Tikamgarh District of Madhya Pradesh at a Glance

About the District :

Tikamgarh district lies in the northern part of Madhya Pradesh.The early history of Tikamgarh district is however not chronicled, though as suggested by the numerous ruins of buildings and other old remains lies scattered at various places, viz Orchha, Garh Kudar, Prithvipur, Barana, Lidhoura, Digora, Mohangarg, Baldeogarh and Tikamgarh, it must be having a glorious past.

The district was the part of vast empires successively ruled by the Mauryas, the Sungas and the imperial Guptas. It was in the first quarter of ninth century A.D., that Mannuka founded a new dynasty the Chandel dynasty in this area. Tikamgarh alongwith Khajuraho and Mahoba formed part of extensive Chandel Kingdom..

The Khangras also held this region specially around Garh Kundar. The rising power of Bundelas in this region resulted into the downfall of the Khangras. The Orchha records trace the descent of the Bundela Kingdom of Orchha from Garh Kudar chiefs of Benaras Hemkaran, also known as Pancham Bundela.

Population :

As per the census of 2011 the population of the district is 14,45,166 (7,60,355 males and 6,84,811 females) spread over an area of 5,048.00 sq. km. The population of the district forms only 1.98 percent of the state population. The density of the population is 286 persons per sq. km. And sex ratio 901. The rural-urban proportion is 82.7:17.3. the following table shows the blockwise area population of the district.

S.No. Name Of Block Area In Sq. Km. Population (Rural)
 Male Female Total
1 Niwari 570.93  90706 81636 172342
2 Jatara 913.92 135327 121321 256648
3 Tikamgarh 822.65 106652 96265 202917
4 Prithvipur 520.58 81096 72151 153247
5 Baldeogarh 821.28 112808 101284 214092
6 Palera 751.33 102888 93159 196047

[Census 2011]                    

Sex Ratio

The ratio of females per thousand males in the district was 877 in the year 1971. It was nearly same 876 in the rural areas best remarkably higher in the Urban areas 898. The table given below shows the changes in the proportion of sexes during the period 1961-2011, both in the rural and urban areas.

2011 2001 1991 1981 1971 1961
Total 901 886 872 883 877 906
Rural 899 883 868 883 876 906
Urban 909 899 885 886 898 949

[Census 2011]                    

Density

According to the Census 2011, the density of population in the district is 286 persons. The rural areas it recorded to 247 persons per sq. Km. Where as in the urban areas the density is 1176 persons per sq. Km.

[Census 2011]                    

Rural Urban Classification

Nearly 17.3 percent of the population lived in its 13 towns and rest 82.7 in the rural areas. The rural area extending over 4,659.19 sq. Km. Contained 963 villages and sustained population of 11,95,293 while Urban area has population of 2,49,873. The table given below shows the rural-urban composition of the population of the district blockwise.

S.No. Block Name No. OF Villages No. of Towns Total
Total Rural Urban
1 Niwari 139 3 215251 172342 42909
2 Jatara 196 2 287121 256648 30473
3 Tikamgarh 174 3 301714 202917 98797
4 Prithvipur 142 2 189556 153247 36309
5 Baldeogarh 162 2 237984 214092 23892
6 Palera 150 1 213540 196047 17493
District Total 963 13 1445166 1195293 249873

[Census 2011]                    

Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes

The Table given below shows the number of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the district, living both in the rural and urban areas of the District.

S.No. District Name Scheduled Castes Scheduled Tribes
Total Rural Urban Total Rural Urban
1 Tikamgarh 361604 308062 53542 67857 61540 6317

 

Tourist Place :

Ahar Ji

A Village of Baldeogarh tehsil Ahar lies on the side of Tikamgarh-Chhattarpur road at a distance of 25 Km. from the district headquarters of the district. Regular buses are available to reach this place. It is evidently an old village said to have been populated by Jamalpur Ahars, which was once an important Jain Centre. Several ruins, Old images and temples are located here. The Village contain three old Jain temples one of these temple have an image of Shantinath, having height 20 feet. A tank of Chadella days with a fine dam stands here. Click here to know more.

 

Achroo Mata

A Village situated about 3 Km., west of Madia Village on Tikamgarh-Niwari road in the Prithvipur tehsil. The village stands on a hill. There is a well known temple of the Goddess of Achroo Mata. It is famous for a kund which is always filled with water and never dried irrespective of number of users. Every year on the occasion of Nav-Durga festival falling in the month of March-April (Chaitra), fair is organised under the supervision of Gram Panchyat.

 

Baldeogarh

Baldeogarh is one of the tehsil of District Tikamgarh. It is situated on the Tikamgarh-Chhattarpur road at a distance of 26 Km. from Tikamgarh. The massive rock fort standing above the beautiful tank Gwal-Sagar, presents a very pleasing sight. The fort is a very fine specimen of its class and one of the most picturesque in the region. A big old Gun is still placed in this fort. The town is known for its betel-leaf cultivation. The importance of town also lies in its famous temple of ‘ Vindhya Vasini Devi’.

An annual seven days Vindhyavasani fair is held here in the month of Chaitra and attended by about 10,000 persons.

Jatara

The headquarter town of the tehsil Jatara is situated on the Tikamgarh-Mau-Ranipur road, at a distance of 40 Km. from Tikamgarh. The nearest railway station is Mau Ranipur (U.P.). It lies below the level of Madan Sagar Lake. The lake is long and broad. It retained by two dams of great length. These dams are built by the Chandella Chief Madan Varman(1129-67) after whom the leke is called Madan Sagar. The Canals of the lake flows through the heart of the town.The place is of considerable interest of containing many Mughal style buildings.

Garh Kudar

It is one of the famous village of Niwari tehsil situated at a distance of 22 Km. on the Niwari-Senderi road. Buses are available to reach this place. Its importance lies in its having been the first place seized by the Bundelas from the Khangars. Kundar remained the capital of the State until 1539 when it was shifted to Orchha. On the top of a small hill stands a fort built by Maharaja Birsingh Dev. The temple of local Goddess Maha Maya Gridh Vasni stands here. There is a large tank held on the temple Goddess, which is called ‘Singh Sagar’. A weekly market held on every Monday.

 

Kundeshwar

A important village situated 5 Km. south of Tikamgarh town on the bank of the Jamdar river. This place is famous for kundadev Mahadev temple. Ot is believed that Shiv Linga has emerged from Kunda. In the south of it there is beautiful picnic spot known as ‘Barighar’ and a beautiful waterfall known as ‘Usha Water Fall’.The village possesses Achreological Museum and Vinobha Sansthan. Maharaja Birsingh deo established the Keshva Sahitya Sansthan which was partonized by Pandit Banarsidas Chaturvedi and Yaspal Jain during their stay at Kundeshwar.

Three big fairs held at Kundeshwar annually. An important fair attended by 50,000 persons held in pouse/Magh (January) on the occasion of Sankranti. Second held on the occasion of Basant Panchimi and third held on the Kartik Ekadasshi in the month of October/November.

Madkhera

A small village situated on the North-West of Tikamgarh town at a distance of about 20 Kms. The importance of this place lies in its famous SUN Temple. It entrance is from the east. SUN idol is placed here. The other main object of interest of the village is a temple of Vindhya Vasani Devi on the top of hill.

 

 

Niwari

The headquarter town of the Niwari tehsil, is situated on the Tikamgarh – Jhansi road, at a distance of about 80 Km. to north-west of Tikamgarh. Niwari is the only tehsil town which is connected by the rail and lies on the Jhansi-Manikpur section of the Central railway. In former days a small fort was there but was demolished by the Marathas. It possesses an temple of Khedapati Hanumanji.

Orchha

Orchha is situated on the Betwa river at a distance of about 80 Kms. from district headquarter. It is 15 Km. from Jhansi(U.P.). Orchha is linked by the rail on Jhansi-Manikpur section of the Central railway.

Orchha was the capital town of the state. It was founded by Maharaja Rudra Pratap Singh in 1531 A.D.. The name Orchha or Ondchha is traditionally derived from scoffing remark of a Rajput Chief who on visiting the site selected for capital town. On an island in the Betwa which has been surrounded by the battemented wall, and approached by a causeway over a fine bridge of fourteen arches, stands a huge palace fort mainly the work of Maharaja Bir Singh Dev. It consists of several connected buildings constructed at a different times. The finest of these are the Raj Mandir and Jahagir Mahal.

Orchha is famous religious centre of Hindus. It is known for its religious and cultural heritage. The following places are famous in the town RAM RAJA TEMPLE , JAHAGIR MAHAL, CHATURBUJ TEMPLE, LAXMI TEMPLE, PHOOL BAGSHISH MAHAL, KANCHANA GHAT, CHANDRA SHEKHAR AZAD MEMORIAL, SAVAN- BHADON, HARDOL KI SAMADHI, BADI CHHATRIAN, RAI PRAVEEN MAHAL, KESHAV BHAVAN.

Palera

An important municipal town of Tikamgarh-Nowgaon road, at a distance of about 27 Km. from Jatara. Buses are available to reach this place. The town was originally given to Dharaman God, son of Bhagwan Rao, first chief of Datia. An annual fair held on the occasion of Ramnavmi.

Papora Ji

It is an old village about 5 Km. south-east of Tikamgarh town. It is famous Jain pilgrimage centre which attracts large number of Jain devotees. The village contains about 80 old Jain temples. Few Jain temples are under construction. The famous Jain temples of twenty four Tirthakars is the main attraction of devotees. An important Jain fair, attended by 10,000 persons, held in the month of Kartika sudi Purnima. It is managed by trust.

 

Prithvipur

The headquarter town of tehsil Prithvipur. The name of the town derived from Prithvi Singh . Near the town lies Radha Sagar Tank. The Important temples of the town are Somnath temple, Ramjanki temple and Atan ke Hanumanji. The town posses a fort.

Umri

This temple seems to belong to the Pratihara period in the 9th century A.D. It is a east facing temple consisting of Garbhgriha, Antral and Mukhmandapa. The elevation is in Pancharathi scheme and consist of Plinth, Jangha, Varandika and Shikhar. The pillers of Mukhmanapa are decorated. A sculpture of Lord Surya is installed on the flank wall.

 

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