-Mumbai line. As a result,most of the trains pass through Kota. A train journey to Jaipur is about 4 hours, to Delhi about 6 hours & to Indore about 7 hours. 3 Rajdhani Trains crosses Kota Junction.
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