Rajsamand District of Rajasthan at a Glance

About the District

 

Rajsamand is very well known for its marble production as the largest producing district as well as the largest single unit in the whole country. Rajsamand also saw the vicissitudes of the freedom struggle between TATYA TOPE and the British troops at ‘Rakamgarh Ka Chhapar’ in 1857. Rajsamand is much rich district regarding history, religion, culture and mining industries. Among famous places of tourist interest Kumbhalgarh – the birth place of Maharana Pratap, Haldighati the famous battlefield, Shrinathji the chief deity of Vaishnav religion, Dwarikadheesh, Charbhuja and many Shiv temples.

Rajsamand is situated 67 Km north of Udaipur and 352 KM south of State Capital Jaipur on NH 8. Rajsamand is located between latitudes 24o 46′ to 26o 01′ N and Longitudes 73o 28′ to 74o 18′ E. Rajsamand district is surrounded by districts of Ajmer in North, Pali in West, Udaipur in South and Bhilwara in East. Administratively Rajsamand is divided into 7 Sub-divisions, 9 Tehsils and 7 Blocks. There are 207 Gram Panchayats and 236 Patwar Circles. Total population of the Rajsamand district (as per census 2001) was 9,87,024 including 4,93,459 males and 4,93,565 females. This district has a male to female ratio of 1000:1000. A rare phenomenon now-a-days.

 

District at a Glance

 

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Area in Sq Km (Census 2011)
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Population (Census 2011)
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Constituencies (ECI)
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Statistical Handbook :

 

HDR 1999 HD Update 2007
Human Development index (HDI) 0.526 0.578
Rank in Rajasthan:HDI 22 22
2001 2011
Total Area (Sq.KmS) 3860.00 4655.00
ADMINISTRATIVE UNITS 2011-12 2012-13
Number of ULBs 4 4
Number of Gram panchayat 205 205
Number of Panchayat Samiti 7 7
HOUSEHOLD STATUS (CENSUS OF INDIA) 2001 2011
Households with access to Electricity ( % ) 58.75 78.7
Safe Drinking Water ( % ) 99.13 97.5
Toilet Facilities ( % ) 16.98 20.00
DEMOGRAPHIC & HEALTH INDICATORS (CENSUS OF INDIA & Annual Health Survey 2010-11) 2007-09 2011-12
Crude Birth Rate (No.of live births Per thousand mid year population) 28.1 27.5
Crude Death Rate (No.of deaths Per thousand mid year population) 8.7 8.3
Infant Mortality rate (No. of infant deaths per thousand live births) 65 61
Under Five Mortality Rate (No. of under five deaths per thousand live births) 89 84
31.12.2011 31.12.2012
Population Served Per Medical Institution (Annual Progress Report- DMHS) 3683 3563
Population Served Per Bed (Annual Progress Report- DMHS) 1087 1087
WOMEN AND CHILD 1991 2001
Total Fertility Rate 3.9
2001 2011
OVERALL Sex ratio (Females per 1000 males) among SC Population 985 982
OVERALL Sex ratio (Females per 1000 males) among ST Population 968 981
INFRASTRUCTURE / FACILITIES 31.12.2011 31.12.2012
Area Served by Per Medical Institution (Sq. Km.) (Annual Progress Report- DMHS) 18 17
No. of Electrified villages (Annual Progress Report- RVVN) 987 973
No. of Villages with drinking water facilities (Annual Progress Report- PHED) 973 973
31.12.2011 31.12.2012
Road (PWD) length in km. (Annual Progress Report- PWD) 2707 2709
PER CAPITA NET DISTRICT DOMESTIC PRODUCT 2008-09 2009-10
At current prices (Rs.) 31360 35554
At Constant (2004-05) Prices (Rs.) 24855 26900
LAND USE (AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS OF RAJASTHAN- DES) 2005-06 2010-11
Average land holding (Hect.) (CENSUS of AGRICULTURE) 1.41 1.32
2009-10 2010-11
% of Forest area to reporting area 5.72 5.73
% of Net Irrigated Area to Net Area Sown 14.49 46.52
% of Gross Irrigated Area to Gross Area Sown 15.90 33.69

 

Tourist Place :

 

DEWAIR

At the Northern edge of Mewar, Dewair is situated between the mountain ranges spread in close proximity of Kumbhalgarh and Madaria. In the olden times, it had been under the domination of different tribes from Mer to Deora Rajputs. Maharana Pratap made the adventurous military campaigns of the Mughal ruler ineffective by resorting to gorilla warfare. On the auspicious occasion of Vijaya Dashmi, in 1852, he was crowned with historic victory, which led to the automatic liquidation of all 36 Moghul military outposts in Mewar. After this humiliating defeat, Akbar stopped his military campaigns against Mewar.
The victory of Dewair was a crowning glory for Maharana Pratap. Col. James Tod described Dewair as “Marathon of Mewar” in his famous book “Anals and Antiquities of Rajputana” A very beautiful victory Memorial on Maharana Pratap was inaugurated by H.E. President of India, Smt. Pratibh Devi Singh Patil on 10.01.2012.

 

KumbhalGarh

 

 

64 Km north west of Udaipur and birthplace of Maharana Pratap, Kumbhalgarh is the second most important citadel of Mewar after Chittorgarh. The Aravali ranges protect this impregnable fortress. Thirteen mountain peaks surround it. It is built on the top most ridges, 914 meters above sea level. Seven huge and imposing gates stand like sentinels at the approaches and seven ramparts, one being folded within another with crenelated walls strengthened by rounded bastions and immense watch towers, make this an impregnable mountain fortress. It was built by Rana Kumbha (1419-63). It’s serpentine 36 kilometres long wall is thick and broad enough for eight horses to ride abreast. This wall is second only to the ‘Great Wall of China’. There are 360 temples within the fortress, out of which a Shiva temple placed with huge ‘SHIVALINGA’ makes it worth visiting

 

Rajsamand

 

 

The town of Rajsamand is the district headquarters. The city and district are named for Rajsamand Lake, an artificial lake created in the 17th century by Rana Raj Singh of Mewar. The district had been constituted on 10 April, 1991 from Udaipur district. Rajsamand District is part of the Mewar region, and was historically part of the Kingdom of Mewar, also known as the Kingdom of Udaipur. Maharana Raj Singh an able administrator of the fifth generation of Maharana Pratap constructed Rajsamand Lake in 1662 AD, which is a beautiful example of sculpture and public utility works. The banks known as “Nouchoki” consist of 25 carved stone ‘RAJ PRASHASHTI’ the longest stone inscription in Sanskrit in the world. The stairs, footrest, artistic gates and ‘Mandaps’ are made of beautiful carved marble and the sculpture imparts a new look every time. The whole construction is based on the number 9 which is considered to be the absolute number in Hindu philosophy & mythology. It took 14 years for completion and cost more than 12.5 million rupees at that time. Rajsamand District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India

 

Haldi Ghati

 

 

The mountain pass is historically a very significant location. It is the site of the famous Battle of Haldighati, which took place in 1576 between the Kingdom of Mewar and the Mughal Army led by king Mansingh. Maharana Pratap led the armed forces of Mewar against the Mughals who fought under the command of Mughal emperor Akbar’s general Man Singh I of Amer. Haldighati is also world famous for its charity rose product and the mud art of Molela . Much emphasis is being laid for promoting a private cottage industry by the Department of Tourism

 

CHETAK (Horse)

 

 

Pratap’s forces were decisively outnumbered. Chetak’s breed is unclear, however, it is widely believed that he was a Kathiawari horse. While mounted on Chetak, Pratap made an attempt on the life of Man Singh I, the Commander of the imperial Mughal Army. When he saw that the battle’s tide was turning against him, he charged towards Raja Man Singh, who was directing the battle seated on an elephant.[citation needed] Pratap made a frontal charge at the imperial army, hacked his way through the massed ranks of enemy combatants and reached in front of Man Singh’s elephant. Once there, Chetak reared high in the air and planted his hooves on the forehead of Man Singh’s elephant. Pratap threw his lance at Man Singh but the blow fell on the mahout (elephant driver) instead, who was killed instantly.[citation needed] In the general melee that followed, Chetak received a fatal wound on one of his legs. This was the turning point of the battle. Maharana Pratap was loath to leave a battle in between, but was prevailed upon by his faithful followers. By some accounts, one of the Jhala Maan Singh literally snatched the Royal Insignia from Maharana’s person and wore them himself, thus making him a target for the Mughal Army. As the Mughal army fell upon the Jhala sardar mistaking him for Maharana, Maharana left the battlefield with some of his loyal followers. Mewar’s bold gamble to siege the battle in its favor had failed. Maharana then took Chetak out of the battlefield, running a distance of about 3- 5 kilometres. They came upon a river, 21 feet wide, which Chetak with his wounded leg jumped across. Some distance ahead Chetak collapsed and became unconscious, eventually dying. Maharana Pratap erected a small monument for his horse at the place where Chetak fell. The cenotaph still exists at Haldighati in Rajsamand District

 

Machind

 

 

64 k.m. north west of Udaipur and birthplace of Maharana Pratap, Kumbhalgarh is the second most important citadel of Mewar after Chittorgarh. The Aravali ranges protect this impregnable fortress. Thirteen mountain peaks surround it. It is built on the top most ridges, 914 meters above sea level. Seven huge and imposing gates stand like sentinels at the approaches and seven ramparts, one being folded within another with crenellated walls strengthened by rounded bastions and immense watch towers, make this an impregnable mountain fortress. It was built by Rana Kumbha (1419-63). It’s serpentine 36 kilometres long wall is thick and broad enough for eight horses to ride abreast. This wall is second only to the ‘Great Wall of China’. There are 360 temples within the fortress, out of which a Shiva temple placed with huge ‘SHIVALINGA’ makes it worth visiting

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