About the District
The Aravalli Range forms the eastern boundary of the district and towards southern boundary it ends at Bamnera village in Sumerpur Tehsil. A zone of foothills lays to the west, through which run the many tributaries of the Luni River. The western portion of the district includes the alluvial plain of the Luni. It is bounded by eight districts, Nagaur District to the north, Ajmer District to the northeast, Rajsamand District to the east, Udaipur District to the southeast, Sirohi District to the southwest, Jalore District and Barmer District to the west, and Jodhpur District to the northwest. The major part of the district has elevations ranging from 200 to 300 m above MSL, but in the east toward the Aravalli Range the elevation increases and the average is nearer 600 m and at some places the elevations exceed 1000 m.
The area of the district may be called sub-mountainous and has undulated plains with scattered hills here and there. The southeast of the district is traversed by the Aravalli range. The highest peak of these hills is about 1,099 metres. The general elevation in the plain varies from 180 meters to 500 metres and the slope is from east to westerly direction. Pali town is located about 212 meters high above the sea level. The soil of the district is mostly sandy loam and the water table, in general, is within 15 metres from the ground level.
There is no perennial river in the district. Four tributaries of River Luni viz; Sukri, Lilri, Bandi and Jawai flow in the district. Besides, there are a number of other seasonal rivulets and streams which traverse through the district. There is no lake or natural spring in the district. There are a number of big and small tanks constructed for irrigation purposes. Of these, the Jawai dam in Bali tehsil has the largest capacity while the smallest tank is Walar. Besides these tanks, there are five dams also in the district. They are Jawai Raipur Luni, Hemawas, Kharda and Biratiya Khurd dams which are used basically for irrigational purposes.
The climate of the district is on the whole dry and is very hot in summer and cold in winter. January is the coldest month while May to early June is the hottest period of the year. Normal annual rainfall in the district is 50 to 60 cms. During the south-west monsoon period, humidity, in general, is high. In the rest of the year, the air is dry. The average humidity percentage for the district is nearly 60 to 70.
GEOLOGY AND MINERALS
The geological formation of the district is represented by different igneous, sedimentary and met sediment rocks. The Delhi Super Group rocks represented by the Ajabgarh Group occur near the eastern border of the district and consists of schists, phyllite, marble and basic volcanic. They are intruded by granites and rhyolites. The predominant of which is the Erinpura Granite which cover the south and south-eastern parts of the district. The Jalore type of granites is exposed south of Pali town and is generally pink in colour. The Marwar Super Group occurs in the northern part of the district and is represented by limestone, dolomite, sandstone and shale
District at a Glance
- District –
- Headquarters –
- State –
- Total –
- Rural –
- Urban –
- Population –
- Rural –
- Urban –
- Male –
- Female –
- Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 males) –
- Density (Total, Persons per sq km) –
- Assembly –
- Loksabha –
- Official Website –
STATISTICAL HANDBOOK :
|No. of sub-Districts||9||9||0|
|No. of Towns||11||11||0|
|No. of Statutory Towns||9||9||0|
|No. of Census Towns||2||2||0|
|No. of Villages #||949||1030||81|
|Decadal Change 2001-2011||Absolute||Percentage|
|Child Population in the age group 0-6||Absolute||Percentage to total population|
|Child Sex Ratio||899||905||880|
|Scheduled Caste Population||Absolute||Percentage to total population|
|Scheduled Tribe Population||Absolute||Percentage to total population|
|# included un-inhabited villages|
|Total Workers||Absolute||Work Participation Rate|
|Main Workers||Absolute||Percentage to total workers|
|Marginal Workers||Absolute||Percentage to total workers|
|Marginal Workers ( 3 -6 months )||Absolute||Percentage to total marginal workers|
|Marginal Workers ( Less than 3 months )||Absolute||Percentage to total marginal workers|
|Total Cultiators||Absolute||Percentage to total workers|
|Total Agricultural Labourers||Absolute||Percentage to total workers|
|Total Household Industry Workers||Absolute||Percentage to total workers|
|Total Other Workers||Absolute||Percentage to total workers|
|Source:- Census of India – 2011|
|HDR 1999||HD Update 2007|
|Human Development index (HDI)||0.531||0.547|
|Rank in Rajasthan:HDI||19||28|
|Total Area (Sq.KmS)||12387||12387|
|Number of ULBs||9||9|
|Number of Gram panchayat||320||320|
|Number of Panchayat Samiti||10||10|
|HOUSEHOLD STATUS (CENSUS OF INDIA)||2001||2011|
|Households with access to Electricity ( % )||66.37||76.2|
|Safe Drinking Water ( % )||87.32||82.9|
|Toilet Facilities ( % )||21||29|
|DEMOGRAPHIC & HEALTH INDICATORS (CENSUS OF INDIA & Annual Health Survey 2010-11)||2007-09||2011-12|
|Crude Birth Rate (No.of live births Per thousand mid year population)||23.5||22.8|
|Crude Death Rate (No.of deaths Per thousand mid year population)||6.8||6.6|
|Infant Mortality rate (No. of infant deaths per thousand live births)||55||54|
|Under Five Mortality Rate (No. of under five deaths per thousand live births)||78||76|
|Population Served Per Medical Institution (Annual Progress Report- DMHS)||3402||3144|
|Population Served Per Bed (Annual Progress Report- DMHS)||1211||1178|
|WOMEN AND CHILD||1991||2001|
|Total Fertility Rate||4.88||4.4|
|OVERALL Sex ratio (Females per 1000 males) among SC Population||944||958|
|OVERALL Sex ratio (Females per 1000 males) among ST Population||926||944|
|INFRASTRUCTURE / FACILITIES||31.12.2011||31.12.2012|
|Area Served by Per Medical Institution (Sq. Km.) (Annual Progress Report- DMHS)||23||21|
|No. of Electrified villages (Annual Progress Report- RVVN)||943||930|
|No. of Villages with drinking water facilities (Annual Progress Report- PHED)||936||936|
|Road (PWD) length in km. (Annual Progress Report- PWD)||5318||5145|
|PER CAPITA NET DISTRICT DOMESTIC PRODUCT||2009-10||2010-11|
|At current prices (Rs.)||33714||43158|
|At Constant (2004-05) Prices (Rs.)||23615||26827|
|LAND USE (AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS OF RAJASTHAN- DES)||2005-06||2010-11|
|Average land holding (Hect.) (CENSUS of AGRICULTURE)||3.7||3.56|
|% of Forest area to reporting area||7.02||7.02|
|% of Net Irrigated Area to Net Area Sown||7.86||18.45|
|% of Gross Irrigated Area to Gross Area Sown||8.38||14.38|
Tourist PLace :
Ranakpur is a village located in Desuri tehsil near Sadri town in the Pali district of Rajasthan in western India. It is located between Jodhpur and Udaipur. It is 162 Km from Jodhpur and 91 km from Udaipur, in a valley on the western side of the Aravalli Range. The Nearest Railway Station to reach Ranakpur is Falna Railway station. Ranakpur is one among the most famous places to visit in Pali, Rajasthan. Ranakpur is easily accessed by road from Udaipur.
The construction is well documented in a 1437 CE copper-plate record, inscriptions in the temple and a Sanskrit text Soma-Saubhagya Kavya inspired by a dream of a celestial vehicle, Dhanna Shah, a Porwal, commenced its construction, under the patronage of Rana Kumbha, then ruler of Mewar. The architect who oversaw the project was named Deepaka. There is an inscription on a pillar near the main shrine stating that in 1439 Deepaka, an architect constructed the temple at the direction of Dharanka, a devoted Jain. When the ground floor was completed, Acharya Soma Sundar Suri of Tapa Gachha supervised the ceremonies, which are described in Soma-Saubhagya Kavya. The construction continued until 1458AD.
The temple was renovated time to time. Some families supported the construction of devakulikas and mandaps. The descendants of Dharanashah now mainly live in Ghanerao. The temple has been managed by the Anandji Kalyanji Pedhi trust in the past century
Ranakpur is widely known for its marble Jain temple, said to be the most spectacular of the Jain temples. There is also a small Sun temple which is managed by the Udaipur royal family trust.
Falna is a town in Pali District in Indian state of Rajasthan. It is an important railway station on Ahmedabad-Jaipur railway line. Falna is 75 km from the district headquarters of Pali.
Falna is the nearest railhead to famous Ranakpur temples. The temples are 35 km from Falna. In Falna itself the Jain Golden Temple is a visitor attraction.
Falna Jain golden temple is a temple built at Falna near the famous Jain temple Ranakpur. It is a major attraction for Pilgrims. The temple belongs to Shri Shankeshwar Parshwanath Bhagwan. “Kanch ka Mandir” (Mirror temple) located below the main temple is also a place of worship, where the walls are covered with small sizes of mirrors. Though it is small, but it is worth to visit.
Apart from the place mentioned above, the other worth visiting place in the district are, the temple dedicated to Ramdeoji near village Biratiya in Raipur tehsil, the fort of Desuri, Kurki the birth place of the well-known poetess Mirabai on the border of Jaitaran tehsil, Jain temples of Narlai in Desuri tehsil, picnic spot in the Deepawas in Raipur tehsil, and Jain temples in Sadri town.
The Society has its head office in village Jadan district Pali, Rajasthan. Since 1993 the Society has been active in the areas of Health, Education, promotion of Yoga and Vedic culture, Rainwater Harvesting, and development of peace and understanding across cultures and religions.
The central building of this large complex, is constructed in the shape of the ancient Sanskrit symbol OM. The sound of OM consists of three letters: A, U and M. It represents the cosmic vibration, the original eternal sound. OM is the underlying source of creation, adi-anadi – the reality that was, is, and will forever be. Therefore OM represents wholeness, completion. It is the most beautiful mantra, which contains all three fundamental aspects of God – Brahma (the Creator), Vishnu (the Sustainer) and Shiva (the Liberator).
Situated in an area of 250 acres, this central monument will be the largest man-made symbol of OM in the world. The 108 compartments of residential units that are to form this impressive OM shape, attract tremendous cosmic energy. These units are symbolic of the 108 beads of the Japa Mala. A lake will represent the crescent Moon of the OM symbol. Its point, known as bindu, will be constructed as a tower, 108 feet in height, with 12 temples. At 90 feet, there will be a large overhead water tank and above this, a Surya temple dedicated to the Lord of the Sun.
FIRST INDEPENDENT FIGHT OF AUWA
Auwa is situated 12 km to the south of headquarter of Marwar Jn. tehsil. Previously Auwa estate was a part of Sojat district of Jodhpur State. The Place is insignificant today but it got great prominence during the upheaval of 1857 when its Jagridar Thakur Kushal Singh rose up and revolted against the British. Bagawat did by Soldiers of Army at Erinpura Chawani on 25th August 1857. These soldiers of army reached to village Auwa. Thakur Khushal Singh led them for freedom fight. In this movement Thakurs of Marwar State Ashop, Gular Alaniyawas, Bhimaliya, Redawas, Lambiya and Thakurs of Mewar State Roopnagar, Lasani, Salumber, Asind also helped to Auwa Thakur.
By order of General Henari Larenze from Ajmer, they attacked on 7th September 1857 by Anad Singh Kiledar Jodhpur, on 8 September 1857. Lt. Hechket also joined the Anad Singh. During the war soldiers died and Auwa won its 1st fight of Independence in 1857.
Due to this defeat General Larenze himself took army from Beawar an reached to Auwa on 18 September 1857. to teach a lesson to Auwa’s freedom fighters. To help General Larenze, Political Agent Captain Masan from Jodhpur with his large army also reached to Auwa. A great battle of independence against english army fought by Auwa. Captain Mason died in this fight and his head hanged on the main gate of fort. Thus the Second fight also won the freedom fighter of Auwa.
Somnath temple of pali is famous for its historical background and architecture. It is situated in the middle of Pali city. It was constructed by the king of Gujarat Kumarpal Solanki in the Vikram Samvat 1209. It is the temple of Lord Shiva. In the premises there are many small temples of Hindu deities.
SURYA TEMPLE :
The elegant medieval shrine dedicated to the Sun God is set on the banks of Mavi River amidst the scenic Aravali ranges. The temple built on a raised platform is a masterpiece of architecture. Both the sanctum and hall are polygonal, embellished with a running band of solar deities, seated on chariots all around the exterior wall.
Ghanerao is a village in Desuri tehsil and is situated in the south-west of Desuri on the road leading to Sadri. The place was held by a first class Jagirdar of the erstwhile Jodhpur state prior to the independence and it was the prime duty of this Jagirdar to defend the famous fort of Kumbhalgarh (now in Rajsamand district). There are many, both, Hindu and Jain temples in the village and its vicinity. There are about eleven Jain temples; some of them are quite old, in the village itself besides Hindu temples of Laxmi Narainji, Murlidharji and Charbhujaji. On the outskirt of the village is situated a Math known as Giriji ki Dhooni. A temple of Gajanand here is worth seeing. There is also a mosque here is worth seeing. There is also a mosque here. Another Jain temple, known as Muchhala Mahavir is also situated in the vicinity of the village. The temple is said to be very old and whose management is with the Anandji Kalyanji Trust.
ASHAPURA MATA (NADOL)
It is situated on the Rani-Desuri road in north-west of Desuri. Nadol is now a small village but once it was the capital of the collateral branch of the Chauhans of the Shakambhari. The ancient ruins still speak of the past glory which this place enjoyed. Mahmud Ghazni on his march against Somnath temple is said to have passed through Nadol. Later, Qutub-Uddin-Aibak, the lieutenant of Mohammed Ghori captured this place.
There are many famous temples in the village and its vicinity. In the main market, there is a beautiful Jain temple of Padma Prabhunath. There are temples of Somnath, Rikheshwar Mahadeo on top of the nearby rock and the temple of Ashapura Mataji. On the bank of a talab near the burial grounds is the temple of Hanumanji which has an exceedingly beautifully carved Toran on doorways made of marble. The temple of Neminath has a Devra of Acharya Mandeosuri who composed Laghu Shantimantra. About 9 km away from Nadol is a village known as Barkana on the Desuri-Rani road where a beautiful Parasvanath Jain temple, counted among the Panch tirthi for the Jain in the district, is situated and is said to be very old.
There is no mention of the antiquity of this temple, but it is regarded to be very ancient. The last renovation was accomplished in the year 2022 Vikram era and the idol was installed. The king of Udaipur once came here on a pilgrimage. While he was going to make a mark of pigment on forehead (Tilak) he saw a moustache hair in the bowl of saffron and in fun he said to the worshipper in the temple, “It seems that God has moustaches”. And the worshiper who was devoted to God said, “Yes God can assume various forms as he wishes.” The obstinate king said, “I will stay here for three days. I want to see Mahavir with moustaches”. Gratified with the worship of the devoted worshiper, Mahavir with moustaches appeared to the king. Therefore, this idol came to be called Muchhala Mahavir. Even today many miraculous events happen here. A fair is held here every year in the month of Chaitra. This Tirth belongs to the group of the five Godvar Tirth. Falna, the nearest railway station is at a distance of 40 kilometers.
Shri Sonana Khetlaji (सोनाणा खेतलाजी) is a temple of Shri Khetlaji located in the village Sonana of Desuri tehsil of Pali district in Indian state of Rajasthan. Template located in Sonana is an old temple from where Shri Sonana Khetlaji has moved village near by name Sarangwas.
Shri Sonana Khetlaji has founded approximately 800 years ago; this temple is Jagir of local Brahmins Rajpurohit. King ruling this village has write off this temple to the local Brahmins to do chants and pooja every day.
Every year on Chaitra Sudi Ekam (according to Vikram Samvat), a large fair is organised for two days. Since this fair is organised after Holi festival a large number of Holi dancers attend in conventional and fancy dresses. More than one lakh devotees participate. The most devout come barefoot from their native places in order to receive the great blessing. They travel from 15Km to 200Km moving in groups (Sangh) for 2 to 10 days barefoot.
There is even a cycle yatri coming from a long distance of 2500KM from chennai, coimbatore, Hosur(Tamil Nadu to Rajasthan) covering on cycle for a month (30days) On the occasion of Mela
Since Khetlaji is folk-deity (Lok-devta) of many castes and communities in Marwar area, many people come here after their marriage and childbirth to give thanks to the God. Thanksgiving ceremony starts only after Aarti of deity which takes place between 8:30 am to 9:00 am. The necessary commodities for giving thanks are available at stalls outside the temple.
Temple is large bound and has carries three aarthi(vishash pooja) for Sri sonana Khetlaji i.e., 8am in morning,6.30pm in evening and 12am midnight.It is witnessed that attending this aarthi carries the biggest blessing.
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