Sirohi District of Rajasthan at a Glance

About the District :

 

Sirohi District 2011
No. of sub-Districts 5
No. of Towns 9
No. of Statutory Towns 5
No. of Census Towns 4
No. of Villages 477

 

Sirohi district is situated in the south-west part of Rajasthan between the parallel of 24°20′ and 25°17′ North Latitude and 72°16′ and 73°10′ East Longitude. It is bounded by district Pali in the north-east, district Udaipur in the east, Jalore in the west and Banaskantha district of Gujarat in the south. The total geographical area of the district is 5136 Sq. Km., which covers about 1.52 percent of the total area of Rajasthan. Sirohi is the third smallest district of Rajasthan, after Dungarpur and Banswara.

Sirohi district is broken up by hills and rocky ranges. The granite massif of Mount Abu divides the district into two portions, running from north-east to south-west. The south and south-east part of the district, which lies between Mount Abu and the main spine of the Aravallis, is mountainous and rugged, and is drained by the West Banas River. Abu Road, a station on the main Delhi-Ahmedabad rail line, lies in the valley of the West Banas. The dry deciduous forest is common in this part of the district, and the higher elevations of Mount Abu are covered in conifer forests. Abu Road is the biggest city and the main financial hub of Sirohi district.

 

The portion of the district west and north of Mount Abu is drier, lying in the rain shadow of the mountain, which blocks the southwest monsoon. The southwest corner of the district is drained by the Sukri River, an intermittent stream that drains the western slope of Mount Abu. The north-western portion of the district is drained by tributaries of the Luni River. The North-western thorn scrub forests cover the western and northern portion of the district. Warada is the last village of Sirohi located on Sirohi-Siyana Road.

 

Major Rivers: Jawai, Sukhadi, Khari, Bodi, Krishnavati, Kapalganga, and Banas.

 

Major Dams: Banas, Oda, Danta, Chandela, Girwar, Niboda, Javal, KarodiDwaj, and Angor.

 

Major Crops: Millets, Pulses, Sesame, and Red Chillies.

 

STATISTICAL HANDBOOK :

 

2001 2011 Increase
No. of sub-Districts 5 5 0
No. of Towns 5 9 4
No. of Statutory Towns 5 5 0
No. of Census Towns 0 4 4
No. of Villages # 462 477 15
Total Population Absolute Percentage
Total Rural Urban Total
Persons 1036346 827692 208654 100.00
Males 534231 424252 109979 100.00
Females 502115 403440 98675 100.00
Decadal Change 2001-2011 Absolute Percentage
Total Rural Urban Total
Persons 185239 127475 57764 21.76
Males 96282 67074 29208 21.98
Females 88957 60401 28556 21.53
Sex Ratio 940 951 897
Child Population in the age group 0-6 Absolute Percentage to total population
Total Rural Urban Total
Persons 173364 147415 25949 16.73
Males 91370 77442 13928 17.10
Females 81994 69973 12021 16.33
Child Sex Ratio 897 904 863
Literates Absolute Percentage
Total Rural Urban Total
Persons 476806 333009 143797 55.25
Males 309900 224113 85787 69.98
Females 166906 108896 58010 39.73
Scheduled Caste Population Absolute Percentage to total population
Total Rural Urban Total
Persons 201863 160943 40920 19.48
Males 104899 83564 21335 19.64
Females 96964 77379 19585 19.31
Scheduled Tribe Population Absolute Percentage to total population
Total Rural Urban Total
Persons 292470 272916 19554 28.22
Males 148966 138714 10252 27.88
Females 143504 134202 9302 28.58
# included un-inhabited villages
Total Workers Absolute Work Participation Rate
Total Rural Urban Total
Persons 419829 352570 67259 40.51
Males 272196 215345 56851 50.95
Females 147633 137225 10408 29.40
Main Workers Absolute Percentage to total workers
Total Rural Urban Total
Persons 313292 253494 59798 74.62
Males 239565 186965 52600 88.01
Females 73727 66529 7198 49.94
Marginal Workers Absolute Percentage to total workers
Total Rural Urban Total
Persons 106537 99076 7461 25.38
Males 32631 28380 4251 11.99
Females 73906 70696 3210 50.06
Marginal Workers ( 3 -6 months ) Absolute Percentage to total marginal workers
Total Rural Urban Total
Persons 86226 79821 6405 80.94
Males 27216 23469 3747 83.41
Females 59010 56352 2658 79.84
Marginal Workers ( Less than 3 months ) Absolute Percentage to total marginal workers
Total Rural Urban Total
Persons 20311 19255 1056 19.06
Males 5415 4911 504 16.59
Females 14896 14344 552 20.16
Total Cultiators Absolute Percentage to total workers
Total Rural Urban Total
Persons 124080 121669 2411 29.55
Males 80566 78730 1836 29.60
Females 43514 42939 575 29.47
Total Agricultural Labourers Absolute Percentage to total workers
Total Rural Urban Total
Persons 97823 95140 2683 23.30
Males 39391 37996 1395 14.47
Females 58432 57144 1288 39.58
Total Household Industry Workers Absolute Percentage to total workers
Total Rural Urban Total
Persons 9443 7049 2394 2.25
Males 6288 4465 1823 2.31
Females 3155 2584 571 2.14
Total Other Workers Absolute Percentage to total workers
Total Rural Urban Total
Persons 188483 128712 59771 44.90
Males 145951 94154 51797 53.62
Females 42532 34558 7974 28.81
Source:- Census of India – 2011
SIROHI
HDR 1999
Human Development index (HDI) 0.520
Rank in Rajasthan:HDI 23
2001
Total Area (Sq.KmS) 5136.00
ADMINISTRATIVE UNITS 2011-12
Number of ULBs 5
Number of Gram panchayat 151
Number of Panchayat Samiti 5
HOUSEHOLD STATUS (CENSUS OF INDIA) 2001
Households with access to Electricity ( % ) 61.46
Safe Drinking Water ( % ) 97.57
Toilet Facilities ( % ) 20.25
DEMOGRAPHIC & HEALTH INDICATORS (CENSUS OF INDIA & Annual Health Survey 2010-11) 2007-09
Crude Birth Rate (No.of live births Per thousand mid year population) 24.1
Crude Death Rate (No.of deaths Per thousand mid year population) 6.9
Infant Mortality rate ( No. of infant deaths per thousand live births ) 62
Under Five Mortality Rate (No. of under five deaths per thousand live births) 85
31.12.2011
Population Served Per Medical Institution (Annual Progress Report- DMHS) 3783
Population Served Per Bed (Annual Progress Report- DMHS) 1609
WOMEN AND CHILD 1991
Total Fertility Rate 4.73
2001
OVERALL Sex ratio (Females per 1000 males) among SC Population 918
OVERALL Sex ratio (Females per 1000 males) among ST Population 953
INFRASTRUCTURE / FACILITIES 31.12.2011
Area Served by Per Medical Institution (Sq. Km.) (Annual Progress Report- DMHS) 23
No. of Electrified villages (Annual Progress Report- RVVN) 462
No. of Villages with drinking water facilities (Annual Progress Report- PHED) 455
31.12.2011
Road (PWD) length in km. (Annual Progress Report- PWD) 1821
PER CAPITA NET DISTRICT DOMESTIC PRODUCT 2008-09
At current prices (Rs.) 34773
At Constant (2004-05) Prices (Rs.) 26009
LAND USE (AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS OF RAJASTHAN-DES) 2005-06
Average land holding (Hect.) (CENSUS of AGRICULTURE) 2.58
2009-10
% of Forest area to reporting area 30.02
% of Net Irrigated Area to Net Area Sown 28.74
% of Gross Irrigated Area to Gross Area Sown 29.35

 

Tourist Places :

AJARI TEMPLE (MARKUNDESHWAR JI)

 

About 5 Km south of Pindwara on the way to Abu Road, is the village of Ajari. 2 Km away from Ajari village, is temple of Mahadeo and Sarswati. The scenery is picturesque, honey-combed with date-trees and a small rivulet flows nearby. Small hillocks form a wonderful background makes this place a fine picnic spot. The temple is enclosed by high wall. Inside it is a Kundi of 30′ x 20′ size. Markandeshwar Rishi is said to have meditated here. There are small images of god Vishnu and goddess Saraswati. Nearby is pond commonly known Gaya-Kund where people immerse the mortal remains. On every Jeshtha Sudi 11 and Baisakh Sudi 15 a fair is held here.

Tourist Places

AMBESHWAR JI (KOLARGARH) TEMPLE

 

A place about six miles north of Sirohi on a side track of the National Highway No. 14 from Sirohi to Sheoganj is famous for Goddess Amba Ji temple. The kolargarh is situated towards eastern side at a distance of 2 Km. the relics of old fort on Ganesh pole can be seen here. There is a Dharamshalla, a Jain temple, Laxmi Narayan temple, Shiv temple and Gorakhmath situated. On the hill after climbing 400 steps an ancient temple of Lord Shiv with its natural beauty and marvellous surroundings with waterfalls can be seen. The whole area is part of Siranwa hills and beautiful dense forest with admirable fauna and flora can be enjoyed. It is said that the relics of the old city and fort of kolar is of Parmar reign.

Tourist Places
BAMANVAD JI TEMPLE

 

This temple is dedicated to Lord Mahavir 24th Tirthankar of Jains. The temple is said to be built by Nandi Vardhan, brother of Lord Mahavir. According to Jain Literature Lord Mahavir in his 37th religious voyage (Chaturmas) came to this area, so the places riveted with his name are seen in this district like Viroli (Vir Kulika), Vir Vada (Vir Vatak), Undra (Upnand), Nandiya (Nandi Vardhan) and Sani Village (Shanamani – A modern Pologround of Abu) . Episode of Karn Kilan i.e. nails were hammered into ears of the Mahavir Swami here at Bamanvada and kheer was cooked at Sani village. The biting of Chandkaushik snake occurred at Nandiya, and the scene is depicted by carving on the granite rock.

Tourist Places
BHERU TARAK DHAM

 

The Bheru Tarak Dham is established in the valley of Nandgiri, the Arbudh as described in the ancient Indian literature. The whole valley represents a good settlement of Ashramas of Rishi Munis. From this valley the hilly track goes to Nakki Lake of Mount Abu. This track was used by Colonel Tod, the first European to visit Mt. Abu. This ancient track was the main source of supply of house hold goods to the inhabitants of Mount Abu. All the saints, religious tourists and the kings of various states of Rajputana’s used this track for reaching to Abu. There were circuit houses of all the states of Rajputana at Anadara, This was one of the old municipality of the Rajputana established in 1868. The temple is built of white marble dedicated to Sahastra Fana (one thousand hoods of serpent) of Parshavnath. The campus is having Dharmshala, BhojanShala and having all facilities for pilgrims. A bus is also operated from this place to Nakoda Tirth in Barmer district.

Tourist Places
CHANDRAVATI

 

It is situated at 6 Km away from Abu Road on Abu – Ahmedabad Highway. It is destroyed city of Parmars. Its present name is Chandela. In the 10th and 11th century, the ruler of the Arbudmandal was the Parmars. Chandravati was the capital of the Parmars. It was the main centre of the nagar civilization, business and trade. Since, it was the capital of the Parmar therefore it was rich in heritage, culture and in all respect. The Parmar of Abu, king Sindhuraj was the ruler of the whole Maru Mandal.

Chandravati was a great example from Architect point of view. Colonel Tod in his book ‘Travel in Western India’ mentioned about the past glory of the Chandravati through some pictures. Apart from these pictures there are no proof which shows the past glory of the Chandravati. . When the railway track was laid down by the British Government, a huge amount of marble was consumed in filling up the remaining holes under the track because at that time there was no curiosity and desire for the art. After systematic commencement of the rail, the large amount of marble was taken away by the marble contractors to Ahmedabad, Baroda and Surat and used to build beautiful temples.

Tourist Places

JIRAVAL TEMPLE

 

In the series of the main traditional Jain Pilgrimages, the Jiraval has its own importance. This important temple is situated in the middle of the Jairaj Hill on the Aravali Ranges. The Jiraval temple is very primitive and ancient. The temple is surrounded by the Dharmshalas and beautiful buildings. The importance of this temple is unique because all over world installation of Jain temples are made with the name of this temple OM HRIM SHRI JIRAVALA PARSHAVNATHAY NAMAH. The main temple and its kalamandap are surrounded 72 Dev kulikas, its structure and architect is of nagar style of temple architecture. Here all facilities exist for religious tourists.

Tourist Places

KARODI DHWAJ TEMPLE

 

This place can be reached from Abu down-hills about 4 Km. as well as from Sirohi via Anadara, a distance of about 32 Km. south of Sirohi town. This temple is dedicated to Lord Sun, who has millions of rays (Kotidhwaj). The temple is said to be built by the Hoons who were the worshippers of SUN. A chain of Sun temples can be marked right from Ranakpur to Modhera of Gujarat. Beautiful idols of Mahishasur Mardani, Sheshai Vishnu, Kuber and Ganapati can be seen here. This place is situated on horse shoe centre point of Abu hill. Perennial water source in rainy season damaged this temple and process is still going on. But the site itself is wonderful and exciting with natural beauty. Recently a dam is also built on the foot hills of the site.

Tourist Places

MADHUSUDAN, MUNGTHALA AND PATNARAYAN TEMPLE

 

About 9 Km. from Abu Road we reach Madhusudhan, a temple dedicatedto Lord Vishnu. Here we can see the only inscription which is unparalleled in the history of environment is located outside the temple, which says that if any cuts the tree his/her mother will be ill-treated by the ass. A beautiful toran gate brought from Chandrawati can be seen here. 2 Km in south is the village of Mungthala vionity of which stands two temples.

One of these seems to have been dedicated to Mahavira and belongs to 10th century. Another which is half a mile from the village is dedicated to Mudgaleshwar Mahadeo. The wall mouldings refer it to the 10th century. From Mungthala there is a famous temple of Patnarain in village Girvar. This temple is also considered one of the pious temples of Abu-Raj Parikrama.

MIRPUR TEMPLE
Mirpur temple is considered to be the oldest marble monument of Rajasthan. It served as a model for Delwara and Ranakpur temples. It is depicted in world encyclopaedia art. The temple is of Rajput age of 9th century. Its platform is like that of Ranakpur. Its carving can be matched with the pillars and parikrama of Delwara and Ranakpur temples. The temple is dedicated to Lord Parshavnath, the 23rd Tirthankar of Jains. The temple was destroyed by Mahmood Begda of Gujarat in 13th century and was rebuilt and renovated in 15th century. These days the only main temples with its kalamandap is standing on its high pedestrian with carved pillars and engraved parikrama representing every walk of life in Indian Mythology.

Tourist Places
PAVAPURI TEMPLE
The “Pavapuri Tirtha Dham” temple is built by charitable family of Sanghavi Poonam Chand Dhanaji Bafana’s family’s Trust “K.P.Sanghavi Charitable Trust”.The Dhaam is constructed separated in two blocks; first one is Sumati Jeevandaya Dhaam is also named Gou-Shala and second is Pavapuri Dhaam. In Pavapuri Dhaam it is categorized into a Temple, Place for devotees, Mess for devotees, Dharmshala for devotees, Garden, Lake Etc.The total constructional land of the Pavapuri Tirtha Dhaam is 150 Bhiga. Inside the temple the main idol of Shree Shankheshwar Parshvanath the 23rdlord of Jaina’s is of 69 inches. The development work has been completed now. The main attraction of the Dhaam is the Temple and the Toran Gate. The green gardens are enhancing beauty of the campus.
The main idol is surrounded with Asht Pratihariya (the 8 heroic presentation) and Panch Tirthi (the 5 trithankar raj) established on a pedestal (Prabhashan) carved with elephants, Yakshas and Godess.
There are three 45 RCC shelter house and 54 tin shade cow shelters. Where the cattle are kept in the most hygienic conditions and fed. The arrangement of fodder and rich fodder for cows is available under the supervision of the veteran medical team and shepherds.
More than 4500 cows are fed in the Gaushala. The food and the fodder provided by the trust. The photograph in the left depicts all the facilities provided by the trust.
Tourist Places
SARNESHWAR JI TEMPLE

 

Sarneshwar temple is dedicated to Lord Shiv, situated on the western slope of Siranwa hill and is now managed by Sirohi Devasthanam. It is Kuldev of Deora Clan of Chauhans of Sirohi. The temple seems to be built in Parmar Dynasty rule because its structure and layout is similar to other temples constructed by Parmar rulers. A temple might be renovated time to time but the major renovation was carried out in 16th century. In 1526 V.S. Apurva Devi, the queen of Maharao Lakha established Hanuman Idol outside the main gate of the Sarneshwar Ji. The temple was decorated by Maharao Akheyraj in 1685 V.S. In the campus of the temple there are idols of lord Vishnu and a plate consisting of 108 Shiv Lingas.

The temple is surrounded by two courtyards, one is attached to main temple and second is around the whole area, which carries Burj and Chaukis, which represents this temple as fort. Basically this temple is fort temple. Outside the main gate of the temple, there are three decorated huge elephants made of lime and bricks, painted colourful situated. There is a mandakini Kund in front of the main temple, which is used by the pilgrims for taking holy bath on kartik purnima, chetra purnima and vaisakh purnima. A famous festival of Devuthni Ekadashi, in every Bhadrapadh month of V.S. is arranged here by the followers and on second day a huge fair of rabbaries is also celebrated, in which nobody except rabbarries are allowed. The cenotaphs of the royal family are another attraction in the premises of Sarneshwar temple.

Tourist Places

SARVADHAM TEMPLE

 

Sarvadham Temple is dedicated to all religions of the world. It is located at the Hq. Sirohi and is one km far from the circuit house of Sirohi. The site, temple architecture, layout of the landscape is phenomenal. Trees of religious importance like Rudraksh, Kalpvriksh, Kunj, Harsingar, Belpatra (tree and scraper) are planted here. Saffron plantation is also seen here. The main attraction of this temple is the idols of various gods placed around, inside and top of the temple. This temple can be considered as the monument of the modern century which provides the feelings of National Integration and Harmony.

Tourist Places
TEMPLE STREET
Eighteen Jain temples are situated in one single row form the temple street. Some temples are magnificent, huge and important from the architect view point. The highest temple is Chaumukha is dedicated to ADINATH, the first Tirthankar of Jain. The Structure of this temple is similar to Ranakpur standing on pillars. It is situated on western slope of the Siranwa hills and represented by 78 feet high shikhar (pinnacle).
The temple can be seen from very far distant from the Sirohi. Sitting on the highest top of the temple, the scene of sun-set, the natural beauty of the fields and landscape of the Sirohi city and nearby locations can be enjoyed.

Tourist Places

VARMAN SUN TEMPLE

 

At a distance of 45 Km. from Abu Railway/Bus Station, there stands a village of Varma. Its old name, as known from inscriptions, was Brahmana. It was probably founded not later than 7th century A.D., because the Sun temple known as the Brahmana-Svamin of this place built probably in the seventh century A.D. From the study of Old temples tanks, wells and old residential buildings, it appears to have been a prosperous town in past.

The Sun Temple of Varman, known as the Brahman-Svamin, is one of the most famous temples in India. The careful finish of its carving, the proportion of its members and the parsimonious use of decorative detail, all tend to show that it must have been constructed at a time when the temple architecture was a vitally living art. The temple, which faces the east, consists of the Shrine, Sabhamandapa, pradakshina and porch. A standing image of the sun discover must have occupied the main Shrine Apart from this, there are finely carved but partially mutilated images of the Navagrahas has, and the eight dikpalas. The Sun temple is also called Surya Narayana. The pedestal sculptured in the form of chariot drawn by seven steeds in the niche of the Sanctum is a marvellous piece of realism.

Tourist Places

VASANT GARH

 

Vasant Garh 8 Km. to the South of Pindwara, is situated on a river named Sarasvati. Its old names, as known from various sources, were Vetaleara, Vatasthana, Vatanagra, Vata, Vatapura and Vasisthapura. This place was called Vata on account of the banyan trees, which are found in abundance. In the eleventh century, it was believed that once, under the banyan trees there stood a sacrificialheritage of Vashishtha. Vashishtha is said to have erected the temple of Arka and Bharga, and with the aid of the architect of the Gods, founded the city called Vata adorned with ramparts, orchards tanks and lofty mansions. It was therefore called Vashisthapura

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