Ujjain District of Madhya Pradesh at a Glance

Lok Sabha Constituencies in Ujjain district, Madhya Pradesh (MP Constituencies) Ujjain
MLA Assembly Constituencies in Ujjain district, Madhya Pradesh Badnagar
Nagada – Khacharod
Ujjain North
Ujjain South

About the District

Ujjain is a tier 2 city, the largest city of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh by population. It serves as the headquarters of both Ujjain District and Ujjain Division. A central power city, Ujjain exerts a significant impact upon commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment and has been described as the commercial capital of the state. Located on the southern edge of Malwa Plateau, the city is located 190 km west of the state capital of Bhopal. With a Census-estimated 2011 population of 1,986,864 distributed over a land area of just (6,091 square kilometer)


Due to its location in Central India (approx.76o E, 23o N) , far from the sea, Ujjain has a moderately extreme climate. Winter: In winter(November to February), the night low is around 10oC.At the peak of winter, it can be as low as low as 2 to 3oC. The record low is +1.5oC. summer : During Summer(April-June) the days are hot (35-40oC) with the peak summer (May) day temperature sometimes touching 45c. However , unlike other places in central India, the summer nights in Ujjain are something special. Due to its location on the southern edge of the Malwa Plateau, however hot it may be during the day, in the late evening, cool breeze starts which makes the evenings quite pleasant, referred to as Shab-e-Malwa. Rainfall: Ujjain gets moderate rainfall of 30-35 inches (~80cms) during July-September due to S. W. Monsoon

General Boundries

The Ujjain District is bounded by the districts of Agar-Malwa to the north, Shajapur to the east, Indore to the south, and Ratlam to the west


Ujjain district consists of 6 Tehsils, Ujjain, Ghaitya, Mahidpur, Tarana, Bagmagar, Khachrod and Nagda. Number of Blocks in the district is 6 (consisting of 26 Police Stations). There are total 611 Panchayats and 1101 villages in these 6 blocks , in urban areas 1 Nagar Palik Nigam , 9 Nagar Panchayat . Rojadi is one of them which are the first village in which every house has power cabel direct to the transformer. At present, after the delimitation of parliamentary and legislative assembly constituencies , there are 7 Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district: Ujjain (North), Ujjain (South), Khachrod-Ngda, Mahidpur, Tarana, Ghatiya, and Badnagar


Wheat,Black Gram,Bengal Gram,Green Gram ,Lantil,Peas,Soyabean

District at a Glance

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Tourist Places :

Kshipra tat

Kshipra tat is 3 Kms away from Ujjain railway station .Major Ghats Which are made permanent along the side of river Kshipra bank are Guaghat,Ramghat , Narsinghghat,Duttaakhara ghat,Siddhvat ghat, Ganga ghat, Valmiki Ghat , Triveni Ghat, Rinmukteshwar ghat , etc. Apart from these many other ghats are made for bath purpose for Pilgrims. There are more than 20 ghats available. All major temples of Ujjain are situated near by Kshipra tat (bank). All Major Temples of Ujjain are situated near by Kshipra tat. On the River bank of Kshipra many festival based fares like Suryagrahan, Chandragrahan, Somvati Amavasya, Vaishak Purnima, Gangadushahara are celebrated and thousands of Pilgrims take a holi dip in Kshipra, on these Ghats especially on Ramghat and Duttakhara the shahisnan and other important perv snan take place during the Kumbh Perv

The Supreme God Mahakaal

Out of the three sacredly worshipped Shivlingas of universe God Mahakaal of Ujjain has the greatest importance.

आकाशे तारकांलिंगम्, पाताले हाटकेश्वरम्।

मृत्युलोके महाकालं, सर्वलिंग नमोस्तुते।।


The Meaning is Tarakalinga is above the earth, haatkeshwarlinga beneath the earth and Mahakaal on the earth.

The greatness of Mahakaal is all pervasive. Mahakaal is the originator of the whole universal. Our everlasting faith in god and religion has major cause in believing Mahakaal as the Supreme god on the earth. Mahakaal himself is the propagator of the kaal (Time).

कालचक्र प्रवर्तको महाकाल: प्रतापन:।

VarahPuran gives the answer of the question of where situates Mahakaal on the earth, as Mahakaal resides on the center point (Nabhi) of the earth which is Ujjain.

Shree Mahakaleshwar is honour for Ujjain, the glory of Mahakaal is Divining. As per ShivPuran Mahakal is famous among 12 Jyotriling because he himself is Kaal of Kaal.


सौराष्ट्रे सोमनाथं च श्री शैले मल्लिकार्जुनम्।

उज्जयिन्यां महाकलमो•.कारममलेश्वरम्।।

परल्यां बैजनाथं च डाकिन्यां भीमशंकरम्।

सेतुबन्धे तु रामेशं नागेशं दारूकावने।।

वाराणास्यां तु विश्वेशं त्रंयबकं गौमती तटे।

हिमालये तु केदारं घुश्मेशं च शिवालये।।

एतानि ज्योतिर्लिंगानि सायं प्रात: पठेन्नर:।

सप्त जन्म कृतं पापं स्मरणेन विनश्यति।।

These 12 jyotirlings are situated in all directions of India as Kedarnath is in North, Rameshwaram is in South, Somanath is in West, Mallikarjun in East and Mahakaal is Situates in the center of India. The rest Jyotirlings are also situated in important directions with specific angles.

Mahakaal and Astrology

Jyotirlings is not only a symbol of knowledge and light but also of astrological calculations. The center of this calculation is Mahakaal. There are 12 Jyotirlings, 12 Sun(Aditya), 12 months, 12 planets and 12th hours in kundali and all these are 12th hours of the kundali of India. Therefore these are sacred and worshiped for time immemorial and these 12 give equal results as those of the 12 hours of kundali.

The resolution of the problems associated with the agents of the 12 kundali hours can be obtained by worshiping jyotirlings placed in 12 different places. The line of cancer (Kark) passes from Ujjain and in the form of whose center the temple of Karkrayeshwar is situated in Ujjain.

Geographical Condition

The World famous Mahakaleshwar Temple is 2 Km away from the Ujjain Railway station and is spread over a large area on the banks of river Kshipra. This is the only Jyotirling that has south facing. In the Garbhgriha of the Temple there are silver statues of Shri Ganesha, Shri Kartkeya and Parvati. On the inner wall of roof there is a Rudra Yantra which made up of 100 Kg Silver and just under this situates the Jyotirling. The statue of Nandi is at the front of the Garbhgriha gate. The bhasmarti takes place everyday at 4 am only in this temple. On every Monday during the Shravan, Mahakaleshwar the ruler of Ujjain takes a round of the city. The present Temple was built in the Maratha time but the nearly pond was built during the Parmar Time.

History of the Temple

Avanti Khand of the Skand Puran says that

महाकाल: सरिच्छिप्रा गतिश्चैव सुनिर्मला,

उज्जयिन्यां विशालाक्षीं वास: कस्य न रोचते।।

स्नानं कृत्वा नरो यस्तु महानद्यां हि दुर्लभम।

महाकालं नमस्कृतं नरो मृत्यं न शोचयेत्।।

Means who will not like the place where there is Mahakaleshwar, there is clean water of Kshipra. One does not fear from death on having Mahakaal Darshan after taking bath in Shipra

Shri Chintaman Ganesh

It is situated 7 Kms away from the City on Ujjain-Fatehabad railway line. Road approach is available. The Ganesh Idol is believed to be Self Created. As the Statue is Ancient one, on every Wednesday of Chaitra Month, a large gathering of Pilgrims Come Here. It is believed that on seeing it every wish gets fulfilled and worry is eliminated. A special custom of offering the first marriage Card to the Chintaman Ganesh is practiced here.

Gadhkalika Temple

This Temple is 4 Kms away from the City. It is said that great poet Kalidas used to worship this same statue Goddess Kali. Temple has statue of Maa Kali, Lord Vishnu and Hanuman. King Harshwardhan renovated this Temple in 7th Century AD and later the same work was done by Scindhiyas.This Temple is one of the ancient temples of Ujjain. Every Year on the Occasion of Both the Navratris, Thousands of Devotees gather here to perform the special worship rituals. This Place is a Siddhapeeth, one of out of 12 Siddhapeeths



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